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See detailJacqueline Harpman, Le Bonheur dans le crime
Outers, Pierre ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailDwelling on Dwelling: Home and Nature in (Native) American Literature
Lombard, David ULiege

Conference (2017, November 16)

As Greg Garrard stresses, “[i]nterpretation and critique of the various inflections of dwelling is a major task for ecocritics interested in a predominantly political, rather than moral or spiritual ... [more ▼]

As Greg Garrard stresses, “[i]nterpretation and critique of the various inflections of dwelling is a major task for ecocritics interested in a predominantly political, rather than moral or spiritual, project of cultural critique that can take us beyond pastoral and nature writing, from the landscapes of leisure to the uneven terrain of real work” (2012). In this paper, I will examine American literary texts dealing with representations of dwelling or “home” as a refuge from the “tensions” or problems caused by modern civilisation and technology. Starting with Thoreau’s Walden (1854), I will focus on the relationships between such refuges, the natural environment, and socio-political critique. Indeed, Thoreau’s work displays a philosophy on nature and dwelling that has influenced other writers to ponder on the negative effects that modern technologies, capitalism and consumerism have had on the human self and, more largely, on our physical environment. Adopting an ecocritical perspective, I will therefore consider Thoreau’s stay in Walden Pond as well as Edward Abbey’s house trailer (Desert Solitaire, 1968), Christopher McCandless’s “magic bus” as depicted in Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild (1992) or Ken Ilgunas’s “vandwelling” (Walden on Wheels, 2013) to study the socio-political and environmental concerns raised by dwelling experiences in such peculiar or isolated “homes”. Finally, I will also briefly discuss the Native American perspective through an analysis of Leslie Marmon Silko’s novel Ceremony (1977) as an example of the Laguna Pueblo’s perception of nature or the “land” as “home”. [less ▲]

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See detailUn autre regard sur la participation des écoles et des élèves à l’enquête du PISA
Raiche, Gilles; Béland, Sébastien; Magis, David ULiege

Conference (2017, November 16)

Le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) a pour objectif de produire des indicateurs sur les habiletés et les connaissances qui contribuent au succès des élèves, des écoles ... [more ▼]

Le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) a pour objectif de produire des indicateurs sur les habiletés et les connaissances qui contribuent au succès des élèves, des écoles, des systèmes éducatifs et des environnements d’apprentissage (CMEC, 2015, p. 7). Depuis 2000, l’enquête du PISA est planifiée à tous les trois ans pour les élèves de 15 ans en ciblant spécifiquement les matières suivantes : la compréhension de l’écrit, la culture mathématique et la culture scientifique. Dans le cadre de la dernière passation, les résultats des Canadiens à cette enquête ont été salués dans l’ensemble du pays : les élèves se classent dans le groupe des pays les plus performants pour toutes les disciplines couvertes. Par contre, le taux de participation des écoles ainsi que les taux d’exclusions des élèves au regard de divers handicaps, qui pourraient éventuellement avoir un impact sur les résultats et le classement international, ont été critiqués à travers le pays. Cette présentation a comme objectif d’étudier le rendement des élèves canadiens au programme international des acquis scolaires (PISA) entre 2000 à 2015 en fonction de différentes caractéristiques relatives à la participation des écoles et au taux d’exclusion des élèves présentant certains handicaps. Des modèles de régression linéaire à niveaux multiples sont utilisés à cette fin. [less ▲]

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See detailCarte interactomique entre l'oncoprotéine Tax du virus HTLV-1 et les protéines à domaines PDZ.
Blibek, Karim ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 16)

ABSTRACT HTLV-1 (Human T-cell Leukemia Virus) is the etiologic agent of human adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). More than 20 million people worldwide are infected with ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT HTLV-1 (Human T-cell Leukemia Virus) is the etiologic agent of human adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). More than 20 million people worldwide are infected with the HTLV-1 virus, but only about 5 % develop the associated pathologies. At present, efforts are invested in the search for treatments that may improve the survival expectancy of patients infected by the HTLV-1 virus. The diagnosis of HTLV-1 infection is hampered by the viral genome latency (up to 40 years) and treatment options are limited. To propose novel therapeutic opportunities, it thus is necessary to better understand the host molecular mechanisms perturbed by the HTLV-1 infection. The HTLV-1 genome encodes for the Tax-1 protein, which confers the transforming ability of the virus. The Tax-1 protein is known as the transactivator factor of the HTLV-1 virus genome expression (TransActivator of pX region). It is also involved in the destabilization of several molecular mechanisms within the host, leading to cellular transformation. Tax-1 protein displays several functional domains and interacts with a wide range of cellular proteins. In particular, the Tax-1 protein sequence contains, at its carboxy-terminal end, a motif of four amino acids able to interact with PDZ domain (PSD95-DLG1-ZO1) containing proteins. It has been demonstrated that deletion of the PDZ binding motif (PBM) of the Tax-1 protein leads to a decrease of its oncogenic capacity in vitro. Cellular proteins containing PDZ domains are involved in the formation of cellular junctions, synapses and in cellular receptors assembly. Some of PDZ proteins are capable of relaying extracellular signals and participate in the control of proliferation. The human genome codes for at least 150 proteins with PDZ domains. However, the specificity of the oncoprotein Tax-1 to target these proteins remains unknown. In this study, we have mapped The Tax-1 - PDZ interactome using a combination of several methods. We reveal that Tax-1 selectively target a number of PDZ domains-containing proteins potentially involved in HTLV-1 pathogenesis. We validated our approach by focusing on the role of SDCBP and LNX2 proteins in HTLV-1 biology. Our work also demonstrated that the Tax-1-PDZ interactome might represent an attractive therapeutic target for HTLV-1-induced diseases. KEYWORDS: HTLV-1, Leukemia, Tax-1, interactions, PDZ. [less ▲]

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See detailSteering social fields of mobilization in global cities: Latin American transnational political engagement in Brussels
Lara Guerrero, Larisa Viridiana ULiege; Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Conference (2017, November 15)

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents ... [more ▼]

Social scientists and migration scholars have a growing interest in how and why migrants engage in transnational political movements in both their home and host countries. Migrants are active agents participating in transnational social movements. They create, transform, and exploit transnational networks to engage in political movements in their homeland and in their hostland from cities. This chapter aims to answer the following questions: how do global cities shape transnational fields of social mobilization? What is the nexus between these transnational fields of social mobilization and access to welfare states? Theoretically, this contribution introduces a new spatial level of analysis to unpack the dynamics and dimensions of migrant social movements organized in global cities. By focusing specifically on the city of Brussels, this contribution analyzes the impact of global cities shaping the capacity and desire of Latin American migrants in engaging in political movements. Empirically, this chapter presents two case studies where Latin Americans living in Brussels engage in political transnational activities to change their living conditions both in their host and home cities. These examples illustrate the role of migrants influencing and shaping welfare-state and political systems in both their sending and receiving societies. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Europe est-elle plus verte ?
Habran, Maxime ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Bilan de la politique environnementale et de la lutte contre le changement climatique au sein des politiques européennes

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See detailOverview and future challenges of nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) design in Southern Europe
Attia, Shady ULiege; Polyvios, Eleftheriou; Xeni, Flouris et al

in Energy and Buildings (2017), 155

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications ... [more ▼]

In times of great transition of the European construction sector to energy efficient and nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), a market observation containing qualitative and quantitative indications should help to fill out some of the current gaps concerning the EU 2020 carbon targets. Next to the economic challenges, there are equally important factors that hinder renovating the existing residential building stock and adding newly constructed high performance buildings. Under these circumstances this paper summarises the findings of a cross-comparative study of the societal and technical barriers of nZEB implementation in 7 Southern European countries. The study analyses the present situation and provides an overview on future prospects for nZEB in Southern Europe. The result presents an overview of challenges and provides recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers in the European construction sector. The paper finds that the most Southern European countries are poorly prepared for nZEB implementation and especially to the challenge/opportunity of retrofitting existing buildings. Creating a common approach to further develop nZEB targets, concepts and definitions in synergy with the climatic, societal and technical state of progress in Southern Europe is essential. The paper provides recommendations for actions to shift the identified gaps into opportunities for future development of climate adaptive high performance buildings. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation ontogénique, phénotypique et fonctionnelle des macrophages interstitiels pulmonaires après exposition à des composés bactériens
Sabatel, Catherine ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Respiratory mucosal surfaces are continuously exposed to harmless antigens and immunostimulatory molecules of microbial origin. According to the « self/non self » and « danger » theories, this should ... [more ▼]

Respiratory mucosal surfaces are continuously exposed to harmless antigens and immunostimulatory molecules of microbial origin. According to the « self/non self » and « danger » theories, this should normally result in the developpment of unwanted immune responses towards these inhaled antigens such as Th2-mediated allergic responses. This is however not the case in most people. The hygiene hypothesis postulates that living in an environment rich in microbial components paradoxically protects from airway allergy, implying the existence in the lung of suppressive mechanisms triggered by these immunogenic signals. In this study, we showed that synthetic bacterial DNA rich in unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG) has the unique ability to significantly increase the population of lung interstitial regulatory macrophages (IM) from CCR2-independent monocytes residing in the lung or mobilized from the spleen. Moreover these CpG-induced IM demonstrated a hypersuppressive profile as they produced more IL-10 than their steady state counterparts. Using mice models of airway allergy we showed that the transfert of IM isolated from CpG-treated mice recapitulated the protective effects of CpG when administered before allergen sensitization or challenge. This IM-mediated protection was dependant from IL-10 as CpG-induced Il10-/- IM had no protective effect. The expansion of pulmonary regulatory IM from CCR2-independent pulmonary and splenic monocytes upon CpG exposure could be a possible mechanism by which exposure to an environment rich in microbial products protects against asthma. [less ▲]

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See detailAnomalies des gonadotrophines LH et FSH: tableaux cliniques
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 14)

L’hormone lutéinisante (LH) et l’hormone folliculostimulante (FSH) – hormones glycoprotéiques hypophysaires – régulent de concert la production de stéroïdes sexuels et la reproduction. Les stéroïdes ... [more ▼]

L’hormone lutéinisante (LH) et l’hormone folliculostimulante (FSH) – hormones glycoprotéiques hypophysaires – régulent de concert la production de stéroïdes sexuels et la reproduction. Les stéroïdes sexuels sont indispensables à la virilisation et à la féminisation, et participent également à la gamétogenèse (spermatogenèse chez l’homme et folliculogenèse chez la femme). Cette présentation fait le point sur la physiologie et la pathologie de LH et de FSH en reproduction humaine. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels futurs pour la fabrication de pièces métalliques ?
Habraken, Anne ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le ... [more ▼]

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le formage incrémental ont apporté un renouveau possible face aux méthodes de fabrication traditionnelles. Si le premier est, à présent, bien connu du grand public, le formage incrémental mérite encore quelques explications. Ce procédé, relativement lent, est de mieux en mieux maîtrisé. Il permet de réaliser des pièces métalliques aussi diverses qu’une prothèse, un panneau de façade ou de porte de boeing, un évier de cuisine, ... Il comporte de multiples variantes et est progressivement exploité par l’industrie pour du prototypage de pièces uniques et des petites séries. A l’ère de la révolution numérique, où les Fablabs, Repair Cafés et autres Hackers Labs permettent aux citoyens de créer leurs propres pièces et de devenir acteurs de l’innovation, ce procédé ouvre ainsi de nouvelles portes pour la conception de pièces métalliques. [less ▲]

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See detailOut of hospital neonatal resuscitation: a control randomised study
Servotte, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULiege; Simonet et al

Conference (2017, November 14)

Introduction : En 2014, 64 accouchements inopinés sont survenus en Wallonie. 5,3% des naissances ont nécessité une réanimation néonatale. Or, de nombreux professionnels de l’urgence terminent leur ... [more ▼]

Introduction : En 2014, 64 accouchements inopinés sont survenus en Wallonie. 5,3% des naissances ont nécessité une réanimation néonatale. Or, de nombreux professionnels de l’urgence terminent leur formation avec une expertise insuffisante dans ce domaine (Nadel et al. 2000). En effet, la réanimation néonatale nécessite des compétences cognitives, techniques et comportementales spécifiques (Halamek et al. 2016). Objectifs : Notre étude randomisée contrôlée a évalué l’impact d’une formation utilisant la simulation clinique sur l’évolution des connaissances et des compétences techniques en réanimation néonatale, avec l’hypothèse que cette méthode a un impact supérieur à l’enseignement clinique traditionnel. Matériel & Méthodes : Des infirmiers se spécialisant en soins intensifs et aide médicale urgente (SIAMU) ont été assignés, après randomisation, à un groupe expérimental (GE) ou à un groupe contrôle (GC). Le GE a reçu un cours théorique suivi d’une formation par simulation (2h) et de 4 semaines de stage. Le GC a reçu un cours théorique suivi de 4 semaines de stage. La population a été évaluée à 2 reprises au moyen d’une simulation de réanimation néonatale et de questionnaires: avant et après la formation, à 4 semaines d’intervalle. Deux experts ont évalué à l’aveugle sur base d’une grille critériée les compétences techniques lors de la simulation. Résultats : 36 participants ont été inclus dans l’étude. Les 2 groupes ont amélioré leurs connaissances. Comparativement, le GE a davantage amélioré ses connaissances globales (p = 0,0001) et spécifiques (p = 0,0007). La formation a permis une amélioration des compétences techniques de 83,3% pour le GC et de 175% pour le GE. Cette différence est significative (p = 0,003). Conclusions : Les deux méthodes pédagogiques ont amélioré les connaissances et les compétences techniques des infirmiers SIAMU. Toutefois, l’impact est significativement supérieur en faveur de la formation utilisant la simulation par rapport à l’enseignement clinique traditionnel. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Vacuum UV Photoabsorption Spectrum of the Geminal Dichloroethylene (1,1-C2H2Cl2) in the 5-20 eV Range. A Vibrational Analysis of the Valence and Rydberg States.
Locht, Robert ULiege; Dehareng, Dominique; Leyh, Bernard ULiege

in Journal of Physics Communications (2017), 1(04), 5013

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of 1,1-C2H2Cl2 is presented and discussed in detail in the 6 - 20 eV photon energy range. The broad band observed at 6.488 eV includes the 2b1()→σ*, 2b1()→ ... [more ▼]

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of 1,1-C2H2Cl2 is presented and discussed in detail in the 6 - 20 eV photon energy range. The broad band observed at 6.488 eV includes the 2b1()→σ*, 2b1()→* valence transitions and the 2b1()→3s Rydberg transitions. A quantum chemical calculation analysis is proposed and applied to the intertwined vibrational structure belonging to these transitions. For the →σ* and →* transitions short vibrational progressions are observed, analyzed and tentatively assigned. The →3s Rydberg transition is characterized by a single progression starting at 6.746 eV. The fine structure observed between 7.5 eV and 10.1 eV has been analyzed in terms of vibronic transitions to ns- (δ= 0.89), np- (δ= 0.59 and 0.37) and nd-type (δ= 0.16) Rydberg states all converging to the 1,1-C2H2Cl2+( 2B1) ionic ground state. The vibrational structure analysis excitation leads to the following wavenumbers: ω2≈ 1310 cm-1 (162 meV), ω4≈ 650 cm-1 (81 meV) and ω5≈ 290 cm-1 (37 meV). These modes can be assigned to the C=C stretching, to the symmetric C-Cl stretching and to the symmetric Cl-C-Cl bending vibrations respectively. By the same way, eight other Rydberg states were analyzed. For the first time the vacuum UV spectrum of 1,1-C2H2Cl2 has been recorded in the 10 eV-20 eV range, revealing intense broad bands which are assigned to transitions to Rydberg states converging to excited states of 1,1-C2H2Cl2+. Assignments are also proposed for the vibrational excitations observed in this range. [less ▲]

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See detailEntre piété et faste. Réflexions sur le mécénat artistique des collaborateurs du pape Léon X (1513-1521)
Trizzullo, Eva ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULiège)
See detailDrei Sprachen, drei Kulturräume, ein Land : eine Einführung in den belgischen Föderalismus
Behrendt, Christian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Speech given at a Belgian-German Rotary meeting in Tongeren, Belgium, on November 14, 2017.

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULiège)
See detailThe Other Self: Some Thoughts on Player-Avatar Relationships
Delbouille, Julie ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, November 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULiège)
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See detailSowing flower strips in a wheat field to enhance biological control of aphids and support pollinators
Amy, Clara ULiege; Brigode, Mélanie ULiege; Hatt, Séverin ULiege et al

Poster (2017, November 14)

Insect pests are responsible, among other factors, for reducing the productivity of crops. While chemical insecticides used to control them cause harmful effects on human health and the environment ... [more ▼]

Insect pests are responsible, among other factors, for reducing the productivity of crops. While chemical insecticides used to control them cause harmful effects on human health and the environment, conservation biological control, i.e. managing habitats in agricultural landscapes to support pest natural enemies, turns out to be a promising approach. Moreover, the decline of pollinators in agricultural areas is observed since a few decades, being partly due to the intensification of agriculture which homogenizes and degrades agricultural landscape. To reduce the detrimental effects of agricultural intensification on biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services, farmers have the opportunity to adopt agri-environmental measures. Among them, the establishment of flower strips, with a recognized interest in biological control and the conservation of pollinators, is proposed. However, their establishment is not systematically efficient and profitable for the farmers. Adapting mixture composition to farmer’s need may encourage their adoption. Thus, the research project has a double goals (i) to provide intercropping flower strips for promoting the attraction of beneficial insects against pests and for promoting pollinators diversity; and (ii) to suggests diversification of farm income by planting monospecific oilseed flower strips. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 ULiège)