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See detailDo evoked potentials contribute to the functional follow-up and clinical prognosis of multiple sclerosis?
GIFFROY, Xavier ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2016)

The clinical variability and complexity of multiple sclerosis (MS) challenges the individual clinical course prognostication. This study aimed to find out whether multimodal evoked potentials (EP ... [more ▼]

The clinical variability and complexity of multiple sclerosis (MS) challenges the individual clinical course prognostication. This study aimed to find out whether multimodal evoked potentials (EP) correlate with the motor components of multiple sclerosis functional composite (MSFCm) and predict clinically relevant motor functional deterioration. One hundred MS patients were assessed at baseline (T0) and about 7.5 years later (T1), with visual, somatosensory and motor EP and rated on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and the MSFCm, including the 9 Hole Peg Test and the Timed 25 Foot Walk (T25FW). The Spearman correlation coefficient (rS) was used to evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship between EP Z scores and clinical findings. The predictive value of baseline electrophysiological data for clinical worsening (EDSS, 9-HPT, T25FW, MSFCm) during follow-up was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Unlike longitudinal correlations, cross-sectional correlations between EP Z scores and clinical outcomes were all significant and ranged between 0.22 and 0.67 (p\0.05). The global EP Z score was systematically predictive of EDSS and MSFCm worsening over time (all p\0.05). EP latency was a better predictor than amplitude, although weaker than latency and amplitude aggregation in the global EP Z score. The study demonstrates that EP numerical scores can be used for motor function monitoring and outcome prediction in patients with MS. [less ▲]

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See detailHow Bees Deter Elephants: Beehive Trials with Forest Elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) in Gabon
Ngama, Steeve ULg; Korte, Lisa; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2016), 11(5), 12

In Gabon, like elsewhere in Africa, crops are often sources of conflict between humans and wildlife. Wildlife damage to crops can drastically reduce income, amplifying poverty and creating a negative ... [more ▼]

In Gabon, like elsewhere in Africa, crops are often sources of conflict between humans and wildlife. Wildlife damage to crops can drastically reduce income, amplifying poverty and creating a negative perception of wild animal conservation among rural people. In this context, crop-raiding animals like elephants quickly become “problem animals”. To deter elephants from raiding crops beehives have been successfully employed in East Africa; however, this method has not yet been tested in Central Africa. We experimentally examined whether the presence of Apis mellifera adansonii, the African honey bee species present in Central Africa, deters forest elephants (Loxodonta Africana cyclotis) from feeding on fruit trees. We show for the first time that the effectiveness of beehives as deterrents of elephants is related to bee activity. Empty hives and those housing colonies of low bee activity do not deter elephants all the time; but beehives with high bee activity do. Although elephant disturbance of hives does not impede honey production, there is a tradeoff between deterrence and the quantity of honey produced. To best achieve the dual goals of deterring elephants and producing honey colonies must maintain an optimum activity level of 40 to 60 bee movements per minute. Thus, beehives colonized by Apis mellifera adansonii bees can be effective elephant deterrents, but people must actively manage hives to maintain bee colonies at the optimum activity level. [less ▲]

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See detailDas unglückliche Bewusstsein als kritischer Begriff der Modernität. Eine unterirdische Quelle der französischen Philosophie
Petteni, Oriane ULg

Conference (2016, May 19)

The idea is to re-evaluate the impact of Jean Wahl's book "Le malheur de la conscience dans la philosophie de Hegel" upon the french philosophy and to show how this specific figure help us to build ... [more ▼]

The idea is to re-evaluate the impact of Jean Wahl's book "Le malheur de la conscience dans la philosophie de Hegel" upon the french philosophy and to show how this specific figure help us to build bridges between politics, economic and epistemology. [less ▲]

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See detailLe patient, le médecin de famille et la SNOMEDISATION de l’information de santé
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, May 19)

Some thoughs of a practicing family doctor on the recent evolution of terminological field in health care and the marketing of medicine

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See detailA Reversal of Long-term Global Trends in Atmospheric Ethane and Propane from North American Oil and Natural Gas Emissions
Helmig, D.; Rossabi, S.; Hueber, J. et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

Ethane, the longest-lived and most abundant non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) peaked in the background atmosphere around 1970. This was followed by a ~20% reduction of the atmospheric burden and a resulting ... [more ▼]

Ethane, the longest-lived and most abundant non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) peaked in the background atmosphere around 1970. This was followed by a ~20% reduction of the atmospheric burden and a resulting atmospheric downward trend for the next four decades, mostly due to reduced emissions from oil and gas industries and stricter air quality controls. Here, we show that the near 40-year trend of declining global ethane halted between 2005-2010 in most of the Northern Hemisphere (NH), and that since it has reversed. The largest increases in ethane and of the shorter-lived propane are seen in the central and eastern U.S. and immediately downwind, identifying this region as the primary source of increased NMHC emissions. The spatial distribution of observed concentration increases for ethane and propane provides convincing evidence that renewed emissions are primarily associated with the growth of oil and natural gas development in North America. Using source region relationships, emission estimates for increases of co-emitted NMHCs and methane, as well as impacts on tropospheric ozone production have been developed. [less ▲]

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See detailAharonov-Bohm oscillations of bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of disorder and interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULg; Dujardin, Julien; Petitjean, Cyril ULg et al

Poster (2016, May 18)

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that ... [more ▼]

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that is outcoupled from a magnetic trap into a 1D waveguide which is made of two semi-infinite leads that join a ring geometry exposed to a synthetic magnetic flux φ. We specifically investigate the effects both of a disorder potential and of a small atom-atom contact interaction strength on the AB oscillations. The main numerical tools that we use for this purpose are a mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) description and the truncated Wigner (tW) method. We find that a correlated disorder suppress the AB oscillations leaving thereby place to weaker amplitude, half period oscillations on transmission, namely the Aronov-Al’tshuler-Spivak (AAS) oscillations. The competition between disorder and interaction leads to a flip of the transmission at the AB flux φ = π. This flip could be a possible preliminary signature of an inversion of the coherent backscattering (CBS) peak. Our study paves the way to an analytical description of the inversion of that peak. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'implantation d'une approche de formation interactive à destination des entraîneurs de football
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Lombard, Gilles ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, May 18)

Les méthodes qui aident à la formation des entraîneurs sont en perpétuelle remise en question. Intéressée par les méthodes interactives diffusées par l’Association Canadienne des Entraîneurs (ACE ... [more ▼]

Les méthodes qui aident à la formation des entraîneurs sont en perpétuelle remise en question. Intéressée par les méthodes interactives diffusées par l’Association Canadienne des Entraîneurs (ACE), l’Association des Clubs Francophones de Football (Belgique) a choisi de tester la mise en place d’une approche similaire au sein de sa formation des cadres. Pour évaluer la pertinence du projet, plusieurs sources de données ont été utilisées : questionnaires pré- et post-formation pour les candidats, interviews et questionnaires de perception de séances pour les formateurs ainsi que des observations de terrain. Les résultats montrent que les formateurs ne semblent pas complètement à l’aise dans leur nouveau rôle de modérateur et délaissent les outils interactifs lorsqu’ils rencontrent un obstacle. De leur côté, les candidats sont séduits par ces nouvelles méthodes et jugent les résultats des travaux de meilleure qualité. Des adaptations concrètes sont proposées pour améliorer le système. [less ▲]

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See detailEthane rise associated with North American oil and gas exploitation
Franco, Bruno ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Emmons, Louisa et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

Ethane (C2H6) is mainly emitted in the atmosphere from leakage during production and transport of natural gas, biofuel consumption and biomass burning. As it shares concurrent anthropogenic emission ... [more ▼]

Ethane (C2H6) is mainly emitted in the atmosphere from leakage during production and transport of natural gas, biofuel consumption and biomass burning. As it shares concurrent anthropogenic emission sources with methane (CH4), a better understanding of the atmospheric distribution of C2H6 and any trends in its abundance can be used to better constrain the sources of CH4 from oil and gas activities. Until very recently, the C2H6 abundance in the atmosphere has been declining due to the reduction of fugitive emissions as a result of air pollution abatement measures. However, a renewal of the atmospheric C2H6 burden has been detected over North America and Europe from 2009 onwards. It is attributed to the unprecedented growth in the exploitation of shale gas and tight oil reservoirs in North America. Using time series of C2H6 abundance derived from ground-based high-resolution infrared solar absorption spectra recorded at complementary NDACC FTIR sites, we present here sharp C2H6 rises in the Northern Hemisphere, of up to 5 %/yr since 2009. Using model simulations, we show that the HTAP2 bottom-up inventories for anthropogenic emissions greatly underestimate the observed pre-increase C2H6 abundances and that they are too low by a factor two. We also evaluate new top-down emissions of C2H6 from the North American oil and gas activities, biofuel consumption and biomass burning, derived from space-borne observations of CH4 from GOSAT. We find a good agreement with the observations at the North American mid-latitudinal sites, close to regions with high drilling productivity, but an overestimation at remote sites. We also estimate that the North American C2H6 emissions have increased by 75% over the past six years (2009-2014), annihilating the benefits of more than two decades of successful anthropogenic emission reduction, and that the associated annual CH4 emissions from the North American oil and gas sector grew from 20 to 35 Tg/yr over the same period. [less ▲]

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See detailExtracellular vesicles in blood, milk and body fluids of the female and male urogenital tract and with special regard to reproduction
Foster, Brandon; Balassa, Timea; Benen, Thomas et al

in Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences (2016)

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See detailOrbital, spin state and thermophysical characterization of near-Earth asteroid (3200) Phaethon
Hanus, Josef; Delbo, Marco; Vokrouhlický, D. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016)

The near-Earth asteroid (3200) Phaethon is an intriguing object: its perihelion is only at 0.14 au and is associated with the Geminid meteor stream. We aim to use all available disk-integrated optical ... [more ▼]

The near-Earth asteroid (3200) Phaethon is an intriguing object: its perihelion is only at 0.14 au and is associated with the Geminid meteor stream. We aim to use all available disk-integrated optical data to derive reliable convex shape model of Phaethon. By interpreting the available space- and ground-based thermal infrared data and Spitzer spectra using a thermophysical model, we also aim to further constrain its size, thermal inertia, and visible geometric albedo. We apply the convex inversion method to the new optical data obtained by six instruments together with the already existing observations. The convex shape model is then used as an input for the thermophysical modeling. We also study the long-term stability of Phaethon’s orbit and spin axis by a numerical orbital and rotation-state integrator We present a new convex shape model and rotational state of Phaethon – sidereal rotation period of 3.603958(2) h and ecliptic coordinates of the preferred pole orientation of (319◦ , −39◦) with a 5◦ uncertainty. Moreover, we derive its size (D=5.1±0.2 km), thermal inertia (Γ=600±200 J m-2s -1/2K -1), geometric visible albedo (pV=0.122±0.008), and estimate the macroscopic surface roughness. We also find that the Sun illumination at the perihelion passage during past thousands of years is not connected to a specific area on the surface implying non-preferential heating. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtude de cas : le site Gamekult (période « post-premium »)
Krywicki, Boris ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May 18)

Ce pure player dédié à l’actualité généraliste du jeu vidéo reflète un positionnement assez hybride au sein du champ de la presse vidéoludique numérique. Tout en restant chevillé au traitement classique « ... [more ▼]

Ce pure player dédié à l’actualité généraliste du jeu vidéo reflète un positionnement assez hybride au sein du champ de la presse vidéoludique numérique. Tout en restant chevillé au traitement classique « news – previews – tests » de ce type de médias, il cherche à se montrer plus intransigeant que ses concurrents. Le lancement de son modèle économique « premium », qui fait basculer une partie des articles proposés par le portail en accès payant, s’accompagne d’une série de discours réflexifs sur le métier de journaliste de jeu vidéo et ses pratiques endogamiques, que l’équipe ne manque pas de montrer du doigt. Ainsi, les contenus éditoriaux de Gamekult s’inscrivent dans le suivi de l’actualité « chaude » du jeu vidéo, mais cherchent à paraître plus pertinents ou plus avertis que les propositions des autres sites par toute une série de stratégies rédactionnelles et oratoires. Le choix, loin de s’avérer anodin, de mettre en scène l’équipe de la rédaction au sein d’un documentaire, à l’occasion des 15 ans du site, lui confère un espace pour illustrer ce qu’elle présente à plusieurs reprises comme un « combat ambitieux ». De la même manière, nous pourrons observer comment, par une kyrielle d’adresses à sa destination plus ou moins subtiles, Gamekult performe son lectorat, lui bâtit un ouitllage clé-en-main pour se définir en tant que lecteur-partisan des valeurs proposées par le portail et, par effet communautaire, opposé à la concurrence. L’information que construit Gamekult s’appuie énormément sur une vision du jeu vidéo et de son industire qui, à plusieurs égards, vient justifier et légitimer le parti-pris du portail en termes de modèle économique. Ce cas particulier permettra de résumer les enjeux des adresses aux lecteurs de la critique culturelle et, par extension, d’interroger les limites de l’instrumentalisation des récepteurs en tant que porte-étendards d’une communauté de valeurs définies par l’orientation politico-économique d’un média. Il illustrera comment l’accumulation de petits clins d’œil, parfois triviaux d’apparence, permettent de convaincre, sur le long terme, de la bonne foi des acteurs d’un milieu, par opposition aux déviances d’autres, et de la glorification d’un ethos à l’aune de l’éthique, pourtant relative. [less ▲]

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See detailDébats autour du concept de type en typologie des langues
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

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See detailLe game design en amateur : Ni convergent ni divergent
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULg

Conference (2016, May 18)

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See detailL'ordinateur dans la littérature allemande au tournant du millénaire
Dupont, Bruno ULg

Poster (2016, May 18)

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See detailConceptualisation de l’espace public dans la Théorie critique
Glorie, Caroline ULg

Conference (2016, May 18)

Mon projet de recherche consiste en une étude généalogique et critique des conceptualisations de l’espace public qu’on peut trouver dans la Théorie critique. Il vise à problématiser les formes du public à ... [more ▼]

Mon projet de recherche consiste en une étude généalogique et critique des conceptualisations de l’espace public qu’on peut trouver dans la Théorie critique. Il vise à problématiser les formes du public à l’aide de Walter Benjamin, Oskar Negt et Hans-Magnus Enzensberger. Je procéderai selon deux axes. Premièrement, il s’agira de réaliser une généalogie philosophique du concept d’espace public d’après la Théorie critique de Benjamin, Negt et Enzensberger. D’une part, une telle généalogie doit être effectuée en regard du concept habermassien d’espace public, en particulier en ce qui concerne la problématisation negtienne d’un espace public oppositionnel. D’autre part, cette étude ne pourra être réalisée sans une attention aux formes et conceptualisations historiques de l’espace public au cours des XIXème et XXème siècles : les salons littéraires, la presse, le développement de la radio, etc. Dans le cadre du projet ARC « Humanités critiques », une attention particulière sera accordée à la forme revue qui, chez les trois auteurs concernés, peut être considérée comme un lieu primordial de théorisation et de conceptualisation de l’espace public. Deuxièmement, sur la base de cette autre lignée de la Théorie critique, il s’agira de construire une problématisation de l’espace public. Mon hypothèse est la suivante : l’approche critique proposée par Benjamin, Negt et Enzensberger consiste à prendre en considération une dialectique toujours à l’œuvre entre différents espaces publics, ainsi qu’entre des formes hétérogènes qu’ils peuvent prendre. [less ▲]

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See detailGérer l’Etat belge, pas la S.A. Belgique
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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