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See detailThe Science, development, and commercialization of postharvest biocontrol products
Droby, Samir; Wisniewski, Michael; Teixido, Neus et al

in Postharvest Biology & Technology (in press)

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See detailCurrent challenges in economic and financial criminal law in Europe and the US
Ligeti, Katalin; Franssen, Vanessa ULg

in Franssen, Vanessa; Ligeti, Katalin (Eds.) K. LIGETI and V. FRANSSEN (eds), Challenges in the field of economic and financial crime in Europe (in press)

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See detailMaqriziana X. Al-Maqrīzī's al-Taʾrīḫ al-muqaffā al-kabīr
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Massoud, Sami (Ed.) Studies in Islamic Historiography: Essays in Honour of Professor Donald P. Little (in press)

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See detailFreedom of religion in the workplace in Belgium
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

in Camas Roda, Ferran (Ed.) Exercising the right to freedom of religion in the workplace at the international and European level: A comparative study of the United Kingdom, France, Belgium and Spain (in press)

This conference explores the way in which Belgian law deals with situations where labour law engages with the right to freedom of religion and belief and the right not to be discriminated on grounds of ... [more ▼]

This conference explores the way in which Belgian law deals with situations where labour law engages with the right to freedom of religion and belief and the right not to be discriminated on grounds of religion. It starts with the Belgian regime of religious freedom, protection against discrimination and valid reasons for termination of employment. It then considers specific areas of those regimes in Belgian labour relations, such as the work schedule accommodation, the refusal to perform work, clothing and religious symbols in the workplace, and the work in an ethos organization. It relates mainly to Belgian case law but also to the case law of the European courts [less ▲]

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See detailLiquid-Assisted Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition of Catechol and Quinone-Functionalized Coatings: Insights into the Surface Chemistry and Morphology
Mauchauffé, Rodolphe; Moreno-Couranjou, Maryline; Boscher, N. D. et al

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (in press)

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See detailEU Criminal Law and Effet Utile - A Critical Examination of the Use of Criminal Law to Achieve Effective Enforcement
Franssen, Vanessa ULg

in Banach-Guttierez, J.; Harding, C. (Eds.) EU Criminal Law and Crime Policy: Values, Principles and Methods (in press)

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See detailIntroduction : Faire de la médiation un "quasi-concept"
Servais, Christine ULg

in Servais, Christine (Ed.) La médiation. Théorie et terrains (in press)

Il s'agit d'une présentation des problématiques qui traversent l'ouvrage à partir du constat d'un écart entre l'approche théorique de la médiation et son approche par les pratiques.

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See detailQuantification of four Isoflavones in Forages with UPLC®-MS/MS, using the Box-Behnken Experimental Design to Optimize Sample Preparation
Daems, Frédéric ULg; Romnee, Jean-Michel; Rasse, Catherine et al

in Chromatographia (in press)

A performant method for the simultaneous quantification of daidzein, genistein, formononetin and biochanin A in forages using an UPLC®-MS/MS was developed and fully validated. The ultrasound-assisted ... [more ▼]

A performant method for the simultaneous quantification of daidzein, genistein, formononetin and biochanin A in forages using an UPLC®-MS/MS was developed and fully validated. The ultrasound-assisted extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis used in the sample preparation step were optimized using the Box-Behnken experimental design. The optimal extraction conditions used for a representative mix of forage plants were 80°C, 10 min and 55% methanol, and for hydrolysis they were 20°C, 18 h and pH=6. The chromatographic separation was achieved using an Acquity® UPLC® HSS T3 column, with a water/methanol linear gradient containing 0.01% of formic acid at a 0.55 mL min-1 flow rate. The four isoflavones were detected by ESI mass spectrometry in positive ion MRM mode. The method allows high throughput analyses of samples and showed an adequate linear regression model for all isoflavones over a range from 5 to 125 ng mL-1. There was good intra- and inter-day precision (≤ 8.2% and ≤ 7.6%) and accuracy (≤ 11.4% and ≤ 7.1%). The recovery rates were in an acceptable range of 70-120%, except for biochanin A, where the rate was about 50%. Good method repeatability was also observed, and there was no matrix effect or carry-over problem. The sample extracts were stable for at least 6 days of storage at -21°C and 6°C. The method proved to be sensitive, precise and accurate for discriminating a wide variety of forages likely to be grazed by ruminants according to their isoflavone content and to observe the impact storage process on isoflavone content in forages. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation. Théorie et terrains
Servais, Christine ULg

Book published by De Boeck (in press)

Cette publication collective sur la notion de médiation est issue du constat suivant : dans le champ théorique comme dans le champ des pratiques, la médiation s’est aujourd’hui imposée, soit comme outil ... [more ▼]

Cette publication collective sur la notion de médiation est issue du constat suivant : dans le champ théorique comme dans le champ des pratiques, la médiation s’est aujourd’hui imposée, soit comme outil d’analyse des processus de communication, soit comme outil apte à soigner/traiter/améliorer les relations entre pairs, ou entre individus et institutions. Or la médiation reste un concept « instable », aussi bien dans la théorie, où elle est investie de toutes parts, que dans les pratiques, où elle ne répond pas à un référent unique. Ce recours aux pratiques et à la notion de médiation dans tous les domaines de la vie sociale , et ce alors même que cette notion n’est pas fondée, doit être interrogé comme tel dans un cadre scientifique et politique . Par l’examen croisé des usages de la notion dans différents champs de recherche et de ses usages dans des pratiques dites « de médiation », l’ouvrage entend présenter une approche critique et problématisée de la notion de médiation. A partir d’un corpus, d’enquêtes ou d’analyses de processus de médiation, les différents chapitres de l’ouvrage examinent les enjeux (scientifiques, théoriques, politiques ou idéologiques) auxquels l’usage du terme a répondu et répond aujourd’hui dans différents champs de recherches (sociologie, sciences de la communication, traduction, anthropologie) et de pratiques (médiation animale, scolaire, culturelle). [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle des ecclésiastiques dans les armées françaises d’Italie à l’époque du Grand Schisme d’Occident (1382-1411)
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Actes du colloque Armée et religion, XVe–XIXe siècles (in press)

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See detailLe souci du monde — Le souci de soi. Approches croisées entre arts et médias : compte-rendu
Jousten, Lison ULg

in French Journal for Media Research (in press)

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See detailLate Pleistocene molecular dating of past population fragmentation and demographic changes in African rain forest tree species supports the forest refuge hypothesis
Duminil, Jérôme; Mona, Stefano; Mardulyn, Patrick et al

in Journal of Biogeography (in press)

Aim : Phylogeographical signatures of past population fragmentation and demographic change have been reported in several African rain forest trees. These signatures have usually been interpreted in the ... [more ▼]

Aim : Phylogeographical signatures of past population fragmentation and demographic change have been reported in several African rain forest trees. These signatures have usually been interpreted in the light of the Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis, although dating these events has remained impracticable because of inadequate genetic markers. We assess the timing of interspecific and intraspecific genetic differentiation and demographic changes within two rain forest Erythrophleum tree species (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae). Location : Tropical forests of Upper Guinea (West Africa) and Lower Guinea (Atlantic Central Africa). Methods : Six single-copy nuclear genes were used to characterize the phylogeographical patterns of the parapatric sister species Erythrophleum suaveolens (characteristic of semi-deciduous or gallery forests) and Erythrophleum ivorense (characteristic of evergreen forests). The number of gene pools within each species was determined and the timings of their divergence and past demographic changes were estimated using Bayesian-based coalescent approaches. Results : Three geographically separated gene pools were identified within E. suaveolens, and a single gene pool was inferred in E. ivorense. All gene pools show signatures of demographic bottlenecks concomitant with the last glacial period (c. 120–12 ka). Species-tree inferences show that the two species diverged c. 600 ka, whereas the divergence between E. suaveolens gene pools was dated to the late Pleistocene (first divergence c. 120 ka, second c. 60 ka). Main conclusions : (1) Molecular dating of demographic changes of two African tropical forest tree species is consistent with the Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis. (2) Tree species from Guinean evergreen tropical forests might have been less affected by past climate change than semi-deciduous species. (3) Our phylogeographical data support a recent date (Holocene) of the last opening of the Dahomey Gap. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Taste of the Eye and the Sight of the Tongue. The Relations Between Sight and Taste in Early Modern Europe
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in Senses and Society (The) (in press), 11 (2016)(2),

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See detailLe goût : l’esthétique et la cuisine. Invention d’un discours
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Article for general public (in press)

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See detailThe Sense of Taste in Eighteenth-Century France. Flavours of Silence and Words of Perception
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in De achttiende eeuw : Documentatieblad van de Werkgroep Achttiende Eeuw (in press)

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See detailNutritive value of three tropical forgae legumes and their influence on growth performance, carcass traits and organ weights of pigs
Kambashi Mutiaka, Bienvenu ULg; Kalala Bolokango, Gaetan ULg; Dochain, Denis et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

The effects of tropical forage legumes on feed intake, growth performance and carcass traits were investigated in 16 groups of two Large White × Duroc pigs. The diets consisted of a commercial ... [more ▼]

The effects of tropical forage legumes on feed intake, growth performance and carcass traits were investigated in 16 groups of two Large White × Duroc pigs. The diets consisted of a commercial corn–soybean meal diet as the basal diet and three forage-supplemented diets. Four groups of control pigs received daily 4 % of body weight of the basal diet, and 12 groups of experimental pigs were fed the basal diet at 3.2 % of body weight completed with fresh leaves of one of the three forage legumes (Psophocarpus scandens, Stylosanthes guianensis and Vigna unguiculata) ad libitum. The study lasted 90 days. The in vitro digestion and fermentation of the forage legumes were also determined. The in vitro digestible energy content of the legumes was between 0.72 and 0.77 that of the basal diet (14.4 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)). V. unguiculata was the most digestible forage legume expected for crude protein digestibility. Feeding forage legumes lowered the dry matter intake by 4.5 to 9.6 % (P< 0.05), final body weight (P= 0.013), slaughter weight, average daily gain and hot carcass weight (P< 0.05) without affecting the feed conversion ratio (FCR), dressing percentage and back fat thickness. In conclusion, using forage to feed pig could be interesting in pig smallholder productionwith limited access to concentrate, as FCR was not significantly affected. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman herpesvirus 8-encoded chemokine vCCL2/vMIP-II is an agonist of the atypical chemokine receptor ACKR3/CXCR7
Szpakowska, Martyna; Dupuis, Nadine ULg; Baragli, Alessandra et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (in press)

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See detailLarge neighborhood search for multi-trip vehicle routing
François, Véronique ULg; Arda, Yasemin ULg; Crama, Yves ULg et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (in press)

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close ... [more ▼]

We consider the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, in which each vehicle can perform several routes during the same working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem arises when customers are close to each other or when their demands are large. A common approach consists of solving this problem by combining vehicle routing heuristics with bin packing routines in order to assign routes to vehicles. We compare this approach with a heuristic that makes use of specific operators designed to tackle the routing and the assignment aspects of the problem simultaneously. Two large neighborhood search heuristics are proposed to perform the comparison. We provide insights into the configuration of the proposed algorithms by analyzing the behavior of several of their components. In particular, we question the impact of the roulette wheel mechanism. We also observe that guiding the search with an objective function designed for the multi-trip case is crucial even when exploring the solution space of the vehicle routing problem. We provide several best known solutions for benchmark instances. [less ▲]

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