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See detailStructure of the Q-Codes semantic knowledge base in General Practice/Family Medicine
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Grosjean, Julien; Darmoni, Stefan

Poster (2015, November 13)

Aim ; Coding abstracts of communications of GPs during congress allows more efficient exchange of information through a specific indexing process. Coding with Core Content Classification in General ... [more ▼]

Aim ; Coding abstracts of communications of GPs during congress allows more efficient exchange of information through a specific indexing process. Coding with Core Content Classification in General Practice/Family Medicine (3CGP/FM), an association of ICPC and of a new tool called Q-Codes means identifying the main concepts the writer is willing to share in his/her contribution. This is called ‘text classification’ or ‘topic list building’ in computer science and ‘qualitative data analysis’ in cognitive science. The GP is dealing with issues concerning the patient and with issues concerning the management of the job. Symptoms, diagnosis and process are what we will call clinical activities. General management as well as ethical or quality related issues are up to what we will call non-clinical or managerial activities. Clinical activities will be identified in the abstracts by the use of the International Classification of Primary Care second edition, electronic, version 5 (ICPC-2 e ver5). Managerial activities will be identified in the abstracts by the use of the Q-Codes, version 2.1, 2015 which we are explaining now in detail. Method ; www.hetop.eu is the European cross-lingual portal of health terminologies for indexing and searching Web resources. The portal uses OWL 2 Web Ontology Language. We have developed the terminological content of 183 items called Q-codes using a graphic interface, populating the knowledge base with relevant information about the concepts studied. These concepts are linked to: (i) professional terminologies such as MeSH, (ii) lay terminologies such as Babelnet and DBpedia, and (iii) top bibliographic free full text citations of the domain GP/FM. Results ; One hundred and eighty-three Q-Codes have been designed and 177 extensive terminological records are available online for now for beta testers. The whole process is described on http://docpatient.net/3CGP. The ongoing version of the Q-codes is available here in 6 languages http://docpatient.net/3CGP/Q-Codes_ver_2_2.pdf This poster present a general overview of the terminological development, showing the relations of the Q-Codes QT3, Quality Assurance [less ▲]

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See detailSnow cover evolution and its impact on flooding in the Ourthe River catchment (southeast of Belgium) over the period 1958­-2014 using the MAR model
Wyard, Coraline ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

The Ourthe River (southeast of Belgium) is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River with a catchment area of 3500 km². About 50 % of the floods which occur in the Ourthe River catchment are due to ... [more ▼]

The Ourthe River (southeast of Belgium) is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River with a catchment area of 3500 km². About 50 % of the floods which occur in the Ourthe River catchment are due to rainfall events associated with the melting of the snow which covers the Ardennes in winter. In this study, hydroclimatic conditions favourable to flooding were reconstructed over the period 1958-2014 using the regional climate model MAR (« Modèle Atmosphérique Régional ») forced by the ERA-interim reanalysis and by the NCEP1 reanalysis. As validation, the MAR results were compared to weather station-based data. A trends analysis was then performed in order to study the evolution of conditions favourable to flooding in the Ourthe River catchment. When the MAR model is forced by the NCEP1 reanalysis, results show a significant decrease in hydroclimatic conditions favourable to flooding because of a decrease in snow accumulation as well as a decrease in the frequency of extreme precipitation events in winter. When MAR is forced by the ERA-interim reanalysis, non-significant trends are found, which could be explained by an underestimation of the precipitation amount computed by the ERA-40 reanalysis before 1979. Further studies are needed to explain the decreasing trends in snow accumulation and extreme precipitation events. Moreover, an hydrological model could also be forced by the MAR outputs in order to improve flood detection. [less ▲]

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See detailExplicit analysis of small-­‐angle scattering patterns in terms of scale-­dependent heterogeneity
Gommes, Cédric ULg

Scientific conference (2015, November 13)

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See detailL’entrée à l’école maternelle, le vécu des familles en situation de précarité
Pirard, Florence ULg; Morgante, Aurélie; Housen, Marie ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

Notre communication a pour objectif de mieux comprendre le vécu des familles lors de l’entrée de leur(s) enfant(s) à l’école maternelle en Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles (FWB, Belgique), en particulier ... [more ▼]

Notre communication a pour objectif de mieux comprendre le vécu des familles lors de l’entrée de leur(s) enfant(s) à l’école maternelle en Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles (FWB, Belgique), en particulier celui des familles en situation de précarité. Elle pose la question de la transition et de l’entrée à l’école maternelle dans le parcours des enfants et de leur famille, question peu étudiée dans les recherches belges et internationales. Elle s'inscrit dans un contexte caractérisé par une entrée relativement précoce à l'école maternelle (2 ans et demi) et une fréquentation massive comparativement aux taux de participation enregistrés dans d’autres pays européens. Pour beaucoup d’enfants, cette entrée représente la première expérience de vie dans un cadre professionnel car en FWB, comme dans les autres pays où l’offre de services est divisée, seule une partie des jeunes enfants ont accès à une place en milieux d’accueil avant l’école maternelle (27,7 % de taux de couverture en milieux d’accueil à la fin de l’année 2010 pour les moins de 3 ans), les enfants des familles en situation de précarité étant les moins représentés. Dans ce contexte, les résultats de nos recherches fondés sur des entretiens à visée compréhensive menés avec des parents, essentiellement des mères montrent les difficultés à établir un dialogue à partir de l’expérience de vie des enfants dans l’institution éducative qui semble souvent peu visible et compréhensible malgré l'importance que les participants lui est accorde. Ils nous amènent à réinterroger les pratiques d’accueil et d’éducation dans une perspective de coéducation, la formation initiale des professionnelles et plus largement les conditions d’un développement professionnel continu [less ▲]

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See detailDo you sing in tune?
Larrouy, Pauline ULg

Speech/Talk (2015)

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See detailThe Roll of Small Businesses in Traditional Handcraft in Rural Development: A Case-Study Of Hanoi Suburban Rattan Enterprises
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; NGUYEN, Van Nghien

in International Conference on Emerging Challenges, Hanoi 12 november 2015 (2015, November 12)

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is ... [more ▼]

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is necessary to promote the development and encourage the contributions of small enterprise in general and small enterprise rural in particular because practices in many countries show the important role of small and micro enterprises in local development. This paper presents the initial results of research to understand the economic–social contributions of rural enterprises to local development through the mobilization of local resources as well as establishment of the economic-social relations in local of rattan’s enterprises in the suburb of Hanoi, and then propose some measures to facilitate the operation of enterprises and promote the contribution of rattan’s enterprises for local development. [less ▲]

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See detailGroundwater pumping and sinking cities: back to the forefront due to global change
Dassargues, Alain ULg

Scientific conference (2015, November 12)

Much attention is paid to sea level rise but the problem of land subsidence, induced by man-changed (fluid) groundwater conditions in the underground, can be by far more significant locally (Showstack ... [more ▼]

Much attention is paid to sea level rise but the problem of land subsidence, induced by man-changed (fluid) groundwater conditions in the underground, can be by far more significant locally (Showstack, 2014). The ‘sinking’ regions correspond most often to coastal densely populated areas located in regions where compressible loose sediments are found. As they are usually under-consolidated and compressible, geological settings made of recent coastal and especially estuarine, deltaic and lacustrine sediments are particularly concerned. Venice, Mexico, Bangkok, Shanghai, Changzhou, Jakarta, Manila, New Orleans, Houston, Tokyo, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, … are only a few examples among the numerous ‘sinking cities’ (Gambolati & Teatini, 2015). Recent unconsolidated or semi-consolidated deposits form often a succession of layers that can be considered, from a hydrogeological point of view, as semi-confined or confined aquifer systems (Poland, 1984). In confined aquifers but also in unconfined aquifers, it is well known that the lowering of the piezometric head due to pumping or drainage induces additional effective stresses directly in the concerned aquifer and then, with a delay depending on their characteristics, in the compressible confining layers or in the compressible lenses of loam, clay, and peat included in the aquifer. This effective stress increase induces a drained consolidation process in the compressible layers. Coupling the transient groundwater flow equation with geomechanical aspects, allows understanding the considered transient processes induced by the artificial lowering of the water pressure in the porous medium. For accurate calculations, used for understanding the observed subsidence and predicting the future subsidence, it is important to take into account the strongly non-linear effects as the variation of the specific storage coefficient and of the permeability during the consolidation process (Dassargues, 1995, 1997, 1998). Recently this issue was back to the forefront of the scientific actuality as land subsidence plays an important role linked to global change and groundwater management challenges (Gorelick & Zheng, 2015). [less ▲]

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See detailFROM METABOLOMICS STUDY OF AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD) TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PDK INHIBITORS
Arslan, Deniz ULg; Schoumacher, Matthieu ULg; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Arslan, Deniz (Ed.) Gazi Pharma Symposium Abstract Book (2015, November 12)

Metabolomics is one of the most recent technologies in the Omics sciences defined as “the comprehensive characterization of small molecules (called metabolites) in different biological samples.” This ... [more ▼]

Metabolomics is one of the most recent technologies in the Omics sciences defined as “the comprehensive characterization of small molecules (called metabolites) in different biological samples.” This methodology can be applied in many areas, such as biomarker discovery, clinical studies, drug efficacy and toxicity evaluation, diagnostic tools, quality control or drug discovery. Its capability to extract biochemical information associated with a cellular or biological system makes this technique a powerful tool for Medicinal Chemistry. In this work, we present a 1H NMR metabolomics study applied to therapeutic target discovery. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly population of industrialized countries. This blindness results from the deterioration of the macula, a small part of the retina specialized for the high-acuity vision. Exudative AMD, called “wet”, is characterized by the formation of new blood vessels growing under the retina according to a process named choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Currently, the aetiology and pathogenesis of AMD remain unclear. Nevertheless, a recent metabolomics study performed on the serum of “wet” AMD patients and on a CNV murine model, that mimics the effect of “wet” AMD, have demonstrated that lactate level is clearly involved in the severity of the pathology as well as the relationship between lactate, CNV and AMD. According to this result, we suggest a new therapeutic approach of AMD based on the normalization of blood lactate level. The modulation of the lactate plasma concentration by treatment of the animals with synthetic compounds and more specifically Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase (PDK) inhibitors significantly decrease the CNV. Starting from these results, development of new PDK inhibitors could open the way to innovative treatment opportunities in AMD disease. [less ▲]

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See detailL’antonymie. Définition et fonctions discursives
Steffens, Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, November 12)

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See detailFarms for Future? Contribution of agroecological farms to the delivery of ecosystem services
Boeraeve, Fanny ULg; Dendoncker, Nicolas; Dufrêne, Marc ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 12)

In the western part of the Hainaut province in Belgium, a dynamic network of several farms intentionally incorporates biodiversity within their practices and across multiple scales. While it is suggested ... [more ▼]

In the western part of the Hainaut province in Belgium, a dynamic network of several farms intentionally incorporates biodiversity within their practices and across multiple scales. While it is suggested that such diversification of agricultural practices supports ecological processes in turn favoring biomass production and providing other ecosystem services (ES) to society, few studies have actually attested this fact. A recent review by Kremen and Miles (2012) comparing the provision of 12 ES in organic and conventional systems concludes that ‘integrated whole-system studies of the influence of different farming practices on multiples ES are critically needed’; a conclusion confirmed by the few existing farm-scale ES assessments. This research’s goal is to fulfill this gap by providing comprehensive knowledge about the socio-ecological performance of such systems. To achieve this, we rely on the tool of integrated ES assessment, which includes both a biophysical and a social valuation. Such value-pluralism is of high relevance in agricultural contexts, where multiple values are required to capture the diversity of needs and wants that nature can contribute to fulfill for society and individuals. With the aim to get better insights into societal values, a ‘field thesis committee’ was launched. This latter one includes local farmers and citizens who are consulted throughout the research. For instance, at the start of the project, a participative ES selection was organized to guide the research towards ES important in the eyes of local stakeholders. The presentation first introduces the innovative multi-actor and multi-disciplinary approach developed in this project. Preliminary results are then presented and interpreted. We believe our approach can bring significant contribution to body of knowledge on the reconciliation of social and environmental expectancies. [less ▲]

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See detailLa 3D, son histoire et son actualité à l'ULg
Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailHow lesbian parenting leads to reassess bisexuality and thirdness
Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Using data from a clinical psychoanalytic study of lesbian couples undertaking Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID), the conference explores how female same sex parenting is related to the notion of the ... [more ▼]

Using data from a clinical psychoanalytic study of lesbian couples undertaking Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID), the conference explores how female same sex parenting is related to the notion of the third and to the concept of bisexuality by focusing on two specific themes: the position attributed to the donor, who is unknown to the lesbian parents, as well as the process of evolution and attribution of the place of each mother in the lesbian couple. Our aim is to highlight the complexity of the issue of the third in same-sex parenting by analysing fantasised constructions surrounding the image of the anonymous donor, the impact of the medical act of insemination on the women’s psychic economy and the search for other promising bases for triangulation. We would also like to demonstrate the complexity of the issue of bisexuality: although the project of having a child mobilizes a wide range of identifications for both parental imagos, the whole procedure leading to AID shakes up omnipotent sexual fantasies, mobilizes the fantasy of the heterosexual primal scene and makes necessary further elaboration of the feminine side of bisexuality in the context of gender differences. [less ▲]

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See detailWood Specific Gravity Variations and Biomass of Central African Tree Species: The Simple Choice of the Outer Wood
Bastin, Jean-François ULg; Fayolle, Adeline ULg; Tarelkin, Yegor et al

in PLoS ONE (2015)

Context: Wood specific gravity is a key element in tropical forest ecology. It integrates many aspects of tree mechanical properties and functioning and is an important predictor of tree biomass. Wood ... [more ▼]

Context: Wood specific gravity is a key element in tropical forest ecology. It integrates many aspects of tree mechanical properties and functioning and is an important predictor of tree biomass. Wood specific gravity varies widely among and within species and also within individual trees. Notably, contrasted patterns of radial variation of wood specific gravity have been demonstrated and related to regeneration guilds (light demanding vs. shade-bearing). However, although being repeatedly invoked as a potential source of error when estimating the biomass of trees, both intraspecific and radial variations remain little studied. In this study we characterized detailed pith-to-bark wood specific gravity profiles among contrasted species prominently contributing to the biomass of the forest, i.e., the dominant species, and we quantified the consequences of such variations on the biomass. Methods: Radial profiles of wood density at 8% moisture content were compiled for 14 dominant species in the Democratic Republic of Congo, adapting a unique 3D X-ray scanning technique at very high spatial resolution on core samples. Mean wood density estimates were validated by water displacement measurements. Wood density profiles were converted to wood specific gravity and linear mixed models were used to decompose the radial variance. Potential errors in biomass estimation were assessed by comparing the biomass estimated from the wood specific gravity measured from pith-to-bark profiles, from global repositories, and from partial information (outer wood or inner wood). Results: Wood specific gravity profiles from pith-to-bark presented positive, neutral and negative trends. Positive trends mainly characterized light-demanding species, increasing up to 1.8 g.cm-3 per meter for Piptadeniastrum africanum, and negative trends characterized shade-bearing species, decreasing up to 1 g.cm-3 per meter for Strombosia pustulata. The linear mixed model showed the greater part of wood specific gravity variance was explained by species only (45%) followed by a redundant part between species and regeneration guilds (36%). Despite substantial variation in wood specific gravity profiles among species and regeneration guilds, we found that values from the outer wood were strongly correlated to values from the whole profile, without any significant bias. In addition, we found that wood specific gravity from the DRYAD global repository may strongly differ depending on the species (up to 40% for Dialium pachyphyllum). Main conclusion: Therefore, when estimating forest biomass in specific sites, we recommend the systematic collection of outer wood samples on dominant species. This should prevent the main errors in biomass estimations resulting from wood specific gravity and allow for the collection of new information to explore the intraspecific variation of mechanical properties of trees. [less ▲]

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