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See detailLA PARTICIPATION DES USAGERS COMME LEVIER DE L’INNOVATION DANS LES SERVICES PUBLICS : LE CAS DE LA GÉOMATIQUE WALLONNE
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Calay, Vincent

in Pyramides : Revue du Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique (2016), 26/27

La numérisation des données géographiques est une de ces techniques récentes qui transforment à la fois la structure politico-administrative et la construction des politiques elles-mêmes en transformant ... [more ▼]

La numérisation des données géographiques est une de ces techniques récentes qui transforment à la fois la structure politico-administrative et la construction des politiques elles-mêmes en transformant le réseau d’action publique. Ces données peuvent être utilisées dans la plupart des politiques, pourvu que les questions de distribution territoriales y soient pertinentes : on parle en ce sens d’une « géomatisation » de l’action publique. Le cadre européen avec la directive INSPIRE a donné l’impulsion et définit le cadre de référence pour une refonte des processus de production et de diffusion des données géographiques numériques. Les états doivent chacun établir une infrastructure de données géographiques numériques pour assurer l’interopérabilité entre bases de données et faciliter la diffusion, la disponibilité, l'utilisation et la réutilisation de l’information géographique au niveau de leur territoire et en Europe. En Belgique, ce sont les régions - et le niveau fédéral pour ses compétences - qui ont hérité de cette responsabilité : leurs données doivent être mises à disposition des utilisateurs, qu’ils soient décideurs ou citoyens dans des formats harmonisés afin d'en faciliter l'utilisation par tous et il faut aussi définir les principes d’échange, de tarification et les conditions d’utilisation propres à faciliter l’accès aux données et aux services en ligne. Les données géographiques numérisées ont ceci de particulier qu’elles sont produites de façon décentralisées par des acteurs publics mais aussi privés, lesquels cherchent à peser sur les choix stratégiques des autorités régionales. Au niveau de la Région wallonne a été mis en place récemment un ensemble de structure de coopération avec les usagers, les entreprises, et les autorités locales. L’administration a créé en son sein des groupes de travail transversaux pour améliorer l’intégration entre les approches thématiques contrôlées par les différentes directions. Le projet d’article trouve son origine dans l’accompagnement assuré par le SPIRAL au Département de la géomatique de la Région wallonne dans le cadre de la rédaction du plan stratégique et du plan opérationnel de la géomatique wallonne (2013-2015). L’article prendra appui sur les principes de la sociologie de la traduction (Callon, 1986) pour proposer une analyse des lieux et des processus qui contribuent à mettre en place une « gouvernance en réseau » mobilisant une logique d’innovation publique (Sørensen et al. 2011), sans suspendre pour autant les formes de coordination hiérarchiques et contractuelles. [less ▲]

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See detailTemperature assessment of a vertical steel member subjected to localised fire
Dumont, Fabien ULg; Wellens, Eric ULg; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2016)

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See detailEnvironmental Impact Assessment of Rail Freight Intermodality
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Pombo, Joao (Ed.) The Third International Conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance (2016)

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. In this context, BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by ... [more ▼]

The European Commission’s White Paper on transport seeks to achieve an efficient and sustainable balance between the various transport modes. In this context, BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by Belgian Federal Government that deals with rail freight intermodality, approaching the problem from an interdisciplinary perspective. BRAIN-TRAINS will be able to answer the transition involved in transportation in Belgium. To analyse the sustainability impact of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, the life cycle assessment methodology will be used. The rail freight system is divided in this paper into rail operation, rail equipment and rail infrastructure. This paper shows the methodology to calculate the transport emissions related with the energy consumption during the rail operation. [less ▲]

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See detailDelayed neuroendocrine sexual maturation in female rats after a very low dose of Bisphenol A through altered GABAergic neurotransmission and opposing effects of a high dose.
Franssen, Delphine ULg; GERARD, Arlette ULg; HENNUY, Benoit ULg et al

in Endocrinology (2016)

Rat sexual maturation is preceded by a reduction of the interpulse interval (IPI) of gonadotropinreleasing hormone (GnRH) neurosecretion. This work aims at studying disruption of that neuroendocrine event ... [more ▼]

Rat sexual maturation is preceded by a reduction of the interpulse interval (IPI) of gonadotropinreleasing hormone (GnRH) neurosecretion. This work aims at studying disruption of that neuroendocrine event in females after early exposure to a very low dose of Bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine disrupting chemical. Female rats were exposed to vehicle or BPA 25 ng/kg.day, 25 g/kg.day, or 5 mg/kg.day from postnatal day (PND) 1 to 5 or 15. Exposure to 25 ng/kg.day of BPA for 5 or 15 days was followed by a delay in developmental reduction of GnRH IPI studied ex vivo on PND 20. After 15 days of exposure to that low dose of BPA, vaginal opening tended to be delayed. In contrast, exposure to BPA 5 mg/kg.day for 15 days resulted in a premature reduction inGnRHIPI and a trend toward early vaginal opening. RNAseq analysis on PND20 indicated that exposure to BPA resulted in opposing dose effectsonthemRNAexpression of hypothalamic genes involved inGABAA neurotransmission. The study of GnRH secretion in vitro in the presence of GABAA receptor agonist/antagonist confirmed an increased or a reduced GABAergic tone after in vivo exposure to the very low or the high dose of BPA, respectively. Overall, we show for the first time that neonatal exposure to BPA leads to opposing dose-dependent effects on the neuroendocrine control of puberty in the female rat. A very low and environmentally relevant dose of BPA delays neuroendocrine maturation related to puberty through increased inhibitory GABAergic neurotransmission. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractions of sugar-based bolaamphiphiles with biomimetic systems of plasma membranes
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

in Biochimie (2016), In Press

Glycolipids constitute a class of molecules with various biological activities. Among them, sugar-based bolaamphiphiles characterized by their biocompatibility, biodegradability and lower toxicity, became ... [more ▼]

Glycolipids constitute a class of molecules with various biological activities. Among them, sugar-based bolaamphiphiles characterized by their biocompatibility, biodegradability and lower toxicity, became interesting for the development of efficient and low cost lipid-based drug delivery systems. Their activity seems to be closely related to their interactions with the lipid components of the plasma membrane of target cells. Despite many works devoted to the chemical synthesis and characterization of sugar-based bolaamphiphiles, their interactions with plasma membrane have not been completely elucidated. In this work, two sugar-based bolaamphiphiles differing only at the level of their sugar residues were chemically synthetized. Their interactions with membranes have been investigated using model membranes containing or not sterol and with in silico approaches. Our findings indicate that the nature of sugar residues has no significant influence for their membrane interacting properties, while the presence of sterol attenuates the interactions of both bolaamphiphiles with the membrane systems. The understanding of this distinct behavior of bolaamphiphiles towards sterol-containing membrane systems could be useful for their applications as drug delivery systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLa cognitivo-linguistique : pour une tentative de rapprochement de la clinique et de l'actuariel
Courtain, Audrey ULg; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique [= RICPTS] (2016), 1

Anchored in the actuarial field, risk assessment is a tool clinicians are more and more likely to use (because they can or have to) among delinquents. But, due to epistemological differences, an important ... [more ▼]

Anchored in the actuarial field, risk assessment is a tool clinicians are more and more likely to use (because they can or have to) among delinquents. But, due to epistemological differences, an important debate has been occurring between the clinical evaluation and the actuarial one since the fifties. This paper suggests a media between those perspectives through cognitive linguistics: it allows a complementary articulation, while insisting on what is at stake for both clinical and actuarial developments. Linking language and cognitions, the paper introduces a reflexion that may be useful to actuarial assessment and clinical support, and may facilitate rapprochement between the latter. In this case, our linguistic approach focusses on different matters targeted by actuarial tools and whose clinical understanding may be deepened by studying the link between language and cognition; this clinical understanding bringing singularity to risk assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailPlan de formation-insertion et garantie d'emploi : l'employeur qui s'engage
Cordier, Quentin ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2016), 14

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See detailExpression of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor alpha (PPARalpha) in somatotropinomas: Relationship with Aryl hydrocarbon receptor Interacting Protein (AIP) and in vitro effects of fenofibrate in GH cells.
Rotondi, Sandra; Modarelli, Alessio; Oliva, Maria-Antonietta et al

in Molecular and cellular endocrinology (2016)

PURPOSE: To search for a possible role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor alpha (PPARalpha), a molecular partner of the Aryl hydrocarbon receptor Interacting Protein (AIP), in somatotropinomas ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: To search for a possible role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor alpha (PPARalpha), a molecular partner of the Aryl hydrocarbon receptor Interacting Protein (AIP), in somatotropinomas. METHODS: Tumours from 51 acromegalic patients were characterized for PPARalpha and AIP expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or Real Time RT-PCR. Data were analysed according to tumour characteristics and pre-operative treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSA). The effects of fenofibrate were studied in GH3 cells in vitro. RESULTS: PPARalpha was expressed in most somatotropinomas. A modest relationship was found between PPARalpha and AIP expression, both being significantly higher in the presence of pre-operative SSA. However, only AIP expression was influenced by the response to treatment. Dual effects of fenofibrate were observed in GH3 cells, consisting of cell growth inhibition and an increase in GH secretion inhibited by octreotide. CONCLUSIONS: PPARalpha is a new player in somatotropinomas. Potential interactions between PPARalpha agonists and SSA may deserve further investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailL'élevage du hotu en Wallonie
Gennotte, Vincent ULg; Prignon, Christian ULg

Book published by Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux (2016)

Ce document décrit les techniques d’élevage du hotu, parcourant la reproduction, l’élevage larvaire et le grossissement des juvéniles, dans différentes conditions de production. Il constitue la synthèse ... [more ▼]

Ce document décrit les techniques d’élevage du hotu, parcourant la reproduction, l’élevage larvaire et le grossissement des juvéniles, dans différentes conditions de production. Il constitue la synthèse des résultats d’un programme de recherche mené par le Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Aquaculture (CEFRA, Université de Liège), et financé par le Service Public de Wallonie et le Fonds Européen pour la Pêche, visant à développer les techniques d’élevage de cette espèce dans le cadre d’un programme plus vaste de restauration des populations piscicoles patrimoniales de Wallonie. Ces résultats ont été complétés par les connaissances issues de recherches antérieures pour constituer un guide technique le plus complet possible, destiné au pisciculteur intéressé par la production de nouvelles espèces. [less ▲]

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See detailReset Inquiry!
Thoreau, François ULg; d'Hoop, Ariane; Amat, Amandine et al

in Latour, Bruno (Ed.) Reset Modernity (2016)

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See detailChemical Ecology of Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
Boullis, Antoine ULg; Verheggen, François ULg

in VILCINSKAS, Andreas (Ed.) Biology and Ecology of Aphids (2016)

Aphids are widespread insects considered as crop pest throughout the world. In order to control them, different techniques are known. The study of aphid-related semiochemicals is one topic recently ... [more ▼]

Aphids are widespread insects considered as crop pest throughout the world. In order to control them, different techniques are known. The study of aphid-related semiochemicals is one topic recently studied in integrated pest management, used to control aphid outbreaks. These semiochemicals include those involved in intraspecific communication, in communication among different trophic levels, those which attract or repel aphids, or those which enhance the efficiency of aphid natural enemies. This book chapter summarises the recent findings on aphid chemical ecology, from the discovery of molecules of interest, to their use in IPM methods. [less ▲]

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See detailÉthologie et criminologie clinique : Debuyst avec Demaret pour une éthique de l’adaptation
Adam, Christophe; Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (2016), 47

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See detailThe Law of Nationality - Comparative and International Perspectives
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2016)

This presentation was used as support for a course taught in English (in 2016) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course focuses on acquisition ... [more ▼]

This presentation was used as support for a course taught in English (in 2016) which provides an overview of the major questions arising in the field of nationality law. The course focuses on acquisition and loss of nationality and touches upon other issues such as multiple nationalities and the influence of the European construction on nationality law. All these questions are studied using comparative materials (mainly from Western Europe) as basis. [less ▲]

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See detailNew geochronological history of the Mbuji-Mayi Supergroup (Proterozoic, DRC) through U-Pb and Sm-Nd dating
François, Camille ULg; Kabamba Baludikay, Blaise ULg; Storme, Jean-Yves et al

in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016 Vienna, Austria, 2016 (2016)

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See detailMicroanalyzes of remarkable microfossils of the Late Mesoproterozoic–Early Neoproterozoic
Cornet, Yohan ULg; Beghin, Jérémie ULg; Kabamba Baludikay, Blaise ULg et al

in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016 Vienna, Austria, 2016 (2016)

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See detailThermal maturity of carbonaceous material from Mbuji-Mayi Supergroup (Kasai, Democratic Republic of Congo)
Kabamba Baludikay, Blaise ULg; Storme, Jean-Yves; Baudet, Daniel et al

in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016 Vienna, Austria, 2016 (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)