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See detailPostcolonial Thesholds: Gateways and Borders
Wilson, Janet; Tunca, Daria ULg

in Journal of Postcolonial Writing (2015), 51(1), 1-107

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See detailDes chiffres de la politique à la politique du chiffre Le cas des réformes du financement de la recherche dans les universités belge francophones.
Fallon, Catherine ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2015)

“Governing by numbers” is a trend on the increase in public action. Numbers tend to pervade the politico-administrative space without questioning neither the quantification processes which produce them ... [more ▼]

“Governing by numbers” is a trend on the increase in public action. Numbers tend to pervade the politico-administrative space without questioning neither the quantification processes which produce them nor the conditions of their utilization in government. And yet the use of numbers and data in political arguments contribute to transform the terms of the debate: politics can transform data and indicators, but one should not neglect how numbers affect policymaking. This article proposes as case study the analysis of some recent transformations of public research funding mechanism in universities in French speaking Belgium. It questions the systemic effects of the use of performance indicators in public management in this sector and it proposes some starting points for a discussion of their impact on the quality of the political debate. [less ▲]

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See detailComplete analytical procedure to assess the response of a frame submitted to a column loss
Huvelle, Clara; Hoang, Van Long ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Engineering Structures (2015), 86

The present paper gives a global overview on recent developments performed at the University of Liege on structural robustness of buildings for the specific scenario ‘‘loss of a column’’. In particular, a ... [more ▼]

The present paper gives a global overview on recent developments performed at the University of Liege on structural robustness of buildings for the specific scenario ‘‘loss of a column’’. In particular, a complete analytical method to assess the response of a 2D frame losing statically one of its columns is presented in details. This method is based on the development of alternative load paths in the damaged structure and takes into account the couplings between the different parts of the structure which are differently affected by the column loss. Also, the validation of the developed method through comparison to experimental and numerical evidences is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on the neutrophilmyeloperoxidase system of horses
MINGUET, Grégory ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg; JORIS, Jean ULg et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2015)

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See detailIntroduction - Postcolonial Thresholds: Gateways and Borders
Wilson, Janet; Tunca, Daria ULg

in Journal of Postcolonial Writing (2015), 51(1), 1-6

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See detailConcept et perception. Le conceptualisme en question
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg; Brisart, Robert

Book published by Olms (2015)

Introduction et traductions de textes de Bill Brewer, Tim Crane, Fred Dretske, Gareth Evans, John McDowell, Christopher Peacocke, Charles Travis et Michael Tye. Par une introduction détaillée et une ... [more ▼]

Introduction et traductions de textes de Bill Brewer, Tim Crane, Fred Dretske, Gareth Evans, John McDowell, Christopher Peacocke, Charles Travis et Michael Tye. Par une introduction détaillée et une sélection de neuf textes emblématiques traduits en français, l’enjeu de ce volume est d’introduire le lecteur francophone à l’histoire de la controverse sur le contenu conceptuel de la perception et de lui en proposer une fine compréhension par l’analyse des différents arguments mobilisés dans les deux camps. Simultanément, le volume a pour ambition de tester la longévité de ces arguments et d’interroger la place qui est dévolue à la controverse sur la scène philosophique la plus contemporaine. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de 'Mutations et déterminisme chez Bourdieu'
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Lectures (2015)

En définitive, il aurait sans doute mieux valu resserrer le propos sous la forme d’un article critique qui aurait pu trouver place dans une revue spécialisée : ne se donnant par les moyens de ses trop ... [more ▼]

En définitive, il aurait sans doute mieux valu resserrer le propos sous la forme d’un article critique qui aurait pu trouver place dans une revue spécialisée : ne se donnant par les moyens de ses trop hautes ambitions, l’ouvrage se révèle trop léger en plus de se distinguer par le manque de soin apporté à sa réalisation [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipes biomécaniques pour le sport (cours ADEPS)
Schwartz, Cédric ULg

Learning material (2015)

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See detailSignes et corrections dans le P.Vat. gr. 11v - Favorinos, De exsilio
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Marganne, Marie-Hélène; Amato, Eugenio (Eds.) Entre papyrologie, philologie et littérature. Autour du traité "Sur l'Exil" de Favorinos d'Arles. Actes de la journée d'études, Nantes 13-11-2013 (2015)

A study of scribal practices, signs and corrections on the only known copy of Favorinos' De exsilio.

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See detailTime’s Up! Involvement of Metamemory Knowledge, Executive Functions, and Time Monitoring in Children’s Prospective Memory Performance
Geurten, Marie ULg; Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Child Neuropsychology : A Journal on Normal & Abnormal Development in Childhood & Adolescence (2015)

This study examined time-based prospective memory (PM) in children and explored the possible involvement of metamemory knowledge and executive functions in the use of an appropriate time monitoring ... [more ▼]

This study examined time-based prospective memory (PM) in children and explored the possible involvement of metamemory knowledge and executive functions in the use of an appropriate time monitoring strategy depending on the ongoing task’s difficulty. Specifically, a sample of 72 typically developing children aged 4, 6, and 9 years old were given an original PM paradigm composed of both an ongoing procedural activity and a PM task. Half of the participants (expert group) were trained in the ongoing activity before the prospective test. As expected, results show that time monitoring had a positive effect on children’s PM performance. Furthermore, mediation analyses reveal that strategic time monitoring was predicted by metamemory knowledge in the expert group but only by executive functions in the novice group. Overall, these findings provide interesting avenues to explain how metamemory knowledge, strategy use, and executive functions interact to improve PM performance during childhood. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Children Conservative, Liberal or Metacognitive? Preliminary Evidence for the Involvement of the Distinctiveness Heuristic in Decision Making
Geurten, Marie ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (2015), 132

The present experiment investigates whether young children are able to reduce their false recognition rate after distinctive encoding by implementing a strategic metacognitive rule. Seventy-two children ... [more ▼]

The present experiment investigates whether young children are able to reduce their false recognition rate after distinctive encoding by implementing a strategic metacognitive rule. Seventy-two children, aged 4, 6, and 9 years, studied two lists of unrelated items. One of these lists was visually displayed (picture condition) while the other was presented auditorily (word condition). After each study phase, participants completed recognition tests. Finally, they answered questions about their explicit knowledge of the distinctive-encoding effect. The results revealed that even the youngest children in our sample showed a smaller proportion of intrusions in the picture condition than in the word condition. Furthermore, the results of the signal detection analyses were consistent with the hypothesis that the lower rate of false recognitions after picture encoding results from the implementation of a conservative response criterion based on metacognitive expectations (distinctiveness heuristic). Moreover, the absence of correlation between children’s explicit knowledge of the distinctiveness rule and their effective use of this metacognitive heuristic seems to indicate that its involvement in memory decisions could be mediated by implicit mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailThe oblique expression of the object in Ancient Egyptian
Winand, Jean ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Haspelmath, Martin; Richter, Tonio (Eds.) Egyptian-Coptic Linguistics in Typological Perspective (2015)

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See detailOn the increasing relevance of time in later Late Egyptian: jw sDm=f and jw jw=f r sDm, and other things
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (2015), 22

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See detailStellar acoustic radii, mean densities, and ages from seismic inversion techniques
Buldgen, Gaël ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Reese, Daniel et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2015), 574

Context. Determining stellar characteristics such as the radius, mass or age is crucial when studying stellar evolution or exoplanetary systems, or when characterising stellar populations in the Galaxy ... [more ▼]

Context. Determining stellar characteristics such as the radius, mass or age is crucial when studying stellar evolution or exoplanetary systems, or when characterising stellar populations in the Galaxy. Asteroseismology is the golden path to accurately obtain these characteristics. In this context, a key question is how to make these methods less model-dependent. Aims: Building on the previous work of Daniel Reese, we wish to extend the Substractive Optimally Localized Averages (SOLA) inversion technique to new stellar global characteristics beyond the mean density. The goal is to provide a general framework in which to estimate these characteristics as accurately as possible in low-mass main-sequence stars. Methods: First, we describe our framework and discuss the reliability of the inversion technique and possible sources of error. We then apply this methodology to the acoustic radius, an age indicator based on the sound speed derivative and the mean density, and compare it to estimates based on the average large and small frequency separations. These inversions are carried out for several test cases including various metallicities, different mixing-lengths, non-adiabatic effects, and turbulent pressure. Results: We observe that the SOLA method yields accurate results in all test cases whereas results based on the large and small frequency separations are less accurate and more sensitive to surface effects and structural differences in the models. If we include the surface corrections of Kjeldsen et al. (2008, ApJ, 683, L175), we obtain results of comparable accuracy for the mean density. Overall, the mean density and acoustic radius inversions are more robust than the inversions for the age indicator. Moreover, the current approach is limited to relatively young stars with radiative cores. Increasing the number of observed frequencies improves the reliability and accuracy of the method. [less ▲]

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See detailUncertainties in Models of Stellar Structure and Evolution
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Bragaglia, Angela

in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings (2015), 39

Numerous physical aspects of stellar physics have been presented in Session 2 and the underlying uncertainties have been tentatively assessed. We try here to highlight some specific points raised after ... [more ▼]

Numerous physical aspects of stellar physics have been presented in Session 2 and the underlying uncertainties have been tentatively assessed. We try here to highlight some specific points raised after the talks and during the general discussion at the end of the session and eventually at the end of the workshop. A table of model uncertainties is then drawn with the help of the participants in order to give the state of the art in stellar modeling uncertainties as of July 2013. [less ▲]

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See detailLes techniques de restauration des prairies tempérées fonctionnent-elles sous les tropiques ?
Le Stradic, Soizig ULg; Buisson, Elise

in Forget, Michel-Pierre; Hossaert-McKey, Martine; Poncy, Odile (Eds.) Écologie tropicale: De l'ombre à la lumière (2015)

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See detailNeuromodulation in migraine: state of the art and perspectives.
MAGIS, Delphine ULg

in Expert review of medical devices (2015)

Migraine is a highly prevalent and disabling disease. The drugs prescribed for migraine prophylaxis can have intolerable side effects or can be ineffective. Neuromodulation techniques are increasingly ... [more ▼]

Migraine is a highly prevalent and disabling disease. The drugs prescribed for migraine prophylaxis can have intolerable side effects or can be ineffective. Neuromodulation techniques are increasingly used in neurology. Transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation is effective in episodic migraine prevention, whereas vagus nerve stimulation provides interesting results in acute migraine therapy. Transcranial stimulation techniques gave variable, and sometimes contradictory, results. The visual cortex is the target of choice in migraine: studies in migraine prevention and aura acute treatment are encouraging. These noninvasive therapies appear safe with a low rate of side effects. Available studies of invasive occipital nerve stimulation in chronic migraine gave modest results; but invasive occipital nerve stimulation offers a new hope to highly disabled patients who failed to respond to any other treatment. In the future, neuromodulation will probably take an increasing place in migraine treatment, as add-on therapy or alternative to medications, especially because of its attractive safety profile. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructing Quebec and Wallonia: How Political Parties Speak about their Region
Mercenier, Heidi; Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min

in Reuchamps, Min (Ed.) Minority Nations in Multinational Federations. A comparative study of Quebec and Wallonia (2015)

Political parties are key political actors in both Quebec and Wallonia. As their foremost ambition is to govern their region, these parties clearly contribute to shaping its identity and image. This ... [more ▼]

Political parties are key political actors in both Quebec and Wallonia. As their foremost ambition is to govern their region, these parties clearly contribute to shaping its identity and image. This chapter aims at exploring how political parties in Quebec and in Wallonia speak about their region by focusing on an analysis of their electoral manifestos for the period 1994–2014. Using a quantitative and qualitative approach combining insights from lexicometry, cognitive linguistics and political science, the aims of this contribution are (i) to unravel how the parties perceive their region and its future development, (ii) to identify relevant evolutions in their perception of their respective region, and (iii) to assess to what extent parallels can be drawn between the two regions. [less ▲]

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See detailPositive cooperativity between acceptor and donor sites of the peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase.
Bury, Daniel; Dahmane, Ismahene ULg; Derouaux, Adeline ULg et al

in Biochemical pharmacology (2015), 93(2), 141-50

The glycosyltransferases of family 51 (GT51) catalyze the polymerization of lipid II to form linear glycan chains, which, after cross linking by the transpeptidases, form the net-like peptidoglycan ... [more ▼]

The glycosyltransferases of family 51 (GT51) catalyze the polymerization of lipid II to form linear glycan chains, which, after cross linking by the transpeptidases, form the net-like peptidoglycan macromolecule. The essential function of the GT makes it an attractive antimicrobial target; therefore a better understanding of its function and its mechanism of interaction with substrates could help in the design and the development of new antibiotics. In this work, we have used a surface plasmon resonance Biacore((R)) biosensor, based on an amine derivative of moenomycin A immobilized on a sensor chip surface, to investigate the mechanism of binding of substrate analogous inhibitors to the GT. Addition of increasing concentrations of moenomycin A to the Staphylococcus aureus MtgA led to reduced binding of the protein to the sensor chip as expected. Remarkably, in the presence of low concentrations of the most active disaccharide inhibitors, binding of MtgA to immobilized moenomycin A was found to increase; in contrast competition with moenomycin A occurred only at high concentrations. This finding suggests that at low concentrations, the lipid II analogs bind to the acceptor site and induce a cooperative binding of moenomycin A to the donor site. Our results constitute the first indication of the existence of a positive cooperativity between the acceptor and the donor sites of peptidoglycan GTs. In addition, our study indicates that a modification of two residues (L119N and F120S) within the hydrophobic region of MtgA can yield monodisperse forms of the protein with apparently no change in its secondary structure content, but this is at the expense of the enzyme function. [less ▲]

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