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See detailThe body beautiful : Feminist bodies as territories of resistance
Herbert, Emilie ULg

Conference (2016, April 09)

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See detailImpacts of unusually high sea ice cover on Antarctic coastal benthic food web structure
Michel, Loïc ULg; Dubois, Philippe; Eleaume, Marc et al

Conference (2016, April 08)

Antarctica currently undergoes strong and contrasted impacts linked with climate change. While the West Antarctic Peninsula is one of the most rapidly warming regions in the world, resulting in sea ice ... [more ▼]

Antarctica currently undergoes strong and contrasted impacts linked with climate change. While the West Antarctic Peninsula is one of the most rapidly warming regions in the world, resulting in sea ice cover decrease, the sea ice cover of East Antarctica unexpectedly tends to increase, possibly in relation with changes in atmospheric circulation. Changes in sea ice cover are likely to influence benthic food web structure through modifications of benthic-pelagic coupling, disruption of benthic production and/or modifications of benthic community structure (i.e. resource availability for benthic consumers). Here, we studied shallow (0-20 m) benthic food web structure on the coasts of Petrels Island (Adélie Land, East Antarctica) during an event of unusually high spatial and temporal (two successive austral summers without seasonal break-up) sea ice cover. Using stable isotope ratios of C, N and S and the SIAR mixing model, we examined importance of several organic matter sources (benthic macroalgae, benthic biofilm, sympagic algae, suspended particulate organic matter and penguin guano) for nutrition of over 20 taxa of benthic invertebrates (sponges, sea anemones, nemerteans, sessile and mobile polychaetes, gastropods, bivalves, sipunculids, pycnogonids, amphipods, sea stars, sea urchins and sea cucumbers) spanning most present functional guilds. Our results provide insights about how Antarctic benthic consumers, which have evolved in an extremely stable environment, might adapt their feeding habits in response to sudden man-driven changes in environmental conditions and trophic resource availability. [less ▲]

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See detailResolving trophic links within temperate eelgrass meadows - use of fatty acids and stable isotopes in MixSIAR mixing model
Jankowska, Emilia; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; De Troch, Marleen et al

Conference (2016, April 08)

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See detailThe hands of Papyrus Turin 1879: Individualizing handwritings in 20th dynasty hieratic sources
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, April 08)

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor ... [more ▼]

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor studied up until today. Most of the egyptological attention was indeed captured by the ‘map’ side (e.g., Goyon 1949; Harrell & Brown 1992, with previous references), but the other side, which contains many hieratic texts belonging to different genres, has never been examined thoroughly (exceptions are Janssen 1994 and Hovestreydt 1997 for col. 1-2 of frag. A, vo). The goal of this talk is twofold. First, I will provide an overview of the texts found on this papyrus, focusing on the types of hieratic hands. A special attention will be devoted to the repertoire of hieratic signs as well as to the amount of variation in terms of signs formation for a single hand. Second, I will explore the possibility of ‘individualizing’ the hands of this papyrus by connecting their features to other hieratic sources of the 20th dynasty. Harrel & Brown’s (1992) suggestions regarding the attribution of these texts to specific scribes will be challenged and an alternative methodology will be suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailObésité : outils et approches nutritionnelles pour obtenir un (minimum de) succès.
Diez, Marianne ULg

in Proceedings of the SCIVAC National Congress (2016, April 08)

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See detail"Living on the Edge of Death": Irony in Chris Abani's Song for Night
Tunca, Daria ULg

Conference (2016, April 07)

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See detailEvaluating ethane and methane emissions associated with the development of oil and natural gas extraction in North America
Franco, Bruno ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Emmons, L. K. et al

in Environmental Research Letters (2016), 11(4), 044010

Sharp rises in the atmospheric abundance of ethane (C2H6) have been detected from 2009 onwards in the Northern Hemisphere as a result of the unprecedented growth in the exploitation of shale gas and tight ... [more ▼]

Sharp rises in the atmospheric abundance of ethane (C2H6) have been detected from 2009 onwards in the Northern Hemisphere as a result of the unprecedented growth in the exploitation of shale gas and tight oil reservoirs in North America. Using time series of C2H6 total columns derived from ground-based FTIR observations made at five selected NDACC sites, we characterize the recent C2H6 evolution and determine growth rates of ~5%/yr at mid-latitudes and of ~3%/yr at remote sites. Results from CAM-chem simulations with the HTAP2 bottom-up inventory for anthropogenic emissions are found to greatly underestimate the current C2H6 abundances. Doubling global emissions is required to reconcile the simulations and the observations prior to 2009. We further estimate that North American anthropogenic C2H6 emissions have increased from 1.6 Tg/yr in 2008 to 2.8 Tg/yr in 2014, i.e. by 75% over these six years. We also completed a second simulation with new top-down emissions of C2H6 from North American oil and gas activities, biofuel consumption and biomass burning, inferred from space-borne observations of methane (CH4) from GOSAT. In this simulation, GEOS-Chem is able to reproduce FTIR measurements at the mid-latitudinal sites, underscoring the impact of the North American oil and gas development on the current C2H6 abundance. Finally we estimate that the North American oil and gas emissions of CH4, a major greenhouse gas, grew from 20 to 35 Tg/yr over the period 2008 to 2014, in association with the recent C2H6 rise. [less ▲]

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See detailCO2-blown microcellular non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU) foams: from bio- and CO2-sourced monomers to potentially thermal insulating materials
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Gennen, Sandro ULg et al

in Green Chemistry (2016), 18(7), 2206-2215

Bio- and CO2-sourced non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU) microcellular foams were prepared using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) foaming technology. These low-density foams offer low thermal ... [more ▼]

Bio- and CO2-sourced non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU) microcellular foams were prepared using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) foaming technology. These low-density foams offer low thermal conductivity and have an impressive potential for use in insulating materials. They constitute attractive alternatives to conventional polyurethane foams. We investigated CO2’s ability to synthesize the cyclic carbonates that are used in the preparation of NIPU by melt step-growth polymerization with a bio-sourced amino-telechelic oligoamide and for NIPU foaming. Our study shows that CO2 is not only sequestered in the material for long-term application, but is also valorized as a blowing agent in the production of NIPU foams. Such foams will contribute to energy conservation and savings by reducing CO2 emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailGestione alimentare dell'urolitiasi canina e felina
Diez, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2016, April 07)

Conférence sur la gestion alimentaire des urolithiases

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See detailPlasma deposition method for catechol/quinone functionalised layers
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Vreuls, Christelle et al

Patent (2016)

The invention provides a solvent-free plasma method for depositing an adherent catechol and/or quinone functionalised layer to an inorganic or organic substrate from a precursor which comprises at least a ... [more ▼]

The invention provides a solvent-free plasma method for depositing an adherent catechol and/or quinone functionalised layer to an inorganic or organic substrate from a precursor which comprises at least a quinone group; a protected or unprotected catechol group; a molecule substituted by a quinone group and/or a protected or unprotected catechol group; and/or a natural or synthetic derivative of a catechol group and/or a quinone group; wherein the quinone group is a 1,2- benzoquinone group and the catechol group is a 1,2-dihydroxybenzene group. [less ▲]

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See detailHot Melt Extrusion as a New Method to Form Inclusion Complexes with Cyclodextrins
Thiry, Justine ULg; Krier, Fabrice; Ratwatte, Shenelka et al

Conference (2016, April 06)

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See detailReconstruction and analysis of long-term satellite-derived sea surface temperature for the South China Sea
Huynh, Thi Hong Ngu ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

in Journal of Oceanography (2016)

Sea surface temperature (SST) is one of the key variables often used to investigate ocean dynamics, ocean-atmosphere interaction, and climate change. Unfortunately, the SST data sources in the South China ... [more ▼]

Sea surface temperature (SST) is one of the key variables often used to investigate ocean dynamics, ocean-atmosphere interaction, and climate change. Unfortunately, the SST data sources in the South China Sea (SCS) are not abundant due to sparse measurements of in situ SST and a high percentage of missing data in the satellite-derived SST. Therefore, SST data sets with low resolution and/or a short-term period have often been used in previous researches. Here we used Data INterpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions, a self-consistent and parameter-free method for filling in missing data, to reconstruct the daily nighttime 4-km AVHRR Pathfinder SST for the long-term period spanning from 1989 to 2009. In addition to the reconstructed field, we also estimated the local error map for each reconstructed image. Comparisons between the reconstructed and other data sets (satellite-derived microwave and in situ SSTs) show that the results are reliable for use in many different researches, such as validating numerical models, or identifying and tracking meso-scale oceanic features. Moreover, the Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis of the reconstructed SST and the reconstructed SST anomalies clearly shows the subseasonal, seasonal, and interannual variability of SST under the influence of monsoon and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), as well as reveals some oceanic features that could not be captured well in previous EOF analyses. The SCS SST often lags ENSO by about half a year. However, in this study, we see that the time lag changes with the frequencies of the SST variability, from 1 to 6 months. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent progress in the development of a hydrogen maser in the TE111 mode
Van Der Beken, Emeline ULg; Léonard, Daniel; Counet, Arnaud et al

Poster (2016, April 06)

We present the recent progress in the development of a hydrogen maser in the unusual TE111 mode. In contrast to standard hydrogen maser that exploits the TE011 mode, the TE111 mode allows one to design ... [more ▼]

We present the recent progress in the development of a hydrogen maser in the unusual TE111 mode. In contrast to standard hydrogen maser that exploits the TE011 mode, the TE111 mode allows one to design hydrogen masers with significant reduced dimensions which represents a huge benefit for space applications and in particular for the global positioning system. We present in details the different parts of our model : cavity with a thin Teflon sheet, magnetic shielding, temperature control of the maser... [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of solid-supported methodology for the preparation of peptidoglycan fragments containing (2S,6R)-diaminopimelic acid
Simon, Justine ULg; Lamborelle, Nicolas ULg; Zervosen, Astrid et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (2016)

Herein, we describe the development of an efficient solid-supported methodology for the stereoselective synthesis of two peptides containing (2S,6R)-diaminopimelic acid, (S)-Ala-γ-(R)-Glu-(2S,6R)-A2pm-(R ... [more ▼]

Herein, we describe the development of an efficient solid-supported methodology for the stereoselective synthesis of two peptides containing (2S,6R)-diaminopimelic acid, (S)-Ala-γ-(R)-Glu-(2S,6R)-A2pm-(R)-Ala 1 and γ-(R)-Glu-(2S,6R)-A2pm 2. The platform consists of a Wang resin anchored by an amino acid chain including allylglycine. By olefin cross metathesis with vinylglycine, unsaturated protected (2S,6R)-A2pm was fixed on solid support. Peptides were achieved by cleavage of cross metathesis products from resin, followed by reduction of double bonds along removing of protecting groups. Furthermore, this efficient solid phase approach will lead to peptide and muropeptide libraries. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed analysis of sputum and systemic inflammation in asthma phenotypes: are paucigranulocytic asthmatics really non-inflammatory?
Demarche, Sophie ULg; SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg; HENKET, Monique ULg et al

in BMC Pulmonary Medicine (2016), 16

BACKGROUND: The technique of induced sputum has allowed to subdivide asthma patients into inflammatory phenotypes according to their level of granulocyte airway infiltration. There are very few studies ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The technique of induced sputum has allowed to subdivide asthma patients into inflammatory phenotypes according to their level of granulocyte airway infiltration. There are very few studies which looked at detailed sputum and blood cell counts in a large cohort of asthmatics divided into inflammatory phenotypes. The purpose of this study was to analyze sputum cell counts, blood leukocytes and systemic inflammatory markers in these phenotypes, and investigate how those groups compared with healthy subjects. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on 833 asthmatics recruited from the University Asthma Clinic of Liege and compared them with 194 healthy subjects. Asthmatics were classified into inflammatory phenotypes. RESULTS: The total non-squamous cell count per gram of sputum was greater in mixed granulocytic and neutrophilic phenotypes as compared to eosinophilic, paucigranulocytic asthma and healthy subjects (p < 0.005). Sputum eosinophils (in absolute values and percentages) were increased in all asthma phenotypes including paucigranulocytic asthma, compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.005). Eosinophilic asthma showed higher absolute sputum neutrophil and lymphocyte counts than healthy subjects (p < 0.005), while neutrophilic asthmatics had a particularly low number of sputum macrophages and epithelial cells. All asthma phenotypes showed an increased blood leukocyte count compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.005), with paucigranulocytic asthmatics having also increased absolute blood eosinophils compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.005). Neutrophilic asthma had raised CRP and fibrinogen while eosinophilic asthma only showed raised fibrinogen compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that a significant eosinophilic inflammation is present across all categories of asthma, and that paucigranulocytic asthma may be seen as a low grade inflammatory disease. [less ▲]

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See detailNew conservative and regenerative treatments for cartilage and tendon lesions
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)