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See detailInfrastructures routières et développement socioeconomique dans le Mayombe (RDC)
Bonkena Bokombola, Papy ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan (2015)

La présente étude se consacre à la réflexion sur la corrélation entre l’infrastructure routière et le développement socioéconomique. C’est en s’appuyant sur un ensemble très large de variables sociales et ... [more ▼]

La présente étude se consacre à la réflexion sur la corrélation entre l’infrastructure routière et le développement socioéconomique. C’est en s’appuyant sur un ensemble très large de variables sociales et économiques jugées pertinentes que cette étude tente de contribuer à la construction d’un dispositif des variables aptes à saisir les changements entraînés par l’intervention du projet routier basée sur la technologie HIMO. Malgré quelques différences, la plupart des variables/indicateurs gardent les mêmes tendances évolutives dans ces différentes régions. Au-delà de notes de succès socioéconomique enregistré, des points d’attention subsistent et méritent des réflexions correctives dans une logique de poursuite et d’extension des activités de réhabilitation routière, notamment la persistance d’inégalités de genre dans les chances d’accès au travail, l’absence d’actions complémentaires devant appuyer les activités agropastorales et la persistance de la problématique de prise en charge de l’entretien du réseau réhabilité par les ressources tant locales, provinciales que nationales. L’étude repose essentiellement sur les données secondaires consignées dans les différents documents et rapports en les analysant dans une approche comparative avec les résultats obtenus par d’autres études réalisées en République Démocratique du Congo et dans d’autres régions en Afrique subsaharienne, dont particulièrement le Burkina Faso et le Bénin. [less ▲]

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See detailPolicy dialogue: What it is and how it can contribute to evidence-informed decision-making.
Rajan, D; El Husseiny, D; Porignon, Denis ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailBaseline characteristics of the Liège hand osteoarthritis cohort (LIHOC)
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(1), 305

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See detailHow can we help implementing ESCEO alorith in real life?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(1), 3

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See detailLa piétaille meurt mais ne se rend pas !
Masson, Christophe ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailAdded value of a triaxial accelerometer assessing gait parameters to predict falls and mortality among nursing home residents: A two-year prospective study.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Technology and health care : official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine (2015), 23

BACKGROUND: Gait impairment seems to be a risk factor for falls and mortality. Because gait change cannot be determined easily with classical clinical tests, some authors have suggested that it might be ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Gait impairment seems to be a risk factor for falls and mortality. Because gait change cannot be determined easily with classical clinical tests, some authors have suggested that it might be useful to use a gait-analysis system among elderly community-dwelling people. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to determine the predictive value of a quantitative evaluation of the gait characteristics in nursing home residents for the occurrence of falls and death performed using a tri-axial accelerometer (Locometrix(R)). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred elderly nursing home residents (80 women and 20 men, mean age 86.4 +/- 6.04 years) were included in this study with the aim to follow them for 2 years. Deaths and falls were systematically recorded. A quantitative evaluation of a 10-second walk was performed with a tri-axial accelerometer (Locometrix(R)). Demographic data (i.e age, sex, body mass index) and clinical data (i.e. fall risk evaluated by the Tinetti test) were also recorded. RESULTS: During the two years of follow-up, 27 patients died. After adjustment on all potential confounding variables, only body mass index was significantly associated with the risk of mortality with an odds ratio of 0.86 (95% CI: 0.77-0.96, p=0.04). At the end of the study period, 440 falls had occurred (mean: 4.44 +/- 6.79 falls per patient) but no single factors were independently associated with fall incidence. CONCLUSION: Our results show that a quantitative gait analysis performed using a tri-axial accelerometer is not predictive of long-term falls and mortality among nursing home residents. [less ▲]

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See detailChapter 4 : Human Exposure of Bisphenol A : Review of the Urinary Levels in the General Population
PIRARD, Catherine ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Gibert, Yann (Ed.) Bisphenol A : Sources, Risks of Environmental Exposure and Human Health Effects (2015)

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See detailDeformations of an elastic pipe submitted to gravity and internal fluid flow
Darbois-Texier, Baptiste ULg; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg

in Journal Fluids and Structures (2015)

This article describes the deformation of an elastic pipe submitted to gravity and to an internal fluid flow. The pipe is clamped horizontally at one end and free at the other end. As the fluid velocity ... [more ▼]

This article describes the deformation of an elastic pipe submitted to gravity and to an internal fluid flow. The pipe is clamped horizontally at one end and free at the other end. As the fluid velocity increases, the shape changes from an elastic beam deflected by its own weight towards an horizontal posi- tion. The shape of the pipe is characterized experimentally and is compared with a theoretical model based on the Euler-Bernoulli approximation and the conservation of the fluid momentum. We study how the determination of the pipe deformation provides an estimation of the conveyed fluid flow. Finally, the vertical force produced by the conveyed fluid to lift off a mass is deduced. [less ▲]

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See detailIntro Nudge and the Law final
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Alemano, Alberto

in Sibony, Anne-Lise; Alemano, Alberto (Eds.) Nudge and the Law: A European Perspective (2015)

Nudge and the Law explores the legal implications of the emergent phenomenon of behaviourally informed intervention. It focuses on the challenges and opportunities it may offer to the policymaking of the ... [more ▼]

Nudge and the Law explores the legal implications of the emergent phenomenon of behaviourally informed intervention. It focuses on the challenges and opportunities it may offer to the policymaking of the European Union. This dual focus on law and on Europe characterises our endeavour. This volume has been structured by taking as a point of the departure the current nudging debate, which mainly comprises two strands of enquiry: when is it legitimate for States to use psychology to inform policy? (the legitimacy debate) and, to the extent that it is legitimate, how can behavioural insights in practice be incorporated into the decision making processes? (the practicability debate). Against this backdrop we brought together scholars who could analyse what behavioural insights might bring to EU law, both at a horizontal level and at a sectoral level. This volume endeavours to present the results of their research in a manner that is accessible both to EU law specialists who are not yet familiar with behavioural sciences and to behavioural lawyers who are not specialists in EU law. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusion Nudge and the Law final
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Alemano, Alberto

in Sibony, Anne-Lise; Alemano, Alberto (Eds.) Nudge and the Law: A European Perspective (2015)

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See detailEU Consumer Protection and Behavioural Sciences
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Helleringer, Geneviève

in Sibony, Anne-Lise; Alemano, Alberto (Eds.) Nudge and the Law: A European Perspective (2015)

In this chapter, we review the behavioural critique of EU consumer legislation and focus is on how behavioural insights are being incorporated or could realistically be incorporated in existing or new ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we review the behavioural critique of EU consumer legislation and focus is on how behavioural insights are being incorporated or could realistically be incorporated in existing or new rules. Behavioural scholars sometimes present EU consumer law as archaic and counter-productive and this creates a diffuse view that a behavioural turn would constitute a revolution for EU consumer law. We do not subscribe to this view. We begin by putting the current legitimacy crisis of EU consumer law in perspective. Specifically, we explain why EU law evolved to be an apparent anti-model of behavioural regulation and discuss whether the internal market constraints that still exist prevent a behavioural turn. We conclude that they do not. We illustrate this claim in relation to disclosure mandates. The central feature of disclosure mandates in EU consumer law has been severely criticised in the light of behavioural findings. We agree that they are over-used but find that disclosure mandates, as a technique, can still serve a useful purpose and suggest how their use can be streamlined. We also point out that recent developments tend to make disclosures smarter and point to directions to pursue this evolution. Finally, we turn to the core message of behavioural insights to policy makers: ‘make it simple’ and analyse how it has been received in EU consumer law beyond the specific issue of disclosure. We find evidence of an intention to simplify which predates the current commitment of the Commission to make simplification a priority, but highlight that efforts to simplify have led to half-baked solutions that are not simple enough. We conclude that EU consumer law does not need a revolution but a continued reform and that it contains the seeds of a more behavioural approach. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Construction Law
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Chao-Duvis, Monika; Hillig, J. et al

Book published by European Society of Construction Law (2015)

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See detailSelf-knowledge
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Toga, A. W. (Ed.) Brain mapping: An encyclopedic reference (2015)

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See detailNovel magneto-electric multiferroics from first-principles calculations
Varignon, Julien ULg; Bristowe, Nicholas ULg; Bousquet, Eric ULg et al

in Comptes Rendus Physique (2015), 16

Interest in first-principles calculations within the multiferroic community has been rapidly on the rise over the last decade. Initially considered as a powerful support to explain experimentally observed ... [more ▼]

Interest in first-principles calculations within the multiferroic community has been rapidly on the rise over the last decade. Initially considered as a powerful support to explain experimentally observed behaviours, the trend has evolved and, nowadays, density functional theory calculations have become also an essential predicting tool for identifying original rules to achieve multiferroism and design new magneto-electric compounds. This chapter aims at highlighting the key advances in the field of multiferroics, to which first-principles methods have contributed significantly. The essential theoretical developments that made this research possible are also briefly presented. [less ▲]

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