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See detail« Maladie, malheur et santé en terre étrangère. Les apports de l’anthropologie à la pratique professionnelle »
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Collectif (Ed.) « La santé dans un contexte de diversité culturelle. Quelles ressources pour les professionnels qui accompagnent ou orientent des personnes d’origine étrangère ? » (2015)

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See detail« La antropología de la infancia y de los niños: Historia de un campo, cuestiones metodológicas y perspectivas »
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Alvarado, Neyra; Pérez, Salvador (Eds.) Por una Antropología de la Infancia (2015)

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See detailAfrican Migrations in Childhood: Historical Roots, Contemporary Perspectives
Rodet, Marie; Razy, Elodie ULg

Book published by James Currey (2015)

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See detailComparaison de deux programmes d'étirements des ischio-jambiers en terme de maintien des gains en mobilité au suivi à deux mois
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Wolfs, Sébastien ULg; Chevalier, Madeline et al

in Kinesitherapie Revue (2015), 15(158), 57-58

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See detailAmorale, immoral, froide ou cynique? La violence dans 'Cartouche', de Nellie Campobello
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Dumortier, Jean-Louis; Granata, Veronica; Raxhon, Philippe (Eds.) et al Devoir de mémoire et pouvoir des fictions (2015)

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See detailClimate Change and Tritrophic Interactions: Will Modifications to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increase the Vulnerability of Herbivorous Insects to Natural Enemies?
Boullis, Antoine ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Verheggen, François ULg

in Environmental Entomology (2015)

Insects are highly dependent on odor cues released into the environment to locate conspecifics or food sources. This mechanism is particularly important for insect predators that rely on kairomones ... [more ▼]

Insects are highly dependent on odor cues released into the environment to locate conspecifics or food sources. This mechanism is particularly important for insect predators that rely on kairomones released by their prey to detect them. In the context of climate change and, more specifically, modifications in the gas composition of the atmosphere, chemical communication-mediating interactions between phytophagous insect pests, their host plants, and their natural enemies is likely to be impacted. Several reports have indicated that modifications to plants caused by elevated carbon dioxide and ozone concentrations might indirectly affect insect herbivores, with community-level modifications to this group potentially having an indirect influence on higher trophic levels. The vulnerability of agricultural insect pests toward their natural enemies under elevated greenhouse gases concentrations has been frequently reported, but conflicting results have been obtained. This literature review shows that the higher levels of carbon dioxide, as predicted for the coming century, do not enhance the abundance or efficiency of natural enemies to locate hosts or prey in most published studies. Increased ozone levels lead to modifications in herbivore-induced volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released by damaged plants, which may impact the attractiveness of these herbivores to the third trophic level. Furthermore, other oxidative gases (such as SO2 and NO2) tend to reduce the abundance of natural enemies. The impact of changes in atmospheric gas emissions on plant–insect and insect–insect chemical communication has been under-documented, despite the significance of these mechanisms in tritrophic interactions. We conclude by suggesting some further prospects on this topic of research yet to be investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly seed plants from Western Gondwana: Paleobiogeographical and ecological implications based on Tournaisian (Lower Carboniferous) records from Argentina
Prestianni, C.; Rustan, J.J.; Balseiro, D. et al

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2015), 417

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See detailLes récits pour la jeunesse: des choix d'écriture qui en font de nouveaux "lieux de mémoire"
Delbrassine, Daniel ULg

in Dumortier, Jean-Louis; Granata, Veronica; Raxhon, Philippe (Eds.) et al Devoir de mémoire et pouvoir des fictions (2015)

Analyse des choix narratifs en usage dans la littérature pour la jeunesse sur les deux guerres mondiales. Démonstration de sa fonction mémorielle à travers ces choix.

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See detailThorough characterization of a Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery System with Raman hyperspectral imaging: A case study.
Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Netchacovitch, Lauranne ULg; De Bleye, Charlotte ULg et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2015), 484

Newly developed drugs often have poor bioavailability due to their poor water solubility (BCS class 2 drugs). It is therefore necessary to develop new strategies to enhance their solubility and their ... [more ▼]

Newly developed drugs often have poor bioavailability due to their poor water solubility (BCS class 2 drugs). It is therefore necessary to develop new strategies to enhance their solubility and their activity, among which, Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery System (SEDDS). The efficacy of the drugs contained in these preparations is mainly affected by the solid state and the particle size of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). However, it is quite complex, long and expensive to characterize these parameters with classical techniques such as X-Ray powder diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry or hot stage microscopy. The present article presents, through a case study, the advantages of the Raman hyperspectral imaging in the characterization of such formulations. Indeed, Raman chemical imaging may fully characterize SEDDS with single equipment and operator in a non-destructive way allowing the follow-up of the formulation during stability studies. Raman imaging is therefore a tool of choice in the PAT framework since it increases the knowledge of the formulation and the process. A quantitative multivariate method using Raman hyperspectral imaging to assay the API in the lipid based formulation has been developed and fully validated following the “total error” approach. [less ▲]

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See detailAvoiding 2-binomial squares and cubes
Rao, Michaël; Rigo, Michel ULg; Salimov, Pavel

in Theoretical Computer Science (2015), 572

Two finite words $u,v$ are $2$-binomially equivalent if, for all words $x$ of length at most $2$, the number of occurrences of $x$ as a (scattered) subword of $u$ is equal to the number of occurrences of ... [more ▼]

Two finite words $u,v$ are $2$-binomially equivalent if, for all words $x$ of length at most $2$, the number of occurrences of $x$ as a (scattered) subword of $u$ is equal to the number of occurrences of $x$ in $v$. This notion is a refinement of the usual abelian equivalence. A $2$-binomial square is a word $uv$ where $u$ and $v$ are $2$-binomially equivalent. In this paper, considering pure morphic words, we prove that $2$-binomial squares (resp. cubes) are avoidable over a $3$-letter (resp. $2$-letter) alphabet. The sizes of the alphabets are optimal. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce qu'un thème?
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques = Annals of Semiotics (2015), 5 (2014)

We approach the notion of theme as a problematic one. Particularly, one can observe that the functions of a theme, as they are assigned by the specialists, especially in linguistics and literary studies ... [more ▼]

We approach the notion of theme as a problematic one. Particularly, one can observe that the functions of a theme, as they are assigned by the specialists, especially in linguistics and literary studies, are multiple and mutually incompatible. It is from this variety reluctant to the disciplinarized modes of knowledge that we have in mind to establish the semiological nature of the theme. Its development is a knowledge that does not bend nor to analysis neither to synthesis. In this research, the lectures made by Roland Barthes at the Collège de France serve as a guide and as an example. [less ▲]

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See detail(In)sécurités linguistiques francophones en Belgique : du taux d’insécurité aux facteurs d’(in)sécurité
Dassargues, Alix ULg

in L'insécurité en question : défis, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

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See detailShort communication: Novel method to predict body weight of primiparous dairy cows throughout the lactation
Vanrobays, Marie-Laure ULg; Vandenplas, Jérémie ULg; Hammami, Hedi ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2015), 98

Body weight (BW) of dairy cows can be estimated using linear conformation traits (calculated BW; CBW), which are generally recorded only once during a lactation. However, predicted BW (PBW) throughout the ... [more ▼]

Body weight (BW) of dairy cows can be estimated using linear conformation traits (calculated BW; CBW), which are generally recorded only once during a lactation. However, predicted BW (PBW) throughout the lactation would be useful, e.g., at milk-recording dates allowing feed-intake prediction for advisory purposes. Therefore, a 2-step approach was developed to obtain PBW for each milk-recording date. In the first step, a random-regression test-day model was used with CBW as observations to predict PBW. The second step consisted in changing means and (co)variances of prior distributions for the additive genetic random effects of the test-day model by using priors derived from results of the first step to predict again PBW. A total of 25,061 CBW from 24,919 primiparous Holstein cows were computed using equations from literature. Using CBW as observations, PBW was then predicted over the whole lactation for 232,436 dates corresponding to 207,375 milk-recording dates and 25,061 classification dates. Results showed that using both steps (the 2-step approach) provided more accurate predictions than using only the first step (the one-step approach). Based on the results of this preliminary study, BW of dairy cows could be predicted throughout the lactation using this procedure. These predictions could be useful in milk-recording systems to compute traits of interest (e.g., feed-intake prediction). The developed novel method is also flexible because actual direct measurements of BW can also be used together with CBW, the prediction model being able to accommodate different levels of accuracies of used BW phenotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailEducation et formation en médecine gériatrique en Europe : challenge du futur?
ROLLER, REGINA ELISABETH; PETERMANS, Jean ULg

in Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement (2015)

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See detailDéveloppement récent de la culture de l'épeautre en Belgique
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Watillon, Bernard; Bodson, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc "Céréales", édition février 2015 (2015)

L'épeautre est une culture ancienne, pratiquée depuis des siècles, et qui a été progressivement remplacée, comme le seigle, par le froment. Il s'est cependant maintenu modestement dans quelques régions ... [more ▼]

L'épeautre est une culture ancienne, pratiquée depuis des siècles, et qui a été progressivement remplacée, comme le seigle, par le froment. Il s'est cependant maintenu modestement dans quelques régions aux sols plus pauvres et au climat plus rigoureux que ceux qui conviennent le mieux au froment. Les aspects "santé" prenant de plus en plus d'importance dans les pays riches, la bonne réputation de l'épeautre en ce domaine a permis un récent regain d'intérêt pour cette culture, dont les prix se sont envolés au cours de l'année 2014. Cette évolution est-elle durable ou ne sera-t-elle qu'un feu de paille ? [less ▲]

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See detailEtudes sartriennes, n° 19 : Jean-Paul Sartre, Morale et Histoire. Conférence à l’institut Gramsci 1964
Bourgault, Jean; Cormann, Grégory ULg

Book published by Ousia (2015)

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See detailApprendre les sciences sociales par l'image
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg

in Durisch Gauthier, Nicole; Hertig, Philippe; Marchand Reymond, Sophie (Eds.) Regards sur le monde. Apprendre avec et par l’image à l’école (2015)

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See detailEffets du froid sur les stades précoces de développement du maïs (Zea mays)
Riva-Roveda, Laetitia ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2015), 19(1), 42-52

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See detailA Systematic Review of Cost-Effectiveness Analyses of Drugs for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Evers, Silvia M.; Ben Sedrine, Wafa et al

in PharmacoEconomics (2015), 33(3), 205-224

BACKGROUND: Given the limited availability of healthcare resources and the recent introduction of new anti-osteoporosis drugs, the interest in the cost effectiveness of drugs in postmenopausal ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Given the limited availability of healthcare resources and the recent introduction of new anti-osteoporosis drugs, the interest in the cost effectiveness of drugs in postmenopausal osteoporosis remains and even increases. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify all recent economic evaluations on drugs for postmenopausal osteoporosis, to critically appraise the reporting quality, and to summarize the results. METHODS: A literature search using Medline, the National Health Service Economic Evaluation database and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry was undertaken to identify original articles published between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2013. Studies that assessed cost effectiveness of drugs in postmenopausal osteoporosis were included. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement was used to assess the quality of reporting of these articles. RESULTS: Of 1,794 articles identified, 39 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. They were conducted in 14 different countries and nine active interventions were assessed. When compared with no treatment, active osteoporotic drugs were generally cost effective in postmenopausal women aged over 60-65 years with low bone mass, especially those with prior vertebral fractures. Key drivers of cost effectiveness included individual fracture risk, medication adherence, selected comparators and country-specific analyses. Quality of reporting varied between studies with an average score of 17.9 out of 24 (range 7-21.5). CONCLUSION: This review found a substantial number of published cost-effectiveness analyses of drugs in osteoporosis in the last 6 years. Results and critical appraisal of these articles can help decision makers when prioritizing health interventions and can inform the development of future economic evaluations. [less ▲]

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