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See detailPrésent et imparfait en moyen-perse et parthe: histoire, évolution et convergence
Ferrer-Losilla, Joan Josep ULg

in Estudios Iranios y Turanios (2015), 2

This paper deals with the problem of the origin of the verbal endings in Middle Persian and Parthian and seeks to show a feasible history of their evolution from proto-Iranian onwards. Starting from the ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the problem of the origin of the verbal endings in Middle Persian and Parthian and seeks to show a feasible history of their evolution from proto-Iranian onwards. Starting from the assumption that the present indicative of Western Middle Iranian emerged from two old tenses, viz. present and imperfect, my aim is showing how both tenses converged in a single paradigm and how traces of both appear here and there. [less ▲]

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See detailSwitch from Hashimoto Thyroiditis (HT) to Graves Basedow (GB) disease : a controlled study in a series of 15 patients
Maiga, I; BETEA, Daniela ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg et al

in Abstract book - 20th Annual Congress of the Belgian Society of Internal Medicine (2015, December)

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See detailLes mathématiques à l’honneur à MT180
Favart, Evelyne ULg; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg; Kreusch, Marie ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailDominant amphipods of Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows display considerable trophic diversity
Michel, Loïc ULg; Dauby, Patrick ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg et al

in Marine Ecology (2015), 36(4), 969-981

Gut content examination and trophic markers (fatty acids, stables isotopes of C and N) were combined to delineate the diet of the dominant species of amphipods from Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica ... [more ▼]

Gut content examination and trophic markers (fatty acids, stables isotopes of C and N) were combined to delineate the diet of the dominant species of amphipods from Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows and to highlight trophic diversity among this community. Our results indicate that, although all dominant species heavily relied on macroalgal epiphytes, considerable interspecific dietary differences existed. Carbon stable isotope ratios notably showed that some of the amphipod species favored grazing on epiphytes from leaves or litter fragments (Apherusa chiereghinii, Aora spinicornis, Gammarus aequicauda), while others like Dexamine spiniventris preferred epiphytes from rhizomes. The remaining amphipods (Caprella acanthifera, Ampithoe helleri and Gammarella fucicola) readily consumed both groups. In addition, SIAR modeling suggested that most species had a mixed diet, and relied on several food items. Fatty acid analysis and gut contents revealed that contribution of microepiphytic diatoms and of benthic and suspended particulate organic matter to the diet of amphipods were anecdotal. None of the examined species seemed to graze on their seagrass host (low 18:2(n-6) and 18:3(n-3) fatty acids contents), but G. aequicauda partly relied on seagrass leaf detritus, as demonstrated by the lesser 13C-depletion of their tissues. Overall, our findings suggest that amphipods, because of their importance in transfers of organic matter from primary producers and detritus to higher rank consumers, are key-items in P. oceanica associated food webs. [less ▲]

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See detailRegards croisés entre le Portugal et la Wallonie
Belche, Jean-Luc ULg; Sousa, Alexandra

in Santé Conjuguée (2015), 73

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See detailDosage de la lumière pour maintenir la coexistence d’espèces d’ombre et de demi-ombre dans la régénération de la futaie irrégulière
Ligot, Gauthier ULg; Balandier, Philippe; Courbaud, Benoît et al

in Revue Forestière Française (2015), 3

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See detailSarcopenia as a public health problem
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Locquet, Médéa ULg et al

in European Geriatric Medicine (2015)

The importance of a health problem is based on its current and expected prevalence, its clinical and economic consequences, the social status of people affected by the problem and the availability of an ... [more ▼]

The importance of a health problem is based on its current and expected prevalence, its clinical and economic consequences, the social status of people affected by the problem and the availability of an effective treatment. In this paper, we review the main current literature on sarcopenia in order to assess whether this geriatric syndrome could be considered as a major public health problem. Our review highlights that based on its prevalence, its clinical consequences, the limitations of the current available treatments as well as on the fact that many frail patients are affected by this geriatric syndrome, sarcopenia should be considered as a health priority by all interested parties in order to reduce its burden. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the bacterial diversity of Belgian steak tartare using metagenetics and qPCR analysis
Delhalle, Laurent ULg; Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Food Protection (2015), 79(2), 200-229

Steak tartare is a popular meat dish in Belgium. It is prepared with raw ground minced beef and eaten with sauce, vegetables, and spiced. Since it contains raw meat, steak tartare is highly prone to ... [more ▼]

Steak tartare is a popular meat dish in Belgium. It is prepared with raw ground minced beef and eaten with sauce, vegetables, and spiced. Since it contains raw meat, steak tartare is highly prone to bacterial spoilage. The objective of this study was to explore the bacterial flora diversity in steak tartare in Belgium according to the source and to determine which bacteria are able to grow during the shelf life. A total of 58 samples from butchers’ shops, restaurants, sandwich shops and supermarkets were collected. These samples were analyzed using 16S rDNA metagenetics, a classical microbiological technique, and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) targeting the Lactobacillus genus. Samples were analyzed at the beginning and at the end of their shelf life, except for those from restaurants and sandwich shops analyzed only at the purchase date. Metagenetic analysis identified up to 180 bacterial species and 90 genera in some samples. But only seven bacterial species were predominant in the samples, depending on the source: Brochothrix thermosphacta, Lactobacillus algidus, Lactococcus piscium, Leuconostoc gelidum, Photobacterium kishitani, Pseudomonas spp. and Xanthomonas oryzae. With this work, an alternative method is proposed to evaluate the total flora in food samples based on the number of reads from metagenetic analysis and the results of qPCR. The degree of underestimation of aerobic plate counts (APCs) at 30°C estimated with the classical microbiology method was demonstrated in comparison with the proposed culture independent method. Compared to culture-based methods, metagenetic analysis combined with qPCR targeting Lactobacillus provides valuable information for characterizing the bacterial flora of raw meat. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating roots intro a whole-plant map of flowering-time gene networks in Arabidopsis thaliana
Bouché, Frédéric ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Flowering is a crucial step in plant development that needs to be carefully regulated to occur at the right time of the year, thus ensuring reproductive success. In Arabidopsis thaliana, several ... [more ▼]

Flowering is a crucial step in plant development that needs to be carefully regulated to occur at the right time of the year, thus ensuring reproductive success. In Arabidopsis thaliana, several interconnected molecular networks have been disclosed that mediate flowering response to environmental cues, such as photoperiod and temperature, or to endogenous factors, such as plant age or hormones. Many of these signalling pathways are systemic, i.e. involve regulatory mechanisms distant from the shoot apical meristem where floral transition eventually occurs. However, most investigations were focused on the aerial parts of the plant but ignored the roots. The aim of this Ph.D. thesis was to integrate the roots into a comprehensive overview of the genetic control of flowering in Arabidopsis. A prerequisite was to obtain a full list of known flowering-time genes. This step led to the creation of a database of flowering-time genes, which is accessible online and in which users can navigate through data tables or interactive schemes (www.flor-id.org). In the second part of the work, we studied the involvement of the roots in the differential developmental rates of plants grown in hydroponics and on soil. In the third part of the work, we used data mining analyses to show that about 200 flowering-time genes are expressed in the roots of Arabidopsis. Using a complementary approach, we analysed the root transcriptome to identify early changes occurring during the induction of flowering by a photoperiodic treatment. Collectively, the results presented in this work brought new insights in the regulation of flowering time at the whole-organism scale by integrating the “hidden part” of plants in the current landscape of the molecular processes controlling phase transitions in Arabidopsis thaliana. [less ▲]

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See detailFrancesco Salviati tra Roma e Venezia (andata e ritorno)
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Geremicca, Antonio (Ed.) Francesco Salviati "spirito veramente pellegrino ed eletto" (2015)

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See detailFamilial thyrogastric autoimmune syndrome : a study of 22 kindreds
Sid, Sélim ULg; LUTTERI, Laurence ULg; BEGUIN, Yves ULg et al

in Abstract book - 20th Annual Congress of the Belgian Society of Internal Medicine (2015, December)

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See detailNeomelodici, tamarri e camorristi
Mazzola, Alessandro ULg

in Ferraro, Stefania (Ed.) Discorsi su Napoli. Rappresentazioni della città tra eccessi e difetti (2015)

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See detailStructure-Activity Relationships of Novel Tryptamine-Based Inhibitors of Bacterial Transglycosylase.
Sosic, Izidor; Anderluh, Marko; Sova, Matej et al

in Journal of medicinal chemistry (2015)

Penicillin-binding proteins represent well-established, validated, and still very promising targets for the design and development of new antibacterial agents. The transglycosylase domain of penicillin ... [more ▼]

Penicillin-binding proteins represent well-established, validated, and still very promising targets for the design and development of new antibacterial agents. The transglycosylase domain of penicillin-binding proteins is especially important, as it catalyzes polymerization of glycan chains, using the peptidoglycan precursor lipid II as a substrate. On the basis of the previous discovery of a noncovalent small-molecule inhibitor of transglycosylase activity, we systematically explored the structure-activity relationships of these tryptamine-based inhibitors. The main aim was to reduce the nonspecific cytotoxic properties of the initial hit compound and concurrently to retain the mode of its inhibition. A focused library of tryptamine-based compounds was synthesized, characterized, and evaluated biochemically. The results presented here show the successful reduction of the nonspecific cytotoxicity, and the retention of the inhibition of transglycosylase enzymatic activity, as well as the ability of these compounds to bind to lipid II and to have antibacterial actions. [less ▲]

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See detailSaying the unsayable: Imagining reconciliation in Gail Jones's Sorry
Belleflamme, Valérie-Anne ULg

in English Text Construction (2015), 8(2), 297

In her novel Sorry (2007), Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones engages in a reflection on the ethics of reconciliation. Written in response to her wish to acknowledge the debt to the Stolen ... [more ▼]

In her novel Sorry (2007), Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones engages in a reflection on the ethics of reconciliation. Written in response to her wish to acknowledge the debt to the Stolen Generations, Sorry offers new possibilities of ethical mourning, allowing the dead to return and the voiceless to speak. This article explores the ways in which Jones not only fashions a narrative that bypasses the unsayable dimension of Australia’s history and the representational difficulties inherent in trauma but also fosters the empathetic imagination through a metadiscursive discussion of the act of reading. Self-referentiality and self-reflexivity are also examined, as they allow Jones to draw attention to her novel’s writerly elaborations and offer an alternative to standard reconciliation practices. [less ▲]

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See detailDécentralisation de la gestion des ressources naturelles forestières à Madagascar : Illégitimité des normes, informalités des pratiques et paralysie de l’administration forestière
Rakotosoa, Andrianina ULg; Poncelet, Marc ULg; Rabemananjara, Zo Hasina et al

Conference (2015, December)

Pour appuyer les efforts de conservation de la biodiversité, des processus de transfert de gestion (TG) des ressources naturelles aux communautés locales de base ont été promus à Madagascar depuis 1996 ... [more ▼]

Pour appuyer les efforts de conservation de la biodiversité, des processus de transfert de gestion (TG) des ressources naturelles aux communautés locales de base ont été promus à Madagascar depuis 1996 avec un important financement étranger. Ce p’rocessus était censé stimuler une forte responsabilisation des acteurs en plaçant la prise de décisions dans la sphère locale, ce qui améliorerait l’efficacité. Le transfert de fonds et de capacité ainsi que l’appui des partenaires sont également requis pour rendre la décentralisation effective. Pourtant, un désintérêt et une déresponsabilisation croissants quant à la gestion des ressources par les populations locales ont été souvent constatés et le taux de déforestation est resté élevé. C’est le cas de la zone forestière de Mariarano où nous avons eu l’occasion d’observer la mise en œuvre d’un TG. A travers les perceptions des acteurs clés dans le TG : la communauté locale et l’administration forestière, ce travail consiste à dévoiler les enjeux du processus participatif, les impacts de la dépendance à l’aide, les stratégies de contournement des règles par la population locale et l’évolution des rapports entre l’administration et ses partenaires dans le cadre de l’Etat local. A travers des actions déterminées par des prescriptions légales et des délais, les agents d’appuis activent le processus, négligent les clivages au sein de la population locale et cadrent les décisions résultants des négociations vers l’objectif de conservation. Cette procédure fait naître un sentiment d’imposition et aggrave l’illégitimité des normes promues. Par ailleurs, la population locale adopte un comportement opportuniste. Leur participation au processus fonctionne plus comme un mode de contrôle et d’accès aux ressources qu’un mode de préservation de celles-ci. Pour la réalisation des tâches attribuées à la population locale et des activités alternatives des usages, dont l’accès est désormais réglementé, l’appui des partenaires est nécessaire vu leurs faibles capacités financières et techniques. Toutefois, les appuis restent ponctuels et limités selon la priorité et la disponibilité budgétaire des bailleurs de fonds. La loi n’engage pas non plus les partenaires pour faire l’accompagnement sur le moyen terme, bien que ceci soit important pour provoquer des changements. Ceux qui n’ont pas ressenti les avantages concrets sont allés vers des pratiques illégales. Clandestinité et dissimulation sont les stratégies adoptées pour faire valoir leurs droits. Une amplification de la complicité au sein de la communauté gestionnaire est constatée pour contourner les règles. Quant au rapport de l’administration avec ses partenaires, il s’est détérioré. Dans un contexte marqué par la dépendance financière de l’Etat envers les bailleurs de fonds, l’administration est limitée dans ses fonctions et travaille comme consultant de ces derniers. Aux yeux des paysans, l’administration apparaît comme étant inapte à honorer ses engagements, ce qui nuit à sa crédibilité. Ainsi, elle rencontre des difficultés pour obtenir la confiance et la coopération de la population. Or celle-ci constitue le fondement de la gestion participative. La persistance des activités de déforestation résulte donc de l’illégitimité des normes résultantes du processus participatif, du recours des acteurs aux pratiques informelles et enfin de la paralysie de l’administration. [less ▲]

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See detail"Piacevagli il praticare con persone letterate". Francesco Salviati, Pietro Aretino e gli altri (un primo viatico)
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Geremicca, Antonio (Ed.) Francesco Salviati "spirito veramente pellegrino ed eletto" (2015)

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