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See detailA computational stochastic multiscale methodology for MEMS structures involving adhesive contact
Hoang Truong, Vinh ULg; Wu, Ling ULg; Paquay, Stéphane et al

in Tribology International (in press)

This work aims at developing a computational stochastic multiscale methodology to quantify the uncertainties of the adhesive contact problems due to capillary effects and van der Waals forces in MEMS ... [more ▼]

This work aims at developing a computational stochastic multiscale methodology to quantify the uncertainties of the adhesive contact problems due to capillary effects and van der Waals forces in MEMS. Because the magnitudes of the adhesive forces strongly depend on the surface interaction distances, which in turn evolve with the roughness of the contacting surfaces, the involved structural behaviors suffer from a scatter. To numerically predict the probabilistic behaviors of structures involving adhesion, the proposed method introduces stochastic meso-scale random apparent contact forces which can be integrated into a stochastic finite element model. Because the evaluation of their realizations is expensive, a generator for the random apparent contact force using the polynomial chaos expansion is constructed in an efficient way. [less ▲]

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See detailOnderhandelen over vorming van een meerderheid en burgemeester worden in België : Welke invloed heeft de regionale wetgeving ?
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Chroniques de Droit Public = Publiekrechtelijke Kronieken (in press)

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See detailPer una edizione integrale e analitica dell'incipit della Storia d'Italia di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Laboratoire Italien : Politique et Société (in press)

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See detailQuando l’autore corregge se stesso. Il caso unico del copialettere di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Berra, Claudia (Ed.) Epistolari dal Due al Seicento. Modelli, questioni ecdotiche, edizioni, cantieri aperti. (in press)

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See detailPilgrimage Certificates from the Mamluk Period: New Data
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (in press)

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See detailCortex
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailCorticatus
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailMetabolic variability in bioprocessing : implications of microbial phenotypic heterogeneity
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Zune, Quentin ULg; Lara, Alvaro et al

in Trends in Biotechnology (in press)

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See detailOrganometallic-mediated radical polymerization of 'less activated monomers': fundamentals, challenges and opportunities
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

in Polymer (in press)

Access to well-defined polymers made of the so-called ‘Less Activated Monomers’ (LAMs) via controlled radical polymerization has long been a challenge due to the lack of radical stabilizing group on the ... [more ▼]

Access to well-defined polymers made of the so-called ‘Less Activated Monomers’ (LAMs) via controlled radical polymerization has long been a challenge due to the lack of radical stabilizing group on the double bond of these monomers. This Feature Article summarizes substantial progress in the organometallic-mediated radical polymerization (OMRP) of this important class of monomers including vinyl esters, olefins, vinyl chloride, vinyl amides, or ionic-liquid vinyl monomers. It aims to provide a clear and comprehensive account of the fundamentals and challenges in the OMRP of LAMs as well as an overview of the resulting macromolecular engineering opportunities. The input of photochemistry, environmentally friendly solvents or flow reactors in OMRP is also presented. Finally, it emphasizes how some well-defined LAMs-based materials contributed to the development of specific applications notably in the fields of biomedicine or energy. [less ▲]

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See detailConditor
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailLa Vita Benedicti de Grégoire le Grand confrontée aux œuvres narratives de l’Antiquité classique : une étude quantitative de la distribution des parties du discours
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg

in Carlier, Anne; Guillot, Céline (Eds.) Du latin tardif au français ancien : continuités et rupture (in press)

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See detail*Corticea
Pfister, Max; Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Lessico Etimologico Italiano (in press)

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See detailLiving and Printing in Antwerp in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries: a Social Enquiry
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Van Bruaene, Anne-Laure; Kavaler, Ethan Matt (Eds.) Urban Perspectives on Sixteenth-Century Netherlandish Art & Culture (in press)

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See detailFair Trade and Co-operatives
Nicholls, Alex; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Michie, Jonathan; Blassi, J.; Borzaga, Carlo (Eds.) The Handbook of Co-operative and Mutual Businesses (in press)

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and ... [more ▼]

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and how practitioners and researchers in the two areas can better collaborate. Fair trade is an innovative approach to economic development that uses a market-driven approach to exploit the growing trend in ethical, or caused-based, consumption (Nicholls & Opal 2005). Fair Trade organizations aim to re-engineer the value chains between poor producers and artisans - typically in developing countries - and their wholesale buyers such that a greater proportion of the overall rents accrue to those who provide the inputs. Put simply, Fair Trade aims to ensure that the poorest actors in a supply chain benefit from more of the overall financial value creation as a development tool. Moreover, Fair Trade reconnects producers and consumers at the point of purchase such that consumption becomes a political – or, at least, life style – choice. This chapter is structured as follows. After this introduction, the second section describes the development of Fair Trade from its historical roots to the current organizational landscape and market organization. Next there is a discussion of several key issues and challenges that have emerged as Fair Trade has become increasingly institutionalized. Then, the fourth section explores the relationship between Fair Trade and the co-operative and mutual movements. Finally, conclusions serve to sum up the chapter. [less ▲]

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See detailLes symboles chrétiens dans les papyrus littéraires et documentaires grecs : forme, disposition et fonction (IIIe – VIIe/VIIIe siècles)
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Signes dans les textes. Continuités et les ruptures des pratiques scribales en Égypte pharaonique, gréco-romaine et byzantine (in press)

In this paper we study the Christian symbols, as the cross (), the staurogramm (⳨, and its variant with an appendage ), the chi-rho sign (⳩), and the crux ansata (☥) in Greek literary and documentary ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study the Christian symbols, as the cross (), the staurogramm (⳨, and its variant with an appendage ), the chi-rho sign (⳩), and the crux ansata (☥) in Greek literary and documentary papyri. The first part is dedicated to the study of the form and the origin of the Christian symbols, on the ground of both the oldest papyri which bear them and the literary sources about them. In the second part we analyze their disposition in the papyri and in relation to the texts they bear. Finally, in the third part, the data studied before lead to identifying the functions of the Christian symbols in the papyri. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Martian diffuse aurora: a model of ultraviolet and visible emissions
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg; Shematovich, V.I. et al

in Icarus (in press)

A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar ... [more ▼]

A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar activity on several occasions from the MAVEN spacecraft. We describe the results of Monte Carlo simulations of the production of several ultraviolet and violet auroral emissions for initial electron energies extending from 0.25 to 200 keV. These include the CO2+ ultraviolet doublet (UVD) at 288.3 and 289.6 nm and the Fox–Duffendack–Barker (FDB) bands, CO Cameron and Fourth Positive bands, OI 130.4 and 297.2 nm and CI 156.1 nm and 165.7 nm multiplets. We calculate the nadir and limb production rates of several of these emissions for a unit precipitated energy flux. Our results indicate that electrons in the range 50-200 keV produce maximum CO2+ UVD emission below 75 km, in agreement with the MAVEN observations. We calculate the efficiency of photon production per unit precipitated electron power. The strongest emissions are the CO2+ FDB, UVD and CO Cameron bands and the oxygen mission at 297.2 nm. The metastable a 3Π state which radiates the Cameron bands is deactivated by collisions below about 110 km. As a consequence, we show that the Cameron band emission is expected to peak at a higher altitude than the CO2+ UVD and FDB bands. Collisional quenching also causes the intensity ratio of the CO2+ UVD to CO Cameron bands to increase below ∼100 km in the energetic diffuse aurora. [less ▲]

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