Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrevalence of frailty among nursing home, according to different operational definitions
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; GILLAIN, Sophie ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 69

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes paysans sans terre et REDD+ – les logiques locales face aux interventions internationales
Reyniers, Camille; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Karsenty, Alain

Conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRégulation interactive et résolution de tâches complexes en mathématiques.
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Dupont, Virginie ULg; Demonty, Isabelle ULg

in Mottier Lopez, Lucie; Tessaro, Walther (Eds.) Le jugement professionnel, au coeur de l'évaluation et de la régulation des apprentissages. (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailImpacts of wheel traffic on the physical properties of a Luvisol under reduced and conventional tillage
Saur, Marie-Laure ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg; Roisin, Christian et al

Poster (2016)

Soil compaction is a complex mechanism which results in a decrease of soil porosity and an increase of soil strength. Such effects may reduce crop yield since they are harmful for root growth, germination ... [more ▼]

Soil compaction is a complex mechanism which results in a decrease of soil porosity and an increase of soil strength. Such effects may reduce crop yield since they are harmful for root growth, germination, mesofauna and bacterial life. Soil compaction may also reduce hydraulic conductivity which increases the risk of runoff, contamination of surface water, erosion and emission of greenhouse gases due to anaerobic processes. In the context of sustainable agriculture, it is crucial to characterise the impact of the agricultural techniques on the compaction state in the arable layer due to machine traffic. For this purpose, Soil samples were taken in a Luvisol at different depths, on plots under longterm reduced tillage (RT) and conventional tillage (CT). The impact of wheel traffic on the physical properties of the soils was also studied. The experimental approach consists in measuring traditional macroscopic soil properties such as bulk density and precompression stress, and combining them with pore size distribution obtained by mercury intrusion porosimetry. Automatic cone index measurements were initially performed to map the soil resistance and easily identify the sampling depths. The measurements revealed a plough pan at 30-cm depth under both CT and RT. Nevertheless, the subsoil under RT showed pieces of evidence of a natural regeneration process of the microporosity. The impact of wheel traffic was studied in RT and CT plots. It was shown that the passage of heavy machine such as beet harvester coupled to water content close to the optimum proctor is clearly unfavourable in terms of compaction. The measurements revealed large modifications of soil structure in the topsoil of CT, whereas the soil structure slightly changes through depth. However, the latter remains the more problematic case since the soil will not be loosened by tillage anymore, resulting in strongly compacted soil years after years. In addition to the experimental approach, numerical modelling was used in order to predict the soil compaction. A finite element method was used and the soil behaviour was modelled by an elastoplastic law (modified Cam-Clay model). The model parameters were calibrated from the experimental measurements. The simulations allowed to compare the porosity and the surface deformation after wheel traffic with the experiments. The variations of machine weight and tyre pressure were numerically studied and it was showed that the machine weight has an influence in the topsoil and the subsoil, whereas the tyre pressure affects only the topsoil. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIndoor Joinery and Furniture Made for Eighteenth-Century Houses in Liège (Belgium)
Gilles, Isabelle ULg

in Sosnowska, Philippe; Charruadas, Paulo; Fraiture, Pascale (Eds.) et al From Carpentry to joinery : floors and ceilings, shutters and frames, doors and panelling in medieval and modern architecture (2016)

Though few eighteenth-century houses in Liège have conserved their original wooden furniture or fittings, archival research reveals that these elements constituted a key aspect of the domestic interior ... [more ▼]

Though few eighteenth-century houses in Liège have conserved their original wooden furniture or fittings, archival research reveals that these elements constituted a key aspect of the domestic interior. The present work draws largely on a series of public announcements known as Rendages proclamatoires which concerned property belonging to orphans sold by public auction, that exist. From 1697 to 1765, these sources provided descriptions of 257 houses situated within the city walls. The wooden furniture and fittings of eighteenth-century Liegerian houses can clearly be seen to be pertain to far more than the sole history of joinery: they also tell the story of Liege’s domestic living spaces in terms of social structure and cultural change. As such they eloquently illustrate the fact that it is only by taking into account the Old Regime’s conception of architecture as a total entity that we can today work towards establishing an increasingly just, coherent and complete understanding of ancient edifices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in normal healthy and hemodialyzed populations
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; Carlisi, A.S.; WATAR, Florence ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 116

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrevalence of concomitant bone and muscle wasting in patients from the SarcoPhAge Study
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 84

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAdaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet

Book published by MJW Fédition (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTests of a new drowsiness characterization and monitoring system based on ocular parameters
François, Clémentine ULg; Hoyoux, Thomas ULg; Langohr, Thomas ULg et al

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDecline of the Black Sea oxygen inventory
Capet, Arthur; Stanev, Emil; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Biogeosciences (2016), 13

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReview of Véronique Maisier’s Violence in Caribbean Literature: Stories of Stones and Blood
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Nieuwe West-Indische Gids = New West Indian Guide (2016), 90(3&4),

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProduction, purification and characterization of a novel cold-active superoxide dismutase from the Antarctic strain Aspergillus glaucus 363
Abrashev, R.; Feller, Georges ULg; Kostadinova, N. et al

in Fungal Biology (2016), 120

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHidden Markov Model-based population synthesis
Saadi, Ismaïl ULg; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg et al

in Transportation Research. Part B : Methodological (2016), 90

Micro-simulation travel demand and land use models require a synthetic population, which consists of a set of agents characterized by demographic and socio-economic attributes. Two main families of ... [more ▼]

Micro-simulation travel demand and land use models require a synthetic population, which consists of a set of agents characterized by demographic and socio-economic attributes. Two main families of population synthesis techniques can be distinguished: (a) fitting methods (iterative proportional fitting, updating) and (b) combinatorial optimization methods. During the last few years, a third outperforming family of population synthesis procedures has emerged, i.e., Markov process-based methods such as Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) simulations. In this paper, an extended Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based approach is presented, which can serve as a better alternative than the existing methods. The approach is characterized by a great flexibility and efficiency in terms of data preparation and model training. The HMM is able to reproduce the structural configuration of a given population from an unlimited number of micro-samples and a marginal distribution. Only one marginal distribution of the considered population can be used as a boundary condition to “guide” the synthesis of the whole population. Model training and testing are performed using the Survey on the Workforce of 2013 and the Belgian National Household Travel Survey of 2010. Results indicate that the HMM method captures the complete heterogeneity of the micro-data contrary to standard fitting approaches. The method provides accurate results as it is able to reproduce the marginal distributions and their corresponding multivariate joint distributions with an acceptable error rate (i.e., SRSME=0.54 for 6 synthesized attributes). Furthermore, the HMM outperforms IPF for small sample sizes, even though the amount of input data is less than that for IPF. Finally, simulations show that the HMM can merge information provided by multiple data sources to allow good population estimates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFast Atmospheric Plasma Deposition of Bio-Inspired Catechol/Quinone-Rich Nanolayers to Immobilize NDM-1 Enzymes for Water Treatment
Mauchauffé, Rodolphe; Bonot, Sébastien; Moreno-Couranjou, Maryline et al

in Advanced Materials Interfaces (2016), 3(8), 101002

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEntorse de cheville
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (14 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe First World War in French Children's Literature of Today: Between Pacifism and Unilateral View
Delbrassine, Daniel ULg

in Hans-Heino Ewers (Ed.) Erster Weltkrieg: Kindheit, Jugend und Literatur (2016)

Analyse d'un corpus de 22 récits (albums et romans en français, 1998-2013). Mise en évidence de certains choix narratifs et idéologiques: unilatéralisme français de la vision, pacifisme militant, silence ... [more ▼]

Analyse d'un corpus de 22 récits (albums et romans en français, 1998-2013). Mise en évidence de certains choix narratifs et idéologiques: unilatéralisme français de la vision, pacifisme militant, silence sur les causes du conflit... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVALIDATION OF THE FRENCH VERSION OF THE PARENTING STRESS INDEX–SHORT FORM (FOURTH EDITION)
Toucheque, Malorie ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Stassart, Céline ULg et al

in Journal of Community Psychology (2016), 44(4), 419-425

Introduction: The Parenting Stress Index (PSI) is widely used to measure stress related to the demands of parenthood. Unfortunately, no French adaptation and validation of the PSI Short Form (Fourth ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The Parenting Stress Index (PSI) is widely used to measure stress related to the demands of parenthood. Unfortunately, no French adaptation and validation of the PSI Short Form (Fourth Edition) had yet been published. This study examine the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the French translation of the PSI-4-SF. Method: Sample consists of 210 parents of children aged 5 to 12 years old. Factor structure of the PSI-4-SF was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Three models were tested, with one, two and three dimensions. Internal consistency reliability and validity were also examined. Results: CFA showed that the original three-factor solution most closely approximated our data despite the imperfection of the model fit indices. Results also indicated a good internal consistency reliability and validity. Conclusion: The French version of the PSI-4-SF shows promise as a valuable instrument for assessing parenting stress in the French-speaking population. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail« La Théorie critique n’a aucun rapport avec la société. » Kluge, Adorno et l’indomptable Leni Peickert
Hamers, Jérémy ULg; Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Filosofie (2016)

In Artists Under the Big Top: Perplexed (1968), Alexander Kluge’s second feature film, as well as in its short sequel The Indomitable Leni Peickert (1969), the filmmaker reflects about the possibility to ... [more ▼]

In Artists Under the Big Top: Perplexed (1968), Alexander Kluge’s second feature film, as well as in its short sequel The Indomitable Leni Peickert (1969), the filmmaker reflects about the possibility to create a « reformed circus » which aims at reintroducing some sensuality in the spectator’s experience. Taking this project as well as its central figure, the apparently passive elephant, as a metaphorical starting point, this article reconstitutes a virtual dialogue between the filmmaker and his friend and former master Theodor W. Adorno around the issue of communicability and effectiveness of Critical Theory. Crossing several text fragments by the philosopher (Dialectic of Enlightenment, Resignation and Education After Auschwitz a.o.) with film excerpts, short stories and interviews by Kluge, this dialogue made of real exchanges, as well as direct and indirect quotes of Adorno in Kluge’s films – considered here to be belated joint projects –, finally tries to give an answer to following crucial question: how can Adorno’s critical reflection remain politically, that is socially effective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPratique de l'ostéosynthèse des fractures de jambe en République démocratique du Congo
Amisi Kitoko, R.; Asolanyongo, M.K.; Losimba, J.L. et al

in Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et traumatologique (2016), 102(3), 306-9

La prise en charge chirurgicale de la traumatologie à Kisangani (République démocratique du Congo) se heurte à des contraintes médico-économiques et culturelles qui aboutissent souvent à des prises en ... [more ▼]

La prise en charge chirurgicale de la traumatologie à Kisangani (République démocratique du Congo) se heurte à des contraintes médico-économiques et culturelles qui aboutissent souvent à des prises en charge retardées. Le but de cette étude était de déterminer les délais de prise en charge, les délais opératoires et de les corréler aux complications postopératoires. Les résultats radiologiques et fonctionnels des fractures de jambe ont été également évalués. Notre hypothèse était que le taux de complications est significativement plus élevé en cas de prise en charge retardée. Cette étude rétrospective a été réalisée aux cliniques universitaires de Kisangani de 1996 à 2009. Soixante-seize fractures de jambe ou du pilon tibial traitées par ostéosynthèse interne ou externe à foyer fermé ou ouvert ont été analysées. Les résultats radiologiques et fonctionnels ont été évalués à 12 mois minimum. La prise en charge des patients était tardive. Le délai moyen d’admission à l’hôpital était de 19 ± 18,28 jours (extrêmes de 1 à 90 jours) avec une différence significative des complications selon le délai d’admission (p < 0,05) aux dépens des patients admis tardivement. Le délai opératoire moyen après l’admission était de 9,5 ± 8,51 jours (extrêmes de 1 à 30 jours) avec une différence significative des complications selon le délai opératoire (p < 0,05) aux dépens des patients opérés tardivement (infections, pseudarthrose). Le délai d’admission ou opératoire n’influençait pas les résultats fonctionnels (p > 0,05). Ces résultats sont cohérents avec ceux rapportés dans la littérature. Le retard de la chirurgie est associé à l’augmentation de complications postopératoires (infection, pseudarthrose) et de la durée d’hospitalisation. Un retard opératoire de plus de 48 heures doit être évité, sauf pour les patients médicalement instables qui nécessitent une période de stabilisation médicale. Niveau de preuve. – Niveau IV : rétrospectif – série historique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)