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See detailO insecabilis unitas ? Augustinisme et théologie politiques
Close, Florence ULg

in Depreux, Philippe; Esders, Stefan (Eds.) La productivité d'une crise: le règne de Louis le Pieux (814-840) et la transformation de l'Empire carolingien / Produktivität einer Krise: Die Regierungszeit Ludwigs des Frommen (814-840) und die Transformation des karolingischen Imperium » (Limoges, mars 2011) (in press)

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See detailLa politique religieuse des Pippinides (714-768)
Close, Florence ULg

Book published by PULIM (in press)

L’image de Charles Martel pilleur d’Église figure encore dans bon nombre de nos manuels et grandes synthèses historiques. Il en va de même de celle de l’avènement de Pépin III à la royauté, élu par un ... [more ▼]

L’image de Charles Martel pilleur d’Église figure encore dans bon nombre de nos manuels et grandes synthèses historiques. Il en va de même de celle de l’avènement de Pépin III à la royauté, élu par un peuple franc unanime, sur un précepte du pape Zacharie, et oint par Boniface. Or, de multiples questions ont été soulevées, ces dernières années, de nouvelles orientations de recherche ont été suggérées, qui constituent un pressant appel à un nouvel examen de la crédibilité des sources principales de l'histoire du royaume franc. Selon toute vraisemblance, la conviction des Carolingiens de détenir leur pouvoir directement de Dieu ne remonte pas au-delà du changement de dynastie mais n’est pas née ex nihilo. Elle plonge ses racines dans les décennies qui précédèrent le coup d’État de 751. L’alliance franco-pontificale de 754 fut, de toute évidence, l’aboutissement d’une transformation progressive de l’attitude des Pippinides à l’égard de Rome, du sentiment religieux et de leur rapport au sacré. À la fois typologie de sources et florilège, ce volume entend donner un aperçu de l’ampleur et de la diversité du corpus de sources à ceux et celles qui souhaiteraient aborder ce pan de l’histoire politico-religieuse du haut Moyen Âge, en présentant vingt-six sources du VIIIe siècle – narratives, diplomatiques, épistolaires ou liturgiques – traduites et commentées, retenues pour leur caractère exemplatif. [less ▲]

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See detailFN et médias, les noces de perle: une révision des termes du contrat
Devresse, Jenifer ULg

in Colloque international "Populisme, démocratie et médias" (in press)

L’année 2012 marque un double anniversaire: 40 ans d’existence du Front National (FN) français, 30 ans d’existence médiatique. Cette communication tente de montrer en quoi la communication du FN paraît ... [more ▼]

L’année 2012 marque un double anniversaire: 40 ans d’existence du Front National (FN) français, 30 ans d’existence médiatique. Cette communication tente de montrer en quoi la communication du FN paraît particulièrement bien adaptée aux logiques médiatiques. Il s’agit de réévaluer le « contrat de mariage » FN/médias à la lumière des évolutions récentes qui ont affecté leurs relations depuis que Marine Le Pen a repris le flambeau, de manière à éclairer, plus généralement, les conditions médiatiques d’existence des partis dits « populistes ». J’évoquerai les mutations récentes de la communication du FN, sur le plan des discours et des relations avec les journalistes, avant d’aborder l’évolution concomitante du traitement médiatique de Marine Le Pen. À partir de là sera posée la question de la diffusion des idées frontistes dans l’espace médiatique, envisagée comme le produit d’une interaction entre les instances politique, médiatique et citoyenne – l’ « opinion publique » saisie par les sondages. Je tâcherai alors de faire le point sur les différentes logiques médiatiques qui tendent à valoriser le parti, avant de conclure par quelques considérations sur les défis que représentent pour les journalistes les métamorphoses actuelles du FN. [less ▲]

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See detailAldebert et Clément. Deux évêques marginaux sacrifiés à la réforme de l’Église ?
Close, Florence ULg

in Depreux, Philippe (Ed.) Compétition et sacré au haut moyen âge : entre médiation et exclusion. Actes du colloque international tenu à Limoges du 2 au 4 juillet 2012 (in press)

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See detailÀ la recherche du commanditaire des fresques de Bois…
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Masson, Christophe ULg

in Peintures murales du XVe siècle dans la Principauté de Liége. Regards croisés sur la chapelle castrale de Ponthoz et l’église de Bois (in press)

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See detailSyntactic polygraphs - A formalism extending both constituency and dependency
Kahane, Sylvain; Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Proceedings of the 14th Meeting on Mathematics of Language (MOL 2015) (in press)

Syntactic analyses describe grouping operations that explain how words are combined to form utterances. The nature of these operations depends on the approach. In a constituency-based approach, grouping ... [more ▼]

Syntactic analyses describe grouping operations that explain how words are combined to form utterances. The nature of these operations depends on the approach. In a constituency-based approach, grouping operations are ordered, or stratified, part-whole relations. In a dependency-based approach, grouping operations identify a governor (or head), i.e. they are directed hierarchical relations between words. It is possible to convert a constituency tree into a dependency tree by dereifying the nodes, by identifying the governor and by removing the stratification of the part-whole relations. Polygraphs combine the two types of information into a single structure and are therefore a more powerful formalism. By relaxing constraints, polygraphs also allow to underspecify both kinds of information. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking Technology Assessment Accessible to New Players
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Fitzgerald, Ciara et al

in Klüver, Lars; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jorgensen, Marie-Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe. Expanding Capacities (in press)

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy ... [more ▼]

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy Systems- role and use of PTA’ and it was held in Liege in June 2012. The second summer school addressed the topic of ‘Ageing and Technology’, and was held in Cork in June 2014. We describe the rationale and format of the summer school in order to present a comprehensive account of how it was introduced TA, both its rational and its methods, to a new audience. We argue that as the responsible innovation agenda continues to gain traction among policy makers, societal actors and academics, education initiatives such as TA summer schools can have an important role to play in the future of the governance of science, technology and innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailUne épée pour saint Pierre ? Les princes français et le Grand Schisme d’Occident
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (in press), CXX(III-IV),

Afin d’assurer le succès des idées premières – prétentions territoriales ou guerre sainte – qui ne pouvait passer que par des entreprises militaires de grande ampleur, on les légitima par une autre série ... [more ▼]

Afin d’assurer le succès des idées premières – prétentions territoriales ou guerre sainte – qui ne pouvait passer que par des entreprises militaires de grande ampleur, on les légitima par une autre série d’idées, plus à même de mobiliser les énergies, et donc les armes. La défense du pape d’Avignon fut l’occasion pour Louis Ier, Louis II – dans une moindre mesure – et Louis Ier d’Orléans de financer leurs troupes à destination de Naples, pour les deux premiers, de Milan, pour le dernier. De la même manière, dans le cas de Boucicaut et de sa lutte contre les Infidèles, il fallait prendre la place de lieutenant du roi à Gênes pour, ensuite, profiter des ressources militaires, en l’occurrence maritimes, de la toujours riche république marchande. Aussi, pour répondre à la question que pose cet ouvrage, on peut affirmer qu’idées et armes furent interdépendantes lors de ces conflits ayant comme point de mire la foi, une foi qui s’effaça très souvent derrière les ambitions seigneuriales des protagonistes [less ▲]

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See detailEmployee Emotional Competence: Construct Conceptualization and Validation of a Customer-Based Measure
Delcourt, Cécile ULg; Gremler, Dwayne; van Riel, Allard et al

in Journal of Service Research (in press)

Customers often experience intense emotions during service encounters. Their perceptions of how well contact employees demonstrate emotional competence in emotionally charged service encounters can affect ... [more ▼]

Customers often experience intense emotions during service encounters. Their perceptions of how well contact employees demonstrate emotional competence in emotionally charged service encounters can affect their service evaluations and loyalty intentions. Previous studies examining employees’ potential to behave in emotionally competent ways (i.e., employee emotional intelligence [EEI]) have used self- or supervisor-reported scales to predict customer outcomes, presenting EEI as stable and independent of the context. However, service firms should be more concerned with the actual display of emotionally competent behaviors by employees (employee emotional competence [EEC]), because employee behaviors vary across encounters. Moreover, a customer perspective of EEC is useful as customer perceptions of employee performance are crucial predictors of satisfaction and loyalty. Therefore, this study proposes a conceptualization and operationalization of EEC in a service encounter context. On the basis of a comprehensive literature review and in-depth interviews, the authors develop a scale to capture customer-perceived EEC, defined as an employee’s competence in perceiving, understanding, and regulating customer emotions during a discrete service encounter. The scale achieves good reliability and validity. Researchers can use it to explore the role of EEC in service contexts; managers can employ the scale to diagnose EEC and improve customers’ service encounter experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailSteel hollow columns with an internal profile filled with self-compacting concrete under fire conditions
Chu, Thi Binh; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Romanian Academy. Series A, Mathematics, Physics, Technical Sciences, Information Science (in press)

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal ... [more ▼]

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal reinforcement consists of another profile (tube or H section) being embedded with the concrete, and filling is realized by self-compacting concrete (SCC). Ten columns filled with self-compacting concrete embedding another steel profile have been tested in the Fire Testing Laboratory of the University of Liege, Belgium. Numerical simulations on the thermal and structural behavior of these elements have been made using the non linear finite element software SAFIR developed at the University of Liege. There is a rather good agreement between numerical and experimental results, which can be slightly improved by using the ETC (Explicit Transient Creep) model incorporated in SAFIR. This shows that numerical analyses can predict well the behavior of CFSHS columns under fire conditions. The properties at high temperatures of self-compacting concrete are considered the same as those of ordinary concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailWauthier de Corswarem, un commanditaire qui se laisse peu approcher par l'histoire…
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Masson, Christophe ULg

in Peintures murales du XVe siècle dans la Principauté de Liége. Regards croisés sur la chapelle castrale de Ponthoz et l’église de Bois (in press)

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See detailShallow water facies setting around the Kačák Event – a multidisciplinary approach
Konighsof; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Suttner et al

in Special Publication - Geological Society of London (in press)

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See detailAn atomistic view of DNA dynamics and its interaction with small binders: insights from Molecular Dynamics and Principal Component Analysis
Fresch, Barbara ULg; Remacle, Françoise ULg

in Joachim, Christian (Ed.) Advances in Atom and Single Molecule Machines (in press)

DNA oligomers are promising building blocks for the development of bottom-up nano-devices and molecular logic machines. To control and exploit their unique capabilities of self-assembling and molecular ... [more ▼]

DNA oligomers are promising building blocks for the development of bottom-up nano-devices and molecular logic machines. To control and exploit their unique capabilities of self-assembling and molecular recognition a deep understanding of their dynamical properties is essential. We theoretically investigate the dynamics of a DNA dodecamer and its complexes with two common ligands, Hoechst33258 and the ethidium cation, by means of classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). We study the structural relation between the flexibility of the double helix and the binding process. The dynamics of a terminal base pair unbinding is also analysed as an example of process that involves multiple energy minima in the underlying free energy landscape. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilisations contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso : quelles prises en compte de la dimension genre ?
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

in Etre fille ou garçon : regards croisés sur l’enfance et le genre au Nord et au Sud (in press)

La lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso a resurgi dans la scène publique ces dix dernières années avec un engouement sans précédent aussi bien de la part des acteurs étatiques, des ONG que ... [more ▼]

La lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso a resurgi dans la scène publique ces dix dernières années avec un engouement sans précédent aussi bien de la part des acteurs étatiques, des ONG que des organismes onusiens. Ce chapitre traite, dans une double perspective sociologique et anthropologique, de la dimension « genre » de cette lutte et cherche à voir dans quelle mesure celle-ci est prise en compte (ou non) dans les pratiques concrètes de retrait d’enfants des travaux considérés comme dangereux. Peut-on parler de politiques et de programmes « genrés » dans le champ de la lutte contre le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso ? Le chapitre est structuré en trois parties. Il présente d’abord les éléments caractéristiques de l’approche genre dans la lutte contre le travail des enfants. Ensuite, il aborde les politiques et les acteurs de cette lutte au Burkina Faso, en décrivant les processus de problématisation et publicisation de la question. Enfin, il traite du cas spécifique d’un projet triennal de retrait d’enfants des mines artisanales des régions du Nord et du Sahel burkinabè pour questionner la prise en compte du genre, des obstacles sociaux, culturels et d’autres contraintes possibles à l’égalité fille-garçon dans cette intervention. Il questionne par ailleurs la part des acteurs de terrain dans la (re)production des normes et des rôles sexués. Les données sont issues de quatre années de recherche menée au Burkina Faso entre 2008 et 2011, auprès d’acteurs engagés dans la production des politiques de lutte et/ou engagés dans la lutte concrète, mais également avec des enfants, parents et employeurs. [less ▲]

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See detailChildren’s perspectives on their working lives and on public action against child labour in Burkina Faso
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

in Children’s well-being and work in sub-Saharan Africa (in press)

The majority of children in Burkina Faso undertake work and, compared to other West African countries, it has the highest rate of children involved in hazardous work (Diallo 2008; NISD 2008), which is one ... [more ▼]

The majority of children in Burkina Faso undertake work and, compared to other West African countries, it has the highest rate of children involved in hazardous work (Diallo 2008; NISD 2008), which is one working child out of two. Based on a qualitative survey, this chapter presents the perspectives of Burkinabe children working in two of the hazardous sectors: a quarry and an artisanal mine. The findings show that children acknowledge very difficult working conditions in these sites. However a variety of reasons maintain them in work, which they perceive as a solution and thus challenging action against child labour in Burkina Faso. [less ▲]

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See detailA new formulation of state estimation in distribution systems including demand and generation states
Rousseaux, Patricia ULg; Toubeau, Jean-François; De Grève, Zacharie et al

in proceeedings of the 2015 Power Tech conference (in press)

Distribution system state estimation faces a major difficulty: the lack of real-time measurements. This imposes to add information, usually pseudo-measurements from historical data. This paper proposes a ... [more ▼]

Distribution system state estimation faces a major difficulty: the lack of real-time measurements. This imposes to add information, usually pseudo-measurements from historical data. This paper proposes a different, novel formulation of state estimation relying on the classification of loads into components (e.g. residential, commercial, etc.) and accounting for dispersed generation. The approach “by-passes” the use of pseudo-measurements by expressing the medium-voltage bus injections as functions of a small number of active power components at low-voltage level, treated as additional state variables. The injections at medium-voltage buses become equality constraints. A procedure to identify the above functions is detailed, which takes advantage of data collected by smart meters. [less ▲]

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See detailHow does polytheism work?
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg; Pironti, Gabriella

in Eidinow, Esther; Kindt, Julia (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (in press)

Trying to describe polytheism is a difficult enterprise because the whole system can be seen as a complex structure, each element of which (a deity with its proper name) is both itself a complex set of ... [more ▼]

Trying to describe polytheism is a difficult enterprise because the whole system can be seen as a complex structure, each element of which (a deity with its proper name) is both itself a complex set of prerogatives, and at the same time, must be considered in concert with the other elements. After a brief historiographical overview, this paper focuses on the first aspect by using the notion of ‘network’ as a metaphor to refer to the complexity of the ancient Greek gods. It provides two case studies, of the Moirai and the goddess Hera. The paper concludes that polytheism can be described if one conceptualises the complexity of the gods—their unity and diversity—together at every level (Panhellenic and local, cult and myths, and so on). [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de IKENBERRY (G. John) : Power, Order, and Change in World Politics
Wintgens, Sophie ULg

in Revue Française de Science Politique (in press), 65(3),

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