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See detailThe Paradoxes of Music Diplomacy in a Federal Country: The Case of Flanders in Belgium
Mazzola, Alessandro ULiege

in Dunkel, Mario; Nitzsche, Sina (Eds.) Music and Public Diplomacy (in press)

Belgium's public diplomacy cannot be understood without the frame of the political divide characterizing federalism in the country. Unlike others federal states whose self-governing components adopt ... [more ▼]

Belgium's public diplomacy cannot be understood without the frame of the political divide characterizing federalism in the country. Unlike others federal states whose self-governing components adopt policies that converge at the international level, Flanders and Wallonia – the Dutch- and French-speaking communities of Belgium – seem not to act coordinately on this matter. Culture is the principal field where the two communities adopt very different approaches and end up competing for resources and international visibility. Flanders, in particular, support self-representation strategies that produce and circulate images of a singular and homogeneous “Flemish nation”. The action of its cultural institutions seems to focus on an autonomous nation building project rather than situating the community in the larger national – Belgian – dimension. Language is the cultural trait lying at the basis of this conflict known as “community cleavage” that affects both the public and the political sphere. As a verbal art, popular music is one of the most simbolically relevant practices that participate to cultural diplomacy in this context. Starting from ethnographic analysis of Flemish public and private cultural institutions, this paper aims to describe the ways Flemish music policy in international situations is mutually connected to political claims for autonomy and independence at the national level. The research questions are as follows: 1) how does Belgian federalism condition cultural/music diplomacy in Flanders? 2) How does cultural/music diplomacy contribute to the political struggle of Flemish independentism? [less ▲]

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See detailCommunication of healthcare professionals: is there ageism?
Schroyen, Sarah ULiege; Adam, Stéphane ULiege; Marquet, Manon ULiege et al

in European Journal of Cancer Care (in press)

Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterized by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronizing tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the ... [more ▼]

Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterized by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronizing tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of aging. However, the link between view of aging and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40 vs 70 years old). Results show that when participants explained the treatment to the older patient, they used shorter utterances and made more repetitions. They also evoked fewer side effects such as sexual issues. Moreover, reduction of length of utterances and of word-per-minute rate was observed for older patient when participants have a positive view of aging but for both patients when they have a negative view of aging. In conclusion, physicians and medical students used elderspeak when they explained a treatment to older patients. Participants with a more negative view of aging also unconsciously talked slower and made shorter utterances to a 40 year-old patient. [less ▲]

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See detailKülpe on Cognitive Attitudes
Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Discipline Filosofiche (in press)

This paper offers a reconstruction of Külpe’s theory of cognitive attitudes from the perspective of contemporary debates about cognitive phenomenology. I argue that Külpe’s view constrasts with analytic ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a reconstruction of Külpe’s theory of cognitive attitudes from the perspective of contemporary debates about cognitive phenomenology. I argue that Külpe’s view constrasts with analytic mainstream approaches to the same phenomena in at least two respects. First, Külpe claims, cognitive experiences are best described in terms of occurrent cognitive acts or attitudes toward sensory, imagistic or intellectual contents. Second, occurrent cognitive attitudes are intransitively conscious in the sense that they are experienced by, or phenomenally manifest to, the subject. I call the combination of those two claims the conscious cognitive attitudes theory. I suggest that, despite some difficulties, this theory offers a worth-considering alternative to contentual and/or nonphenomenological theories of cognitive phenomena. [less ▲]

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See detailHyper-réflexivité et perspective en première personne : un apport décisif de la psychopathologie phénoménologique contemporaine à la compréhension de la schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Stanghellini, Giovanni; Valentiny, Caroline et al

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

Objectives: This paper aims to summarize the hypothesis, which originates in the field of phenomenological psychopathology, of schizophrenic hyperreflexivity, and to discuss the methodological context ... [more ▼]

Objectives: This paper aims to summarize the hypothesis, which originates in the field of phenomenological psychopathology, of schizophrenic hyperreflexivity, and to discuss the methodological context enabling these highly subjective manifestations to emerge. Starting from the seminal hypothesis developed by contemporary psychopathology, that the schizophrenic patients appear to experience a consciousness that finds itself being forced to question phenomena which should be intuitively self-evident, the idea of this present paper is to complete the usual interpretation of schizophrenia as deficit by the hypothesis of an excess functioning of consciousness. Methods: First-person perspective is a qualitative approach completing third-person interpretation, traditional in the field of psychiatry – which consists in the attribution, from an external position, of clinical signs noted independently of the perception expressed by the patient. This first-person perspective focuses on the subjective experience expressed by the individual. To understand schizophrenia according to this perspective, the words of several schizophrenic patients have been collected as part of a clinical device. We used the EASE scale (Examination of Anomalous Self-Experience) with this aim in mind. This scale offers a phenomenologically oriented semi-structured exploration of a set of difficulties revealing anomalies of subjective experience, considered as troubles of self-awareness. EASE has been developed on the basis of self-descriptions by patients suffering from schizophrenic spectrum troubles. This tool allows the co-construction of a language between patient and clinician, focused on the patient’s particular experience and the unique phenomena he endures. Results: Besides the hyperreflexivity phenomena, the qualitative analysis of collected descriptions highlight two important features of schizophrenic being-in-the-world. First a problem of common sense, which addresses the issue of intersubjectivity and the opportunity, for schizophrenic patients, to share a social world. Then the existence of an intercorporeality trouble, since the schizophrenic hyperreflexivity experiences are accompanied by a loss of “common body”, body being the scene where intersubjectivity is performed. Employing EASE, and the ensuing first-person perspective, is relevant in a psychotherapeutic approach; on one hand in the process of acknowledgement of the disease (which has to be made by the patient as well as by the clinician), on the other hand in the communication with families of schizophrenic patients. Conclusions: The phenomenological interpretation offered by the application of a first-person perspective in the understanding of schizophrenic patients experience, as well as the interest showed in the hyperreflexivity phenomenon, suggest an outlook of schizophrenia which isn’t reduced to a deficit interpretation anymore (without denying the latter), and which uncovers not a weakening, but a surprising intensification of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailDépression unipolaire et personnalité prémorbide : version francophone du Criteria for Typus Melancholicus
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Stanghellini, Giovanni; Calderazzo, Déborah et al

in Psychologie Française (in press)

The Typus Melancholicus (TM) is a pre-melancholic personality structure, defined by Tellenbach and Kraus and characterized by the orderliness, conscientiousness, norm orientation and intolerance of ... [more ▼]

The Typus Melancholicus (TM) is a pre-melancholic personality structure, defined by Tellenbach and Kraus and characterized by the orderliness, conscientiousness, norm orientation and intolerance of ambiguity. This study aims to discriminate the existence of a subgroup TM, among a unipolar depressive population. In order to prove the existence of this subgroup, we translated and administrated the Criteria for Typus Melancholicus (CTM) to a sample of 20 unipolar patients and 20 control participants. The research hypothesis was to find a similar proportion to the one observed in the literature (50% of TM in the unipolar sample). The results demonstrate, as expected, that half of the unipolar sample belongs to a homogeneous subgroup that displays the TM features. Furthermore, no control subjects displays the TM features. Those results suggest that the TM features design a coherent and typical psychopathological structure that can be found in an important proportion of unipolar depressive population. Our study identifies and confirms the existence of a distinct heterogeneity (TM/noTM) inside the unipolar group. This distinction opens the door to some important perspectives in terms of therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations codicologiques sur PSI 1.18 + 19 (MP³ 344 + 1207 = LDAB 2412)
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Analecta Papyrologica (in press)

This article presents the results of the autoptical analysis of PSI 1.18 + 19 (rests of a 5th century papyrus codex), which contains school texts. A codicological reconstruction is proposed, as well as ... [more ▼]

This article presents the results of the autoptical analysis of PSI 1.18 + 19 (rests of a 5th century papyrus codex), which contains school texts. A codicological reconstruction is proposed, as well as remarks on the use of miniature codices and of binios in papyrus codices. [less ▲]

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See detailCarte géologique de Wallonie à l'échelle 1:25 000. Hamoir-Ferrières n°49/1-2
Marion, Jean-Marc ULiege; Barchy, Laurent

Cartographic material (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25 000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions of Lohest and Fourmarier (1900)

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See detailDe l’usage des « bons livres » et des autres dans les couvents féminins d’Ancien Régime aux Pays-Bas et en Principauté de Liège
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULiege

in Henryot, Fabienne; Martin, Philippe (Eds.) Les femmes dans le cloître et la lecture (XVIIe-XIXe siècles) (in press)

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See detailElectric Power Network State Tracking from Multirate Measurements
Alcaide-Moreno, Boris; Fuerte-Esquivel, Claudio; Glavic, Mevludin ULiege et al

in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement (in press)

This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are exploited as and when they arrive to the control center. In order to restore observability, after each execution of the tracking state estimator, forecasted SCADA measurements are used as pseudo-measurements in the next estimation. An event detection analysis allows assessing if the system is in quasi steady-state. If so, an innovation analysis is performed to identify and eliminate erroneous SCADA measurements. The system state is computed by Hachtel’s augmented matrix method. The option of exploiting time-tagged SCADA measurements is also considered. The method is illustrated through detailed dynamic simulations of a test system evolving towards voltage collapse, with and without emergency control. [less ▲]

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See detailHydraulic determination of dam releases to generate warning waves in a mountain stream: performance of an analytical kinematic wave model
Stilmant, Frédéric; Pirotton, Michel ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (in press)

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this ... [more ▼]

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this inverse problem following a two-model approach. An analytical kinematic model is used for a preliminary design of the dam release and a detailed two-dimensional (2D) fully dynamic model is used to converge to the final solution. Although the presented case study is far from an idealized academic case, the analytical model performs well and, beyond its role for preliminary design, turns out to be of prime interest for both understanding and discussing the results of the detailed 2D model. The complex interactions between the release hydrograph, the geometry of the river and the friction formula are brought to light by the analytical model, which highlights the complementarity of both models and the usefulness of such a two-model approach. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie et monde social : les limites de l'empathie et de la sympathie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailInvestigating the impact of river floods on travel demand based on an agent-based modeling approach: The case of Liège, Belgium
Saadi, Ismaïl ULiege; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege et al

in Transport Policy (in press)

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to set up a large scale scenario based on MATSim for guarantying an accurate assessment of the impact of river floods on the transportation system. As inputs, the current agent-based model requires a base year population. A synthetic population with respective set of attributes is generated as a key input. Afterwards, agents are assigned activity chains through an activity-based generation process. Finally, the synthetic population and the transportation network are integrated into MATSim. Regarding data, households travel surveys, OD matrix of Belgium have been used to set up the demand. For simulating river floods effects, a steady-state inundation map has been integrated within MATSim. In the current study, five scenarios have been tested where critical links are associated various levels of service, i.e. 10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (base case scenario). They are systematically compared to the standard scenario to estimate the deviations in terms of traffic patterns and travel times. The results suggest that compared to the standard scenario, the average trip travel time increased by 16.36%, 44.44%, 126.77% and 144.44% with respect to scenarios 75%, 50%, 25% and 10% respectively. Also, the traffic flows have been re-distributed more uniformly across the transportation network. Roads with important traffic volumes are subjected to a decrease of activity on the contrary of roads with low traffic volumes. A very few studies have focused on how river floods affect transportation systems, this paper provided new insights in term of methodology and traffic patterns analysis under disruptions. [less ▲]

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See detailWe’ Narration in Chang-Rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea and Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic: ‘Unnaturally’ Asian American?
Munos, Delphine ULiege

in Frontiers of Narrative Studies (in press)

My article looks at two recent Asian American texts written in the first-person plural – namely Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic (2011) and Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea (2014). My main goal is ... [more ▼]

My article looks at two recent Asian American texts written in the first-person plural – namely Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic (2011) and Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea (2014). My main goal is to show that the ambiguities and tensions generated by we narration in these two Asian American novels prove particularly apt when it comes to calling into questions essentialist views concerning the anatomy of community-building. But these two we texts are particularly interesting at a theoretical level, in that they help us challenge the orthodoxies of traditional narrative theory– among which Gérard Genette’s all-too-rigid distinction between the homo- and heterodiegetic levels in a text, or the generalized assumption, which has been notably challenged by Mieke Bal, that every act of story-telling is necessarily indebted to ‘a’ narrator, and a narrator of anthropomorphic standards at that. [less ▲]

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See detailPermutations and negative beta-shifts
Charlier, Emilie ULiege; Steiner, Wolfgang

in International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science (in press)

Elizalde (2011) characterized which permutations can be obtained by ordering consecutive elements in the trajectories of (positive) beta-transformations and beta-shifts. We prove similar results for ... [more ▼]

Elizalde (2011) characterized which permutations can be obtained by ordering consecutive elements in the trajectories of (positive) beta-transformations and beta-shifts. We prove similar results for negative bases beta. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidermodysplasia Verruciformis–like HPV infection of the Vulva in Immunosuppressed Women
Pohthipornthawat, Natkrita; Feldman, Sarah; Granter, Scott et al

in International Journal of Gynecological Pathology : Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (in press)

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See detailLa quantité contre la qualité? Les professionnels de l'emploi entre esprit gestionnaire et relation de service
Remy, Céline ULiege; Lavitry, Lynda

in Revue Française de Socio-Economie (in press), 19

L’article explore les liens et les zones de tension entre les politiques de mesure de la performance et la qualité de l’accompagnement à l’emploi telle qu’elle est définie dans les pratiques et discours ... [more ▼]

L’article explore les liens et les zones de tension entre les politiques de mesure de la performance et la qualité de l’accompagnement à l’emploi telle qu’elle est définie dans les pratiques et discours des agents et prestataires des services publics de l’emploi en France et en Belgique francophone. L’objectif est de démontrer que le pilotage du travail des intermédiaires de l’emploi par les indicateurs de mesure donne lieu à des pratiques, parfois clandestines, de mise en conformité avec le rendement statistique de leur activité. Mais parallèlement, les excès d’une quantification perçue comme abusive ou dangereuse pour leur ethos professionnel poussent une partie d’entre eux à agir en contradiction avec ces principes gestionnaires et ce, au nom de l’intérêt du demandeur d’emploi et de la prise en compte de la qualité des emplois, tendances que l’on décèle dans les deux pays étudiés. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of: F. Brentano & G.T. Fechner, Briefwechsel über Psychophysik 1874-1878 (M. Antonelli, Ed.)
Seron, Denis ULiege

in Grazer Philosophische Studien (in press)

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See detailLes limites de la Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) dans une population médico-légale souffrant de schizophrénie
De Page, Louis; Matteucci, Marie; Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects ... [more ▼]

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects. Method: We examined the PCL-R protocol of 15 male forensic schizophrenic subjects and attributed a score of sensitivity to psychotic symptomatology to each item score. Results: Results suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. Some items more systematically positively influenced by psychotic symptoms (e.g. Shallow Affect, Lack of Remorse or Guilt), while others were negatively influenced (e.g. Promiscuous Sexual Behavior, Glib and Superficial Charm), or not influenced at all (e.g. Criminal Versatility). Conclusions: The current study suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. We discuss both psychometric and conceptual implications for the measurement of psychopathy when a diagnosis of schizophrenia has been established. [less ▲]

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