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See detailMad, bad or adapted? Psychopathology of psychopaths
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Stanghellini, Giovani; Broome, Matthew; Fernandez, Anthony (Eds.) et al Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology (in press)

The objective of my paper is to present a psychopathological conception of psychopathy and compare it with the mainstream nosographic diagnosis (antisocial personality disorder in DSM-5 and the design of ... [more ▼]

The objective of my paper is to present a psychopathological conception of psychopathy and compare it with the mainstream nosographic diagnosis (antisocial personality disorder in DSM-5 and the design of psychopathy according to the PCL-R). This theoretical essay is informed by clinical situations involving psychopaths who were interviewed in prison or in forensic centres. The method applied a phenomenological psychopathology analysis to the clinical material. I first compare Binswanger’s conception of mania with psychopathic functioning. Patients’ behaviour is similar but the difference relates to the dialectic between the ego and the alter ego. A patient with mania has a fundamental crisis of the ego, which a psychopath does not have. A second finding concerns emotions and the adaptive dimension of psychopathy. An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions reveals that psychopaths are competent at managing emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage upon them. Finally, a reflection on empathy and sympathy clarifies the presentation of “psychopathic being-in-the-world”. Starting with the tension between clinical practice and critique of the dominant diagnostic scales, we can consider that the “essential characteristics” of the psychopathic disorder are reification of the alter ego without presenting an ego-related disorder, the adaptive benefits of emotional coldness, and empathic skills without sympathy. [less ▲]

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See detailFermentation profile of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida tropicalis as starter cultures on barley malt medium
Alloue-Boraud, Mireille; N’Guessan, Kouadio; Djeni, Théodore et al

in Journal of Food Science & Technology (in press)

Saccharomyces cerevisiae C8-5 and Candida tropicalis F0-5 isolated from traditional sorghum beer were tested for kinetic parameters on barley malt extract, YPD (863 medium) and for alcohol production. The ... [more ▼]

Saccharomyces cerevisiae C8-5 and Candida tropicalis F0-5 isolated from traditional sorghum beer were tested for kinetic parameters on barley malt extract, YPD (863 medium) and for alcohol production. The results showed that C. tropicalis has the highest maximum growth rate and the lowest doubling time. Values were 0.22 h-1 and 0.32 h-1 for maximum growth rate, 3 h 09 min and 2 h 09 min for doubling time respectively on barley malt extract and YPD. On contrary, glucose consumption was the fastest with S. cerevisiae (-0.36 g/l/h and -0.722 g/l/h respectively on barley malt extract and YPD). When these two yeasts were used as starters in pure culture and co-culture at proportion of 1:1 and 2:1 (cell/cell) for barley malt extract fermentation, we noticed that maltose content increased first from 12.12 g/l to 13.62-16.46 g/l and then decreased. The highest increase was obtained with starter C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae 2:1. On contrary, glucose content decreased throughout all the fermentation process. For all the starters used, the major part of the ethanol was produced at 16 h of fermentation. Values obtained in the final beers were 11.4, 11.6, 10.4 and 10.9 g/l for fermentation conducted with S. cerevisiae, C. tropicalis, C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae 1:1 and C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae 2:1. Cell viability measurement during the fermentation by using flow cytometry revealed that the lowest mean channel fluorescence for FL3 (yeast rate of death) was obtained with C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae 2:1 after 48 h of fermentation. [less ▲]

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See detailEVALUATION OF A RAPID BEDSIDE SCORING SYSTEM FOR MICROCIRCULATION VIDEOS ACQUIRED FROM DOGS
Gommeren, Kris ULg; Allerton, Fergus; Morin, Elise et al

in Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (in press)

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See detailCorporate Disclosures, Information Asymmetry and Stock-Market Liquidity in France
Sougné, Danielle ULg; Ajina, Aymen; Lakhal, Faten

in Journal of Applied Business Research (in press)

This paper aims at studying the effect of corporate disclosures on information asymmetry and stock-market liquidity in France. Specifically, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at studying the effect of corporate disclosures on information asymmetry and stock-market liquidity in France. Specifically, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of information included in the annual reports on investor’s behavior. This is proxied by the information asymmetry component of the bid-ask spread and stock market liquidity. Our sample includes 196 French listed firms over a period ranging from 2004 to 2007. We opt for an explanatory study using OLS regressions to examine the nature of the relationship between information disclosed in annual reports and bid-ask spreads a proxy for information asymmetry and stock market liquidity. The results show that the extent of corporate disclosures in annual reports positively influences the liquidity of the French market and negatively affects the adverse selection component of the bid-ask spread. This effect is further confirmed by the commitment to IFRS by French-listed firms from 2005. The decomposition of the total score in the sub-indices shows that non-financial and financial information are important in trading decisions while strategic information may be attractive only for long-term positions [less ▲]

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See detailSartre em psicopatologia: situação, emoção e ultrapassando
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Ribeiro Scheider, Daniela; Gastal de Castro, Fernando; Bloc Boris, Georges (Eds.) Sartre e os desafios para a psicologia contemporânea (in press)

À travers ce chapitre, nous proposons de réaliser l’étude de différents apports de la philosophie de Jean-Paul Sartre à la réflexion et la pratique de la psychopathologie. La « psychopathologie de l’homme ... [more ▼]

À travers ce chapitre, nous proposons de réaliser l’étude de différents apports de la philosophie de Jean-Paul Sartre à la réflexion et la pratique de la psychopathologie. La « psychopathologie de l’homme en situation » qui s’esquisse repose sur la notion fondamentale de l’émotion ainsi que sur la possibilité de dépassement de cette situation. Ce moment fait jaillir une trame temporelle puisqu’il révèle à la fois l’histoire et la biographie du sujet, mais également son projet et dès lors les fulgurances de la liberté. Penser l’homme en situation, le savoir sorcier ou magicien (c’est-à-dire à la fois ému et émouvant) et parvenir à mobiliser sa narrativité sont des paris essentiels de l’œuvre de Sartre, que la psychopathologie, tant dans sa dimension théorique que pratique, ne peut ignorer. [less ▲]

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See detailVirtual reality as a complementary therapy to sexual addiction treatment
Cismaru Inescu, Adina; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science (in press), 3(7), 1-5

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See detailTowards a critical philosophy of norms
Pieron, Julien ULg

in de Beistegui, Miguel; Bianco, Giuseppe; Gracieuse, Marjorie (Eds.) The Care of Life : Transdisciplinary perspectives in Bioethics and Biopolitics (in press)

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See detailLa fausse bonne idée
Joris, Geoffrey ULg

Article for general public (in press)

Vulgarisation critique de la politique du contrôle du chômage

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See detailL'art délicat de la prononciation ... néerlandaise
Rasier, Laurent ULg

Article for general public (in press)

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See detailContrastief woordenboek Nederlands-Frans
Theissen, Siegfried ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent ULg et al

Book published by Acco (in press)

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See detailStakeholder incentives and aid effectiveness: A case study in the health district of Kayes in Mali
Devahive, Eva; Paul, Elisabeth ULg; Samaké, Salif et al

in Journal of Development Studies (in press)

This case study analyses how far donors implement aid effectiveness principles at health district level in Mali, and why. It shows that not all aid effectiveness principles are implemented at a similar ... [more ▼]

This case study analyses how far donors implement aid effectiveness principles at health district level in Mali, and why. It shows that not all aid effectiveness principles are implemented at a similar degree. Most projects have limited impact on health services, but many programmes supported by donors offer positive opportunities for health system strengthening. The representations of different categories of stakeholders diverge – notably, regarding the role of different actors in service provision. A number of consistent strategic logics influence actors’ behaviour. We show that while many donors have committed at global level to respect aid effectiveness principles, implementation lags behind. [less ▲]

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See detailgammaMAXT: a fast multiple-testing correction algorithm
Van Lishout, François ULg; Gadaleta, Francesco ULg; Moore, Jason H. et al

in ERCIM 2014 Abstract Book (in press)

The purpose of the maxT algorithm (1993) is to control the family-wise error rate (FWER) when assessing significance of multiple tests jointly. However, the requirements in terms of computing time and ... [more ▼]

The purpose of the maxT algorithm (1993) is to control the family-wise error rate (FWER) when assessing significance of multiple tests jointly. However, the requirements in terms of computing time and memory of this procedure are proportional to the number of investigated hypothesis. The memory issue has been solved by Van Lishout’s implementation of maxT (2013), which makes the memory usage independent from the size of the dataset. This algorithm is implemented in MBMDR-3.0.3, a software that is able to identify genetic interactions, for a variety of SNP-SNP based epistasis model,s in an effective way. However, that implementation turned out to be less suitable for genome-wide interaction analysis studies, due to the prohibitive computational burden. Here, we present gammaMAXT, a novel algorithm which is part of MBMDR-4.2.2. We show that, in the abscence of interaction effects, test-statistics produced by the MB-MDR methodology follow a mixture distribution with a point mass at zero and a shifted gamma distribution for the top 10% of the strictly positive values. We show that the gammaMAXT algorithm has a power comparable to maxT and maintains FWER, but requires less computational resources and time. MBMDR-4.2.2 can be downloaded at http://www.statgen.ulg.ac.be. [less ▲]

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See detailLa conception d’un programme de formation pédagogique : un premier pas vers le développement professionnel des enseignants du supérieur
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Daele, Amaury; Sylvestre, Emmanuel (Eds.) Le conseil pédagogique dans l’enseignement supérieur - Cadres de référence, outils de travail et de développement (in press)

Elaborer un programme de formation pour les enseignants est souvent le premier réflexe d’une cellule de conseillers pédagogiques nouvellement créée au sein d’une institution d’enseignement supérieur. Un ... [more ▼]

Elaborer un programme de formation pour les enseignants est souvent le premier réflexe d’une cellule de conseillers pédagogiques nouvellement créée au sein d’une institution d’enseignement supérieur. Un tel programme permet en effet une première sensibilisation aux questions d’apprentissage, une première étape dans ce qui pourrait devenir une réelle politique de développment professionnel pour les enseignants. Mais quelles sont les limites d’une telle approche ? Quelles sont ses conditions d’efficacité ? Au vu de quelques expériences européennes et notamment celle de l’université de Liège (Belgique), ce chapitre tente d’éclairer les défis majeurs qui attendent les conseillers pédagogiques au détour de leur conception d’un tel programme. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Instability Strip of ZZ Ceti White Dwarfs
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (in press)

The determination of the location of the theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip in the log g − Teff diagram has remained a challenge over the years, due to the lack of a suitable treatment for convection ... [more ▼]

The determination of the location of the theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip in the log g − Teff diagram has remained a challenge over the years, due to the lack of a suitable treatment for convection in these stars. We report here a detailed stability survey over the whole ZZ Ceti regime, including the low and extremely low masses. We computed to this aim 29 evolutionary sequences of DA models with various masses, chemical layering, and core compositions. These models are characterized by the so- called ML2/α=1.0 convective efficiency and take into account the important feedback effect of convection on the atmospheric structure. We computed pulsation spectra for these models with the Liège nonadiabatic pulsation code MAD, which is the only one to conveniently incorporate a full time-dependent convection treatment and, thus, provides the best available description of the blue edge of the instability strip. On the other hand, given the failure of all nonadiabatic codes to account properly for the red edge of the strip, including MAD, we tested the idea that the red edge is due to energy leakage through the atmosphere. Using this approach, we found that our theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip accounts remarkably well for the boundaries of the empirical strip. [less ▲]

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See detailA First Look at the Nonadiabatic Properties of Pulsating Accreting White Dwarfs of the GW Lib Type
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (in press)

We present results of a detailed stability survey of the pulsation properties of accreting white dwarfs of the GW Lib type. This is based on several state-of-the- art white dwarf evolutionary sequences ... [more ▼]

We present results of a detailed stability survey of the pulsation properties of accreting white dwarfs of the GW Lib type. This is based on several state-of-the- art white dwarf evolutionary sequences with varying envelope compositions, from pure hydrogen to pure helium. Using the same tools as in Van Grootel et al. (2013), where we have presented the first consistent view of the ZZ Ceti instability strip, we have mapped the GW Lib instability strip over the effective temperature-surface gravity plane, and as a function of envelope composition. We find that the location of the GW Lib instability domain is a strong and continuous function of the assumed envelope composition. We can accomodate all of the known GW Lib pulsators in various strips according to their atmospheric compositions. [less ▲]

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See detailA global analysis of Spitzer and new HARPS data confirms the loneliness and metal-richness of GJ 436 b
Lanotte, Audrey ULg; Gillon, Michaël ULg; Demory, B.-O. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (in press)

Context. GJ 436b is one of the few transiting warm Neptunes for which a detailed characterisation of the atmosphere is possible, whereas its non-negligible orbital eccentricity calls for further ... [more ▼]

Context. GJ 436b is one of the few transiting warm Neptunes for which a detailed characterisation of the atmosphere is possible, whereas its non-negligible orbital eccentricity calls for further investigation. Independent analyses of several individual datasets obtained with Spitzer have led to contradicting results attributed to the different techniques used to treat the instrumental effects. Aims. We aim at investigating these previous controversial results and developing our knowledge of the system based on the full Spitzer photometry dataset combined with new Doppler measurements obtained with the HARPS spectrograph. We also want to search for additional planets. Methods. We optimise aperture photometry techniques and the photometric deconvolution algorithm DECPHOT to improve the data reduction of the Spitzer photometry spanning wavelengths from 3-24 {\mu}m. Adding the high precision HARPS radial velocity data, we undertake a Bayesian global analysis of the system considering both instrumental and stellar effects on the flux variation. Results. We present a refined radius estimate of RP=4.10 +/- 0.16 R_Earth, mass MP=25.4 +/- 2.1 M_Earth and eccentricity e= 0.162 +/- 0.004 for GJ 436b. Our measured transit depths remain constant in time and wavelength, in disagreement with the results of previous studies. In addition, we find that the post-occultation flare-like structure at 3.6 {\mu}m that led to divergent results on the occultation depth measurement is spurious. We obtain occultation depths at 3.6, 5.8, and 8.0 {\mu}m that are shallower than in previous works, in particular at 3.6 {\mu}m. However, these depths still appear consistent with a metal-rich atmosphere depleted in methane and enhanced in CO/CO2, although perhaps less than previously thought. We find no evidence for a potential planetary companion, stellar activity, nor for a stellar spin-orbit misalignment. [ABRIDGED] [less ▲]

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See detailA review of inversion techniques related to the use of relationship matrices in animal breeding
Faux, Pierre ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (in press)

In animal breeding, prediction of genetic effects is usually obtained through the use of mixed models. For any of these genetic effects, mixed models require the inversion of the covariance matrix ... [more ▼]

In animal breeding, prediction of genetic effects is usually obtained through the use of mixed models. For any of these genetic effects, mixed models require the inversion of the covariance matrix associated to that effect, which is equal to the associated relationship matrix times the associated component of the genetic variance. Given the size of many genetic evaluation systems, computing the inverses of these relationship matrices is not trivial. In this review, we aim to cover computational techniques that ease inversion of relationship matrices used in animal breeding for prediction of the following different types of genetic effects: additive effect, gametic effect, effect due to presence of marked quantitative trait loci, dominance effect and different epistasis effects. Construction rules and inversion algorithms are detailed for each relationship matrix. In the final discussion, we draw up a common theoretical frame to most of the reviewed techniques. Two computational constraints come out of this theoretical frame: setting up the matrix of dependencies between levels of the effect and setting up some parts (diagonal or block-diagonal elements) of the relationship matrix to be inverted. [less ▲]

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See detailThe strength of multi-row models
Louveaux, Quentin ULg; Poirrier, Laurent; Salvagnin, Domenico

in Mathematical Programming Computation (in press)

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a ... [more ▼]

We develop a method for computing facet-defining valid inequalities for any mixed-integer set PJ. Our practical implementation does not return only facet- defining inequalities, but it is able to find a separating cut whenever one exists. The separator is not comparable in speed with the specific cutting-plane generators used in branch-and-cut solvers, but it is general-purpose. We can thus use it to compute cuts derived from any reasonably small relaxation PJ of a general mixed- integer problem, even when there exists no specific implementation for computing cuts with PJ. Exploiting this, we evaluate, from a computational perspective, the usefulness of cuts derived from several types of multi-row relaxations. In particular, we present results with four different strengthenings of the two-row intersection cut model, and multi-row models with up to fifteen rows. We conclude that only fully-strengthened two-row cuts seem to offer a significant advantage over two-row intersection cuts. Our results also indicate that the improvement obtained by going from models with very few rows to models with up to fifteen rows may not be worth the increased computing cost. [less ▲]

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See detailMollino, Carlo
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Atkinson, Harriet; Kettley, Sarah; Edwards, Clive (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Design (in press)

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See detailIdentifying Semitic loanwords in Late Egyptian
Winand, Jean ULg

in Dils, Peter; Grossman, Eitan; Richter, Sebastian (Eds.) et al Language Contact and Bilingualism in antiquity: What Linguistic Borrowing into Coptic can tell us about it (in press)

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