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See detailAction-Based Language Gestalts in Working Memory
Dumitru, Magdalena ULiege

Conference (2017, November 11)

While evidence is mounting that perceptual grouping cues bene t working memory performance, it is debatable whether this is the main purpose of Gestalt formation. Indeed, recent ndings by Dumitru and ... [more ▼]

While evidence is mounting that perceptual grouping cues bene t working memory performance, it is debatable whether this is the main purpose of Gestalt formation. Indeed, recent ndings by Dumitru and colleagues demonstrate that people build language Gestalts that encode basic action patterns when reasoning with the connectives ‘and’ and ‘or’. Here we present novel evidence from dual memory tasks that Gestalt formation and maintenance breaks down under high working memory load for two age groups (18 to 30 year olds and 60 to 80 year olds). More importantly, the number of Gestalts evoked by the connectives (one for conjunction and two for disjunction) as well as the age-speci c performance levels with visual Gestalts predict the observed e ects. Well-established mappings between language and action patterns are thus a driving factor of Gestalt building and management in working memory. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Rhetorik des Friedens von Romain Rolland: ein Einfluß von Nietzsche
Franck, Thomas ULiege

Conference (2017, November 11)

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See detailMOOC et classes inversées ou cours magistraux. Données générales .
Hanzen, Christian ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 11)

Cette conférence avait pour objectif de conscientiser des enseignants universitaires aux potentialités offertes par les MOOC et la classe inversée pour favoriser l'apprentissage des apprenants.

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See detailHow PE teacher’s role as physical activity promotor is perceived by the students? Comparison in Quebec and Wallonia
Grenier, Johanne; Carbonneau, Ulysse; Cloes, Marc ULiege

Conference (2017, November 10)

Promoting a physically active lifestyle and preparing life-long physically educated citizens are the main objectives of any PE teacher worldwide. Nevertheless, in some countries, this objective is ... [more ▼]

Promoting a physically active lifestyle and preparing life-long physically educated citizens are the main objectives of any PE teacher worldwide. Nevertheless, in some countries, this objective is required by the curriculum while, in other, it remains an implicit priority. Such difference is noticed between Quebec and Wallonia. Since 2001, the Quebec Ministry of Education decided to entrust PE and health education to PE teachers. In the same time, in Wallonia, PE remained mainly focused on traditional topics such as motor/sports skills, fitness and social development. This could explain why Wallonian students consider that their school experience does not contribute to the development of their physically lifestyle. The aim of this study is to compare the students’ perceptions of the pedagogical approaches of the PE teachers in both countries. An online questionnaire was developed in order to determine how much the PE teacher contributes to motivate the students to be physically active, to provide confidence to the students to adopt a physically active lifestyle, to improve students’ knowledge about physical activity, and to make them autonomous active citizens. Data were collected in Quebec (193 students of 6 teachers) and in Wallonia (280 students of 11 teachers). An inductive system of categories was developed for the answers to the open questions (inter-analyst reliability > 86%). The current data analysis shows that students’ answers from both countries can be classified in the same categories. Additional treatments are needed to determine if they differ. On the other hand, pedagogical approaches described by the students are really diverse. Even when the educational requirements are not explicitly focused on the promotion of a healthy lifestyle, students mention that their PE teachers behave in a way to support their active behaviour. However, specific interventions do not seem to be well identified. [less ▲]

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See detailProtection contre le licenciement en matière de harcèlement, charge de la preuve et notification du congé
Linguelet, Renaud ULiege

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2017)

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See detailCuriosity, concentration and motivation Emotion-cognition process of the first 10 minutes of the Japanese Language course
Goto, Kanako ULiege

Conference (2017, November 10)

What could be the best way to increase students’ curiosity, concentration and to solidify their motivation for Japanese learning as a foreign language? During my modest experience of Japanese Language ... [more ▼]

What could be the best way to increase students’ curiosity, concentration and to solidify their motivation for Japanese learning as a foreign language? During my modest experience of Japanese Language teaching for Belgian French-native students, I observed a quite interesting fact. It seems that when a student, at the beginning (or during) the course, feels some strong, deep emotions, linked to the matters presented by the teacher, he/she will memorize more deeply the contents of the course, and will remember them long time after his/her learning period. This presentation aims to show several examples of these “emotion-cognition process”, which seems to be decisive for building a solid learning environment, in particular during the first 10 minutes of each course. [less ▲]

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See detailRadicalisation violente des jeunes : vers une compréhension des processus pour guider nos interventions
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailL’ethnopharmacologie, à l’origine de nombreux médicaments
Frederich, Michel ULiege

Conference (2017, November 10)

L’ethnopharmacologie peut être définie comme « l’étude scientifique interdisciplinaire des matières d’origine végétale, animale ou minérale, et des savoirs et pratiques s’y rattachant, que les sociétés ... [more ▼]

L’ethnopharmacologie peut être définie comme « l’étude scientifique interdisciplinaire des matières d’origine végétale, animale ou minérale, et des savoirs et pratiques s’y rattachant, que les sociétés mettent en œuvre à des fins thérapeutiques, curatives, préventives ou diagnostiques ». De nombreux médicaments indispensables aujourd’hui sont issus de ces connaissances traditionnelles : on peut citer par exemple l’universelle Aspirine®, provenant du saule, ou la quinine, médicament du paludisme, issu du quinquina Sud-Américain. Aujourd’hui encore, selon l’OMS, 80% de la population mondiale a recourt, en première intention, aux plantes médicinales pour se soigner. Néanmoins, ces connaissances traditionnelles sont aujourd’hui menacées, que ce soit pour des raisons d’appauvrissement de la biodiversité, ou de déstructuration des sociétés et des connaissances traditionnelles. 1. Fleurentin, J. Traditions thérapeutiques et médecine de demain. 2011. Editions Ouest-France. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of "Parler-Bambin" preventive program in the multilingual and multicultural context of nurseries/daycares in Lebanon
Moitel ép Messarra, Camille ULiege; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

Poster (2017, November 10)

This project is targeting prevention programs for language and communication difficulties in nurseries in Lebanon. More specifically, it will explore the implementation of a preventive program to enhance ... [more ▼]

This project is targeting prevention programs for language and communication difficulties in nurseries in Lebanon. More specifically, it will explore the implementation of a preventive program to enhance language skills in early childhood, and to specify the role of the Speech and Language Therapist (SLT) in this implementation. There is a growing consensus among researchers and clinicians that abilities acquired at an early age, especially in oral language, are predictive of children's academic performance and future social integration (Zorman, 2011). Preventive actions are increasingly recognized as a priority to improve public health worldwide (Law et al., 2013). In Lebanon, an ongoing national program (MHPSS 2015-2021 - MHPSS, Preventive and Curative, Ministry of Public Health, 2015) is taking part of this kind of healthcare development. Aims: Thus, taking into account some variables that affect the implementation process (environment communities, providers, prevention delivery system and the prevention support system), the aims of this project are 1) to study the feasibility of a preventive program model, that partners Speech and Language Therapist and educators or caregivers in daycare and nurseries, to facilitate language and communication in Lebanese toddlers (under 3 years old), 2) determine the success factors of the implementation. It will be based on a French program “Parler Bambin”, which is currently widely developed in France. Method: The first study will focus on the factors of engagement of different stakeholders in a prevention program: firstly, by identifying the professionals involved in nurseries in Lebanon and then identifying the characteristics of these stakeholders in diverse childcares. Data will be gathered through a questionnaire constructed or adapted from existing questionnaires for this purpose (eg, Preschool Teacher Literacy Beliefs Questionnaire [TBQ], Hindman and Wasik, 2008). Similarly, the questionnaires will address SLT’s representations about their role in supporting language in nurseries. Nominal groups or focus groups (Baribeau and Germain, 2010) and questionnaires will be also carried out to identify the facilitators of this kind of preventive actions and the specific needs of SLTs in preventive settings. A second phase will target the implementation process itself: adapting and implementing a preventive intervention, while taking into consideration implementation aspects. We will find out major variables that are worthy for the program’s implementation, by measuring its fidelity (dosage, quantity, intervention strength, quality, participant responsiveness, program differentiation, etc.), also using videos and direct coaching sessions. Pre and posttest measures will be applied on children (MCDI -The MacArthur communicative development inventories, Fenson et al., 1996; Questionnaire for parents of bilingual children LITMUS-PABIQ, COST IS0804, validation in Lebanon, Tuller 2015). Finally, following the pilot study, the implementation of the adapted program will be proposed according to different execution modalities to support its implementation: with a direct or indirect involvement of an SLT. It will be tested more widely, with particular focus on the role of the speech therapist. Evaluation measures similar to those presented in Phase 2 will be carried out. Expected results: This project will highlight the added value of speech therapy in setting up a prevention program. It also participates in the elaboration of a national strategic framework for the Speech and Language Therapy [less ▲]

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See detailTeacher-SLT co-intervention program to support language in kindergartens in Lebanon: methodology, procedures and measures
El Kouba, Edith ULiege; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

Poster (2017, November 10)

Background: The aim of this project is to develop a co-intervention program, lead by a teacher and an SLT, to support oral language in preschoolers in the Lebanese context (multicultural, multilingual ... [more ▼]

Background: The aim of this project is to develop a co-intervention program, lead by a teacher and an SLT, to support oral language in preschoolers in the Lebanese context (multicultural, multilingual). Actually, there is a growing consensus, that efforts to enhance children’s early language skills, can improve their reading skills and long-term academic achievement. However, some children are at risk of delays due to diverse environments (e.g. low socioeconomic status), and impoverished language and literacy experiences. Thus, international recommendations highlight the necessity for SLTs to conceptualize their intervention, according to community based needs, focusing on primary prevention for early communication and language difficulties, given their later impact on social and professional integration (Law 2013). Aims: In line with the recommendations of the Ministry of Public Health in Lebanon (Mental Health program services MHPSS, preventive and curative, Ministry of Public Health, 2015), the purpose of the project is to support language skills in preschoolers by adapting, implementing and analyzing co-intervention program that partners early childhood educators along with SLTs. Methods: First, we will identify the beliefs, representations and expectations of the different stakeholders (teachers, speech-language pathologists, school principals) through questionnaires and interviews among the diverse Lebanese school contexts in order to 1) identify the knowledge and 2) gather their expectations in the area of support and prevention for language difficulties in kindergarten. Second, the project aims to identify the quality of teacher-child interaction, considered as one of the primary mechanism that foster the development of child’s language competences. It is commonly assessed by using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS-K; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008). Ten dimensions will be considered: climate (positive or negative), teacher sensitivity, children's perspectives, behavior management, productivity, teaching practices and learning formats, concept Development, quality of feedback provided to the child, and linguistic modeling. Finally, we will design a co-intervention program that is the most consistent with the contextual, cultural and linguistic diversity in Lebanon. Two intervention settings will be addressed and compared: 1) a co-intervention with an SLT including direct coaching, and video-retroactions and 2) an implementation of the program led by the teacher after a training provided by an SLT. We will collect information about children’s bilingual environment through the Parental Bilingual Questionnaire (PABIQ-LITMUS, COST Action IS804), and we will evaluate interactions through CLASS-K (Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008), pre and post evaluation. Children's language skills will be measured through: ELO-L (Zebib, Khomsi, Henry, Messarra, & Kouba Hreich, Lebanon Tests Editions, 2017). Moreover, measurements of the fidelity of program’s implementation (dosage, adhesion, quality of the interactions, responsiveness) will also be carried out. Results: The expected results are intended to demonstrate to which extent an intervention program, to enhance communication and language skills, carried out jointly by teachers and speech therapists, would be more effective than a program delivered without the intervention of SLTs. The intervention of speech-language pathologists would thus have a more effective impact on the teachers' practices and the language skills of the children. This would justify the primary role of SLTs in indirect interventions in preschools in Lebanon. [less ▲]

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See detailStrongly interacting dark matter doesn't explain the DAMA signal
Laletin, Maxim ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 10)

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See detailCharles de Méan, le Papinien liégeois
Lagasse, Benoît ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

La thèse tend à déterminer si Charles de Méan, surnommé le Papinien liégeois, mérite ce surnom signifiant qu'il a été le plus grand jurisconsulte qu'ait connu la principauté de Liège. Pour ce faire, elle ... [more ▼]

La thèse tend à déterminer si Charles de Méan, surnommé le Papinien liégeois, mérite ce surnom signifiant qu'il a été le plus grand jurisconsulte qu'ait connu la principauté de Liège. Pour ce faire, elle tend à étudier une partie de son oeuvre majeure, les Observationes et res judicatae ad jus civile Leodiensium, Romanorum, aliarumque gentium canonicum et feudale. Par ailleurs, la thèse met en exergue la spécificité du droit liégeois et tend à déterminer les influcences subies par ce droit. [less ▲]

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See detail"Attraverso tutti i drammi della vita": artisti in viaggio nelle pagine dantesche
Bugini, Mariaelena ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 10)

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See detailTransport de la charge sableuse dans les rivières caillouteuses de Belgique et du nord de la France grâce aux scories de la sidérurgie ancienne
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULiege; Gob, Frédéric; Tamisier, Vincent et al

Conference (2017, November 09)

Le transport de la charge sableuse dans les rivières caillouteuse reste à l'heure actuelle relativement mal connu. Avec les techniques habituellement déployées en dynamique fluviale, le principal problème ... [more ▼]

Le transport de la charge sableuse dans les rivières caillouteuse reste à l'heure actuelle relativement mal connu. Avec les techniques habituellement déployées en dynamique fluviale, le principal problème consiste à retrouver après une crue mobilisatrice des éléments sableux marqués et dispersés longitudinalement et verticalement dans le lit des rivières. De plus, les résultats obtenus portent sur des échelles de temps relativement limitées. Nous proposons une approche nouvelle pour quantifier le transport du sable grâce à l’utilisation d’un traceur anthropique, les scories de la sidérurgie ancienne. De grandes quantités de scories sont en effet présentes dans les alluvions sableuses et caillouteuses de nombreux cours d'eau d'Europe. Ces scories sont des déchets produits dans des usines sidérurgiques installées le long des cours d'eau entre le 14e et le 19e siècle. Ces déchets étaient généralement rejetés sur les plaines alluviales, à proximité des rivières, ou directement dans les cours d'eau. Lors des crues, ces éléments ont été emportés en aval et se sont mélangés avec la charge naturelle des rivières (Houbrechts et al., 2011). Grâce aux sources historiques, il est possible de dater de manière relativement précise les périodes d'activité de ces sites sidérurgiques. En conséquence, sur la base de la distance de dispersion des scories et de l'époque de rejets, nous avons déterminé la vitesse d'avancée de la charge en saltation pour plusieurs rivières du massif ardennais, de Normandie et de Haute Marne. Cette analyse a été plus spécifiquement réalisée sur deux fractions granulométriques : entre 0,5 et 1 mm et entre 1,6 et 2,5 mm. Ces données permettent ainsi d’étudier le transport de la charge en saltation dans des rivières naturelles en tenant compte des caractéristiques granulométriques des lits (armurage) sur la mise en mouvement des fractions sableuses. Une attention particulière a par ailleurs été portée sur le rôle des obstacles transversaux sur le transit des sables. Enfin, par rapport aux techniques traditionnelles, l’utilisation des scories a permis d’analyser ces questions sur le temps long (plusieurs siècles), ce qui permet d’intégrer l’évolution historique des lits et de pleinement considérer le caractère très discontinu du transport (difficilement appréhendé lorsqu’on travaille avec le marquage de particules individuelles). [less ▲]

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See detailAutour du spectacle Les Fils de Hasard, Espérance et Bonne Fortune
Brahy, Rachel ULiege; Martiniello, Marco ULiege; Delhalle, Nancy ULiege

Speech/Talk (2017)

« Savoir d’où on vient pour savoir où on va », Etre conscient de la mixité de nos origines et de la richesse artistique que cela génère. Rencontre avec M.Martiniello, N.Delhalle , R.Brahy et M.De Michele ... [more ▼]

« Savoir d’où on vient pour savoir où on va », Etre conscient de la mixité de nos origines et de la richesse artistique que cela génère. Rencontre avec M.Martiniello, N.Delhalle , R.Brahy et M.De Michele Cette rencontre sera l'occasion de réfléchir ensemble à l'impact de l'héritage culturel sur l'évolution des arts de la scène et plus particulièrement, du théâtre. Celui-ci est à la fois miroir de la société en constante évolution, témoin de l'Histoire, et objet critique qui permet de revendiquer des valeurs parfois dévoyées, notamment la place et la force du collectif dans notre société. En Cie du Sud mêle constamment ces éléments de réflexion dans ses diverses recherches théâtrales. Cette rencontre sera un moment privilégié pour y réfléchir avec les intervenants et le public. [less ▲]

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See detailInjection of spin-polarized current in a Ge-based magnetic device with coplanar contacts
Fourneau, Emile ULiege; Avila Osses, Jonathan ULiege; Silhanek, Alejandro ULiege et al

Poster (2017, November 09)

Electron spin injection and spin detection in magnetic materials are key features to the functionalization of electron spin polarization as a degree of freedom for both information processing and storage ... [more ▼]

Electron spin injection and spin detection in magnetic materials are key features to the functionalization of electron spin polarization as a degree of freedom for both information processing and storage. Currently, spin-dependent tunneling in magnetic junction devices is the most common approach to achieve efficient spin injection. However, many recent studies highlighted the interesting possibility to create spin-polarized currents in structures which combine a magnetic semiconductor, e.g. magnetic alloys based on group-IV semiconductors or diluted magnetic semiconductor compounds, forming a Schottky-like rectifying junction with a metallic ferromagnet. Although theoretical works have already addressed the performance of this structure by numerical simulations of the spin drift and spin diffusion equations, taking into account various characteristics of the ferromagnet (FM) / semiconductor (SC) interface such as barrier height and boundary roughness in 1D models, correlations with experimental results are scarce. This work aims at achieving spin injection with Ge-based magnetic structures using a rectifying junction in a coplanar architecture. We performed 2D numerical calculations of the spin drift and diffusion process in the direct neighborhood of a junction consisting of a Mn5Ge3 half-metallic ferromagnet acting as the injecting contact and an n-type Ge film, forming 3- and 4-terminal devices. Our results show that geometrical effects play a major role on the spin injection efficiency. Moreover, the simulations emphasize the asymmetry of spin accumulation at the FM/SC interface as well as a strong effect of the depletion layer caused by the Schottky contact junction. [less ▲]

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See detail“Who Cares for those who Cared? Global Social Protection Arrangements Between Europe and Latin America”.
Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 09)

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through ... [more ▼]

Belgium recently experienced an economic and political crisis. This context has reinforced the historical restrictive migratory approach while promoting policies that aim at restraining migration through the control of social provisions. In such an environment migrant families are categorized as an intolerable burden for the state (Lafleur and Stanek forthcoming). Evidently, these measures affected migrant family’s access to health-care, education, pension schemes and increased their unemployment rates (Castanheira et al. 2014; Pignal 2012). Nevertheless, it also drove them to diversify their resources to access social protection while negotiating them in sending, receiving and in-between countries. This paper tackles this last argument and explores the post-crisis strategies Peruvian and Colombian migrant families use to access global social protection arrangements while negotiating their access to informal and formal resources in a variety of countries in Europe and Latin America. Nonetheless, it also depicts emerging or transforming inequalities in their strategies. Global Social Protection arrangements are defined as strategies that migrants learn to put together through their life course to cope with social risks in areas such as: health-, long-term care, pensions or unemployment. Such strategies combine rights based in public welfare policies as well as market-family and community based practices. An intersectional lens (Anthias 2001) is used to explore how Andean transnational families’ ethnic, class, gender, generational positioning’s affects their strategies. The empirical data use draws from a multi-sited ethnography conducted with 15 Andean Transnational family networks over the past two years. [less ▲]

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See detailValdem Project : From building waste LCA to buildings circular economy
Groslambert, Sylvie ULiege; Roy, Aubin

Conference (2017, November 09)

From resource prospective, building and construction sector is responsible for more than third of global resource consumption, including 12% of the fresh water use and its generation of solid waste is ... [more ▼]

From resource prospective, building and construction sector is responsible for more than third of global resource consumption, including 12% of the fresh water use and its generation of solid waste is estimated to be 40% of the total waste volume. At European level, construction and demolition waste is the largest waste stream representing one third of all waste produced in EU. Therefore the resource efficiency and management is crucial in building construction. A very significant part of the Construction and Demolition Waste (CDW) is not recycled today. Also a very limited part is used as a recycled content in the construction and building products and materials. This lack is mainly due to heterogeneity and dispersion of waste flows decreasing efficiency and economic viability of recycling. To address this issue, VALDEM project (funded by Interreg FWVL European Fund) aims to overcome barriers to increase up-cycling applications. The project focuses its activities in North of France, Flanders and Walloon regions (Belgium), and stands out from usual approaches by its cross-border view of circular economy. VALDEM aims, on one hand, to optimize buildings end of life management by developing new deconstruction, sorting and recycling processes to produce uniform and accessible material flows. On the other hand, the project aims at increasing recycling and generating high quality secondary materials (concrete and other flows) to be used in future buildings within an up cycling prospective. And finally it aims at validating the solutions from technical, scientific, economic and environmental point of view. The Environmental assessment, based on LCA, consists of identifying hotspots and key aspects to prioritize the efforts of different economic actors. As a first step, an LCA meta-analysis is conducted to provide an environmental picture for different potential activities within the scope of the project. As a next step, a comparative LCA is conducted to assess the environmental benefits and impacts of different solutions proposed in the framework of the project in a decision making context, and to limit the impact transfer and to generate the maximum value for all the stakeholders. Finally, results will be transferred to main actors (recycling operators, buildings contractors, product manufacturers …) in the three regions in order to consolidate future key aspects to eco-design a building in light of circular economy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe corps, le territoire et le temps du sujet borderline
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

Conference (2017, November 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (11 ULiège)
See detailLe jeu vidéo : pas si méchant. Des stéréotypes à la réalité
Krywicki, Boris ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULiège)