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See detailGenetics of pituitary adenomas
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 22)

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See detailWhy do heroin users refuse to participate in a heroin-assisted treatment trial?
Demaret, Isabelle ULg; Litran, Géraldine; Magoga, Cécile et al

in Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems (2014), Epub ahead of print, March 22, 2014

Background: Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) can improve the condition of heroin addicts who are resistant to other treatments. However, in a new HAT trial in Belgium, fewer subjects than expected were ... [more ▼]

Background: Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) can improve the condition of heroin addicts who are resistant to other treatments. However, in a new HAT trial in Belgium, fewer subjects than expected were included. Aim: Our research team explored the reasons given by heroin users in explaining why they did not want to participate. Methods: In 2011, during the trial recruitment, we interviewed heroin users (n=52) who never took the opportunity to meet the research team during the recruitment process preceding the trial. Results: Of those 52 heroin users, 25 were afraid of the limited length of the HAT and 11 feared becoming more dependent as a result of HAT. Conclusion: A trial that was planned to last for a limited length of time may have demotivated heroin users who could otherwise have benefited from this new programme. [less ▲]

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See detailEntre jeu vidéo et littérature: l’écriture de fanfictions
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailLes jeunes et le génocide des Juifs : analyse socio-politique
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Book published by De Boeck (2014)

La mémoire du génocide des Juifs est très présente dans les sociétés occidentales à travers des vecteurs de socialisation comme l’école, les médias, la famille, et plus récemment les réseaux sociaux et ... [more ▼]

La mémoire du génocide des Juifs est très présente dans les sociétés occidentales à travers des vecteurs de socialisation comme l’école, les médias, la famille, et plus récemment les réseaux sociaux et Internet. Quelles peuvent être les conséquences de la transmission de cette mémoire sur le développement des attitudes et des comportements politiques des jeunes ? C’est la question centrale de l’ouvrage qui présente les connaissances, les émotions et les valeurs mobilisées par les jeunes dans le cadre de groupes de discussion, et qui surtout les met en perspective avec leurs représentations et leurs perceptions des autorités politiques. Au final, plusieurs questions difficiles pour le futur émergent. En effet, à bien des égards, l’impact de la transmission de la mémoire du génocide des Juifs sur la socialisation politique des jeunes pose la question de l’éventualité de sa répétition, de son caractère exceptionnel, de sa compréhension, ou encore de l’effacement de sa mémoire dans la dynamique des générations et du temps qui passe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe last Neanderthals in North-West Europe and the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician
Flas, Damien ULg

Conference (2014, March 21)

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See detailNew fossils at the “Troisième caverne” of Goyet (Belgium) and the mortuary practices of late Neandertals
Rougier, H.; Crevecoeur, I.; Beauval, C. et al

Conference (2014, March 21)

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See detailInsight into the ecology of Neandertals in North-West Europe: stable isotopes and their palaeobiological implications
Wissing, C.; Bocherens, H.; Crevecoeur, I. et al

Conference (2014, March 21)

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See detailAn analysis of access to credit by animal producing households in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

In a context of increasing demand for meat and fish, the animal production sector is seen as a driver of growth for agriculture in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam. However, the growth prospects of this sector ... [more ▼]

In a context of increasing demand for meat and fish, the animal production sector is seen as a driver of growth for agriculture in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam. However, the growth prospects of this sector seem undermined by a limited credit supply. This study aims to explore access to credit by animal producing households, factors affecting their credit accessibility and the influence of credit and non-credit factors on animal production. The study results show that all households surveyed, both the animal-based group and the non animal-based group, need credit for both production activities and consumption. The formal sector, which for the most part provides credit for production activities, did not meet the credit needs of the animal producers. Thus, only 52% of surveyed households applied to commercial banks for credit, the remaining households felt that they had no chance of receiving loans. Looking at the household characteristics as the center for analysis, it was found that physical collateral, the area of the fish pond and social relationships positively affected the probability of credit access by animal producing households. In addition, the area of the fish pond, number of laborers, share of income from animal production and social relationships positively affected the borrowing amount that was approved by commercial banks. Among animal producing households, the poor households likely had a lower probability of credit access and lower borrowing amounts than the non-poor households. The credit needs of farmers were often more rationed by commercial banks. Furthermore, some weaknesses of the rural lending apparatus in Hai Duong Province impeded access to credit by households. The credit constrained households accounted overall for 71% of the households surveyed. On the other hand, both the animal-based group and the animal-based group also suffered from some non-credit constraints relating to production and marketing. Within each group, the non-credit constraints caused a similar negative influence on animal production income, relatively speaking. Credit accessibility was different among households. As a result, for a given production unit, credit constrained households generated less income than non-credit constrained households. Improving the credit supply and some non-credit factors is expected to increase income from animal production. The study mainly suggests that the local authorities should support small-scale animal producers to establish animal producer groups to overcome constraints to credit access, production and marketing. Besides strengthening the credit supply to individual borrowers, the formal sector should grant feed purchase credit vouchers to animal producing groups. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction, transformation artisanale et commercialisation locale des produits alimentaires traditionnels au Vietnam: le cas du vermicelle de tolomane à Hung Yen
Le, Thi Long Vy ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

In Vietnam, the vermicelli of Canna edulis Ker Gawl. (C. indica L.) is an artisanal and traditional product, regularly consumed in the festive occasions. From Canna edulis Ker Gawl cultivation to trading ... [more ▼]

In Vietnam, the vermicelli of Canna edulis Ker Gawl. (C. indica L.) is an artisanal and traditional product, regularly consumed in the festive occasions. From Canna edulis Ker Gawl cultivation to trading of vermicelli of Canna edulis at the local level, the vermicelli commodity chain belongs to peasant economy with many actors involved. This research aims at a better understanding of how the actors of vermicelli commodity chain adapt to current socio-economic and environmental conditions of the villages which belong to two communes (Tu Dan and Yen Phu) located in Hung Yen Province. The surveys among 90 farmers and discussions with a group of producers who cultivate the canna and practice flour processing, and a group of vermicelli processors have been carried out from 2010 to 2012. According to our research results, vermicelli commodity chain has created a considerable additional quantity of jobs for local people within the villages of vermicelli processing and the neighboring ones. Thanks to these activities, the rural households income and production investment have been increased. Net income estimated per hectare of canna is about 22.2 million VND (about 822 €), and nearly 4.5 million VND (167 €) per ton of flour produced, and up to 1.7 million VND per ton of vermicelli product (about 63 €). In addition, these activities allow to diversify the sources of family incomes in the countryside. These activities also contribute to stabilize and increase the living standard of farmers (in 2010, the net family income (NFI) due to canna production accounted for 8% to 34 % of farming income; the NFI of vermicelli processing represented between 35% and 86 % of total processing family income). The value-added generated from this vermicelli commodity chain is important, up to 186 million VND (about 7,900 €) per hectare of canna, in which 38 % for flour processing; 20% for vermicelli processing and 20 % for canna cultivators. Thus, the vermicelli commodity chain contributes to meet a specific demand for traditional food in Vietnam. This chain contributes to the rural economy of traditional villages through improving the sources of familial income. However, it is necessary to increase the product quality and to improve the vertical and horizontal linkages between the actors in order to guarantee the sustainable development of this vermicelli chain. [less ▲]

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See detailConcurrence mémorielle, interculturalité, multiculturalité et transculturalité
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailLes représentations mentales du vieillissement ...
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 21)

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See detailBrésil : forces et faiblesses d’une puissance émergente à la veille du mondial
Santander, Sébastian ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailMSC in clinics: Liver Transplantation
DETRY, Olivier ULg

Conference (2014, March 21)

For several years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been evaluated in vivo and in vitro for their immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti- ischemia-reperfusion injury and “tissue repair” properties ... [more ▼]

For several years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been evaluated in vivo and in vitro for their immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti- ischemia-reperfusion injury and “tissue repair” properties. These characteristics could make them interesting in various clinical applications, and particularly in organ transplantation. Taking advantage of our centre expertise and experience concerning MSC use in graft-versus-host disease after bone marrow transplantation and using already functioning GMP-compliant laboratory able to produce clinical-grade MSC, we initiated in 2011 a first trial exploring safety and tolerability of third party MSC infusions after kidney or liver transplantation in a prospective phase I-II study. In this study, after successful transplantation, 10 liver and 10 kidney transplant recipients under standard immunosuppressive treatment (tacrolimus, mycophenolate, steroids) receive an intravenous infusion of 1.5 - 3x106/kg of third-party MSC, on post-operative day 3+/-2. These patients are prospectively compared to the same number of liver and kidney transplant recipients who meet inclusion criteria but do not receive MSC infusion. Safety is assessed by recording side effects, including opportunistic infections and cancers. Immunosuppressive potential is evaluated by rejection episode rates, graft/patient survivals, immunohistology of 3-month (kidney) and 6-month (liver) graft biopsies, and in vitro evaluation of recipient immunity profile. In a second step, reduction (kidney) and progressive weaning (liver) of immunosuppression is attempted in recipients who received MSC. Inclusion of liver patients is now complete, and to date 3 kidney patients received MSC. Primary results will be presented, and complete 6-month liver results are expected for the end of 2014. The next step will be to assert the immunosuppressive potential of MSC after organ transplantation, and the opportunity to develop larger randomised, controlled, phase III trials. [less ▲]

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See detailLes enseignants à l'image. Représentations iconographiques et audiovisuelles du mouvement enseignant (1995-1996)
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

Conference (2014, March 20)

Les réformes institutionnelles de 1988-1989 ont transféré aux Communautés les compétences en matière d’enseignement. Pour la Communauté française, cette responsabilisation a très vite rimé avec la ... [more ▼]

Les réformes institutionnelles de 1988-1989 ont transféré aux Communautés les compétences en matière d’enseignement. Pour la Communauté française, cette responsabilisation a très vite rimé avec la nécessité de réaliser d’importantes économies et donc d’importantes réformes structurelles. Une première vague de protestation secoue Bruxelles et la Wallonie en 1990 mais, cinq ans plus tard, un nouveau plan d’économies préparé par la socialiste Laurette Onkelinx, Ministre-Présidente de la Communauté française, en charge notamment de l’Education, donne naissance à un long et douloureux mouvement de protestation. Celui-ci semble matérialiser la rupture entre une base enseignante proche, selon les réseaux, du PS ou du PSC, et un Exécutif au sein duquel ces deux partis fonctionnent en coalition. Réduction des dépenses, suppression de trois mille postes, fusions d’écoles, tous les ingrédients sont réunis pour que la situation soit explosive. Elle va l’être d’autant plus – et cela marquera d’ailleurs durablement les esprits – que certaines manifestations de mécontentement vont s’exprimer avec violence, s’attaquer à des symboliques fortes (la Fête de la Communauté française en septembre 1995, le 1er mai 1996) et perturber la vie privée de la Ministre et de son entourage. Notre contribution s’inscrit dans le volet « images produites ». Elle s’interrogera sur le rôle des images dans la représentation que la presse écrite généraliste a donnée du mouvement enseignant et des enseignants eux-mêmes durant ce conflit. Grâce à certaines archives numérisées, le traitement du mouvement par l’audiovisuel public pourra, lui aussi, être abordé. La photographie de presse, la caricature et le reportage ont-ils contribué à présenter le mouvement enseignant de manière objective et dépassionnée ? Ont-ils au contraire – et jusqu’à quel point ? - intégré les clichés traditionnels véhiculés sur cette catégorie socio-professionnelle (conservatisme, attachement à de supposés « privilèges »…). Quelle image est renvoyée du syndicalisme enseignant ? Comment est mise en scène la relation triangulaire entre grévistes, ministre et public de l’école (parents et élèves) ? Quels sont le poids et le rôle dévolus à chacun ? Quelle est, spécifiquement, le traitement réservé au mouvement par un journal comme La Wallonie ? Comment a-t-il accompagné en images la rupture entre le monde enseignant, la CGSP et le parti socialiste, culminant le 1er mai 1996 ? [less ▲]

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See detailLe vécu de l'ICSI du côté de l'homme
Barbillon, Adrien ULg; Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference (2014, March 20)

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See detailLe suivi des enfants nés prématurés ou avec un très petit poids de naissance : le projet CAP48
Mostaert, Anne; Nassogne, Marie-Cécile; Vermeylen, Danièle et al

Poster (2014, March 20)

This poster describes the cohort of very preterm and very low birth weight newborns recruted in the "CAP48" project and anaylses the main reasons for cessation of follow-up.

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (4 ULg)