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See detailOrganisation du post-partum à la sortie- Besoins spéciaux- Suivi des enfants à risque
RIGO, Vincent ULg

in Barlow, P; Ceysens, G; EMONTS, Patrick (Eds.) et al Guide du post-partum (2016)

Bien que la majorité des enfants ne nécessitent qu’un suivi de médecine préventive classique, différentes situations imposent une attention particulière pour permettre un dépistage et une prise en charge ... [more ▼]

Bien que la majorité des enfants ne nécessitent qu’un suivi de médecine préventive classique, différentes situations imposent une attention particulière pour permettre un dépistage et une prise en charge précoce. La discussion qui précède ne peut évidement être complète, et a pour but de rappeler des conditions fréquentes ou exemplatives. La recherche et la transmission des informations pendant la grossesse favorise la planification et la mise en place du suivi dès avant la naissance. Une communication adéquate entre les équipes anténatales, néonatales, pédiatriques et de post-partum permet d’améliorer l’organisation et l’efficacité des soins. Pour les intervenants du post-partum, la connaissance des conditions qui requièrent une attention particulière permet aussi de rappeler et renforcer les étapes initiales de prise en charge auprès des parents. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Trade Sanctions related to Dual-Use Goods and Technologies
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Athens Journal of Law (2016), 2(4), 237-252

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations when the object of trade is constituted by strategic items, such as dual-use items, which may ... [more ▼]

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations when the object of trade is constituted by strategic items, such as dual-use items, which may have peaceful (civilian/commercial) or non peaceful/military applications. Trade of these categories of goods needs to be controlled, as they can provoke security concerns. Such control is pursued through control lists, licenses, authorizations to stakeholders of the supply chain, information- sharing and cooperation mechanisms, reports, records, declarations, screenings and sanctions as well. The paper aims at focusing on the issue of sanctions, in particular the ones established at the international level: these measures are provided for the violation of trade rules in reference to dual-use items, and/or sanctions have as an object this type of goods. The legal provisions established by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and at the United Nations level are analysed thereafter. Brief observations are offered as regards the EU framework of restrictive measures too. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary Care Physicians’ Action Plans for Answering to Results of Screening Test based on the Concept of Quaternary Prevention
Bae, Jong Myon; Jamoulle, Marc ULg

in Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health = Yebang Uihakhoe Chi (2016), 49(6), 343-348

Since non-communicable disease (NCD) should be controllable rather than curable, more emphasis is placed on prevention, rather than on treatment. For early detection of diseases, a primary care physician ... [more ▼]

Since non-communicable disease (NCD) should be controllable rather than curable, more emphasis is placed on prevention, rather than on treatment. For early detection of diseases, a primary care physician (PCP) as well as general practitioner and family physician should interpret screening results accurately and provide screenees with appropriate information of prevention and treatment including potential harms. The concept of quaternary prevention (QP), which was introduced by Jamoulle and Roland in 1995 was applied to screening results. This article summarizes situations that PCPs encounter during screening tests according to the concept of QP, and suggests measures to face such different situations. Suggestions for screening tests customized to the characteristics of individuals are substituting suggestions for screening based on guidelines. Since there are some circumstances that screening tests should not be done, further studies based on the concept of prevention level proposed by Jamoulle and Roland are required to draw various and useful prevention strategies to prevent NCDs, including cancers. Thus, applying the concept of QP helps PCPs have better insights on screening tests for preventing NCD and also contributes to improve doctor-patient relationship by helping screenees understand medical uncertainties. Key [less ▲]

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See detailOrganizaciones regionales y diversidad cultural: la diplomacia de la Unión Europea con el Mercosur entre la sombra de Hollywood y la acción intergubernamental
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in Cuadernos de Información y Comunicación (2016), 21

Abstract. The aim of the article is double: on the one hand, to explore the EU’s ability to conduct a foreign audiovisual policy towards the Mercosur region and to promote the norms of the Convention on ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The aim of the article is double: on the one hand, to explore the EU’s ability to conduct a foreign audiovisual policy towards the Mercosur region and to promote the norms of the Convention on diversity of cultural expressions; on the other hand, to analyze the impact of the EU audiovisual policy model on the development of the Mercosur audiovisual cooperation and to focus on the main forces shaping the Mercosur audiovisual landscape. The article seeks to emphasize why and how the EU pursues an audiovisual foreign policy towards the Mercosur region, for which purposes as well as to highlight the resistances. In this sense, it is more concerned with understanding how the EU’s audiovisual diplomacy interplays with other main factors, such as the governmental action, namely the EU and Mercosur members’ audiovisual diplomacy and the practices of private sector (Hollywood and big media conglomerates). [less ▲]

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See detailMerger incentives under yardstick competition: A theoretical model
Teusch, Jonas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailTransnational Ageing and the ‘Zero Generation’: The Role of Moroccan Migrants’ Parents in Care Circulation
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2016)

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the ... [more ▼]

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the parents of first-generation migrants (Nedelcu 2009), both as non-migrant counterparts to their children abroad and as ageing migrants themselves. Transnational caregiving research has demonstrated that for many migrants and their families care arrangements must be negotiated across national borders, yet the agency of transnational older adults has been largely neglected. Based on qualitative fieldwork conducted from 2011 to 2013 in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, the present article examines the circulation of care between Moroccan adult migrants and their ageing ascendants. This article exposes the duality of migrants’ ascendants as care givers and recipients, asserting firstly, that receiving care is not synonymous with passivity, and that, secondly, migrants’ ascendants are also the initiators of transnational practices. In both roles, this article underlines mobility as a strategy used by migrants’ parents to maintain family solidarity across national borders, but that this care mobility is limited by macro-level migration policies, here exemplified by the Belgian migration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailOceanBrowser: on-line visualization of gridded ocean data and in situ observations
Barth, Alexander ULg; Watelet, Sylvain ULg; Troupin, Charles et al

Conference (2016, October)

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See detailLes observateurs - 10/2016
Manfroid, Jean ULg; Ponsard, P. Dupont

Article for general public (2016)

À observer en octobre – Balletplanétaire dans le Scorpion - Le télescope Dobson – Nuits des étoiles 2016 - Les Dentelles du Cygne, filtres anti-pollution lumineuse

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See detailL’approche sémiotique de Charles Goodwin : langage visuel, énonciation et diagramme
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Tracés. Revue de Sciences Humaines (2016), 3(automne),

This text investigates the connexion between the work of Charles Goodwin and contemporary semiotics. I initially address the relations between verbal, visual, and gestural languages in semiotic terms by ... [more ▼]

This text investigates the connexion between the work of Charles Goodwin and contemporary semiotics. I initially address the relations between verbal, visual, and gestural languages in semiotic terms by exploring the Goodwin’s notational system (transcription of exchanges) from the point of view of its constituent units. Secondly, I consider the meeting points between Goodwin’s concept of the substrate and Fontanille’s enunciative praxis in order to examine the dynamic relationship between sedimentation and transformation. Finally, I analyse the concept of diagrammatic reasoning by elaborating on the example of the geologists’ “first inscriptions” studied by Goodwin. The form of diagrammatic reasoning examined here functions as a discovery device that exemplifies the dynamics of sedimentation and novelty, and it can thus be studied in the framework of Goodwin’s transcription practices. [less ▲]

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See detailCassini UVIS Auroral Observations in 2016
Pryor, Wayne R.; Jouchoux, Alain; Esposito, Larry et al

Conference (2016, October)

In June of 2016, the Cassini Saturn orbiter began a series of high inclination orbits that will continue until September 2017 when the mission ends as Cassini enters the Saturn atmosphere. These orbits ... [more ▼]

In June of 2016, the Cassini Saturn orbiter began a series of high inclination orbits that will continue until September 2017 when the mission ends as Cassini enters the Saturn atmosphere. These orbits present excellent views of Saturn's polar regions suitable for auroral imaging at the closest distances to date, with the additional prospect of simultaneous particle and fields measurements within the sources of Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR) associated with ultraviolet auroral emissions and/or acceleration regions likely coinciding with them. We will present new Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) auroral images, spectra and movies obtained during the summer and fall of 2016 and put them in the context of auroral data collected since Cassini orbit insertion in 2004. Included in the new data will be UVIS south polar observations obtained simultaneously with Hubble Space Telescope observations of the north polar region on June 29, 2016 and August 19, 2016. [less ▲]

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See detailUV emissions of Jupiter: exploration of the high-latitude regions through the UV spectrograph on NASA's Juno mission
Hue, Vincent; Gladstone, G. Randall; Versteeg, Maarten et al

Conference (2016, October)

The Juno mission offers the opportunity to study Jupiter, from its inner structure to its magnetospheric environment. Juno was launched on August 2011 and its Jupiter orbit insertion (JOI) planned for ... [more ▼]

The Juno mission offers the opportunity to study Jupiter, from its inner structure to its magnetospheric environment. Juno was launched on August 2011 and its Jupiter orbit insertion (JOI) planned for July 4th 2016, will place Juno in a 53.5 days capture orbit. A period reduction maneuver will be performed two orbits later to place Juno into 14-days elliptical orbits for the duration of the nominal mission, which includes 36 orbits. Juno-UVS is a UV spectrograph with a bandpass of 70 ≤ λ ≤ 205 nm, designed to characterize Jupiter UV emissions. One of the main additions of UVS compared to its predecessors is a 2.54 mm tantalum shielding, to protect it from the harsh radiation environment at Jupiter, and a scan mirror, to allow for targeting specific auroral regions during perijove passes. The scan mirror is located at the front end of the instrument and will be used to look at +/- 30° perpendicular to the Juno spin plane. The entrance slit of UVS has a dog-bone shape composed by three sections with field of views of 0.2°x2.5°, 0.025°x2.0° and 0.2°x2.5°, as projected onto the sky. It will provide new constraints on Jupiter’s auroral nightside morphology and spectral features as well as the vertical structure of these emissions. It will bring remote-sensing constraints for the onboard waves and particle instruments (JADE, JEDI, Waves and MAG). The ability to change the pointing will allow relating the observed UV brightness of the regions magnetically connected to where Juno flies with the particles and waves measurements. We will discuss the planned observations and scientific targets for the nominal mission orbital sequence, which will consist of three UV datasets per orbit. We will present the results from the first orbit. As Juno orbit evolves during the mission, we will also present how these objectives evolve over time. [less ▲]

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See detailJuno Ultraviolet Spectrograph (Juno-UVS) Observations of Jupiter during Approach
Gladstone, G. Randall; Versteeg, Maarten; Greathouse, Thomas K. et al

Conference (2016, October)

We present the initial results from Juno Ultraviolet Spectrograph (Juno-UVS) observations of Jupiter obtained during approach in June 2016. Juno-UVS is an imaging spectrograph with a bandpass of 70<λ<205 ... [more ▼]

We present the initial results from Juno Ultraviolet Spectrograph (Juno-UVS) observations of Jupiter obtained during approach in June 2016. Juno-UVS is an imaging spectrograph with a bandpass of 70<λ<205 nm. This wavelength range includes all important ultraviolet (UV) emissions from the H<SUB>2</SUB> bands and the H Lyman series which are produced in Jupiter's auroras, and also the absorption signatures of aurorally-produced hydrocarbons. The Juno-UVS instrument telescope has a 4 x 4 cm<SUP>2</SUP> input aperture and uses an off-axis parabolic primary mirror. A flat scan mirror situated near the entrance of the telescope is used to observe at up to ±30° perpendicular to the Juno spin plane. The light is focused onto the spectrograph entrance slit, which has a "dog-bone" shape 7.2° long, in three sections of 0.2°, 0.025°, and 0.2° width (as projected onto the sky). Light entering the slit is dispersed by a toroidal grating which focuses UV light onto a curved microchannel plate (MCP) cross delay line (XDL) detector with a solar blind UV-sensitive CsI photocathode. Tantalum surrounds the spectrograph assembly to shield the detector and its electronics from high-energy electrons. All other electronics are located in Juno's spacecraft vault, including redundant low-voltage and high-voltage power supplies, command and data handling electronics, heater/actuator electronics, scan mirror electronics, and event processing electronics. The purpose of Juno-UVS is to remotely sense Jupiter's auroral morphology and brightness to provide context for in situ measurements by Juno's particle instruments. Prior to Jupiter Orbit Insertion (JOI) on July 5, Juno approach observations provide a rare opportunity to correlate local solar wind conditions with Jovian auroral emissions. Some of Jupiter's auroral emissions (e.g., polar emissions) may be controlled or at least affected by the solar wind. Here we compare synoptic Juno-UVS observations of Jupiter's auroral emissions (~40 minutes per hour, acquired during 2016 June 3-30) with in situ solar wind observations, as well as related Jupiter observations obtained from Earth. [less ▲]

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See detailA Great Era Comes to an End: And a New One Begins!
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Dick, F.

in European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (2016), 52(4), 423-424

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See detailLE MÉDICAMENT DU MOIS Dapagliflozine (Forxiga®) Inhibiteur des cotransporteurs rénaux SGLT2, nouvel agent anti-hyperglycémiant dans le diabète de type 2
SCHEEN, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016), 71(10), 463-469

Résumé : La dapagliflozine, un inhibiteur spécifique des cotransporteurs sodium-glucose de type 2 (SGLT2), inhibe la réabsorption tubulaire rénale du glucose et accroît la gluco¬surie. Il en résulte une ... [more ▼]

Résumé : La dapagliflozine, un inhibiteur spécifique des cotransporteurs sodium-glucose de type 2 (SGLT2), inhibe la réabsorption tubulaire rénale du glucose et accroît la gluco¬surie. Il en résulte une diminution de la glycémie et du taux d’hémoglobine glyquée (HbA1c), avec un risque faible d’hypo¬glycémie, une perte pondérale et une diminution de la pression artérielle. L’efficacité sur la réduction du taux d’HbA1c est d’autant plus importante que l’hyperglycémie est élevée, mais elle diminue en cas d’insuffisance rénale. Les infections géni¬tales mycotiques sont plus fréquentes, surtout chez la femme, alors que l’augmentation des infections urinaires basses n’est que marginale. La dapagliflozine (Forxiga®), commercialisée à la dose de 10 mg une fois par jour, est indiquée pour le trai¬tement du diabète de type 2 et remboursée en Belgique, sous conditions, en ajout à la metformine, un sulfamide ou le répa-glinide, une association metformine-sulfamide/répaglinide ou une insuline basale avec au moins un antidiabétique oral. Des données préliminaires ne démontrent pas d’augmentation du risque cardiovasculaire par rapport au comparateur et suggèrent même une protection cardiovasculaire et rénale, à confirmer dans l’essai DECLARE, une grande étude prospec¬tive contrôlée actuellement en cours chez des patients diabé¬tiques de type 2 à haut risque cardiovasculaire. [less ▲]

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See detailAutologous osteoblastic cells (PREOBy) versus concentrated bone marrow implantation in osteonecrosis of the femoral head: A randomized study
HAUZEUR, Jean-Philippe ULg; Tungouz, Michel; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ULg et al

in Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique (2016), 102(Issue 7), 73

In non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow concentrate (BMC) containing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) could delay ONFH progression and improve symptoms (Hernigou ... [more ▼]

In non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow concentrate (BMC) containing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) could delay ONFH progression and improve symptoms (Hernigou 2002, Gangji 2004). The next step was to assess the hypothesis that a population of autologous osteoblastic cells (OB) consisting in a more differentiated cell than MSC, could be more efficacious than BMC in early stages ON. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors to Prevent Relapse After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Position Statement of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Giebel, S.; Czyz, A.; Ottmann, O. et al

in Cancer (2016), 122(19), 2941-2951

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is a standard of care for patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The introduction of tyrosine ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is a standard of care for patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to first-line therapy has improved overall outcomes; however, a significant proportion of patients still relapse after alloHSCT. Posttransplant TKI maintenance was demonstrated to reduce the risk of relapse in a large retrospective study and, therefore, should be considered a valuable option. This consensus paper, written on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, presents an overview of clinical studies on the use of TKIs after alloHSCT and proposes practical recommendations regarding the choice of TKI, treatment timing, and dosage. It is hoped that these recommendations will become the state of art in this field and, more importantly, lead to a reduction of Ph-positive ALL relapse after alloHSCT. [less ▲]

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See detailWavelet series representations for pathwise Young integrals
Esser, Céline ULg

Conference (2016, October)

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See detailSmall-angle scattering analysis of empty or loaded hierarchical porous materials
Gommes, Cédric ULg

Conference (2016, October)

Small-angle scattering (SAXS or SANS) is one of the few experimental methods available for the nanometer-scale study of physicochemical phenomena inside porous solids. Its potential, however, is often ... [more ▼]

Small-angle scattering (SAXS or SANS) is one of the few experimental methods available for the nanometer-scale study of physicochemical phenomena inside porous solids. Its potential, however, is often limited by the lack data analysis methods to convert scattering data into real-space structural information. This is notably the case for most porous materials of practical interest, which exhibit a hierarchical structure with micro, meso, and macropores, with often a secondary material confined in the pores, such as in supported catalysts, as well as fuel-cell and battery materials. Here, we discuss a general SAXS data analysis methodology for this type of material. Assuming that each structural level is statistically independent from the others and has a distinct characteristic length scale, compact mathematical expressions are derived for the scattering of the entire hierarchical structure [J.Phys.Chem.C, in press]. The method is illustrated with the SAXS analysis of SBA-15 micro- and meso-porous silica loaded with copper nitrate, as well as to supported catalysts obtained after calcining that material. The SAXS analysis shows that the nitrate permeates both the micro and mesopores, while the metallic copper obtained after calcination is found only in the mesopores. Moreover, the spatial distribution of the metal depends on the specifics of the calcination, as confirmed by electron tomography [Angew.Chem. 54 (2015) 11804]. The general methodology will be of interest to anyone interested in the quantitative analysis of small-angle scattering data from empty or loaded porous solids, and from any type of hierarchical material. [less ▲]

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