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See detailDynamics of Environmental Migration
Gemenne, François ULg; Jäger, Jill; Entzinger, Han

Book published by Palgrave Macmillan (in press)

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See detailLes tensions entre langue et politique en Belgique: linguistiques ou communautaires?
Dassargues, Alix ULg; Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée (in press)

Since its creation in 1830, Belgium has experienced tensions between language and politics. The question of the linguistic or community-related nature of these tensions should be raised since they have ... [more ▼]

Since its creation in 1830, Belgium has experienced tensions between language and politics. The question of the linguistic or community-related nature of these tensions should be raised since they have regularly been referred to as linguistic by some researchers and as community-related by others. But the choice of these adjectives is not unimportant considering they frame the representations of the political issues at hand. The aim of this article is to tackle this question from the combined perspective of linguistics and political science. In the first, the article explores the genealogy of the adjectives ‘linguistic’ and ‘community-related’ as well as the multiplicity of their uses in the scientific literature. In the second part, it focuses on the ways citizens see and talk about Belgian federalism through the respective analyses of their mental representations and their conceptual metaphors. Such interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together theoretical and empirical insights, seeks to yield a renewed understanding of the political relations in Belgium and to contribute to the debate about plurilingual societies. [less ▲]

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See detailJouer, chanter et danser pour Isis
Veymiers, Richard ULg

in Gasparini, Valentino; Veymiers, Richard (Eds.) The Agents of Isiac Cults. Proceedings of the VIth International Conference of Isis Studies, Erfurt, May 6-8 2013 – Liège, September 23-24 2013 (in press)

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See detailDefensins: « simple » antimicrobial peptides or broad-spectrum molecules ?
Suarez-Carmona, Meggy ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews (in press)

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See detailFluorinated alcohols as activators for the solvent-free chemical fixation of carbon dioxide onto epoxides
Gennen, Sandro ULg; Alves, Margot ULg; Méreau, Raphaël et al

in ChemSusChem (in press)

The addition of fluorinated alcohols to onium salts provides highly efficient organocatalysts for the chemical fixation of CO2 onto epoxides under mild experimental conditions. The combination of online ... [more ▼]

The addition of fluorinated alcohols to onium salts provides highly efficient organocatalysts for the chemical fixation of CO2 onto epoxides under mild experimental conditions. The combination of online kinetic studies, NMR titrations and DFT calculations allows understanding this synergistic effect that provides an active organocatalyst for CO2/epoxides coupling. [less ▲]

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See detailA probabilistic model for predicting the uncertainties of the humid stiction phenomenon on hard materials
Hoang Truong, Vinh ULg; Wu, Ling ULg; Paquay, Stéphane et al

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (in press)

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the ... [more ▼]

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the surfaces roughness and the adhesive force range, the real contact areas are usually smaller than the apparent one, resulting in a scatter in the adhesive forces. Consequently, the stiction is an uncertain phenomenon. In this work, we develop a probabilistic model to predict the uncertainties of stiction due to the capillary forces acting on stiff materials. This model contains two levels: at the deterministic level, the model can predict the pull-out adhesive contact forces for a given surface topology; at the probabilistic level, the model generates independent identically distributed surfaces on which the deterministic solution can be applied to evaluate the uncertainties related to the stiction phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioural Diagnosis of Disorders of Consciousness
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Di Perri, Carol ULg; Bodart, Olivier ULg et al

in Rossetti, Andrea; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness (in press)

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See detailLe Portrait d'homme en armure de Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, un portrait présumé de Gaston de Foix
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Barreto, Joana (Ed.) Actes de la journée d'études Voir Gaston de Foix. La construction paradoxale d'un mythe national (in press)

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See detailLouise de Savoie (1476-1531)
Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure ULg; Michon, Cédric

Book published by Presses universitaires François-Rabelais de Tours / Presses universitaires de Rennes (in press)

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus ... [more ▼]

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus fascinantes de la première Modernité européenne. Comtesse puis duchesse d'Angoulême, Louise n'est pas seulement la mère de deux illustres enfants, Marguerite et François, futur François Ier. Elle se charge de leur éducation ; une fois son fils devenu le roi de France, elle devient un conseiller des plus influents, avant d'assurer, à deux reprises, la régence du royaume. Amatrice d'art et bibliophile avertie, son action concerne encore la musique, la littérature et l'architecture. Les textes rassemblés dans cet ouvrage - issu d'un colloque tenu, en décembre 2010, à Romorantin-Lanthenay, où Louise possédait le château et des terres sur lesquelles Léonard de Vinci avait projeté d'édifier une ville nouvelle pour la cour - ambitionnent de passer en revue tant les aspects biographiques du personnage, que son action dans le champ politique, religieux et culturel. [less ▲]

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See detail« Observation relative au poème Un Coup de Dés jamais n’abolira le Hasard par Stéphane Mallarmé » : une préface d’un nouveau genre ?
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Björn-Olav, Dozo; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Jeux et enjeux de la préface (in press)

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See detailTransnational Ageing and the ‘Zero Generation’: The Role of Moroccan Migrants’ Parents in Care Circulation
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (in press)

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the ... [more ▼]

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the parents of first-generation migrants (Nedelcu 2009), both as non-migrant counterparts to their children abroad and as ageing migrants themselves. Transnational caregiving research has demonstrated that for many migrants and their families care arrangements must be negotiated across national borders, yet the agency of transnational older adults has been largely neglected. Based on qualitative fieldwork conducted from 2011 to 2013 in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, the present article examines the circulation of care between Moroccan adult migrants and their ageing ascendants. This article exposes the duality of migrants’ ascendants as care givers and recipients, asserting firstly, that receiving care is not synonymous with passivity, and that, secondly, migrants’ ascendants are also the initiators of transnational practices. In both roles, this article underlines mobility as a strategy used by migrants’ parents to maintain family solidarity across national borders, but that this care mobility is limited by macro-level migration policies, here exemplified by the Belgian migration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Implications of Socio-Economic Background for Moroccan Transnational Family Practices
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Rial, Carmen; Vailati, Alex (Eds.) Rich Immigrants:Gender, Age, and Ethnicity (in press)

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See detail« Left Behind »? Le rôle des non-migrants dans les dynamiques de soins transnationales
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Bousetta, Hassan; Jacquemain, Marc; Martiniello, Marco (Eds.) et al Transnationalisme, dynamique des identités et diversification culturelle dans les villes post-migratoires (in press)

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See detailVitamin D status after a high dose of cholecalciferol in healthy and burn subjects
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; DAMAS, Pierre ULg; LEDOUX, Didier ULg et al

in Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries (in press)

Background: Burn patients are at risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency and may benefit from its pleiotropic effects as soon as acute phase. Aim of this observational study was to assess effects of a ... [more ▼]

Background: Burn patients are at risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency and may benefit from its pleiotropic effects as soon as acute phase. Aim of this observational study was to assess effects of a cholecalciferol (VD3) bolus on VD status in adult burn patients (Group B, GB) after admission, compared to healthy subjects (Group H, GH). Methods: Both groups received an oral dose of 100,000 IU VD3. Blood samples were collected before (D0) and 7 days (D7) after bolus to measure 250H-D, 1,25(OH)2-D, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). Albumin (ALB) and VD binding protein (DBP) were measured and used to calculate free 25OH-D level. Data were expressed as median (min–max) or proportions. Results: A total of 49 subjects were included: 29 in GH and 20 in GB. At D0, prevalence of VD deficiency was higher in GB: 25OH-D was 21.5 (10.1–46.3) ng/ml in GH vs 11 (1.8–31.4) ng/ml in GB. DBP and ALB were lower in GB. At D7, DBP was stable in both groups while ALB decreased in GB. 25OH-D increased by 66.6 (13.5–260.3)% in GH. In GB, changes in 25OH-D extended from 36.7% to 333.3% with a median increase of 33.1%. Similar changes were observed in each group for free 25OH-D. High FGF23 levels were observed in GB. Conclusions: This study highlighted the differences in VD status and in response to a high dose VD3 in burn patients when compared to healthy patients. Pitfalls in VD status assessment are numerous during acute burn care: 25OH-D measurement needs cautious interpretation and interest of free 25OH-D is still questionable. They should not prevent burn patients to receive VD supplements during acute care. Higher doses than general recommendations should probably be considered. [less ▲]

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See detailA fresh look on the limit on ultralight axion-like particles from SN1987A
Payez, Alexandre ULg

in 10th Patras Workshop on Axions, WIMPs and WISPs (in press)

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the ... [more ▼]

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the magnetic field inside the Galaxy, and a Primakoff cross section which takes into account proton-degeneracy and mass-reduction effects. We finally give an updated exclusion plot for the electromagnetic coupling of sub-eV ALPs, comparing our new bound with other limits as well as with future ALP searches. [less ▲]

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See detailAnorexie et intersubjectivité : Étude phénoménologique et éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of ... [more ▼]

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of feeding alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure will result in a better understanding of Jeanne’s clinical situation and will help to formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. Method: A phenomenological and ethological approach allows us to see past the strictly medical symptoms (eating disorder). The evolutionary perspective highlights the adaptive dimension of this disorder (e.g., in extreme situations such as famine). Specifically, Demaret’s ethological hypothesis identifies altruism (feeding altruism and generalized altruism) as the core feature of anorexic conduct. Phenomenological reflection (phenomenological psychopathology and phenomenological philosophy) appears to complement the ethological approach. Phenomenology distinguishes two kinds of bodies: the Leib (emotional, subjective and experienced in the first person) and the Körper (devitalized, objective and experienced in the second person). Merleau-Ponty’s works highlight the difference between the touching body and the touched body. These proposals show the problematic of the other in body configuration. It is in precisely this connection that anorexic existence is specific. Sartre’s phenomenology and the lived-body-for-others is the final step of our reasoning to arrive at a configuration of intersubjectivity. Results: The analysis of Jeanne’s case, combined with ethological and phenomenological perspectives, demonstrates that the real psychopathological structure of anorexic subjectivity rests on specific interaction modes. The notions of altruism, lived-body-for-others, and intersubjectivity highlight an emotional existence including shame in the eyes of others, and especially an imbalance between self-preservation and care for others. Conclusions: All our thinking suggests that so-called “denial” is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered. Denial is not a mechanism of anorexic subjects alone, but is also a process encountered both in the patient’s family and in the therapeutic environment. Anorexic denial is based on anosognosia and the refusal to see one’s own thinness, while other people’s denial constitutes a widespread inability to perceive the altruism and intersubjective problematic on which the existence of an anorexic subject fundamentally depends. [less ▲]

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See detailIchthyosaurs from the Jurassic of Skye, Scotland
Brusatte, S. L.; Young, M. T.; Challands, T. J. et al

in Scottish Journal of Geology (in press)

Fossils of Mesozoic vertebrates are rare in Scotland, particularly specimens of marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs. We describe a suite of ichthyosaur fossils from the Early to Middle ... [more ▼]

Fossils of Mesozoic vertebrates are rare in Scotland, particularly specimens of marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs. We describe a suite of ichthyosaur fossils from the Early to Middle Jurassic of Skye, which to our knowledge are the first ichthyosaurs from Scotland to be described and figured in detail. These fossils span approximately 30 million years, from the Sinemurian to the Bathonian, and indicate that ichthyosaurs were a major component of Scottish marine faunas during this time. The specimens include isolated teeth that could represent the most northerly known occurrences of the widespread Sinemurian species Ichthyosaurus communis, a characteristic component of the famous Lyme Regis faunas of England, suggesting that such faunas were also present in Scotland during the Early Jurassic. An associated humerus and vertebrae from Toarcian–Bajocian-aged deposits are named as a new genus and species of basal neoichthyosaurian, Dearcmhara shawcrossi. The taxonomic affinities of this taxon, which comes from a critical but poorly sampled interval in the fossil record, suggest that non-ophthalmosaurid neoichthyosaurians dominated European assemblages around the Early–Middle Jurassic boundary, and were later replaced by ophthalmosaurids, whose radiation likely took place outside Europe. Many of these specimens were collected by amateurs and donated to museum collections, a co-operative relationship essential to the preservation of Scotland’s fossil heritage. [less ▲]

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See detailDevonian antiarch placoderms from Belgium revisited
Olive, Sébastien ULg

in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (in press)

Anatomical, systematic, and paleobiogeographical data on the Devonian antiarchs from Belgium are reviewed, updated and completed thanks to new data from the field and re-examination of paleontological ... [more ▼]

Anatomical, systematic, and paleobiogeographical data on the Devonian antiarchs from Belgium are reviewed, updated and completed thanks to new data from the field and re-examination of paleontological collections. The material of Bothriolepis lohesti Leriche, 1931 is enhanced and the species better described. An undetermined species of Bothriolepis is recorded from the Famennian of Modave (Liège Province), one species of Asterolepis redescribed from the Givetian of Hingeon and another one described from the Givetian of Mazy (Namur Province). Grossilepis rikiki sp. nov. is recorded from the Famennian tetrapod-bearing locality of Strud (Namur Province) and from the Famennian of Moresnet (Liège Province). It is the first occurrence of Grossilepis after the Frasnian and on the central southern coast of the Euramerican continent. Its occurrence in the Famennian of Belgium may be the result of a late arrival from the Moscow Platform and the Baltic Depression, where the genus is known from Frasnian deposits. Remigolepis durnalense sp. nov. is described from the Famennian of Spontin near Durnal (Namur Province). Except for the doubtful occurrence of Remigolepis sp. in Scotland, this is the first record of this genus in Western Europe. Its occurrence in Belgium reinforces the strong faunal affinities between Belgium and East Greenland and the hypothesis of a hydrographical link between the two areas during the Late Devonian. [less ▲]

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