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See detailGender effect on the scapular 3D posture and kinematic in healthy subjects
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Rigaux, Elise et al

in Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging (in press)

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However ... [more ▼]

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However the literature reports, for the shoulder, differences in the range of motion between genders. The specific influence of gender on the scapula-thoracic kinematics has not been studied yet. The dominant shoulder of two populations of men and women composed of 11 subjects each were evaluated in three dimensions for three distinct motions: flexion in the sagittal plane, abduction in the frontal plane and gleno-humeral internal/external rotation with the arm abducted at 90°. Posture, kinematics and range of motion were studied separately. For flexion and abduction and with regard to the scapular kinematic, external rotation were significantly larger for women than men. The differences were of at least 5° at 120° of humeral elevation. Upward rotations were identical. Women also showed larger average active humero-thoracic range of motion. The mean differences were of 13°, 7°, 12° and 5° for abduction, flexion, internal rotation and external rotation, respectively. No difference was observed between the scapular resting positions of both populations. The observed differences concerning both the scapular and humeral patterns would indicate that the shoulder behavior of men and women should not be expected to be similar. [less ▲]

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See detailBayesian versus frequentist methods for estimating disease true prevalence and 4 diagnostic test performance
Sanogo, M; Abatih, E; Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Veterinary Journal (in press)

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See detailUsefulness of ultrasonography of deep cervical lymph nodes in diagnosis of neoplastic disease in horses
Evrard, Laurence ULg; Fonseca, Rita; Bolen, Géraldine ULg et al

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (in press)

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See detailUrban governance adaptation in an old industrial city: Liège (Belgium)
Breuer, Christophe ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Francese, Dora (Ed.) Napoli Citta Metropolitana (in press)

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See detailcompte rendu de : James Noel ADAMS, Social Variation and the Latin Language
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailThéorie de la restauration et Art contemporain: une conceptualisation au service de la pratique
Verbeeck, Muriel ULg; Broers, Nico

in Restauration d'Art contemporain (in press)

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See detailCorticatus
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailCarbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles
Ciais, Philippe; Sabine, Christopher; Bala, Govindasamy et al

in Stocker, T. F.; Qin, D.; Plattner, G.-K. (Eds.) et al Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (in press)

The present perturbations of the biogeochemical cycles of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as their past variations (coupled to climate variations) and their projected ... [more ▼]

The present perturbations of the biogeochemical cycles of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as their past variations (coupled to climate variations) and their projected future evolutions over the 21st century are reviewed. [less ▲]

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See detailMetabolic variability in bioprocessing : implications of microbial phenotypic heterogeneity
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Zune, Quentin ULg; Lara, Alvaro et al

in Trends in Biotechnology (in press)

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See detailConditor
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailInfluence du polymorphisme nucléotidique COMT sur la mémoire de travail et son vieillissement
Manard, Marine ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (in press)

L’objectif de cette revue est de synthétiser les connaissances sur l’influence du polymorphisme nucléotidique Catéchol-O-Méthyltransférase (COMT) val108/158met sur la diminution des capacités de mémoire ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cette revue est de synthétiser les connaissances sur l’influence du polymorphisme nucléotidique Catéchol-O-Méthyltransférase (COMT) val108/158met sur la diminution des capacités de mémoire de travail (et plus particulièrement de ses aspects exécutifs) associée à l’avancée en âge. Par son implication dans les processus de dégradation de la dopamine, notamment au niveau préfrontal, ce polymorphisme semble avoir un rôle central dans l’efficacité de la mise en œuvre de processus exécutifs. En effet, plusieurs études suggèrent un avantage phénotypique de l’allèle met du polymorphisme COMT lors de tâches exécutives requérant une stabilité des représentations cognitives. Etant donné les modifications cérébrales observées avec l’âge au niveau frontal, le polymorphisme COMT semble constituer une piste pertinente pour comprendre les altérations cognitives liées à l’âge. En effet, suite à la diminution d’efficacité du système dopaminergique, les personnes âgées présentent des déficits de mémoire de travail plus ou moins importants selon leur génotype pour le polymorphisme COMT. De plus, l’activité cérébrale associée à la réalisation de ces tâches va également varier en fonction de ce polymorphisme. Ces résultats soulignent l’intérêt d’intégrer les approches de génétique comportementale et de neuroimagerie génétique afin d’approfondir notre compréhension du vieillissement cognitif. [less ▲]

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See detail*Corticea
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailLiving and Printing in Antwerp in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries: a Social Enquiry
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Van Bruaene, Anne-Laure; Kavaler, Ethan Matt (Eds.) Urban Perspectives on Sixteenth-Century Netherlandish Art & Culture (in press)

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See detailLes défis colossaux auxquels la santé publique va devoir faire face !
COUCKE, Philippe ULg

in Onco : Revue Multidisciplinaire d'Oncologie (in press)

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See detailImpact de l’anisotropie du milieu dans les études de profilage géographique
Trotta, Marie ULg; Deprez, Cécile; Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in SAGEO 2014, Grenoble 24-27 November 2014 (in press)

This communication aims at assessing the bias introduced by the use of the Euclidean distance in the context of geographic profiling analyzes. It proceeds by a comparison of road and Euclidean distances ... [more ▼]

This communication aims at assessing the bias introduced by the use of the Euclidean distance in the context of geographic profiling analyzes. It proceeds by a comparison of road and Euclidean distances of about 1 000 pairs of origin-destination (crime sites – criminal’s anchor point) from the database of the Belgian Federal Police. Comparisons are differentiated by the density of road network (rural and urban areas) and the statistical parameters of the resulting distributions are exploited in the application of the most common geographic profiling model called the distance decay model. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing the foraging behavior of Agriotes sordidus wireworms in dual-choice olfactometers
Barsics, Fanny ULg; Fiers, Marie; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (in press)

The different steps of the foraging process of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) would be better understood if accurate and holistic information regarding the role of plant-produced chemicals ... [more ▼]

The different steps of the foraging process of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) would be better understood if accurate and holistic information regarding the role of plant-produced chemicals constituting their environment were available. Volatile organic compounds (VOC) play important roles in the interactions between plants and insects in many ecosystems, whether they take place aboveground or belowground. The roles of VOC are still relatively unknown for wireworms, and deserve attention. Here, we performed three experimentations with barley roots as baits. In the two first, we assessed the effect of chopped roots and fungus infected roots on the orientation of wireworms. In the third experiment, the larvae were confronted to both healthy and fungus infected roots. We discuss the results in terms of suitability of the olfactometers we designed for the investigation of olfaction in wireworms, and we provide suggestions to improve their use. [less ▲]

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See detailFonctionnement exécutif et réseaux cérébraux
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (in press)

Depuis les observations initiales de Luria [1], la localisation cérébrale du fonctionnement exécutif a fait l’objet de nombreux travaux de recherche. Dans un premier temps, les études de patients cérébro ... [more ▼]

Depuis les observations initiales de Luria [1], la localisation cérébrale du fonctionnement exécutif a fait l’objet de nombreux travaux de recherche. Dans un premier temps, les études de patients cérébro-lésés ont mis en évidence l’implication prédominante des régions frontales. Avec l’avènement des techniques modernes d’imagerie cérébrale (tomographie à émission de positons [TEP] et imagerie par résonnance magnétique fonctionnelle [IRMf], il est toutefois apparu que le fonctionnement exécutif était sous-tendu par un réseau antéro-postérieur largement distribué. Dès ce moment, l’attention s’est portée sur le rôle exact des différentes régions impliquées lors de la réalisation d’épreuves exécutives et sur l’importance relative des régions antérieures et postérieures. Plus récemment, l’étude du fonctionnement exécutif en tant que réseau de régions fonctionnellement connectées s’est développée, et on a également commencé à s’intéresser à l’influence des aspects cérébraux structurels et des caractéristiques génétiques. Les résultats de ces travaux soulignent l’aspect interactif et fortement modulable du fonctionnement exécutif au niveau cérébral, et la nécessité de prendre en compte simultanément différents niveaux d’analyse. Nous aborderons dans cette revue ces différentes thématiques, en nous centrant sur les données issues d’études chez le sujet jeune et sain pour des raisons de concision. [less ▲]

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See detailClostridium difficile infection in elderly nursing home residents.
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg et al

in Anaerobe (in press), 23

Age-related changes in intestinal flora and host defences, the receipt of antibiotic treatment, and the presence of underlying diseases are some of the most common risk factors associated with Clostridium ... [more ▼]

Age-related changes in intestinal flora and host defences, the receipt of antibiotic treatment, and the presence of underlying diseases are some of the most common risk factors associated with Clostridium difficile infection. Therefore, retirement care facilities for elderly people have been pinpointed as frequent sources of contamination. There is only limited data regarding the presence and epidemiology of C. difficile in nursing homes, and this gap in the current literature emphasises the need to gain a better understanding of the situation in order to prevent the emergence of new outbreaks among this population group. [less ▲]

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