Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the Vedic Yajamâna-
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Acts of the 6th Vedic Workshop (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpecialist plant species harbour higher reproductive performances in recently restored calcareous grasslands than in reference habitats
Harzé, Mélanie ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Bizoux, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Plant Ecology and Evolution (in press)

Background and aims_Calcareous grasslands are local biodiversity hotspots in temperate regions that suffered intensive fragmentation. Ecological restoration projects took place all over Europe. Their ... [more ▼]

Background and aims_Calcareous grasslands are local biodiversity hotspots in temperate regions that suffered intensive fragmentation. Ecological restoration projects took place all over Europe. Their success has traditionally been assessed using a plant community approach. However, population ecology can also be useful to assess restoration success and to understand underlying mechanisms. Methods_We took advantage of three calcareous grassland sites in Southern Belgium, where reference parcels coexist with parcels restored in the late twentieth century and with more recently restored parcels. We evaluated the colonization stage of three specialist species (Sanguisorba minor, Potentilla neumanniana and Hippocrepis comosa) using occurrence data. We also measured the reproductive traits of 120 individuals per species and compared components of fitness between recent restorations, old restorations and reference habitats. Key results_We found that the occurrence of H. comosa was similar in the different restoration classes, whereas both P. neumanniana and S. minor occurrences decreased from reference grasslands to recent restorations. In contrast, these two latter species exhibited a much higher reproductive output in recent restorations, thanks to an increased production of flowers and seeds. Conclusions_Our results suggest that, during colonization of recently restored calcareous grasslands, favourable environmental conditions, low competition and sufficient genetic mixing may lead to an increased fitness of individuals and a faster population growth than in the reference habitat. These results demonstrate how population processes can increase ecological resilience and highlight the interest of a population-based approach to assess the success of ecological restoration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDesign and modelisation of a straylight facility for space optical instrument
Mazy, Emmanuel ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg; Hellin, Marie-Laure ULg

in SPIE (Ed.) 2012 Optical system Design (in press)

In the framework of instrument calibration, straylight issues are a critical aspect that can deteriorate the optical performances of instrument. To cope with this, a new facility is designed dedicated for ... [more ▼]

In the framework of instrument calibration, straylight issues are a critical aspect that can deteriorate the optical performances of instrument. To cope with this, a new facility is designed dedicated for in-field and far field straylight characterization: up to 10-8 for in-field and up to 10-10 for far field straylight in the visible to NIR spectral ranges. Moreover, from previous straylight test performed at CSL, vacuum conditions are needed for reaching the 10-10 rejection requirement mainly to avoid air/dust diffusion. The major constrains are to design a straylight facility either for in-field and out-field straylight measurements. That requires high dynamic range at source level and a high radiance point source allowing small diverging collimated beam. Moreover, the straylight facility has to be implemented into a limited envelope and has to be built with vacuum compatible materials and black coating. As checking the facility performance requires an instrument better than the facility itself, that is no easy to find, so that the performances have been estimated through a modelisation into a non sequential optical software. This modelisation is based on CAD importation of mechanical design, on BRDF characteristics of black coating and on statistical averaging of ray tracing at instrument entrance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiscrimination of deciduous tree species from time series of unmanned aerial system imagery
Lisein, Jonathan ULg; Michez, Adrien ULg; Claessens, Hugues ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

Technology advances can revolutionize Precision Forestry by providing accurate and fine forest information at tree level. This paper addresses the question of how and particularly when Unmanned Aerial ... [more ▼]

Technology advances can revolutionize Precision Forestry by providing accurate and fine forest information at tree level. This paper addresses the question of how and particularly when Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) should be used in order to efficiently discriminate deciduous tree species. A time series of high resolution UAS imagery was collected to cover the growing season from leaf flush to leaf fall. Full benefit was taken of the temporal resolution of UAS acquisition, one of the most promising features of small drones. The disparity in forest tree phenology is at the maximum during early spring and late autumn. But the phenology state that optimized the classification result is the one that minimizes the spectral variation within tree species groups and, at the same time, maximizes the phenologic differences between species. Sunlit tree crowns (5 deciduous species groups) were classified using a Random Forest approach for monotemporal, two-date and three-date combinations. The end of leaf flushing was the most efficient single-date time window. Multitemporal datasets definitely improve the overall classification accuracy. But single-date high resolution orthophotomosaics, acquired on optimal time-windows, result in a very good classification accuracy (overall out of bag error of 16%). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe relief de Neumagen et les bibliothèques antiques
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario; De Nonno, Mario (Eds.) Scritti in memoria di Paolo Radiciotti (in press)

Mise en contexte du relief de Neumagen aujourd'hui disparu représentant une bibliothèque avec des rouleaux de papyrus et recherches sur les circonstances de la publication, à Liège, en 1670, par l ... [more ▼]

Mise en contexte du relief de Neumagen aujourd'hui disparu représentant une bibliothèque avec des rouleaux de papyrus et recherches sur les circonstances de la publication, à Liège, en 1670, par l'imprimeur Jean Matthias Hovius, des Antiquitatum et Annalium Trevirensium libri XXV de Ch. Brouwer et J. Masen contenant la gravure de ce relief. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe débat sur la véritable nature du corail
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Actes du IXe Congrès de l’Association des Cercles francophones d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de Belgique (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDébats européens sur les formes de la vie marine au Siècle des Lumières
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Jullien, Vincent; Nicolaidis, Efthymios; Skordoulis, Kostas (Eds.) Europe et sciences modernes, histoire d’un engendrement mutuel (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detail« Le rôle des facilitateurs dans la diffusion de normes d’emploi : le cas d’un bureau de chômage belge ».
Beuker, Laura ULg; Orianne, Jean-François ULg

in Meilland, Christelle; Sarfati, François (Eds.) Accompagner vers l'emploi. Quand les dispositifs se mettent en action (in press)

En 2004 a eu lieu une importante réforme concernant la politique d’activation en Belgique : le Plan d’accompagnement des chômeurs (PAC) qui prévoit le renforcement de l’accompagnement des chômeurs ... [more ▼]

En 2004 a eu lieu une importante réforme concernant la politique d’activation en Belgique : le Plan d’accompagnement des chômeurs (PAC) qui prévoit le renforcement de l’accompagnement des chômeurs, effectué par les Services publics de l’emploi (SPE), la mise en place de la procédure d’activation du comportement de recherche d’emploi, effectuée par l’Office national de l’emploi (Onem), ainsi que l’échange systématique de données entre les SPE régionaux et le Fédéral. Désormais, des agents, dénommés facilitateurs, sont spécifiquement chargés de l’évaluation du comportement de recherche d’emploi des chômeurs. Lors des entretiens d’évaluation, l’indemnisation des chômeurs est en jeu. Si la procédure d’évaluation est clairement définie par un cadre règlementaire, la décision, quant à elle, résulte d’un travail d’interprétation qu’effectue l’agent en situation de face à face avec le demandeur d’emploi (DE). Nous tenterons de décrire l’activité de jugement des facilitateurs et montrerons que la décision de ces derniers n’est ni totalement arbitraire, ni totalement déterminée par la réglementation : elle résulte de l’interaction avec le chômeur et de la mobilisation d’une multitude d’appuis conventionnels de l’action (Dodier, 1993). Nous montrerons que ces agents sont aussi des « pourvoyeurs » de normes institutionnelles (Benarrosh, 2006). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'éveil de la matrix-gla-protéine sonnera le glas des calcifications vasculaires
DELANAYE, Pierre ULg; Liabeuf, Sophie; BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULg et al

in Néphrologie & Thérapeutique (in press)

La matrix-gla-protéine (MGP) est principalement sécrétée par les chondrocytes et les cellules musculaires lisses des parois vasculaires. Son rôle est d’inhiber localement le développement des ... [more ▼]

La matrix-gla-protéine (MGP) est principalement sécrétée par les chondrocytes et les cellules musculaires lisses des parois vasculaires. Son rôle est d’inhiber localement le développement des calcifications vasculaires. MGP doit bénéficier de deux processus post-transcriptionnels avant d’être pleinement active : une phosphorylation de résidus sérine et une carboxylation de résidus glutamate. Cette carboxylation ne peut se faire qu’en présence de quantité suffisante de vitamine K. Plusieurs formes de MGP circulent donc dans le plasma, certaines étant totalement inactives (la MGP déphosphorylée et décarboxylée), d’autres possédant une activité biologique variable en fonction du nombre de sites carboxylés ou phosphorylés. Il existe un lien théorique étroit entre MGP, vitamine K, calcifications vasculaires et maladies cardiovasculaires et ce, particulièrement chez les patients souffrant d’insuffisance rénale chronique, a fortiori s’ils sont dialysés. Si l’existence de ce lien a été démontrée via de nombreuses et solides données fondamentales, les données cliniques restent, à ce jour, observationnelles et doivent donc être interprétées avec prudence. Mesurer une fraction de MGP dans le plasma pour estimer le degré de calcification d’un patient donné n’est pas encore d’actualité . La forme inactive pourrait être utile pour juger des réserves en vitamine K au niveau vasculaire. Dans cet article de revue, nous reviendrons sur les bases théoriques du rôle de MGP dans le processus de calcification vasculaire, sur le défi analytique que représente sa détermination dans le plasma, ainsi que sur les liens entre MGP, vitamine K et calcifications vasculaires en population géne´ rale et chez les patients insuffisants rénaux. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConcentration, Activity and Biochemical Characterization of Myeloperoxidase in Fresh and Post-thaw equine semen and their Implication on Freezability
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (in press)

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme associated with decreased motility in thawed equine semen. This study aimed to describe MPO concentration, activity and subunits in raw and thawed semen and ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme associated with decreased motility in thawed equine semen. This study aimed to describe MPO concentration, activity and subunits in raw and thawed semen and to correlate these data with motilities in raw and thawed semen. Semen samples from five stallions were collected four times. Motilities were assessed in raw and thawed semen. MPO assays were performed in raw seminal plasma, raw sperm-rich pellet and thawed semen. Total and active MPO concentrations were, respectively, assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and specific immunological extraction followed by enzymatic detection. MPO subunits present in semen were characterized by Western 3 blot. Purified active MPO was added in PBS and freezing extender to control its activity during freezing procedure. Differences between medians were determined using Kruskal– Wallis test, and correlations were determined using Spearman’s test for nonparametric data. Active MPO concentration was low in seminal plasma and thawed semen, but high in pellet (p = 0.0058), as the opposite relation was observed for total MPO concentration (p < 0.0001). In seminal plasma and post- thaw semen, inactive 86-kDa MPO precursor was mainly observed. Purified MPO activity was decreased in the extender (p = 0.0286). MPO activity in pellet was highly correlated with thawed progressive motility (r = 􏰑0.5576, p = 0.0086). Inac- tive MPO precursor and unknown low molecular weight inactive MPO precursor subunits explain low MPO activity in semen. Major MPO activity was observed in pellet, and post- thaw loss of activity is partially explained by MPO inactiva- tion in extender. Thawed semen motility was negatively correlated with MPO activity in pellet, becoming a potential freezability predictor. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (30 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe développement de la compétence scripturale en FLS/FLE à l'université à l'aide des TIC : perceptions, pratiques et pistes d'exploitation
Dezutter, Olivier; Bleys, Françoise; Poirier, Vicky et al

in Les Centres de langues et la mise en œuvre des politiques linguistiques dans l’enseignement supérieur : Enseignement – Recherche - Mobilités (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMetabolic profile of mixed culture acidogenic fermentation of lignocellulosic residues and the effect of upstream substrate fractionation by steam explosion
Perimenis, Anastasios; van Aarle, Ingrid; Nicolay, Thomas et al

in Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (in press)

Lignocellulosic biomass residues have attracted attention for the sustainable production of molecules for material and energetic use through biochemical conversion. Their recalcitrant structure prevents a ... [more ▼]

Lignocellulosic biomass residues have attracted attention for the sustainable production of molecules for material and energetic use through biochemical conversion. Their recalcitrant structure prevents a broader use and asks for the development of sustainable techniques that can efficiently separate, recover and valorize the constituting components. In a cascading concept, residual streams of such processes can be further exploited in an attempt to valorize the largest possible fraction of the initial material. Three lignocellulosic substrates, namely dried sugar beet pulp, wheat bran and miscanthus straw, were upstream fractionated by steam explosion to extract the hemicellulose fraction. This study evaluated the valorization of the residual solid fraction through mixed acidogenic fermentation for the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) as platform chemicals. Batch experiments have been conducted for the reference material (non-treated) and the solid fraction remaining after steam explosion, with and without the addition of an external mixed inoculum. Steam explosion residues contained less hemicellulose than the initial materials. The difference in the fermentation profile between steam explosion residues and non-treated substrates is dependent on the substrate. Maximum total VFA (tVFA) concentration was 18.8 gCOD/kgmixed_liquor, and maximum yield of chemical oxygen demand (COD) conversion into tVFAwas 33 % for the case of non-treated inoculated beet pulp. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailProcédures d'attribution
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

in Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence (Ed.) La nouvelle directive "secteurs classiques" sur les marchés publics (in press)

Analyse de la directive 2014/24/UE

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSalsa au LASLA : lemmatisation et exploitation statistique de la Passio sanctae Salsae
Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg

in Autour de la Passion de sainte Salsa : Spécificité et originalité de l’hagiographie latine africaine (IVe-Ve siècles) (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailChapter 2: Islamic Food Practices in a Migration Context: an Ethnography among Moroccan Women in Milan (Italy)
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Toguslu, Erkan (Ed.) Everyday Life Practices of Muslims in Europe (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
See detailStudio Alchimia
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Atkinson, Harriett; Edwards, Clive; Kettley, Sarah (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Design (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailZanuso, Marco
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Atkinson, Harriet; Edwards, Clive; Kettley, Sarah (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Design (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailKomödie, Rührstück, unheimliche Erzählung. Einquartierungen in der Literatur des 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhunderts
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Genton, François; Nicklas, Thomas (Eds.) Soldats et civils. Échanges épistolaires et culturels au XVIIIe siècle (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
See detailGismondi, Ernesto
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Atkinson, Harriet; Edwards, Clive; Kettley, Sarah (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Design (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)