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See detailSynthetic Biology: A Driving Force of Innovation in Law?
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Santosuosso, Amedeo; Goodenough, Oliver; Tomasi, Marta (Eds.) The Challenge of Innovation in Law. The Impact of Technology and Science on Legal Studies and Practice. (2015)

Law is changing. Although both specialists and society as a whole often act as if it is an un-changing monolith, any rational commentator must note that it has evolved over time. Changes do occur, in ... [more ▼]

Law is changing. Although both specialists and society as a whole often act as if it is an un-changing monolith, any rational commentator must note that it has evolved over time. Changes do occur, in doctrine, in procedure, in jurisprudential understanding, and in legal education. The factors which drive innovation in law include social transformation, cultural change, and, importantly, the technological possibilities of the times for creating, storing and applying legal information. New technologies can also require new doctrinal developments. Such changes often do not come easily for the legal system. The myth of stability is maintained in part because the acceptance by the public rests on this assumption. It remains a myth, nonetheless. The impact of innovation on law is clearly two-fold: on the one side, innovation invests the way law is created, managed, and applied. On the other side, the emersion of new technologies calls for a reshaping of existing legal norms in specific fields. The book is divided into two parts. The first one offers a general overview on the systemic technologically-driven change law is going to face in the next few years. In the second part, issues like robotics, genetics, ICTs, Internet, protection of intellectual property rights, synthetic biology are presented as a laboratory bench of scientific and technological innovation which calls for legal innovation. This book, together with the course Innovating Legal Studies and Practice, established at the University of Pavia, is one of the principal outcomes of a two-year project funded by Cariplo Foundation (Fondazione Cariplo, Milan). [less ▲]

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See detailLe Parc National Sahamalaza - Iles Radama serait-il l’ultime refuge pour certaines espèces de lémuriens du nord-ouest de Madagascar ?
Wilmet, Leslie ULg; Beudels-Jamar, Roseline C.; Schwitzer, Christoph et al

in Tropicultura (2015)

Depuis des millions d’années, la faune et la flore terrestre de Madagascar ont évolué dans un espace isolé. Suite à cette situation, le niveau d’endémisme y est très élevé et l’ensemble de l’île ... [more ▼]

Depuis des millions d’années, la faune et la flore terrestre de Madagascar ont évolué dans un espace isolé. Suite à cette situation, le niveau d’endémisme y est très élevé et l’ensemble de l’île représente un des plus importants hotspot de biodiversité. Madagascar fait aussi partie des pays les plus touchés en termes de destruction des habitats naturels ; 90 % de la végétation d’origine est aujourd’hui perdue. La déforestation et la fragmentation des habitats forestiers menace particulièrement les primates de l’île, les lémuriens. L’île est considérée par de nombreuses organisations internationales comme une priorité pour la conservation de la nature, autant dans le domaine zoologique que botanique. Les premières aires protégées de Madagascar ont été établies en 1927 et l’île en compte aujourd’hui 47. Cet article reprend l’historique et fait l’état des lieux du parc national Sahamalaza-Ile Radama, situé au nord-ouest de Madagascar. Nous nous intéressons spécifiquement à deux espèces de lémuriens emblématiques du parc ; Eulemur flavifrons et Lepilemur sahamalazensis ainsi qu’aux menaces qui pèsent sur leur écosystème. Différentes mesures ont été proposées dans le cadre d’un Plan d’Action de Conservation afin d’en améliorer la gestion et assurer la survie de ces espèces. [less ▲]

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See detailCHARACTERIZATION OF STONY SOILS’ HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES AND REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTARY VOLUME USING FIELD, LABORATORY AND NUMERICAL EXPERIMENTS
Pichault, Mathieu ULg

Master's dissertation (2015)

Determining soil hydraulic properties is of major concern in various fields of study such as soil physics, hydrology, ecology and agronomy. Though stony soils are widespread across the globe, most studies ... [more ▼]

Determining soil hydraulic properties is of major concern in various fields of study such as soil physics, hydrology, ecology and agronomy. Though stony soils are widespread across the globe, most studies deal with gravel-free soils so that the literature describing the impact of stones on a soil’s hydraulic characteristics is still rather scarce. The aim of this study is to assess, through a case study of a clayey soil in Thailand, the effect of rock fragments on the main hydraulic characteristics, i.e. hydraulic conductivity and retention curves, and on related physical properties of the soil. This was done by means of field, laboratory and numerical experiments involving different amounts and types of coarse fragments. Results were compared with those predicted by several models assuming that stones are non-porous and only reduce the cross-sectional area available for water flow. These models further consider that the shape parameters of the retention and hydraulic conductivity curves are not dependent on the stoniness. We tested the validity of such assumptions. We did not find evidence against the assumption stating that stones might be considered as non-porous. However, our results suggest that the shape parameters of the retention curve vary according to the stone content. Furthermore, considering that stones only reduce the cross-sectional area available for water flow might also be ill-founded. We pointed out several significant drivers of the saturated hydraulic conductivity which are not considered by these models. First of all, the effect due to the creation of voids at the fine earth-stone interface combined with an increased difficulty to repack the fine earth can counteract and even overcome the effect of a reduced cross-sectional area in some cases. Moreover, the shape and the size of inclusions may also affect substantially hydraulic conductivity. Finally, we developed a code destined to quantify the representative elementary volume of soils containing different amounts of stones of various diameters. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Brussels Court judgement in Commission v Elevators manufacturers, or the story of how the Commission lost an action for damages based on its own infringement decision.
Marcos Ramos, Jorge ULg; Muheme, Daniel ULg

in European Competition Law Review (2015), 36(9),

With the proceedings before the Brussels Court, the Commission emphasized its growing need to promote claims for damages for infringements of EU Competition law. Ahead of the implementation of the Damages ... [more ▼]

With the proceedings before the Brussels Court, the Commission emphasized its growing need to promote claims for damages for infringements of EU Competition law. Ahead of the implementation of the Damages Directive, and with its own infringement decision in hand, this claim seemed to be an easy exercise for the Commission to recoup the allegedly surplus paid for the maintenance contracts. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of next generation sequencing for study and diagnosis of plant viral diseases in agriculture
van der Vlugt, René; Minafra, Angelanotio; Olmos, Antonio et al

Poster (2015, August)

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See detailGenetic variability of MIR predicted milk technological properties in Walloon dairy cattle
Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Troch, Thibault ULg; Baeten, Vincent et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailGenetic heritage of the Eastern Belgium Red and White breed, an endangered local breed
Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Bouffioux, Aude; Mayeres, Patrick et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailOn the use of novel milk phenotypes as predictors of difficult-to-record traits in breeding programs
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailGenetic analysis to support the re-establishment of the Kempen breed
François, Liesbeth; Janssens, Steven; Colinet, Frédéric ULg et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailOverview of possibilities and challenges of the use of infrared spectrometry in cattle breeding
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailPotential of visible-near infrared spectroscopy for the characterization of butter properties
Troch, Thibault ULg; Baeten, Vincent; Dehareng, Frédéric et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 66th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2015, August)

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See detailGenetic heritage of the Eastern Belgium Red and White breed, an endangered local breed
Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Bouffioux, Aude; Mayeres, Patrick et al

Poster (2015, August)

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See detailThe Hydroxyl Nightglow Emissions on Earth, Venus and Mars
Soret, Lauriane ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Piccioni, G. et al

Poster (2015, August)

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See detailBrain Trains: Intermodal Rail Freight Transport and Hinterland Connections - A Swot Analysis to Assess the Belgian Rail Practice
Troch, Frank; Vanelslander, Thierry; Sys, Christa et al

in Proceedings of the IAME Annual Conference 2015 (2015, August)

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. The scope of the research concentrates on port hinterland ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on transversal research of the role and influences of rail freight transport, as a part of intermodal transport in Belgium. The scope of the research concentrates on port hinterland flows. A large SWOT analysis of the current situation is conducted, starting from the actual weak usage of this mode of transport. Five different fields have been identified, impacting the economy and society. Each field indicates critical internal strengths and weaknesses for intermodal rail transportation in Belgium, and identifies possible future developments and setbacks. A Delphi-like approach is used, including a heterogeneous panel of experts discussing and validating the SWOT results. To prioritize the characteristics, a survey on the different SWOT elements was performed, asking the experts to rate each statement on its influence and likelihood of happening (level of uncertainty). [less ▲]

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See detailDynamique de l'espace architectural : force, vitesse, déplacement dans l'oeuvre de Le Corbusier
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

in Revue Philosophique de Louvain (2015, August), Tome 113(3), 425-447

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See detailPerformance et expérience esthétique : le régime contemporain (Rancière)
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in Revue Philosophique de Louvain (2015), 113(3), 479-495

The theory of regimes of identification of art set up by the philosopher J. Rancière describes the transition from the former system of Fine Arts to the aesthetic regime of art. According to this ... [more ▼]

The theory of regimes of identification of art set up by the philosopher J. Rancière describes the transition from the former system of Fine Arts to the aesthetic regime of art. According to this contemporary regime the characteristic of the various arts no longer depends essentially on their technical skill (poiesis), but on the sensible experience they favour independently of their specific ways of doing things. Artistic performance fits in perfectly into this aesthetic regime of art having regard to its ideological project: (1) it aims at the enlargement of sense experience (aesthetic experience) beyond the mere production of an object, thus destabilising the frontiers between the artistic and the non-artistic; (2) it seeks to restore the links between art and ordinary experience in order to favour living art. We shall show that the ideas developed by the Anglo-Saxon pragmatist philosophy J. Dewey strongly contributed to the definition of this radical artistic project (transl. J. Dudley). [less ▲]

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See detailIs the Mehler reaction the main photoprotective mechanism occurring in Symbiodinium in hospite?
Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Beraud, Eric; Ferrier-Pagès, Christine et al

Poster (2015, August)

The ecological success of reef-building corals throughout tropical oligotrophic waters relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. This ... [more ▼]

The ecological success of reef-building corals throughout tropical oligotrophic waters relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. This association allows the transfer of highly energetic compounds and an efficient recycling of growth-limiting nutrients. In the natural environment the holobiont have to cope with significant daily variations in light intensities that sometimes exceed Symbiodinium photosynthetic capacity. Fortunately, these organisms possess regulatory features that help to ensure that high light intensities can be endured without the accumulation of photodamage. Among them, it has been found recently that photoreduction of oxygen downstream PSI by the so-called Mehler reaction was the main alternative electron sink at the onset and steady state of photosynthesis in different cultured strains of Symbiodinium. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and the relative amplitude of this photoprotective mechanism in Symbiodinium cells living within the tropical coral Stylophora pistillata and the sea anemone Anemonia viridis. To this end, joint measurements of oxygen evolution, PSI and PSII activities were conducted. The impacts of CO2 limitation and CO2 fixation on the photoreduction of oxygen by PSI was also studied by using several inhibitors targeting the carbon concentrating mechanism and the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle. Conversely to cultured cells, these measurements revealed that the Symbiodinium located in S. pistillata, under control conditions, rely on other photoprotective mechanisms than the Mehler reaction to prevent over-excitation of the photosynthetic apparatus. However, we observed an increased O2 uptake capacity during photosynthesis when the efficiency of the carbon fixation was reduced in S. pistillata. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical role of oxygen photoreduction downstream of PSI in Symbiodinium: photoprotection, energetic adjustement and ROS production
Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Bailleul, Benjamin; Berne, Nicolas ULg et al

Conference (2015, August)

The ecological success of symbiotic cnidarians (reef building-corals and sea anemones) relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium ... [more ▼]

The ecological success of symbiotic cnidarians (reef building-corals and sea anemones) relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. Photosynthetic organisms have evolved various photoprotective and regulatory mechanisms to cope with changing and high light intensities, but the nature and relative amplitude of these mechanisms is still a matter of debate in Symbiodinium. Few studies showed that molecular oxygen (O2) can be an efficient electron sink during photosynthesis in Symbiodinium, with an O2 uptake capacity that could represent up to half the maximum O2 evolution. In addition, members of clade A Symbiodinium were proposed to possess enhanced capabilities for alternative photosynthetic electron flows. In this work, the amplitude of photosynthetic alternative electron flows to oxygen (chlororespiration, Mehler reaction, mitochondrial respiration) and PSI cyclic electron flow were investigated in Symbiodinium strains belonging to different Clades (A, B and F). Joint measurements of oxygen evolution, PSI and PSII activities allowed us to demonstrate that photoreduction of oxygen downstream PSI by the so-called Mehler reaction is the main alternative electron sink at the onset and steady state of photosynthesis in all strains1. This mechanism in Symbiodinium sustains significant photosynthetic electron flux under high light, thus acting as a photoprotective mechanism and modifying the ratio of ATP/NADPH to match the requirements of carbon reduction. At higher temperature (26 to 33°C), the amplitude of Mehler reaction was still significantly increased but the capacity of enzymes responsible for superoxide detoxification largely decreased. This imbalance generated twice more ROS than during the treatment at 26°C, suggesting that under conditions known to induce coral bleaching, the photoprotective role of Mehler reaction can no longer be maintained, at least at short term. [less ▲]

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