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See detailRegulating mobility, reshaping accessibility: Nollywood and the piracy scapegoat
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULg

in Röschenthaler, Ute (Ed.) Staging the Immaterial: Rights, Style and Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa (in press)

The video industry in Nigeria has developed within a widely informal economic environment in which the illicit reproduction and circulation of goods were the rule rather than the exception. The ... [more ▼]

The video industry in Nigeria has developed within a widely informal economic environment in which the illicit reproduction and circulation of goods were the rule rather than the exception. The informality of circulation has played a particularly influential role in both the history of the video industry and the genesis of the present crisis. While, on the one hand, it has made videos available all over the African continent and within the diaspora, creating the basis for Nollywood’s international success, it has, on the other hand, weakened the industry’s economy, exposing it to consecutive cycles of saturation and collapse. For this reason, the production crisis that emerged over the past few years has catalyzed numerous controversies concerning the structure of the video economy and the rules that regulate it. The informality on which the video economy has been based since its inception is today often considered a threat to the survival of the industry itself. While the industry has achieved global recognition, the economic fragility of its success has provoked growing anxiety. This anxiety has been progressively concentrated, by both media and video entrepreneurs, on issues of piracy and copyright protection. The aim of this chapter is to investigate the causes of this anxiety and the role that piracy and transformations in copyright legislation have had in catalysing it, while shaping the economy of the industry. Throughout this chapter I will argue that when the uncontrolled circulation of goods begins to undermine the economic basis of the industry that produces them, the rhetoric of piracy is mobilized to ensure the accessibility to the economy of both the production and the distribution of the goods themselves. This allows some of the entrepreneurs involved in the production process to gain exclusive control over it and the capital it generates. Within the Nigerian context, the rhetorical construction of piracy and the legal and economic consequences of this construction are the result of specific conflicts among different segments of the Nigerian video industry and, more precisely, different models of economic entrepreneurship. As the history of the Nigerian video phenomenon shows, a loose copyright regime seems to have positive consequences for the emergence and early development of a creative industry, although, once the industry seeks to attain higher levels of profitability, it tends to become problematic, and the rhetoric of piracy can become a tool to orient processes of restructuration of the cultural industry’s economy. In relation to this dynamic, I analyse the way in which the normative orders that regulate the reproduction and circulation of images and contents developed within the Nigerian context, and I discuss how their introduction and implementation progressively shaped people’s perception of legal and illegal practices in the field of local cultural production. [less ▲]

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See detailLes recherches sur la médecine dans l’Égypte gréco-romaine au CEDOPAL (2) : l’Anonyme de Londres et les papyrus documentaires grecs de médecine
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (in press)

The present paper proposes an account of my research on human and veterinary medicine in Graeco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt, undertaken since 2008 at the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège. This research ... [more ▼]

The present paper proposes an account of my research on human and veterinary medicine in Graeco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt, undertaken since 2008 at the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège. This research focuses on literary papyri, particularly on the Anonymus Londiniensis (Hermopolis?, 2d half of the Ist century A.D.), the longest known Greek medical papyrus, as well as on documentary fragments, far more numerous than their literary counterparts, of which several categories have been studied in my PhD dissertation defended in Liège in March 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailPreoperative Adherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure among Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients
Deflandre; Degey, S; BONHOMME, Vincent ULg et al

in Minerva Anestesiologica (in press)

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See detailBesides Decorum: Notes on Formality
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Dorn, Andreas (Ed.) Filtering Decorum – Facing Reality (in press)

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See detailWriting productive traditions: the emergence of the monumental Triumph Scene at Thebes
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Gillen, Todd Jonathan (Ed.) (Re)productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt (in press)

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See detailIntroduction: (Re)productive Traditions, Cultural Transmission and Egyptology
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Gillen, Todd Jonathan (Ed.) (Re)productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt (in press)

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See detailImmobile and Trapped Populations
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg; Perrin, Nathalie ULg

in Gemenne, François; Ionesco, Dina; Mokhnacheva, Daria (Eds.) The Atlas of Environmental Migration (in press)

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See detailLes structures frontalières de renseignement : le modèle français exportable ?
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in Arboit Gérald (Ed.) Renseignement et avant-guerre de 1914 en Grande Région (titre provisoire) (in press)

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See detailFranz Brentano, "Mes derniers voeux pour l'Autriche"
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Fisette, Denis (Ed.) Franz Brentano. Articles et conférences (titre provisoire) (in press)

Traduction de trois articles publiés par Franz Brentano à l'occasion de son départ d'Autriche en 1895. Dans le premier, Brentano expose les circonstances dans lesquelles il a été nommé à l'Université de ... [more ▼]

Traduction de trois articles publiés par Franz Brentano à l'occasion de son départ d'Autriche en 1895. Dans le premier, Brentano expose les circonstances dans lesquelles il a été nommé à l'Université de Vienne en 1874 et a ensuite été contraint de renoncer à son titre de Professeur. Dans le deuxième, il dénonce un sophisme dans l'interprétation du droit civil autrichien par Rittner. Dans le troisième, enfin, il réclame la fondation d'un laboratoire de psychologie à la Faculté de philosophie de l'Université de Vienne et explique les raisons pour lesquelles un tel laboratoire est une condition indispensable pour l'édification d'une philosophie scientifique. [less ▲]

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See detailParadoxon ! Perception de la puissance divine et du pouvoir royal dans l’Alexandrie des Ptolémées.
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Mythos. Rivista di Storia delle Religioni (in press), 8

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of ... [more ▼]

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of the relation between royal and divine power. Among these trends, focus is on the rhetorical and spectacular dimension of wonder. The strategies of wonder-making are first studied in theory through paradoxography, then the categories of grandeur, exoticism and technical excellence are identified in action in Alexandrian religious life and festivals. Master of an empire with universal claims and collector of everything that is beautiful, rare and precious in the world, the king distances himself from his subjects in order to make his superior status explicit. Distance is, however, only the premise for the king to manifest himself to the great public through epiphanies that can be compared with those of divine power. The paper also discusses the way the conformism of court elites not only satisfied their own need to claim for distinguished social status, but also helped royal message spread and caused loyalty to it. [less ▲]

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See detailThe persea tree from Alexander to Late Antiquity: A contribution to the cultural and social history of Greco-Roman Egypt
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Ancient Society (in press), 45

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of ... [more ▼]

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of research from the hitherto dominant interest in ancient and modern botanical classifications to the study of the socio-cultural contexts (and their diachronic changes) in which sacred trees were used in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt. The analysis focuses on the case study of the tree called περσ(ε)ία / persea in Greek and Latin sources. After drawing attention to the non-complete overlap between the denomination adopted by Greek and Latin authors for this Egyptian sacred plant and its “emic” Hieroglyphic / Demotic correspondents, ἰšd and šw3b, the focus will be on patterns of continuity, innovation and re-contextualization of Egyptian religious traditions in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt and on the social actors and contexts that were involved in the use and protection of sacred plants. When approached from this perspective, the evidence on persea provides a fruitful dossier to investigate some aspects of the dialectic between continuity and transformation in cultural traditions, with particular regard to cases where traditions were adapted beyond cultural and ethnic limits. Moreover, the persea dossier enables us to discuss ancient contexts in which, for religious reasons, nature was seen as worth of being protected and preserved against the risk of extinction. This will allow us to raise some preliminary questions concerning the limits of applicability of modern environmental thinking to ancient cultures, in contexts in which the preservation of vegetal species was seen as an important value for the identity of a community, thus requiring individual and institutional commitment. [less ▲]

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See detailIgnorance et maîtrise de la bête. Lefort critique de l'éducation "humaniste".
Mancuso, Eva ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailGenotype contribution to the chemical composition of banana rachis and implications for thermo/biochemical conversion
Tiappi Deumaga, Mathias Florian; Happi Emaga, Thomas; Tchokouassom, Raphael et al

in Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (in press)

Chemical composition of banana rachis from three varieties (Grande naine, Pelipita, and CRBP969) was ana- lyzed, and the genotype contribution to composition variabil- ity was investigated. Wet chemistry ... [more ▼]

Chemical composition of banana rachis from three varieties (Grande naine, Pelipita, and CRBP969) was ana- lyzed, and the genotype contribution to composition variabil- ity was investigated. Wet chemistry and instrumental analysis procedures (X-ray diffraction, 31P NMR spectroscopy, and thermogravimetry) were used. Some significant differences were found among the three genotypes: GN-AAA genotype was found to be significantly the highest in ash fraction (30.16 %) and the lowest in acid insoluble lignin (6.58 %) at 95 % confidence level. It showed also the highest content in potassium (43.5 % in ash). Implication of compositional dif- ferences on valorization efficiency by biochemical or thermo- chemical pathways was investigated. For this purpose, corre- lation coefficients between compositional characteristics and yields in volatile compounds from pyrolysis and glucose yields from enzymatic saccharification were analyzed. Ash content was revealed to be the main drawback parameter for volatile yields from pyrolysis (r = −0.93), while for glucose yields during saccharification were limited mainly by the con- tent in guaiacyl units of the lignin fraction (r = −0.98). How- ever, a strong and positive correlation was established be- tween the volatiles yield and the acid insoluble lignin content (r = 0.98) Thus, according to these observations and based on their compositional significant differences, GN-AAA was the better candidate for bioconversion pathway while PPT-ABB and CRBP969-AAAB samples were shown to be better can- didates for thermochemical conversion pathway. This work gives important preliminary information for considering ba- nana rachis as an interesting feedstock candidate for biorefinery. [less ▲]

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See detailLes détournements de jeux vidéo par les joueurs : une incarnation du play
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

in RESET - Recherches en Sciences Sociales sur Internet (in press), (4),

Cet article a pour objectif d’analyser conjointement quatre pratiques de détournement du jeu vidéo par les joueurs (la rédaction de fanfictions, la réalisation de machinimas, le modding, et le speedrun ... [more ▼]

Cet article a pour objectif d’analyser conjointement quatre pratiques de détournement du jeu vidéo par les joueurs (la rédaction de fanfictions, la réalisation de machinimas, le modding, et le speedrun) en les envisageant comme des prolongements de l’expérience ludique. La forme des œuvres dérivées ainsi que les discours des joueurs qui les produisent seront étudiés parallèlement dans le but de mettre au jour en quoi ces pratiques renouvellent la conception même du jeu et lui ouvrent de nouveaux espaces. Ce travail se veut donc dans la lignée des play studies définies par Triclot (2011), qui envisagent le jeu vidéo non comme une forme figée mais comme une expérience. Précisément, trois points de passage assurant une continuité entre le jeu et ses réappropriations seront ici envisagés. Tout d’abord, la pratique du jeu vidéo et celle du détournement seront rapprochées en tant qu’elles se définissent toutes deux comme des performances (à la fois d’un point de vue technique et d’un point de vue interprétatif). Ensuite, nous envisagerons (notamment à l’aide du concept d’« affordance ») les différents moyens par lesquels les réappropriations peuvent – mimant le jeu – inciter leur récepteur à adopter une attitude ludique. Enfin, les recoupements entre la posture du joueur et celle du créateur de détournements suggèrent l’inclusion de ces pratiques de création dans un « play » généralisé. [less ▲]

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See detailLevallois et Gravettien
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Praehistoria (in press)

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein ... [more ▼]

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein du Gravettien touchent autant les processus de symbolisation dans l’art et les sépultures. Elles affectent différents substrats eurasiatiques, plutôt septentrionaux, comme mis en réserve dès les Néandertaliens. [less ▲]

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See detailCultural Marxism in the Anglo-Saxon radical right literature
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Jackson, Paul (Ed.) The Postwar Anglo-American Far Right: A Special Relationship of Hate (in press)

This chapter will analyze the place of the threat alleged of Cultural Marxism in the discourse of the radical and extreme right, in the United States as well as in continental Europe and the United ... [more ▼]

This chapter will analyze the place of the threat alleged of Cultural Marxism in the discourse of the radical and extreme right, in the United States as well as in continental Europe and the United Kingdom. The underlying aim of this chapter is to examine the determinant role that this ‘threat’ plays in the Anglo Saxon extreme right, in particular at the intellectual, ideological and doctrinal levels, in comparison to other countries. Certainly if the Netherlands, France or other countries have parties or political groups which borrow the rhetoric of ‘fighting’ against Cultural Marxism, or its more nebulous variant, ‘political correctness’, it certainly finds its origins in the United States, and more broadly the Anglo-Saxon world. To achieve this, the chapter will begin by unpicking the meanings behind the notion of Cultural Marxism, from its origins to its use in Anders Breivik’s manifesto released shortly before the Oslo and UtØya massacres. It will show that the term emerged from the literature of American ultraconservatives following the fall of the Berlin Wall as a consequence of the disappearance of the ‘red menace’ of Communism. Secondly, it will focus on two important moments in the development of the term. It will describe the phrase’s usage from the beginning of the 2000s within the discourse of Pat Buchanan, a political commentator and multiple U.S. presidential candidate. Then it will illustrate the re-emergence of the term some 10 years later, in the manifesto of Anders Breivik and in the subsequent justification of his acts throughout his trial. In both cases, we will see that Buchanan and Breivik emphasize the same basic theme, Cultural Marxism, in their denouncement of what they see as two different threats. Finally, from these explorations of the usage of the term, the discussion will examine other current uses of the notion of ‘Cultural Marxism’ in the British and American radical right. To conclude, it will show how the ‘Cultural Marxism’ threats are used by a variety of activists to argue for the defence of their political standpoints, setting this in a language of preserving freedom and democracy, but ultimately only within a framework designed to defend Judeo-Christian values. [less ▲]

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See detailSiting Controversies Analysis: Framework and Method for Questioning the Procedure
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Joris, Geoffrey ULg et al

in Journal of Risk Research (in press)

Siting controversies are commonplace, as well against the construction of roads, railways, nuclear waste disposals, as against windfarms. Local citizens resist against siting decisions taken by the ... [more ▼]

Siting controversies are commonplace, as well against the construction of roads, railways, nuclear waste disposals, as against windfarms. Local citizens resist against siting decisions taken by the authorities, following a dynamics often quoted as ‘Not In My Back Yard’. Yet contested for its lack of analytical value, NIMBY is still used strategically by actors to qualify citizens as irrational and egoistic. Beyond this labelling, many factors are investigated to understand the dynamics behind siting controversies. In this paper, we focus on the impact of the legal procedure structuring the implantation of windfarms in the Walloon Region (Belgium), and its translations within different decision making processes in specific case studies. To that regard, we consider the legal procedure as a ‘public policy instrument’. It is neither neutral nor natural, and carry values and interests. It organizes inter-personal relations between actors, and is potentially catalyzer of frustrations. In addition, this legal procedure is the object of translations within different contexts, including different actors participating to specific decision making processes. The empirical approach of this paper is based on case studies data and on the use of an innovative methodology called ‘Open Process Workshop’. This methodology consists in a structured workshop with key stakeholders, during which the legal procedure is questioned. Overall, we demonstrate that the focus on the legal procedure - and its translations within different decision making processes - allows systemic analysis providing deep understandings of controversies and reaffirming the interlinks between ‘the social’ and ‘the technical’ in such controversies. In addition, we argue that the methodology used fosters the production of innovative knowledge, mutual understanding and collective learning between the participants. [less ▲]

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See detailThe BNP and the FN. Between Islamophobia and the “defence” of democratic values
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Jackson, Paul (Ed.) The British Far Right in Transition: 1945 to Today (in press)

In this article Jérôme Jamin examines the ideological development of the British National Party (BNP) and the Front National (FN) since 9/11. He argues that if both parties have evolved towards discourses ... [more ▼]

In this article Jérôme Jamin examines the ideological development of the British National Party (BNP) and the Front National (FN) since 9/11. He argues that if both parties have evolved towards discourses more in line with democracy and liberal values, it can be explained by the opportunity the “threat” of Islam offered. After a reminder of the birth and the electoral evolution of the two parties, Jamin focuses on the perception and the definition of democracy as depicted in their manifestos and main public speeches. The study reveals an ethnic-styled perception of democracy at the BNP in opposition with a more civic perception at the FN, even if the analysis shows an ambiguity behind the use of the concept of “people” in the FN rhetoric mixing frequently “demos” and “ethnos”. The author confronts the combination of this new democratic rhetoric with the birth of Islam as a threat incompatible with “British democracy” in the United Kingdom and “Republican secularism” in France. In both parties, stereotypes of Islam are used to portray the BNP and the FN as defenders of a true and legitimate democracy and to a great extent, Jamin argues, “Islam” provided an unexpected opportunity to replace migrants, foreigners and Arabs with a new stereotype: the Muslim who threatens the separation between state and religion, equality between men and women, freedom of speech, and so on. Jamin concludes by emphasising that both parties required time to identify this new scapegoat. [less ▲]

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See detailFaire les courses au quotidien. L’approvisionnement alimentaire d’un groupe de migrantes marocaines en Italie en temps de crise
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Matagne, Geoffroy; Van Ingelgom, Virginie (Eds.) Actes du colloque Politiques de crise, crises du politique (in press)

La crise généralisée qui, depuis quelques années, a affaibli les économies de nombre d’états, a eu des conséquences sur la typologie des migrations internationales : les trajectoires, les projets, les ... [more ▼]

La crise généralisée qui, depuis quelques années, a affaibli les économies de nombre d’états, a eu des conséquences sur la typologie des migrations internationales : les trajectoires, les projets, les destinations, les départs se sont modifiés en fonction de nouveaux facteurs auxquels les individus et les groupes étaient confrontés . A côté de ces macro-dynamiques globales, la crise a également engendré des changements dans la vie quotidienne des migrants lorsqu’ils étaient déjà partis et qu’ils s’étaient déjà installés ailleurs. Dans ce cadre, ma contribution vise à analyser les pratiques d’approvisionnement alimentaire d’un groupe de migrantes marocaines en Italie mettant en place des stratégies pour faire face aux conséquences concrètes de la crise économique (notamment la diminution de leur pouvoir d’achat en conséquence de leur précarité professionnelle). Au travers de plusieurs déplacements dans la ville où elles habitaient et de la mobilisation des réseaux familiaux alimentant des circuits informels d’échange de biens, ces femmes satisfaisaient leurs différentes exigences – parmi lesquelles le désir de performer des préparations propres à leur mémoire incorporée – tout en répondant aux contraintes économiques déterminées par la crise. Je vais ainsi démontrer qu’en dépit des difficultés rencontrées, ces femmes arrivaient à exercer une agency dans le nouvel espace vécu et à se positionner de façon active au travers de leurs choix et conduites quotidiennes. [less ▲]

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