Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailFair Trade and Social Enterprise
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Raynolds, Laura; Bennett, Elizabeth (Eds.) The Handbook of Research on Fair Trade (2015)

This chapter suggests that the notion of ‘social enterprise’ is useful to capture the DNA of organizations focused on fair trade and to locate them within a broader organizational taxonomy. Without ... [more ▼]

This chapter suggests that the notion of ‘social enterprise’ is useful to capture the DNA of organizations focused on fair trade and to locate them within a broader organizational taxonomy. Without seeking to impose a new term that may not resonate for certain actors or regions, this chapter aims to bring two contributions to fair trade research and practice. First, it is suggested that the social enterprise approach is particularly useful as an analytical tool enabling researchers and other stakeholders to capture the evolution and diversification of organizational models in fair trade. Second, the use of a broader organizational approach that is not specific to the sole fair trade sector allows for connections with similar organizations in other sectors and brings a shift from considering mainly what the organizations do (fair trade in this case) towards also addressing what they are (innovative social enterprise models combining market dynamics with social purpose). This chapter is structured as follows. First, the concept of social enterprise is introduced and discussed. Then, the evolution of the organizational landscape of fair trade (in the North) is summarized. Finally, fair trade organizations are examined in the light of the social enterprise concept, with illustrations from a study in four European countries (Huybrechts 2010a; 2012). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
See detailSartre, les passions de la liberté. Phénoménologie, politique, savoirs critiques
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Book published by Peter Lang (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (8 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIbn ʿAbd al-Ẓāhir, Muḥyī l-Dīn
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Encyclopaedia of Islam Three (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical characterisation and in vitro assessment of the nutritive value of co-products yield from the corn wet-milling process
Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Roiseux, Olivier et al

in Food Chemistry (2015), 166

The chemical characteristics of co-products recovered during a laboratory-scale wet milling procedure as well as that of whole corn flour were characterised and their digestibility and fermentability ... [more ▼]

The chemical characteristics of co-products recovered during a laboratory-scale wet milling procedure as well as that of whole corn flour were characterised and their digestibility and fermentability value determined using a 2 steps in vitro digestibility and fermentation model of the pig digestive tract. Five co-products differing in their chemical composition were collected and analysed. These co-products differed in their in vitro dry matter Digestibility and in their kinetic of fermentation. High coefficients of digestibility were observed for starchy samples, while low coefficients of digestibility were observed for samples rich in lignocellulosic components. Fermentation patterns of samples analysed were different as well as the profile of volatile fatty acids produced during the fermentation. The production of straight-chain fatty acids produced was significantly correlated with the proportion of starch in the sample, while branched-chain fatty acids were correlated to proteins concentration of samples. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
See detailSolo sei parole per Sciascia. Zolfara, popolo, etica, corpo, leggerezza, saggio
Curreri, Luciano ULg

Book published by Euno (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom Rome to the Southern Netherlands: Spectacular sceneries to celebrate the canonization of Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in DeSilva, Jennifer Mara (Ed.) The Sacralization of Space and Behavior in the Early Modern World (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstimation of degree-days for different climatic zones of North-East India
Borah, Pallavi; Singh, Manoj Kumar; Mahapatra, Sadhan

in Sustainable Cities and Society (2015), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHistoire et expérience fondatrice dans Sein und Zeit
Zincq, Aurélien ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes frontières du droit à l'épreuve des films de mafias
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Pasteger, David ULg

in Flores-Lonjou, Magalie (Ed.) Frontière(s) au cinéma - Actes des septièmes rencontres "Droit et cinéma" (2015)

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la ... [more ▼]

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la sempiternelle question de la frontière qui sépare le droit du non-droit, tout au moins dans une perspective juspositiviste, en tant que cette école de théorie du droit refuse de définir le phénomène juridique en se référant à une valeur ou un ensemble de valeurs. La frontière du droit et du non-droit est en effet particulièrement difficile à tracer, nonobstant plusieurs siècles de discussions philosophiques à ce sujet. Lorsque, fatigué de parcourir les chemins, le brigand décide de s’installer en ville pour s’y adonner au racket des commerçants du quartier et qu’il s’adjoint ensuite le concours d’autres bandits, c’est un gang de malfaiteurs qui voit le jour. Si, ultérieurement, ce gang se concerte avec d’autres bandes de truands pour s’épauler mutuellement dans les exactions auxquelles ils se livrent sur leurs territoires respectifs, il prend alors la forme d’une organisation criminelle ou, au sens large du terme, d’une « mafia ». Le cinéma de Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Sergio Leone ou bien encore Matteo Garrone, entre autres, dépeint, souvent avec réalisme, la genèse et le fonctionnement de telles organisations criminelles. La communication a proposé, au moyen d’illustrations tirées des films de ces grands cinéastes, une analyse de microscopie juridique du crime organisé. Une description serrée de la particule élémentaire du phénomène juridique, identifiée par Lucien François dans son ouvrage de théorie du droit Le cap des Tempêtes sous l’appellation de « jurème », met en lumière une indéniable proximité entre les techniques de pouvoir utilisées respectivement par le brigand isolé, la bande organisée et l’Etat souverain. En remontant ensuite vers la structure plus complexe d’un système étatique, on se demandera si, en fin de compte, dans la vision juspositiviste poussée au bout de sa logique par Lucien François, l’Etat ne pourrait être réduit, d’un point de vue ontologique, à un pouvoir de fait comparable, par les techniques de contrainte qu’il exerce sur ses sujets, à une organisation criminelle – abstraction faite des valeurs promues ou poursuivies par tel ou tel appareil étatique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMatérialisme et évènement. Le solidarisme (et les droits de l'homme) au prisme d'une critique marxiste libertaire
Frère, Bruno ULg

in D'Hombres, Emmanuel (Ed.) Le solidarisme de Bourgeois (titre provisoire) (2015)

by focusing on the concept of world propsed by Boltanski and his pragmatic perspective which in previous work has enabled me to cast a critical eye on new social resistance movements. For Boltanski, what ... [more ▼]

by focusing on the concept of world propsed by Boltanski and his pragmatic perspective which in previous work has enabled me to cast a critical eye on new social resistance movements. For Boltanski, what matters is the potential for emancipation to be found in the everyday practices of social actors, directly engaged in the world. He assigns to the sociologist the role of discerning what practices have emancipatory potential because they resist dominant discourses, alter institutional, legitimate accounts of reality which can perhaps lead to social change. There is however a temptation in Boltanski’s work to return to an idealist perspective which shoehorns the emancipatory potential of the everyday practices of social actors into a conceptual and thus intellectual framework: le registre métacritique (ou métapragmatique) auquel seul le sociologue peut avoir accès. Ce registre est unable to give us new perspectives on what might concretely constitute emancipation. In other words, the danger is that even Boltanski’s work will not achieve critical renewal. En lieu et place d’une subjectivité ideale et transcendentale, Boltanski suggère de favoriser un point de vue transcendant sur les pratiques sociales, seul capable de véritablement comprendre la réalité et la façon dont elle nous aliène. Mais ce point de vue est tout aussi idéaliste. Bourdieu ou les théoriciens de Francfort, dans la tradition de l’idéalisme transcendantal kantienne, recherchent le sujet pur qui se cachent sous la conscience pratique des personnes. Boltanski identifie pour sa part un point de vue métapragmatique susceptible de juger les évènements auxquels sont confrontées les personnes de façon plus lucide et plus exhaustive que ces dernières, confinées à un simple point de vue pragmatique imédiat et sans recul. Ce faisant, il se contente de placer le jugement “vrai” au dessus de la conscience des personnes (posture transcendante) plutôt qu’en dessous (posture trenscendantale). Mais dans les deux cas ce jugement vrai apparaît comme une perfection extérieur inaccessible aux personnes en question, ici et maintenant. Therefore I will propose a way out of this impasse by refusing to evaluate emancipation against the test of a (re)turn to an ideal state (whether transcendental or transcendent), but instead embedded in the lived material existence of social actors. Because we cannot be certain where these actions will lead, as sociologists we must accept uncertainty and contingency comme nous l’enseigne Bruno Latour, cet autre auteur français qui se réclame également aujourd’hui du pragmatisme. Mais parce que ce dernier rejette complétement la possibilité de developper encore aujourd’hui une pensée critique, il rend impossible toute reflexion en terme d’émancipation. Or scruter l’emancipation potentielle que recellent ces pratiques est nécessaire si l’on veut évaluer which, amongst them, have the potential to yield social transformation. In sum, in what follows [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa constitution intersubjective de Moi. Fonder la sociologie phénoménologique à partir de Max Scheler.
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Mahéo, Gabriel (Ed.) La pensée de Max Scheler (titre provisoire) (2015)

L’hypothèse qui nous guidera tout au long de ce chapitre pourrait se résumer en une formule que Scheler répétera à maintes reprises : développer une pensée de la subjectivité équivaut à philosopher ... [more ▼]

L’hypothèse qui nous guidera tout au long de ce chapitre pourrait se résumer en une formule que Scheler répétera à maintes reprises : développer une pensée de la subjectivité équivaut à philosopher derrière les barreaux d’une prison. Y rester enfermé, c’est s’interdire de répondre à un problème majeur : une sociologie, à savoir l’étude des sens du monde qui me projettent d’emblée vers la communauté qui les lui donne et à laquelle j’appartiens, est-elle seulement possible depuis la phénoménologie ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLife as Music in Deleuze and von Uexküll (En préparation)
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Wolfe, Charles (Ed.) Forms of Vitalism (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
See detailPratiques de l'enquête (Ouvrage collectif aux Presses Universitaires de Liège, en cours d'élaboration)
Pieron, Julien ULg; Thoreau, François ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInscriptiones Lesbi, Tenedi, Nesi. Concordance des éditions
Famerie, Etienne ULg

in Horos (2015), 26-29

Concordance of the whole corpus of inscriptions of Lesbus, in relation with the inventory of the collection stored in the Archaeological Museum (Lesbus)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailArts en diaspora Congolese en Belgique: imaginaires et relations postcoloniales
Demart, Sarah ULg; Baumerder, Joelle; Gilsoul, Sarah

Book published by Africulture (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReview on greenhouse gas emissions from pig houses: Production of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide by animals and manure
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2015)

The environmental impacts of livestock production are attracting increasing attention, especially the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Currently, pork is the most widely consumed meat product in the ... [more ▼]

The environmental impacts of livestock production are attracting increasing attention, especially the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Currently, pork is the most widely consumed meat product in the world, and its production is expected to grow in the next few decades. This paper deals with the production of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) by animals and by manure from pig buildings, with a focus on the influence of rearing techniques and nutrition. GHG emissions in piggeries originate from animals through CO2 exhalation and CH4 enteric fermentation, and from manure through the release of CO2, CH4 and N2O. The level of the CO2 exhalation (E-CO2, pig) depends on the physiological stage, the body weight (BW), the production level and the feed intake of the animals concerned. Enteric CH4 (E-CH4, pig) is principally related to dietary fibre intake and the fermentative capacity of the pig’s hindgut. Based on a review of the literature, the following equations are proposed in order to estimate E-CO2, pig (in kg day_1) and E-CH4,pig (in g day_1) for fattening pigs: E-CO2, pig = 0.136 _ BW0.573; E-CH4,pig = 0.012 _ dRes; with BW (in kg) and dRes for digestible residues (in g day_1). Numerous pathways are responsible for GHG production in manure. In addition, the microbial, physical and chemical properties of manure interact and modulate the level of emissions. Influencing factors for removal systems for both liquid and solid fractions of manure have been investigated. A large range of parameters showing an impact on the level of GHG production from pig houses has been reported. However, few of these can be considered unquestionably as GHG mitigation techniques because some strategies have shown contradictory effects depending on the gas, the circumstances and the study. Nevertheless, frequent manure removal seems to be an efficient means to reduce concurrently CO2-, CH4- and N2O-emissions from pig buildings for both slatted and bedded floor systems. Manure removal operations may be associated with specific storage conditions and efficient treatment in order to further reduce emissions. Several feeding strategies have been tested to decrease GHG emissions but they seem to be ineffective in reducing emissions both significantly and durably. In general, good management practices that enhance zootechnical performance will have beneficial consequences on GHG emission intensity. Taking into account the results described in the literature regarding CO2-, CH4- and N2O-production from animals and manure in pig houses, we estimate total GHG emissions to 448.3 kg CO2equiv. per slaughter pig produced or 4.87 kg CO2equiv. per kg carcass. The fattening period accounts for more than 70% of total emissions, while the gestation, lactation and weaning periods each contribute to about 10% of total emissions. Emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O contribute to 81, 17 and 2% of total emissions from pig buildings, representing 3.87, 0.83 and 0.11 kg CO2equiv. per kg carcass, respectively. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDevelopment of thermal comfort models for various climatic zones of North-East India
Singh, Manoj Kumar; Mahapatra, Sadhan; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Sustainable Cities and Society (2015), 14

Thermal comfort study provides crucial information about thermal performance of naturally ventilated buildings. Humphreys and Auliciems comfort model uses indoor and outdoor temperatures to predict ... [more ▼]

Thermal comfort study provides crucial information about thermal performance of naturally ventilated buildings. Humphreys and Auliciems comfort model uses indoor and outdoor temperatures to predict comfort temperatures. It is found that the comfort temperatures obtained by using these methods do not take into account the occupant behavioral adaptability to a particular climatic zone. This demands development of new set of comfort models based on local environmental parameters, socio-cultural setup and behavioral action. Analysis shows that four major variables like indoor and outdoor temperature, relative humidity and clothing pattern plays an important role in defining comfort and greatly influence the occupant’s perception and acceptance on thermal comfort. In this study, comfort models are developed based on these variables. The computed neutral temperatures based on the models are compared with the comfort temperatures obtained through comfort survey. The models are developed using the measured data of January and July months and validated with the measured data of April and October months. This study also concludes that it is not possible to obtain a generalized thermal comfort model for all climatic zone because adaptation process, expectation and perception of people are region specific and governed by local socio-cultural requirement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'expérience de la valeur: Ehrenfels et Meinong
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

A supposer que le concept de valeur soit un concept empirique, qui a sa source dans l'expérience, de quel type est l'expérience de la valeur? Dans les pages suivantes, je suggère qu’Ehrenfels et Meinong ... [more ▼]

A supposer que le concept de valeur soit un concept empirique, qui a sa source dans l'expérience, de quel type est l'expérience de la valeur? Dans les pages suivantes, je suggère qu’Ehrenfels et Meinong ont apporté certaines améliorations substantielles à la position de Brentano. Ces améliorations résident essentiellement dans les deux points suivants : (1) les volitions se caractérisent par une dimension « active » ou conative qui fait défaut aux sentiments, ce qui interdit de les ranger dans une seule et même « classe » de phénomènes psychiques ; (2) le concept de valeur trouve son origine empirique dans les volitions ou les phénomènes conatifs, non dans les sentiments ou phénomènes affectifs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)