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See detailFair Trade and Co-operatives
Nicholls, Alex; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Michie, Jonathan; Blassi, J.; Borzaga, Carlo (Eds.) The Handbook of Co-operative and Mutual Businesses (in press)

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and ... [more ▼]

The Fair Trade and co-operative movements have much in common. This chapter aims to examine the convergences and divergences between the two fields, highlighting what they can learn from each other and how practitioners and researchers in the two areas can better collaborate. Fair trade is an innovative approach to economic development that uses a market-driven approach to exploit the growing trend in ethical, or caused-based, consumption (Nicholls & Opal 2005). Fair Trade organizations aim to re-engineer the value chains between poor producers and artisans - typically in developing countries - and their wholesale buyers such that a greater proportion of the overall rents accrue to those who provide the inputs. Put simply, Fair Trade aims to ensure that the poorest actors in a supply chain benefit from more of the overall financial value creation as a development tool. Moreover, Fair Trade reconnects producers and consumers at the point of purchase such that consumption becomes a political – or, at least, life style – choice. This chapter is structured as follows. After this introduction, the second section describes the development of Fair Trade from its historical roots to the current organizational landscape and market organization. Next there is a discussion of several key issues and challenges that have emerged as Fair Trade has become increasingly institutionalized. Then, the fourth section explores the relationship between Fair Trade and the co-operative and mutual movements. Finally, conclusions serve to sum up the chapter. [less ▲]

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See detailLes symboles chrétiens dans les papyrus littéraires et documentaires grecs : forme, disposition et fonction (IIIe – VIIe/VIIIe siècles)
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Signes dans les textes. Continuités et les ruptures des pratiques scribales en Égypte pharaonique, gréco-romaine et byzantine (in press)

In this paper we study the Christian symbols, as the cross (), the staurogramm (⳨, and its variant with an appendage ), the chi-rho sign (⳩), and the crux ansata (☥) in Greek literary and documentary ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study the Christian symbols, as the cross (), the staurogramm (⳨, and its variant with an appendage ), the chi-rho sign (⳩), and the crux ansata (☥) in Greek literary and documentary papyri. The first part is dedicated to the study of the form and the origin of the Christian symbols, on the ground of both the oldest papyri which bear them and the literary sources about them. In the second part we analyze their disposition in the papyri and in relation to the texts they bear. Finally, in the third part, the data studied before lead to identifying the functions of the Christian symbols in the papyri. [less ▲]

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See detailStimmstörungen bei Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst
Schiller, Isabel ULg

in Hannken-Illjes, Kati (Ed.) Sprache und Sprechen (in press)

Lehrer weisen ein erhöhtes Risiko auf, Stimmstörungen zu entwickeln. Sogar Lehramtsstudierende sind bereits zu etwa 20% betroffen, obwohl die stimmlichen Anforderungen während des Studiums noch gering ... [more ▼]

Lehrer weisen ein erhöhtes Risiko auf, Stimmstörungen zu entwickeln. Sogar Lehramtsstudierende sind bereits zu etwa 20% betroffen, obwohl die stimmlichen Anforderungen während des Studiums noch gering ausfallen (vgl. Ettehad 2004). Nur unzureichend wurde bislang die Stimme von Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst (LiV) untersucht. Gleichwohl ist der Vorbereitungsdienst ein kritischer Zeitraum. LiV unterrichten etwa 12 Stunden pro Woche und stehen unter hohem Leistungsdruck. Dies kann sich potentiell negativ auf die Stimme auswirken. Ziel der Studie war es demnach, die Prävalenz und Art von Stimmstörungen bei Lehrkräften im Vorbereitungsdienst zu bestimmen. Weiterhin sollten Zusammenhänge zwischen subjektiven und objektiven stimmbezogenen Daten untersucht werden. 73 LiV nahmen an der Studie teil, die sich aus einem selbstkonzipierten Fragebogen und der Erhebung objektiver Daten zusammensetzt. Probanden, die im Fragebogen angaben, während des Vorbereitungsdienstes bereits zwei oder mehr Symptome einer Stimmstörung wahrgenommen zu haben, wurden als stimmgestört klassifiziert. Anhand objektiver Messungen wurden zudem die Variablen maximale Tonhaltedauer (THD), Jitter und Shimmer erhoben und mit den subjektiven Daten in Beziehung gesetzt. Bei 37% der Probanden ergaben sich Hinweise auf das Vorliegen einer Stimmstörung. Besonders häufig wurden die Symptome Rauigkeit, Räusperzwang oder Lautstärkeprobleme genannt. Es bestand kein signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen den subjektiven und den objektiven Daten. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass angehende Lehrkräfte im Zeitraum des Vorbereitungsdienstes vermehrt zu Stimmproblemen neigen. Dies unterstreicht die Notwendigkeit von interventiven Maßnahmen, die bereits im Studium zum Tragen kommen sollten. [less ▲]

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See detailRemapping Australia: Murray Bail's New Topographies of the Self in the Notebooks
Herbillon, Marie ULg

in Commonwealth : Essays and Studies (in press), 40(1),

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See detailLes rouleaux littéraires grecs de nature composite profane et chrétienne (début du IIIe – troisième quart du VIe siècle)
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Nodar, Alberto; Torallas Tovar, Sofía (Eds.) Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Papyrology : Barcelona, August 1-6 2016 (in press)

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See detailA Piano Made in Australia: Reinventing an Emblem of Cultural Wealth in Murray Bail's The Voyage
Herbillon, Marie ULg

in Antipodes: A Global Journal of Australian/New Zealand Literature (in press), 31(2),

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See detailEthos discursivo en Papeles falsos y Los ingrávidos de Valeria Luiselli: ¿Hacia una postura radicante?
Licata, Nicolas ULg

in Phillipps-López, Dolores; Kunz, Marco; Mondragón, Cristina (Eds.) Nuevas Narrativas Mexicanas 3 (in press)

En este artículo, exploramos el ethos discursivo radicante que Valeria Luiselli parece crear en los tres libros publicados hasta ahora (Papeles falsos, Los ingrávidos, Historia de mis dientes), "ethos" en ... [more ▼]

En este artículo, exploramos el ethos discursivo radicante que Valeria Luiselli parece crear en los tres libros publicados hasta ahora (Papeles falsos, Los ingrávidos, Historia de mis dientes), "ethos" en sentido de construcción de imagen que Dominique Maingueneau concede al término. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-Salmonella activity and probiotic trends of Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 isolated from a French cheese named "Tomme d'Orchies"
Ceugniez, Alexandre; Coucheney, Françoise; Jacques, Philippe et al

in Research in Microbiology (in press)

Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 were recently isolated from a traditional French cheese, Tomme d'Orchies, and characterized here for their advantages using a different ... [more ▼]

Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 were recently isolated from a traditional French cheese, Tomme d'Orchies, and characterized here for their advantages using a different application perspective. First, we established their anti-Salmonella activity and downregulation of the virulence sopD gene of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, mainly in the presence of K. marxianus S-2-05. In addition to their antagonism, these non-Saccharomyces yeasts were able to survive under conditions mimicking the gastrointestinal environment and to form biofilms on an abiotic device such as polystyrene. These strains also displayed highly hydrophilic cell wall surfaces properties and capacity for adhesion to intestinal Caco-2 cells, thus enhancing their potential as probiotic strains. [less ▲]

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See detail10Nous : oser la lexicographie participative
Steffens, Marie ULg; Beyer, Thomas ULg

in Les Essentiels de Maqalid (in press), (8),

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See detailAmio Acids in PAediatric Parenteral Nutrition
van Goudoever, J; Carnielli, V; Darmaun, D et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailCalcium, phosphorus and magnesium in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Fewtrell, mary; Goulet, Olivier; Mihatsch, Walter et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailIntravenous lipid emulsions in paediatric patients
Lapillonne, A; Didler Mis, N; Goulet et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailFigement, langage et didactique du français langue première
Steffens, Marie ULg

in Langues et Linguistique (in press), (36),

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See detailPour un complément au CECR
Steffens, Marie ULg

in Actes du XIVe Congrès Mondial de la Fédération Internationale des Professeurs de Français (in press)

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See detailLa plateforme 10Nous : une nouvelle ressource pour l’enseignement
Steffens, Marie ULg; Beyer, Thomas ULg; Cornélis, Mélanie ULg et al

in Actes du XIVe Congrès Mondial de la Fédération Internationale des Professeurs de Français (in press)

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See detailMacro-nutrient concentrations in Antarctic pack ice: Overall patterns and overlooked processes
Fripiat, François ULg; Meiners, K.M.; Vancoppenolle, M. et al

in Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene (in press)

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See detailComplications of paediatric parenteral nutrition
Decsi, T; Hartman, C; Simchowitz, V et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detail« Écrire l’histoire de l’art : le choix de l’immanence »
De Mille, Charlotte; Dubouclez, Olivier ULg

in During, Elie; Podoroga, Ioulia (Eds.) Le Cinéma de Bergson (in press)

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