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See detailConcept identification and context analysis of the Wonca Europe 2015 book by instance-based categorization of general practice activities
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Steylaert, Carl

Poster (2015, October 22)

Context: Family physicians are large producers of knowledge. The site of Wonca Europe provides access to almost 20,000 abstracts produced by family physicians since 1995 (from Europe) and 1998 (from World ... [more ▼]

Context: Family physicians are large producers of knowledge. The site of Wonca Europe provides access to almost 20,000 abstracts produced by family physicians since 1995 (from Europe) and 1998 (from World Conferences). On the occasion of 20 years of Wonca Europe, an editorial committee selected 100 of the best abstracts and has asked each author (or a substitute) to make a chapter for the Wonca Book published in 2015 at the Wonca Europe congress. The content analysis of medical texts is generally achieved by the use of MeSH. To fill gaps in MeSH, a specific family medicine classification has been developed under the name Core Content Classification of General Practice / Family Medicine (3CGP). A combination of ICPC + Q-Codes (new tool for non-clinical items) provides just fewer than 900 concepts for analyzing the contents of specific texts to family medicine. Method: The 100 chapters of the Wonca Book 2015 were analyzed using 3CGP by a single observer not involved in the editorial committee of the book. Every text has been carefully read and a maximum of two concepts by chapter were reported in an Excel spreadsheet. Result: 150 codes were used of which 143 from the classification of non-clinical items Q-codes and 7 coming from ICPC. Among the topics discussed by 143 authors and identified by Q-codes, 35 relate to knowledge management which includes family medicine education, 29 codes concern research and development, 29 doctor's specific area, 24 patients’ issues, 11 relate to the structure and 8 deal with ethics. Discussion: Despite limitations (unique observer – not validated tools) the study reveals striking facts. It is noted that the editorial board has favored themes that affect the structure and organization of knowledge of the profession. Clinical items or affecting directly the patients are very poorly represented. More about 3CGP on http://docpatient.net/3CGP The chapter of the book are also used as source of knowledge in the Q-Codes content study (ongoing) available on www.hetop.eu (inscription needed) [less ▲]

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See detailL’empreinte environnementale des pierres ornementales? Pour qui, pourquoi, comment?
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Tourneur, Francis ULg et al

Conference (2015, October 22)

Dans les matériaux de construction, la notion d’environnement et d’empreinte des produits devient de plus en plus importante que ce soit dans un cadre législatif ou comme objet de marketing. Dans ce ... [more ▼]

Dans les matériaux de construction, la notion d’environnement et d’empreinte des produits devient de plus en plus importante que ce soit dans un cadre législatif ou comme objet de marketing. Dans ce contexte, des études environnementales ont été réalisées sur divers produits belges en pierre bleue (dalles, bordures, marches) ainsi qu’en grès (pavés). Ces études ont été menées en utilisant la méthodologie de l’Analyse du Cycle de Vie (ACV) et ont permis de mettre en évidence les étapes prépondérantes de leur production dans une optique d’écoconception ainsi que de les comparer à d’autres produits sur le marché tels que leurs concurrents asiatiques. Les frontières du système comprennent les étapes depuis l’extraction des matières premières, en passant par la production des produits finis ainsi que leur transport sur chantier situé en Belgique. Cette présentation reprend le pourquoi et le comment d’une Analyse du Cycle de Vie, les différentes étapes nécessaires à l’application de l’ACV aux produits en pierre belge ainsi que les principaux résultats. Cette présentation permettra la mise en évidence de l’intérêt de l’ACV et des fiches de déclaration environnementale qui y sont associées ainsi que les perspectives qui peuvent en découler dans le domaine des matériaux et plus précisément pour les matières minérales. [less ▲]

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See detailLa défensse sociale en Belgique, une matière complexe qui mérite un vaste débat
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Aberghaz, Sabah; Follet, Valérie et al

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailUltrafast Magnetism at Complex Interfaces
Ostler, Thomas ULg

Conference (2015, October 21)

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See detailL’accompagnement de projets d’entrepreneuriat social dans leurs phases initiales
Dufays, Frédéric ULg; Lovens, Caroline ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

L’entrepreneuriat social connaît depuis quelques années un intérêt croissant. Mais pour les entrepreneurs sociaux, concilier les dimensions sociales et économiques demande de faire face à des défis bien ... [more ▼]

L’entrepreneuriat social connaît depuis quelques années un intérêt croissant. Mais pour les entrepreneurs sociaux, concilier les dimensions sociales et économiques demande de faire face à des défis bien spécifiques. Ne faut-il donc pas favoriser un accompagnement sur-mesure et modulable ? C’est le défi qu’a choisi de relever en Belgique francophone le programme ImpulCera en proposant aux entrepreneurs sociaux un soutien financier pour la réalisation d’une étude de faisabilité et pour le lancement de leur projet. Le présent article présente quelques résultats de l’évaluation de ce programme ainsi que les enseignements qui peuvent en être dégagés. [less ▲]

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See detailDevenir un professionnel en agissant comme un professionnel.Conditions de mise en œuvre d’un programme susceptible de servir le développement de compétences.
Georges, François ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 21)

L’approche par projet comme de nombreuses autres méthodologies actives plonge l’apprenant dans une situation proche de la réalité professionnelle. Pour mener à bien son projet, l’étudiant doit mobiliser ... [more ▼]

L’approche par projet comme de nombreuses autres méthodologies actives plonge l’apprenant dans une situation proche de la réalité professionnelle. Pour mener à bien son projet, l’étudiant doit mobiliser et combiner les ressources acquises dans des disciplines différentes. Il est tenu de répondre aux exigences du cadre posé par les enseignants et de collaborer avec ses pairs. La pédagogie du projet est une occasion parmi d’autres de créer les conditions de développement des compétences des étudiants. Elle présume que le corps enseignant s’entend au préalable sur les compétences attendues du futur professionnel à l’issue de ses études. Elle suppose également que le programme ait été adapté pour multiplier les occasions d’activités intégrées, décloisonnées. Dans notre intervention, nous nous proposons de parcourir les notions de compétence et de programme. Sur la base d’exemples issus de notre enseignement et de nos accompagnements, nous suggérerons quelques pistes et conditions pour soutenir et évaluer le développement de compétences. Nous reviendrons plus particulièrement sur la pédagogie du projet. Nous aborderons les étapes qui président à la réforme d’un cursus universitaire soucieux de soutenir le développement des compétences de nos étudiants de sorte qu’ils puissent non seulement s’adapter à leur environnement, mais aussi le transformer. [less ▲]

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See detailGeosynthetics : materials, design, durability and applications
Courard, Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 20)

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See detailLa créativité dans les établissements scolaires. Lancement du projet TRAVcoll 2015-2016
Faulx, Daniel ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 20)

Dias de présentation de la conférence autour de la créativité et de l'innovation en milieu scolaire. La présentation fait le parallèle entre des éléments de contenus sur la créativité (définition ... [more ▼]

Dias de présentation de la conférence autour de la créativité et de l'innovation en milieu scolaire. La présentation fait le parallèle entre des éléments de contenus sur la créativité (définition, conditions, objets, durabilité) et des méthodes de développement créatif. [less ▲]

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See detailLes évêques de Tongres-Maastricht-Liège sous Charlemagne
Rolland, Jean-Noël ULg

Conference (2015, October 20)

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See detailFistula plug in fistulising ano-perineal Crohn's disease: a randomised controlled trial
Senéjoux, A.; Siproudhis, L.; Abramowitz, L. et al

in Journal of Crohn's and Colitis [=JCC] (2015)

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See detailUne étude bibliographique avec 3CGP (ICPC+Q-Codes)
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, October 18)

Etude du descripteur MeSH Tunisia au moyen de 3CGP

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
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See detailLes Q-Codes
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, October 18)

General Practice/Family Medicine is a complex and poorly understood discipline. The textbooks that treat all differ by their table of contents. There is no specific indexing system . The author presents ... [more ▼]

General Practice/Family Medicine is a complex and poorly understood discipline. The textbooks that treat all differ by their table of contents. There is no specific indexing system . The author presents an authority list of 184 concepts identified during exchanges between family physicians and their colleagues in international General Practice/Family Medicine congress. This list is identified by the letter Q. The Q-codes are complementary to the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) which does not use the letter Q. The Q-184 codes are available in 7 languages. The detailed content, terminology, bibliographic citations, PubMed links, links to lay terminologies have been published in the online terminological system of the University of Rouen (Medical Informatics Laboratory - Prof. S.Darmoni) on www.hetop.eu website. Q-code have been produced by a single observer, must be validated. [less ▲]

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See detailHypercalcémie paranéoplasique et hypercalcémie associée à la Néoplasie Multiple de type I (NEM1): traitement par Cinacalcet
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; POLUS, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, October 17)

Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia and hypercalcemia associated with neoplastic syndromes are particularly resistant to conventional hypocalcemic treatments. We present and discuss two case reports in which ... [more ▼]

Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia and hypercalcemia associated with neoplastic syndromes are particularly resistant to conventional hypocalcemic treatments. We present and discuss two case reports in which Cinacalcet was used to control hypercalcemia. Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia is present in the first case report, in association with a metastasic neuroendocrine pancreas. In the second case report ,cinacalcet is used to control hypecalcemia in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia and hyperparathyroidism not controlled by neck surgery. Cinacalcet is an oral agonist of the Calcium Sensing Receptor. The hypocalcemic effects of Cinacalcet have not been documented so far in hypercalcemia-paraneo plastic linked to cancer of the pancreas (Valdés-Socin & al. Rev Med Switzerland 2009). On the other hand, its use seems promising in the MEN1-associated hyperparathyroidism. (Giusti & al. Endocrine 2015). [less ▲]

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See detailApplying participatory approaches in the evaluation of surveillance systems: A pilot study on African swine fever surveillance in Corsica.
Calba, Clémentine; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg; Charrier, François et al

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (2015)

The implementation of regular and relevant evaluations of surveillance systems is critical in improving their effectiveness and their relevance whilst limiting their cost. The complex nature of these ... [more ▼]

The implementation of regular and relevant evaluations of surveillance systems is critical in improving their effectiveness and their relevance whilst limiting their cost. The complex nature of these systems and the variable contexts in which they are implemented call for the development of flexible evaluation tools. Within this scope, participatory tools have been developed and implemented for the African swine fever (ASF) surveillance system in Corsica (France). The objectives of this pilot study were, firstly, to assess the applicability of participatory approaches within a developed environment involving various stakeholders and, secondly, to define and test methods developed to assess evaluation attributes. Two evaluation attributes were targeted: the acceptability of the surveillance system and its the non-monetary benefits. Individual semi-structured interviews and focus groups were implemented with representatives from every level of the system. Diagramming and scoring tools were used to assess the different elements that compose the definition of acceptability. A contingent valuation method, associated with proportional piling, was used to assess the non-monetary benefits, i.e., the value of sanitary information. Sixteen stakeholders were involved in the process, through 3 focus groups and 8 individual semi-structured interviews. Stakeholders were selected according to their role in the system and to their availability. Results highlighted a moderate acceptability of the system for farmers and hunters and a high acceptability for other representatives (e.g., private veterinarians, local laboratories). Out of the 5 farmers involved in assessing the non-monetary benefits, 3 were interested in sanitary information on ASF. The data collected via participatory approaches enable relevant recommendations to be made, based on the Corsican context, to improve the current surveillance system. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Leroy, Pascal ULg et al

Poster (2015, October 16)

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailLong term culture, cryopreservation and genetic modification of chicken primordial germ cells
Tonus, Céline ULg; Garcia Gil, Francisco José ULg; Cloquette, Karine et al

Poster (2015, October 16)

Avian primordial germ cells (PGCs) are precursor of gametes and appear during early stages of embryonic development. Under appropriate culture conditions, these cells can keep their germ cells properties ... [more ▼]

Avian primordial germ cells (PGCs) are precursor of gametes and appear during early stages of embryonic development. Under appropriate culture conditions, these cells can keep their germ cells properties in vitro and are foreseen as promising tools for developing efficient avian genetic engineering and preservation of germplasm. We propose original methods that allow long term expansion, efficient cryopreservation and genetic modification of primary cultures of undifferentiated PGCs. PGCs are collected from embryonic blood during their migratory period and grown in cell-culture insert in the presence of feeder cells (BRL). This physically separated co-culture system along with selective culture medium promoted emergence, selection and proliferation of PGCs lines. Forty percent of blood samples gave rise to lines originating from three commercial layer and two Belgian endangered breeds. PGCs lines were characterized for the expression of the stem cells and PGCs marker SSEA-1 by FACS. RT-PCR confirmed expression of germ-line specific markers (CVH, CDH, DAZL), pluripotency markers (cPouV, cSox2, cNanog), telomerase and CXCR4 receptor. All lines were male although isolated from pooled male and female blood samples. Two cryopreservation methods were developed based upon slow-freezing and aseptic vitrification. Both have shown a similar effectiveness in allowing storage without phenotype drift. Stably expressing lines were obtained by Lipofectamine® mediated transfection of a GFP plasmid. PGCs were subsequently injected in recipient embryos. Persistence of exogenous PGCs in the developing gonad of recipient embryos confirmed that PGCs retain their gonadal colonisation ability, both after long-term culture and after cryopreservation. [less ▲]

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See detailProceedings of the 2nd FARAH-Day / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (University of Liege - Belgium)
Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg et al

Book published by Presses de la Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire de l’Université de Liège (2015)

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