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See detailWhat CoRoT tells us about δ Scuti stars. Existence of a regular pattern and seismic indices to characterize stars
Michel, Eric; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULiege; Reese, Daniel et al

in European Physical Journal Web of Conferences (2017, October 01), 160

Inspired by the so appealing example of red giants, where going from a handful of stars to thousands revealed the structure of the eigenspectrum, we inspected a large homogeneous set of around 1860 δ ... [more ▼]

Inspired by the so appealing example of red giants, where going from a handful of stars to thousands revealed the structure of the eigenspectrum, we inspected a large homogeneous set of around 1860 δ Scuti stars observed with CoRoT. This unique data set reveals a common regular pattern which appears to be in agreement with island modes featured by theoretical non-perturbative treatments of fast rotation. The comparison of these data with models and linear stability calculations suggests that spectra can be fruitfully characterized to first order by a few parameters which might play the role of seismic indices for δ Scuti stars, as Δv and v[SUB]max[/SUB] do for red giants. The existence of this pattern offers an observational support for guiding further theoretical works on fast rotation. It also provides a framework for further investigation of the observational material collected by CoRoT ([1]) and Kepler ([2]). Finally, it sketches out the perspective of using δ Scuti stars pulsations for ensemble asteroseismology [less ▲]

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See detailBayesian Multi-Objective Optimisation of Neotissue Growth in a Perfusion Bioreactor Set-up
olofsson, Simon; Mehrian, Mohammad ULiege; Geris, Liesbet ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2017, October 01)

We consider optimising bone neotissue growth in a 3D scaffold during dynamic perfusion bioreactor culture. The goal is to choose design variables by optimising two conflicting objectives: (i) maximising ... [more ▼]

We consider optimising bone neotissue growth in a 3D scaffold during dynamic perfusion bioreactor culture. The goal is to choose design variables by optimising two conflicting objectives: (i) maximising neotissue growth and (ii) minimising operating cost. Our contribution is a novel extension of Bayesian multi-objective optimisation to the case of one black-box (neotissue growth) and one analytical (operating cost) objective function, that helps determine, within a reasonable amount of time, what design variables best manage the trade-off between neotissue growth and operating cost. Our method is tested against and outperforms the most common approach in literature, genetic algorithms, and shows its important real-world applicability to problems that combine black-box models with easy-to-quantify objectives like cost. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of real-time PCR targets for the detection of Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens
Marien, Aline; Debode, Frédéric; Aerts, Céline et al

Poster (2017, October 01)

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See detailH0LiCOW - II. Spectroscopic survey and galaxy-group identification of the strong gravitational lens system HE 0435-1223
Sluse, Dominique ULiege; Sonnenfeld, A.; Rumbaugh, N. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 470

Galaxies located in the environment or along the line of sight towards gravitational lenses can significantly affect lensing observables, and can lead to systematic errors on the measurement of H[SUB]0 ... [more ▼]

Galaxies located in the environment or along the line of sight towards gravitational lenses can significantly affect lensing observables, and can lead to systematic errors on the measurement of H[SUB]0[/SUB] from the time-delay technique. We present the results of a systematic spectroscopic identification of the galaxies in the field of view of the lensed quasar HE 0435-1223 using the W. M. Keck, Gemini and ESO-Very Large telescopes. Our new catalogue triples the number of known galaxy redshifts in the direct vicinity of the lens, expanding to 102 the number of measured redshifts for galaxies separated by less than 3 arcmin from the lens. We complement our catalogue with literature data to gather redshifts up to 15 arcmin from the lens, and search for galaxy groups or clusters projected towards HE 0435-1223. We confirm that the lens is a member of a small group that includes at least 12 galaxies, and find 8 other group candidates near the line of sight of the lens. The flexion shift, namely the shift of lensed images produced by high-order perturbation of the lens potential, is calculated for each galaxy/group and used to identify which objects produce the largest perturbation of the lens potential. This analysis demonstrates that (i) at most three of the five brightest galaxies projected within 12 arcsec of the lens need to be explicitly used in the lens models, and (ii) the groups can be treated in the lens model as an external tidal field (shear) contribution. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Structure of Chariklo’s Rings from Stellar Occultations
Bérard, D.; Sicardy, B.; Camargo, J. I. B. et al

in Astronomical Journal (The) (2017), 154

Two narrow and dense rings (called C1R and C2R) were discovered around the Centaur object (10199) Chariklo during a stellar occultation observed on 2013 June 3. Following this discovery, we planned ... [more ▼]

Two narrow and dense rings (called C1R and C2R) were discovered around the Centaur object (10199) Chariklo during a stellar occultation observed on 2013 June 3. Following this discovery, we planned observations of several occultations by Chariklo’s system in order to better characterize the physical properties of the ring and main body. Here, we use 12 successful occulations by Chariklo observed between 2014 and 2016. They provide ring profiles (physical width, opacity, edge structure) and constraints on the radii and pole position. Our new observations are currently consistent with the circular ring solution and pole position, to within the ±3.3 km formal uncertainty for the ring radii derived by Braga-Ribas et al. The six resolved C1R profiles reveal significant width variations from ∼5 to 7.5 km. The width of the fainter ring C2R is less constrained, and may vary between 0.1 and 1 km. The inner and outer edges of C1R are consistent with infinitely sharp boundaries, with typical upper limits of one kilometer for the transition zone between the ring and empty space. No constraint on the sharpness of C2R’s edges is available. A 1σ upper limit of ∼20 m is derived for the equivalent width of narrow (physical width < 4 km) rings up to distances of 12,000 km, counted in the ring plane. [less ▲]

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See detailSPECULOOS exoplanet search and its prototype on TRAPPIST
Burdanov, Artem ULiege; Delrez, Laetitia; Gillon, Michaël ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

One of the most significant goals of modern science is establishing whether life exists around other suns. The most direct path towards its achievement is the detection and atmospheric characterization of ... [more ▼]

One of the most significant goals of modern science is establishing whether life exists around other suns. The most direct path towards its achievement is the detection and atmospheric characterization of terrestrial exoplanets with potentially habitable surface conditions. The nearest ultracool dwarfs (UCDs), i.e. very-low-mass stars and brown dwarfs with effective temperatures lower than 2700 K, represent a unique opportunity to reach this goal within the next decade. The potential of the transit method for detecting potentially habitable Earth-sized planets around these objects is drastically increased compared to Earth-Sun analogs. Furthermore, only a terrestrial planet transiting a nearby UCD would be amenable for a thorough atmospheric characterization, including the search for possible biosignatures, with near-future facilities such as the James Webb Space Telescope. In this chapter, we first describe the physical properties of UCDs as well as the unique potential they offer for the detection of potentially habitable Earth-sized planets suitable for atmospheric characterization. Then, we present the SPECULOOS ground-based transit survey, that will search for Earth-sized planets transiting the nearest UCDs, as well as its prototype survey on the TRAPPIST telescopes. We conclude by discussing the prospects offered by the recent detection by this prototype survey of a system of seven temperate Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby UCD, TRAPPIST-1. [less ▲]

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See detailMars’ seasonal mesospheric transport seen through nitric oxide nightglow
Milby, Zachariah; Stiepen, Arnaud ULiege; Jain, Sonal et al

Conference (2017, October 01)

We analyze the ultraviolet nightglow in the atmosphere of Mars through nitric oxide (NO) δ and γ band emissions as observed by the Imaging UltraViolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument onboard the Mars ... [more ▼]

We analyze the ultraviolet nightglow in the atmosphere of Mars through nitric oxide (NO) δ and γ band emissions as observed by the Imaging UltraViolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument onboard the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft when it is at apoapse and periapse.In the dayside thermosphere of Mars, solar extreme-ultraviolet radiation dissociates CO[SUB]2[/SUB] and N[SUB]2[/SUB] molecules. O([SUP]3[/SUP]P) and N([SUP]4[/SUP]S) atoms are carried from the dayside to the nightside by the day-night hemispheric transport process, where they descend through the nightside mesosphere and can radiatively recombine to form NO(C[SUP]2[/SUP]Π). The excited molecules rapidly relax by emitting photons in the UV δ and γ bands. These emissions are indicators of the N and O atom fluxes from the dayside to Mars’ nightside and the descending circulation pattern from the nightside thermosphere to the mesosphere (e.g. Bertaux et al., 2005 ; Bougher et al., 1990 ; Cox et al., 2008 ; Gagné et al., 2013 ; Gérard et al., 2008 ; Stiepen et al., 2015, 2017).Observations of these emissions are gathered from a large dataset spanning different seasonal conditions.We present discussion on the variability in the brightness and altitude of the emission with season, geographical position (longitude), and local time, along with possible interpretation by local and global changes in the mesosphere dynamics. We show the possible impact of atmospheric waves forcing longitudinal variability and data-to-model comparisons indicating a wave-3 structure in Mars’ nightside mesosphere. Quantitative comparison with calculations of the Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique-Mars Global Climate Model (LMD-MGCM) suggests the model reproduces both the global trend of NO nightglow emission and its seasonal variation. However, it also indicates large discrepancies, with the emission up to a factor 50 times fainter in the model, suggesting that the predicted transport is too efficient toward the night winter pole in the thermosphere by ˜20° latitude to the north.These questions are now addressed through an extensive dataset of disk images, in complement to improved simulations of the LMD-MGCM and the Mars Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model (MGITM) models. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Retrieval of Thermospheric Carbon Monoxide From Mars Dayglow Observations
Evans, J. Scott; Stevens, Michael H.; Jain, Sonal et al

Conference (2017, October 01)

As a minor species in the Martian thermosphere, Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a tracer that can be used to constrain changing circulation patterns between the lower thermosphere and upper mesosphere of Mars. By ... [more ▼]

As a minor species in the Martian thermosphere, Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a tracer that can be used to constrain changing circulation patterns between the lower thermosphere and upper mesosphere of Mars. By linking CO density distributions to dynamical wind patterns, the structure and variability of the atmosphere will be better understood. Direct measurements of CO can therefore provide insight into the magnitude and pattern of winds and provide a metric for studying the response of the atmosphere to solar forcing. In addition, CO measurements can help solve outstanding photochemical modeling problems in explaining the abundance of CO at Mars. CO is directly observable by electron impact excitation and solar resonance fluorescence emissions in the far-ultraviolet (FUV). The retrieval of CO from solar fluorescence was first proposed over 40 years ago, but has been elusive at Mars due to significant spectral blending. However, by simulating the spectral shape of each contributing emission feature, electron impact excitation and solar fluorescence brightnesses can be extracted from the composite spectrum using a multiple linear regression approach. We use CO Fourth Positive Group (4PG) molecular band emission observed on the limb (130 - 200 km) by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) on NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft over both northern and southern hemispheres from October 2014 to December 2016. We present the first direct retrieval of CO densities by FUV remote sensing in the upper atmosphere of Mars. Atmospheric composition is inferred using the terrestrial Atmospheric Ultraviolet Radiance Integrated Code adapted to the Martian atmosphere. We investigate the sensitivity of CO density retrievals to variability in solar irradiance, solar longitude, and local time. We compare our results to predictions from the Mars Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model as well as in situ measurements by the Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer on MAVEN and quantify any differences. [less ▲]

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See detailMars topographic clouds: MAVEN/IUVS observations and LMD MGCM predictions
Schneider, Nicholas M.; Connour, Kyle; Forget, Francois et al

Conference (2017, October 01)

The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument on the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft takes mid-UV spectral images of the Martian atmosphere. From these apoapse disk ... [more ▼]

The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument on the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft takes mid-UV spectral images of the Martian atmosphere. From these apoapse disk images, information about clouds and aerosols can be retrieved and comprise the only MAVEN observations of topographic clouds and cloud morphologies. Measuring local time variability of large-scale recurring cloud features is made possible with MAVEN’s ~4.5-hour elliptical orbit, something not possible with sun-synchronous orbits. We have run the LMD MGCM (Mars global circulation model) at 1° x 1° resolution to simulate water ice cloud formation with inputs consistent with observing parameters and Mars seasons. Topographic clouds are observed to form daily during the late mornings of northern hemisphere spring and this phenomenon recurs until late summer (Ls = 160°), after which topographic clouds wane in thickness. By northern fall, most topographic clouds cease to form except over Arsia Mons and Pavonis Mons, where clouds can still be observed. Our data show moderate cloud formation over these regions as late as Ls = 220°, something difficult for the model to replicate. Previous studies have shown that models have trouble simulating equatorial cloud thickness in combination with a realistic amount of water vapor and not-too-thick polar water ice clouds, implying aspects of the water cycle are not fully understood. We present data/model comparisons as well as further refinements on parameter inputs based on IUVS observations. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Detection of the Nitric Oxide Dayglow on Mars
Stevens, Michael H.; Siskind, David E.; Evans, J. Scott et al

Conference (2017, October 01)

Nitric oxide (NO) is a well-known indicator of solar and auroral activity in the terrestrial upper atmosphere. Direct measurements of NO on Mars can therefore constrain studies of energetic processes ... [more ▼]

Nitric oxide (NO) is a well-known indicator of solar and auroral activity in the terrestrial upper atmosphere. Direct measurements of NO on Mars can therefore constrain studies of energetic processes controlling the composition and structure of its upper atmosphere (80-200 km). Identifying and quantifying these processes is one of the science objectives of NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission currently orbiting Mars. NO can be observed directly by solar resonance fluorescence in the mid-ultraviolet (MUV). Indeed, this approach has routinely been used to measure terrestrial NO for 50 years. On Mars, this “dayglow” emission is very weak relative to other bright MUV features and thus has confounded attempts at its detection there for nearly the same amount of time. Here, we report the first detection of the NO dayglow in the Martian atmosphere using limb observations by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) on the MAVEN spacecraft. The detection is enabled by the spectral modeling and removal of the carbon monoxide Cameron bands, which dominate the MUV limb spectra. We focus on the spectral region between 213.0-225.5 nm, where three NO gamma bands emit. We will infer NO densities from the dayglow spectra and compare our observations with predictions from a photochemical model. We will discuss the implications, particularly in the context of previous in situ measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical linear polarization measurements of quasars obtained with the 3.6 m telescope at the La Silla Observatory
Hutsemekers, Damien ULiege; Hall, P.; Sluse, Dominique ULiege

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2017), 606

We report 192 previously unpublished optical linear polarization measurements of quasars obtained in April 2003, April 2007, and October 2007 with the European Southern Observatory Faint Object ... [more ▼]

We report 192 previously unpublished optical linear polarization measurements of quasars obtained in April 2003, April 2007, and October 2007 with the European Southern Observatory Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (EFOSC2) instrument attached to the 3.6 m telescope at the La Silla Observatory. Each quasar was observed once. Among the 192 quasars, 89 have a polarization degree p ≥ 0.6%, 18 have p ≥ 2%, and two have p ≥ 10%. Based on observations made with the ESO 3.6 m Telescope at the La Silla Observatory under program ID 071.B-0460, 079.A-0625, 080.A-0017.Full Table 4 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr</A> (<A href="http://130.79.128.5">http://130.79.128.5</A>) or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/606/A101">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/606/A101</A> [less ▲]

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See detailIsotopic Ratios in a Peculiar Outbursting Comet
Yang, Bin; Hutsemekers, Damien ULiege; Shinnaka, Yoshiharu et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (2017, October 01), 49

Isotopic ratios in comets provide keys for the understanding of the origin of cometary material, and the physical and chemical conditions in the early Solar Nebula. A newly discovered peculiar comet, C ... [more ▼]

Isotopic ratios in comets provide keys for the understanding of the origin of cometary material, and the physical and chemical conditions in the early Solar Nebula. A newly discovered peculiar comet, C/2015 ER61, underwent an outburst with a total brightness increase of 2 magnitudes on the night of April 4th, 2017. The sharp increase in brightness offers a rare opportunity to measure the isotopic ratios of the light elements of this comet. We obtained two high-resolution spectra of C/2015 ER61 with UVES on Apr. 13 and Apr. 17 respectively. At the time of our observations, the comet was fading gradually since the outburst. We measured the 12C/13C and 14N/15N isotopic ratios from the CN Violet (0,0) band. In addition, we determined the 14N/15N ratio in NH2 for C/2015 ER61 from four pairs of NH2 isotopologue lines. Some 18OH lines were detected but the S/N of these lines is too low to derive a reliable 18O/16O estimate. We will present our UVES spectra of C/2015 ER61, obtained shortly after the outburst. We will also present the comparison of the Isotopic ratios of C/2015 ER61 with those of other comets. [less ▲]

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See detailRAPPORT SUR L’ÉGALITÉ ENTRE LES FEMMES ET LES HOMMES À L’UNIVERSITÉ DE LIÈGE 2017 - rapport genre 2017
Cornet, Annie ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

this report present the statistical data of University de Liège (student and personal) for the year 2016-2017. Similar report in 2016 and 2014.

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See detailA model-based approach to characterize individual inbreeding at both global and local genomic scales.
Druet, Tom ULiege; Gautier, M.

in Molecular Ecology (2017), 26

Inbreeding results from the mating of related individuals and may be associated with reduced fitness because it brings together deleterious variants in one individual. In general, inbreeding is estimated ... [more ▼]

Inbreeding results from the mating of related individuals and may be associated with reduced fitness because it brings together deleterious variants in one individual. In general, inbreeding is estimated with respect to an arbitrary base population consisting of ancestors that are assumed unrelated. We herein propose a model-based approach to estimate and characterize individual inbreeding at both global and local genomic scales by assuming the individual genome is a mosaic of homozygous-by-descent (HBD) and non-HBD segments. The HBD segments may originate from ancestors tracing back to different periods in the past defining distinct age-related classes. The lengths of the HBD segments are exponentially distributed with class-specific parameters reflecting that inbreeding of older origin generates on average shorter stretches of observed homozygous markers. The model is implemented in a hidden Markov model framework that uses marker allele frequencies, genetic distances, genotyping error rates and the sequences of observed genotypes. Note that genotyping errors, low-fold sequencing or genotype-by-sequencing data are easily accommodated under this framework. Based on simulations under the inference model, we show that the genomewide inbreeding coefficients and the parameters of the model are accurately estimated. In addition, when several inbreeding classes are simulated, the model captures them if their ages are sufficiently different. Complementary analyses, either on data sets simulated under more realistic models or on human, dog and sheep real data, illustrate the range of applications of the approach and how it can reveal recent demographic histories among populations (e.g., very recent bottlenecks or founder effects). The method also allows to clearly identify individuals resulting from extreme consanguineous matings. [less ▲]

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See detailHera
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULiege; Pironti, Gabriella

in Oxford Classical Dictionary (2017)

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See detailQuestions choisies de droit des sociétés (2012-2017)
Caprasse, Olivier ULiege; Aydogdu, Roman ULiege; Léonard, Laura ULiege

in Chroniques notariales (2017)

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See detailRevue de la littérature sur les effets de la compression externe dynamique péristaltique type Normatec sur la récupération sportive
Kabore, Christophe; Kaux, Jean-François ULiege

in Science & Sports (2017), 32(5), 266-277

Aims. — Recently, several studies have emerged to evaluate the effects on sports recovery of theperistaltic dynamic pneumatic external compression device developed at Newton Center, MA,USA and marketed as ... [more ▼]

Aims. — Recently, several studies have emerged to evaluate the effects on sports recovery of theperistaltic dynamic pneumatic external compression device developed at Newton Center, MA,USA and marketed as the Normatec Pulse Recovery System, with an increased use recently inthe professional and recreational sports communities. Our objective in this review is to evaluatethe effects of Normatec on performance and sports recovery by reviewing the studies publishedto date.News. — We carried out a literature search from 1st July 2016 to 31st October 2016 on theMedline database via PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials viaOvid, at the end of which we retained for this review the comparative studies between Normatecand placebo, between Normatec and another sports recovery techniques as well as experimentalcontrolled trials, with no restriction on sex and level of training of the participants. All studieswere conducted on healthy subjects aged 18 to 40 years. There were 67 men and 61 women fora total of 128 participants. The selected studies were heterogeneous concerning the modalitiesof exercise before treatment by Normatec, as well as the duration of treatment by Normatec.No adverse effects have been described in the studies included in this review, but without anyspecific control described regarding the potential adverse effects.Conclusion. — Current investigations concerning the sport recovery method using the Normatecdevice have shown a favorable influence on blood lactate clearance, peripheral vascular reac-tivity, post-exercise muscle pain and motion amplitude. However, it does not bring significantgain interest compared to other methods of sport recovery that are cheaper, easier to accessand currently better studied, which must be known by athletes of all levels. However, theseinvestigations provide some insights into the mechanisms underlying the positive effects of thismode of treatment and pave the way for further studies that will contribute to the scientificvalidation of the method of sports recovery by Normatec. [less ▲]

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See detailTravail et subjectivité : la conservation de l’ours brun pour métier.
Denayer, Dorothée ULiege; Collard, Damien

in Travailler : Revue Internationale de Psychopathologie et de Psychodynamique du Travail (2017)

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See detailSurveillance de l'atmosphère terrestre depuis la station du Jungfraujoch : une épopée liégeoise entamée voici plus de 65 ans !
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULiege; Bader, Whitney ULiege; Bovy, Benoît ULiege et al

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2017), 68

It’s in the early 1950s that researchers from the University of Liège started to investigate the Earth’s atmosphere from the Jungfraujoch scientific station, in the Swiss Alps, at a time when concerns ... [more ▼]

It’s in the early 1950s that researchers from the University of Liège started to investigate the Earth’s atmosphere from the Jungfraujoch scientific station, in the Swiss Alps, at a time when concerns related to atmospheric composition changes were nonexistent. Since then, an infrared observational data base unique worldwide has been carefully collected. The exploitation of these observations has allowed constituting multi-decadal time series crucial for the characterization of the changes that affected our atmosphere and for the identification of their causes. In this paper, we first remind about the successive steps which led to establishing the observational program of the Liège team at the Jungfraujoch and we evoke important findings which justified its continuation. Then we present some recent results relevant to the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols, or related to the monitoring of air quality. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderwater world: the end of the myth
Parmentier, Eric ULiege

Conference (2017, October)

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