Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailSynthèse des présentations et perspectives futures sur la qualité des services éducatifs pendant la petite enfance dans une optique de collaborations internationales
Pirard, Florence ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May 11)

Cette conférence de clôture propose une synthèse des différentes contributions sur "la qualité des services éducatifs pendant la petite enfance: un bilan de dix ans de recherche et d'intervention" ainsi ... [more ▼]

Cette conférence de clôture propose une synthèse des différentes contributions sur "la qualité des services éducatifs pendant la petite enfance: un bilan de dix ans de recherche et d'intervention" ainsi qu'une une mise en perspective internationale. Elle interroge la notion de qualité de l’accueil des jeunes enfants et de leur famille et celle d'accompagnement professionnel qui lui est associée. Elle souligne l'importance des fonctions de leadership orienté par des visées de qualités d'accueil dans les services. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa médecine du futur en question(s): les objets connectés
Coucke, Philippe ULg

in Healthcare Executive (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa gestion des ressources humaines au sein des ONG internationales: les relations siège-filiale dans un contexte instable (le cas du Burundi)
Hakizumukama, Alexis ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Executive summary Applied to different contexts, the approach to management and HRM practices initially operative, considered by some as the essential and universal key to organizational success, may face ... [more ▼]

Executive summary Applied to different contexts, the approach to management and HRM practices initially operative, considered by some as the essential and universal key to organizational success, may face some contextual constraints and lead to conflicting results. Now, the local context brings to the subsidiary of international organizations little or no opportunities for the Headquarters. At the same time, the local context adds specific constraints. The consideration of these opportunities and constraints by the officials of the subsidiary is a real managerial challenge for them. This implies much more than a simple transfer of what has always worked well elsewhere. This questioning of the success of the universalist perspective pushes us to diagnose other possible ways to suggest for the approach to management and HRM practices that could better accommodate the local management. Our study is particularly concerned with international NGOs operating in sub-Saharan Africa and Burundi in particular. Our theoretical argument mobilizes universalist, culturalist and institutionalist approaches. Our study concerns only the subsidiaries of international NGOs and not their Headquarters. Note that throughout our work, the word "Siège" means the Headquarters and not the local management of the subsidiary. To mark this distinction, we opt to write it with a capital "S". Based on a contextualist analysis of five case studies of subsidiaries of international NGOs, we find that, upon their arrival or within the first years of implementation of the subsidiary, the leaders of these international subsidiaries almost always opt for a relational or even paternalistic model of management. Indeed, this model allows a gain in confidence and the establishement of strong relationships between the expats and the locals, and between volunteers and employees. The latter model also helps to react or deal with the complexity of an unstable local context (civil war, hatred and ethnic conflicts, distrust versus foreigners, oral tradition culture, lack of separation between work and family life, lack of some skills in the labor market and poverty of the population). Beyond the local constraints, pressure from the Headquarters, and the donors' requirements often result in the evolution of the business model implemented during the establishment period. But toward what model is moving the subsidiary, why, how and what are the implications for HRM practices? This is the series of questions we try to answer throughout this work. To get there, we pay special attention to the power games, the identification of the most influential players, the relationships, the mechanisms of prevention and / or of conflict management and the mobilization around the common goal. Our study shows that the managers of subsidiaries have two possible choices of a position: control logic or adaptation logic. The results of our research argue for the second option to be the most favorable to take into consideration the local context and to contribute to the emergence of consistent and very innovative HRM practices. Our work shows that the model based on the adaptation logic is more effective when the appropriation of the Headquarters rule by the members of the subsidiary is dominated by joint regulation mechanisms, and when the management of the subsidiary is polyphonic for what concerns managing the evolution of contextual factors. In fact, the latter mechanisms lead to the organization, in due time, to a genuine process of organizational change. The polyphonic style is generally characterized by flexibility, autonomy, accountability, collaboration, cooperation within teams and the search for compromise to satisfy the essential interests of the different stakeholders, including those at Headquarters. However, we note that some managers, guided by rational mimicry derived from the culture of their country of origin and their experience elsewhere, tried control-based management resulting in the domination of regulatory mechanisms either autonomous or controlled. Our observation is that the control-based management model leads the subsidiary in a logic of submission or circumvention of the rules and practices developed by the parent company. This management model quickly faces major resistance from certain groups of stakeholders who feel that their interests are threatened. For example, internal conflicts occur in these subsidiaries at the expense of the cooperation and the achievement of desired results. Highlighting the importance of the local context and the relationships Headquarters- subsidiaries together with the role of the management style in the evolution of HRM practices in the local management of international NGOs working in unstable and specific context (land and sector insufficiently studied up to now), this study brings a great contribution to international management and intercultural management theory in general and sub-Saharan Africa in particular. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe passé en France au XVIIe siècle. Représentations, usages et transferts des savoirs historiques
Saal, Caroline ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

La majeure partie des études sur le passé au XVIIe siècle se porte sur l’historiographie, sur la théorie de l’histoire et sur son écriture à cette époque. Grâce au développement de l’histoire des idées et ... [more ▼]

La majeure partie des études sur le passé au XVIIe siècle se porte sur l’historiographie, sur la théorie de l’histoire et sur son écriture à cette époque. Grâce au développement de l’histoire des idées et de l’histoire culturelle, de nouvelles approches ont émergé. Pour l’histoire moderne française, elles prennent essentiellement la forme d’études de figures souvenirs et de leur prégnance dans une culture donnée. Mais deux postulats m’ont invitée à travailler autrement, hors des pratiques historiennes et sans choisir a priori de figures-souvenirs. Le premier tient à l’acquisition des savoirs historiques. La connaissance que possède une personne sur le passé de la communauté humaine résulte d’une multitude de vecteurs et de médias, de nature et d’objectifs divers, et, plus encore, elle résulte de leur croisement. Le second postulat provient des innovations en histoire des savoirs de ces dernières années : une société ancienne repose sur un système de pensée et sur une configuration des savoirs distincte de la nôtre. Pour travailler sur les savoirs sous l’Ancien Régime, il faut appréhender l’altérité d’un ancien régime des savoirs et, plutôt que de rechercher la généalogie de disciplines, regarder à l’œuvre ces savoirs mixtes, aux nombreuses ramifications, la manière de les créer, de se les approprier et de les utiliser. Certes, Reinhart Koselleck et Kristof Pomian avaient déjà produit d’importants enseignements sur les processus. On a longtemps considéré qu’ils avaient probablement tout dit. Il fallait pourtant vérifier la percolation de ces enseignements au-delà des génies créateurs et des penseurs institués. Cette thèse étudie ces processus dans des opérations d’appropriation des savoirs historiques au sein des publics alphabétisés et la compréhension de ces savoirs en société : les pamphlets « historiés » de la Fronde, les conférences du Bureau d’Adresse de Théophraste Renaudot et des estampes ludiques – jeux de carte et jeux de l’oie historiques. Elle démontre le rôle de ces imprimés de forme brève comme lieux d’acculturation des savoirs historiques, mettant à disposition un prêt-à-penser sur le passé. S’inspirant des grilles de lecture des théories de la pensée complexe, développée entre autres par Edgar Morin, elle éclaire la pluralité des questions que se posaient les hommes de l’époque moderne sur leur passé, et les liens entre ces questions, leur lieu social d’émergence, les pratiques de la connaissance et les paradigmes culturels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAssociation of Targeted metagenomic analysis and classical microbiology for Clostridium difficile detection and microbial ecosystem mapping of surfaces hands and foodstuffs in a meat processing plant
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Oukbir, Meriem; Taminiau, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2016, May 11)

INTRODUCTION Zoonoses are infectious that can be transmitted between animals and humans through direct contact, close proximity or the environment. Since domestic and food animals frequently test positive ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION Zoonoses are infectious that can be transmitted between animals and humans through direct contact, close proximity or the environment. Since domestic and food animals frequently test positive for the bacterium, it seems plausible that C. difficile could be zoonotic. PURPOSE This study aimed to determine the prevalence and the epidemiology of C. difficile in cattle farms and the possible spread of the bacterium among animals and farmers. METHODS A total of 176 faecal samples of cattle were collected from 5 different Belgian farms. A stool sample of each farmer was also requested. Detection of C. difficile was performed by classical culture on C. difficile selective medium (cycloserine cefoxitin fructose cholate). Isolates were characterised by PCR-ribotyping and Genotype Cdiff test (Hain Lifescience), which allows the detection of all toxin genes, mutations in gyrA gene and the deletion in the regulator gene tcdC. RESULTS C. difficile was detected in 14/178 (7.9%) animal samples. Isolates were grouped into five different types, including PCR-ribotype 015. All of them were identified as toxigenic. In contrast, none of the 5 farmers studied were positive for the bacterium. SIGNIFICANCE Results obtained indicate that PCR-ribotypes commonly isolated from hospitalised patients are also present in cattle, indicating an animal reservoir. However, a zoonotic transmission could be not demonstrated in the farms studied. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModelling the mortality of Hylotrupes bajulus (L.) larvae exposed to anoxic treatment for disinfestation of wooden art objects
de Streel, Géraud; Henin, Jean-Marc; Bogaert, Patrick et al

in Wood Science & Technology (2016)

Experiments were conducted to quantify the effect of several variables on the mortality of insects exposed to an anoxic treatment in order to generate a model linking mortality to these variables. This ... [more ▼]

Experiments were conducted to quantify the effect of several variables on the mortality of insects exposed to an anoxic treatment in order to generate a model linking mortality to these variables. This study aims to explore the possible interest of using such a model to determine the characteristics of treatment (especially duration) needed to guarantee insect mortality with a given level of probability. Trials were performed on Hylotrupes bajulus larvae, which is a widespread species known for its high tolerance to anoxic conditions. The studied variables are the initial mass of the larvae, the treatment temperature (21, 30 and 40 C), the treatment duration (four durations for each temperature tested) and whether the larva is held in wood or in a petri dish (directly exposed to anoxic atmosphere) during the experiment. It was found that, while the last variable is not correlated with mortality, treatment duration and temperature are significantly and positively correlated with it. Larvae with higher body mass were also shown to have a better resistance to the treatment. Based on these results, a model including insect initial mass, treatment temperature and duration, together with the interaction between these two variables, was determined. This relatively simple model appeared to be a useful tool in overcoming the difficulty in defining the modalities for anoxic treatment in order to reach a given level of mortality. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDu jeu à la vidéo : projection de machinimas
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Découvrez les univers de MMORPG sous un autre angle : à travers les réappropriations qu'en font les joueurs. Le mardi 10 à 17h au PointCulture de Louvain-la-Neuve se tiendra en effet une projection de « ... [more ▼]

Découvrez les univers de MMORPG sous un autre angle : à travers les réappropriations qu'en font les joueurs. Le mardi 10 à 17h au PointCulture de Louvain-la-Neuve se tiendra en effet une projection de « machinimas », ces vidéos réalisées par les joueurs à partir d'enregistrements de sessions de jeux (le terme provient d'ailleurs de la contraction des mots anglais « machine » et « cinema »). Ces œuvres (qui peuvent aller du sketch humoristique au film de fiction, en passant par le clip musical) illustrent l'une des façons par lesquelles les joueurs – non contents d'arpenter les univers des jeux massivement multijoueurs – peuvent manipuler et transformer ces jeux en les utilisant comme matériau pour produire des œuvres créatives. Un échantillon de vidéos vous sera présenté par Fanny Barnabé, doctorante à l'Université de Liège, afin d'évoquer une série d'enjeux liés à cette pratique de détournement du jeu vidéo. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA new classification of earthquake-induced landslide event sizes based on seismotectonic, topographic, climatic and geologic factors
Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Torgoev, Almazbek ULg; Braun, Anika et al

in Geoenvironmental Disasters (2016), 3(6), 2-24

Background This paper reviews the classical and some particular factors contributing to earthquake-triggered landslide activity. This analysis should help predict more accurately landslide event sizes ... [more ▼]

Background This paper reviews the classical and some particular factors contributing to earthquake-triggered landslide activity. This analysis should help predict more accurately landslide event sizes, both in terms of potential numbers and affected area. It also highlights that some occurrences, especially those very far from the hypocentre/activated fault, cannot be predicted by state-of-the-art methods. Particular attention will be paid to the effects of deep focal earthquakes in Central Asia and to other extremely distant landslide activations in other regions of the world (e.g. Saguenay earthquake 1988, Canada). Results The classification of seismically induced landslides and the related ‘event sizes’ is based on five main factors: ‘Intensity’, ‘Fault factor’, ‘Topographic energy’, ‘Climatic background conditions’, ‘Lithological factor’. Most of these data were extracted from papers, but topographic inputs were checked by analyzing the affected region in Google Earth. The combination and relative weight of the factors was tested through comparison with well documented events and complemented by our studies of earthquake-triggered landslides in Central Asia. The highest relative weight (6) was attributed to the ‘Fault factor’; the other factors all received a smaller relative weight (2–4). The high weight of the ‘Fault factor’ (based on the location in/outside the mountain range, the fault type and length) is strongly constrained by the importance of the Wenchuan earthquake that, for example, triggered far more landslides in 2008 than the Nepal earthquake in 2015: the main difference is that the fault activated by the Wenchuan earthquake created an extensive surface rupture within the Longmenshan Range marked by a very high topographic energy while the one activated by the Nepal earthquake ruptured the surface in the frontal part of the Himalayas where the slopes are less steep and high. Finally, the calibrated factor combination was applied to almost 100 other earthquake events for which some landslide information was available. This comparison revealed the ability of the classification to provide a reasonable estimate of the number of triggered landslides and of the size of the affected area. According to this prediction, the most severe earthquake-triggered landslide event of the last one hundred years would actually be the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 followed by the 1950 Assam earthquake in India – considering that the dominating role of the Wenchuan earthquake data (including the availability of a complete landslide inventory) for the weighting of the factors strongly influences and may even bias this result. The strongest landslide impacts on human life in recent history were caused by the Haiyuan-Gansu earthquake in 1920 – ranked as third most severe event according to our classification: its size is due to a combination of high shaking intensity, an important ‘Fault factor’ and the extreme susceptibility of the regional loess cover to slope failure, while the surface morphology of the affected area is much smoother than the one affected by the Wenchuan 2008 or the Nepal 2015 earthquakes. Conclusions The main goal of the classification of earthquake-triggered landslide events is to help improve total seismic hazard assessment over short and longer terms. Considering the general performance of the classification-prediction, it can be seen that the prediction either fits or overestimates the known/observed number of triggered landslides for a series of earthquakes, while it often underestimates the size of the affected area. For several events (especially the older ones), the overestimation of the number of landslides can be partly explained by the incompleteness of the published catalogues. The underestimation of the extension of the area, however, is real – as some particularities cannot be taken into account by such a general approach: notably, we used the same seismic intensity attenuation for all events, while attenuation laws are dependent on regional tectonic and geological conditions. In this regard, it is likely that the far-distant triggering of landslides, e.g., by the 1988 Saguenay earthquake (and the related extreme extension of affected area) is due to a very low attenuation of seismic energy within the North American plate. Far-distant triggering of landslides in Central Asia can be explained by the susceptibility of slopes covered by thick soft soils to failure under the effect of low-frequency shaking induced by distant earthquakes, especially by the deep focal earthquakes in the Pamir – Hindukush seismic region. Such deep focal and high magnitude (> > 7) earthquakes are also found in Europe, first of all in the Vrancea region (Romania). For this area as well as for the South Tien Shan we computed possible landslide event sizes related to some future earthquake scenarios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntegrating Corporate Sustainability Assessment, Management Accounting, Control, and Reporting
Maas, Karen; Schaltegger, Stefan; Crutzen, Nathalie ULg

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImplementing principles of Quality by Design (QbD) in validation context
Hubert, Cédric ULg; Lebrun, Pierre ULg; Rozet, Eric et al

Conference (2016, May 10)

Analytical method performances have to be specified by the analyst trough the definition of the “Analytical Target Profile (ATP)”, as proposed by the regulatory bodies. In the specific context of the ... [more ▼]

Analytical method performances have to be specified by the analyst trough the definition of the “Analytical Target Profile (ATP)”, as proposed by the regulatory bodies. In the specific context of the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory authorities have recently imposed the assessment and management of risk throughout the entire product lifecycle. This includes the analytical procedure and consequently its own lifecycle. The development step of an analytical method is still largely addressed using a “Changing One Separate Factor a Time (COST)” approach (also known as the “Quality-by-Testing (QbT)” approach). This strategy can lead to a suitable method for assessing the risk of routine use, even where the experimental domain is not examined. However, in order to consider an experimental domain rather than a set of specific experimental conditions during the development phase, a multivariate approach must be considered: the “Quality-by-Design (QbD)” strategy. This strategy allows the definition of a “Design Space (DS)” by means of design of experiments (DoE). This DS, computed considering critical method parameters, allows the analyst to focus on the main objective of an analytical method: obtaining reliable results using a robust method. In the course of a specific case study, the benefits of the QbD strategy in terms of managing the qualitative part of the analytical process were highlighted. Working in the context of analytical procedure, the validation step is a major part of the analytical method lifecycle. Indeed, the objective of analytical method validation is to demonstrate that this method is suited for quantifying the target analytes with an established and suitable level of accuracy, as defined by the “ATP”. This is sometimes called the “fit-for-future-purpose” concept. The decision regarding the validity of a method based on prediction can be achieved by using the “β-expectation tolerance interval” (accuracy profile). The capability of this approach to manage the quantitative part of the analytical procedure is nowadays largely illustrated in scientific literatures. Considering the assessment and management of risk throughout the analytical lifecycle, a global strategy allowing the unification of the development and validation phases in a single step was considered. With this innovative approach, a strategy allowing the management of global analytical risk (i.e., for both qualitative and quantitative part of the analytical method) was proposed. Indeed, the developed strategy allows validating an entire experimental domain by means of the accuracy profile rather than a single set of specific experimental conditions. With this strategy, the DS is no longer simply the place where qualitative performances are obtained, but also the space where quantitative performances of the analytical procedure are assessed and managed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRéférentiels psychopédagogiques en Belgique francophone: un outil de professionnalisation ?
Pirard, Florence ULg

Conference (2016, May 10)

L'élaboration d'un curriculum pour les services d'accueil des jeunes enfants constitue l'un des leviers pour une qualité de services (OECD 2001, 2006, 2012). Elle pose ensuite la question de l ... [more ▼]

L'élaboration d'un curriculum pour les services d'accueil des jeunes enfants constitue l'un des leviers pour une qualité de services (OECD 2001, 2006, 2012). Elle pose ensuite la question de l'accompagnement de sa diffusion dans une visée de professionnalisation, et non de standardisation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDe l’usage des « carnets de recherche » accompagnant la parution des revues sur OpenEdition
Mayeur, Ingrid ULg

Conference (2016, May 10)

Les portails de diffusion des revues numériques en sciences humaines permettent la communication d’annonces, billets et actualités lié aux périodiques édités. Ces genres textuels sont soit pris en charge ... [more ▼]

Les portails de diffusion des revues numériques en sciences humaines permettent la communication d’annonces, billets et actualités lié aux périodiques édités. Ces genres textuels sont soit pris en charge par le site même de la revue, soit diffusés sur un blog d’accompagnement – qui peut également jouer un rôle de veille scientifique, de réflexion et d’échange. Dans le cadre de ma recherche doctorale sur les modes de circulation du savoir au sein des plateformes numériques de la recherche en sciences humaines, je voudrais étudier au moyen des outils classiques d’analyse du discours, de l’étude des écrits d’écran et des processus d’éditorialisation les spécificités des textes véhiculés sur ces blogs, et leur complémentarité avec le site de la revue. Comment le portail de diffusion contraint-il la publication de textes liés à la revue? Quels sont les genres textuels mis en œuvre dans l’accompagnement d’un périodique ? De quelle manière l’actualité (annonce de parution, appel à contribution) se voit-elle corrélée au contenu même du périodique ? Mon étude portera essentiellement sur la plateforme OpenEdition, et les carnets de recherche Hypotheses accompagnant une revue en ligne diffusée sur Revues.org. J’observerai aussi, de manière contrastive, la gestion de ces flux d’actualité par un autre portail, Erudit.org. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
See detailThe transition to parenthood among lesbian couples
Naziri, Despina ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailBelgian Financial Research Forum
Platania, Federico ULg; Lambert, Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2016, May 10)

This paper examines the dynamic trading strategies implemented by hedge fund managers using a Kalman filter of hedge fund betas across styles. We further investigate the risk drivers of dynamic trades ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the dynamic trading strategies implemented by hedge fund managers using a Kalman filter of hedge fund betas across styles. We further investigate the risk drivers of dynamic trades, examining which conditioning/macroeconomic variables strongly lead the time variation in fund trades. We report the significance of macroeconomic factors such as interest rates, dividend yield, GDP growth and US unemployment. We show that hedge fund managers do control the intensity of their exposures according to economic uncertainty and that differences between up- and down-market regimes can be observed. Commonly, Hedge funds tend to dislike high-dividend paying stocks. Besides, all hedge fund styles are shown to display pro-cyclical exposures towards directional equity factors as well as credit and liquidity risks. Small growth stocks, however, are revealed to be crisis investments whose allocation increases with unemployment, inflation or volatility. As volatility increases, the value of growth options embedded into growth stocks indeed increases. Growth stocks are shown to hedge market reversals and volatility. The outperformance of growth companies in recessions might also relate to their cost flexibility. Allocation to small stocks embed strong micro risks and might also constitute a hedge in economic slowdowns. This might explain why some funds with such a particular investment focus appear to be countercyclical. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes normes étatiques relatives à la modération des rémunérations et le droit de négociation collective
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2016, May 10)

Les récentes lois des 23 et 28 mars 2015 fixant la marge d'évolution du coût salarial et organisant un saut d'index empêchent les partenaires sociaux de fixer librement l'évolution des salaires. Ces lois ... [more ▼]

Les récentes lois des 23 et 28 mars 2015 fixant la marge d'évolution du coût salarial et organisant un saut d'index empêchent les partenaires sociaux de fixer librement l'évolution des salaires. Ces lois sont-elles ou non conformes aux dispositions supralégislatives? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)