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See detailDroit judiciaire
Boularbah, Hakim ULiege; Georges, Frédéric ULiege; de Leval, Georges ULiege et al

Book published by Larcier (in press)

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See detailComparison of Different Ion Mobility Setups using Poly(ethylene oxide) PEO Polymers: Drift Tube, TIMS and T-Wave
Haler, Jean ULiege; Massonnet, Philippe ULiege; Chirot, Fabien et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (in press)

Over the years, polymer analyses using ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) measurements have been performed on different ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) setups. In order to be able to compare ... [more ▼]

Over the years, polymer analyses using ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) measurements have been performed on different ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) setups. In order to be able to compare literature data taken on different IM(-MS) instruments, ion heating and ion temperature evaluations have already been explored. Nevertheless, extrapolations to other analytes are difficult and thus straightforward same-sample instrument comparisons seem to be the only reliable way to make sure that the different IM(-MS) setups do not greatly change the gas phase behavior. We used a large range of degrees of polymerization (DP) of poly(ethylene oxide) PEO homopolymers to measure IMS drift times on three different IM-MS setups: a homemade drift tube (DT), a trapped (TIMS) and a travelling wave (T-Wave) IMS setup. The drift time evolutions were followed for increasing polymer DPs (masses) and charge states and they are found to be comparable and reproducible on the three instruments. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de M. Melfi et O. Bobou (éd.), Hellenistic Sanctuaries, Between Greece and Rome
Palamidis, Alaya ULiege

in Kernos : Revue Internationale et Pluridisciplinaire de Religion Grecque (in press), 30

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See detailThe use of behavioural metrics to evaluate fishway efficiency
Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Sonny, Damien; Dierckx, Arnaud ULiege et al

in River Research & Applications (in press)

Fishways are installed worldwide to facilitate accessibility to functional habitats and to increase the ecological continuity of rivers. Their evaluations are increasing, but complete studies in the field ... [more ▼]

Fishways are installed worldwide to facilitate accessibility to functional habitats and to increase the ecological continuity of rivers. Their evaluations are increasing, but complete studies in the field with wild individuals are still scarce. In the lower Bocq River (Belgium), a pool type fishway was installed in 2011. A combined passive‐integrated‐transponder‐tag and radio‐telemetry system was designed and installed downstream of the dam and in the fishway to analyse fine‐scale individual fish behaviour. Three fish species (brown trout, European grayling, and barbel) were captured in the river; n = 125 fish were tagged and released downstream of the fishway. Behavioural metrics were proposed and used in order to attain a comprehensive view on the efficiency of the fishway, including attraction and entrance efficiency, searching and passage delays, and overall and adjusted passage efficiency. The results indicate a major problem in terms of attraction efficiency (48.9% for the trout, 20.5% for the grayling, and 41.2% for the barbel) and time to find the entrance of the fishway (mean 65.1 hr for the trout and 538.9 r for the grayling). For fish that succeed to approach the entrance of the fishway, the passage efficiency was 86.9% for the trout, 55.5% for the grayling, and 7.1% for the barbel. The time taken to cross the structure was reasonable for the salmonids (mean < 1.5 hr for trout and grayling) but very long (21 hr) for the barbel. Our results underline the necessity of a holistic approach to evaluate fishway efficiency using precise comprehensive metrics and hydraulic characterization. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of environmental factors on the upstream movements of rheophilic cyprinids according to their position in a river basin
Benitez, Jean-Philippe ULiege; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege

in Ecology of Freshwater Fish (in press)

Throughout their lives, fish accomplish frequent movements between functional habitats that are often triggered by environmental signals. We aimed to determine if rheophilic cyprinids (barbel, Barbus ... [more ▼]

Throughout their lives, fish accomplish frequent movements between functional habitats that are often triggered by environmental signals. We aimed to determine if rheophilic cyprinids (barbel, Barbus barbus and chub Squalius cephalus), living in different places of the same river basin, may develop similar movement periodicities and react identically to environmental cues to carry out their spawning migration. We used the capture data of three modern fish passes that were monitored continuously during three consecutive years (2010 to 2012) in three rivers of the Meuse basin in Belgium. We captured 418 individuals at adult stage, and the capture number per species was greater (80%) in spring (during the spawning migration period). The spawning migration of the barbel occurred earlier (median = 122nd day of the year) and at lower temperatures (median = 14.5°C) in the lowland rivers compared to the upland river (140th day of the year and 18.4°C). For the barbel, migration initiation differed depending on the river but finished under similar environmental conditions. In contrast, for the chub, no significant difference between rivers was observed regarding spawning migration periodicity and environmental cues. Within the same river basin, rheophilic cyprinids demonstrate flexibility in their responses to environmental variables and may optimise the start date of migration to spawning grounds depending on their local environment and individual experiences. This phenomenon was more pronounced in the barbel, which has more specific ecological requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of: F. Brentano & G.T. Fechner, Briefwechsel über Psychophysik 1874-1878 (M. Antonelli, Ed.)
Seron, Denis ULiege

in Grazer Philosophische Studien (in press)

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See detailBlesser par mots au nom du Verbe dans la controverse adoptianiste: étude historique et littéraire des échanges épistolaires entre Alcuin, Félix et Elipand (797-799)
Close, Florence ULiege; Veyrard-Cosme, Christiane

in Deswarte, Thomas; Dumézil, Bruno; Herbers, Klaus (Eds.) et al Lettres et conflits dans l'Occident tardo-antique et médiéval (in press)

Cet article propose un regard croisé – historico-littéraire – sur les lettres personnelles échangées entre Alcuin, Félix d’Urgel et Elipand de Tolède durant la « deuxième querelle adoptianiste (797-799 ... [more ▼]

Cet article propose un regard croisé – historico-littéraire – sur les lettres personnelles échangées entre Alcuin, Félix d’Urgel et Elipand de Tolède durant la « deuxième querelle adoptianiste (797-799). Les auteures s'interrogent successivement sur les circonstances de transmission de certaines lettres de ce dossier épistolaire avant d’envisager la forme des écrits – du simple billet aux lettres-traités – et les stratégies littéraires et oratoires mises en œuvre par ces théologiens pour imposer leur point de vue, allant de la douce persuasion sur la base d’arguments scripturaires et patristiques aux plus véhémentes insultes, témoins des importants enjeux ecclésiologiques de cette la querelle théologique. [less ▲]

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See detailFacultative paedomorphosis as a mechanism promoting intraspecific niche differentiation
Lejeune, Benjamin ULiege; Sturaro, Nicolas ULiege; Lepoint, Gilles ULiege et al

in Oikos (in press)

Organisms with complex life cycles are characterized by a metamorphosis that allows for a major habitat shift and the exploitation of alternative resources. However, metamorphosis can be bypassed in some ... [more ▼]

Organisms with complex life cycles are characterized by a metamorphosis that allows for a major habitat shift and the exploitation of alternative resources. However, metamorphosis can be bypassed in some species through a process called paedomorphosis, resulting in the retention of larval traits at the adult stage and is considered important at both micro- and macroevolutionary scales. In facultatively paedomorphic populations of newts, some individuals retain gills and a fully aquatic life at the adult stage (paedomorphs), while others undergo complete metamorphosis (metamorphs), allowing for a terrestrial life-stage. Because facultative paedomorphosis affects trophic structures and feeding mechanism of newts, one hypothesis is that it may be maintained as a trophic polymorphism, with the advantage to lessen intraspecific competition during the shared aquatic life-stage. Here, we tested this hypothesis combining stomach content data with stable isotope techniques, using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes, in facultatively paedomorphic alpine newts Ichthyosaura alpestris. Both stomach content and stable isotope analyses showed that paedomorphs had smaller trophic niches and were more reliant on pelagic resources, while metamorphs relied more on littoral resources, corresponding to a polyphenism along the littoral-pelagic axis and the extension of the population's trophic niche to otherwise ‘underused’ pelagic resources by paedomorphs. Interestingly, stable isotopes revealed that the trophic polyphenism was less marked in males than in females and potentially linked to sexual activity. Although paedomorphosis and metamorphosis are primarily seen as results of tradeoffs between the advantages of using aquatic versus terrestrial habitats, this study provides evidence that additional forces, such as intraspecific trophic niche differences between morphs and trophic niche expansion, may play an important role in the persistence of this dimorphism in heterogeneous environments. Moreover, the different patterns found in males and females show the importance of considering sex to understand the evolutionary ecology of trophic polymorphisms. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifaceted Brain Networks Reconfiguration in Disorders of Consciousness Uncovered by Co-Activation Patterns
Di Perri, Carol ULiege; Amico, Enrico; Heine, Lizette ULiege et al

in Human Brain Mapping (in press)

Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness. Methods: Resting-state fMRI volumes of a convenience sample of 17 patients in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and controls were reduced to a spatiotemporal point process by selecting critical time points in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). Spatial clustering was performed on the extracted PCC time frames to obtain 8 different co-activation patterns (CAPs). We investigated spatial connectivity patterns positively and negatively correlated with PCC using both CAPs and standard stationary method. We calculated CAPs occurrences and the total number of frames. Results: Compared to controls, patients showed (i) decreased within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations, (ii) emergence of “pathological” within-network negative correlations and between-network positive correlations (better defined with CAPs), and (iii) “pathological” increases in within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations (only detectable using CAPs). Patients showed decreased occurrence of DMN-like CAPs (1–2) compared to controls. No between-group differences were observed in the total number of frames Conclusion: CAPs reveal at a more fine-grained level the multifaceted spatial connectivity reconfiguration following the DMN disruption in UWS patients, which is more complex than previously thought and suggests alternative anatomical substrates for consciousness. BOLD fluctuations do not seem to differ between patients and controls, suggesting that BOLD response represents an intrinsic feature of the signal, and therefore that spatial configuration is more important for consciousness than BOLD activation itself. [less ▲]

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See detailEuphrosina kolerin, Beckhin vonn Paindten, die Berndt bonesche und andere beclagtinnen – Femininmovierung von Appellativen und Namen in Hexenverhörprotokollen des 16./17. Jahrhunderts.
Möller, Robert ULiege

in Denkler, Markus; Elspaß, Stephan; Hüpper, Dagmar (Eds.) et al Deutsch im 17. Jahrhundert. Studien zu Sprachkontakt, Sprachvariation und Sprachwandel. (in press)

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See detailAtlas zur deutschen Alltagssprache
Elspaß, Stephan; Möller, Robert ULiege

Cartographic material (in press)

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See detailProtein folding at extreme temperatures: current issues
Feller, Georges ULiege

in Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology (in press)

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See detailApprendre les langues durant un séjour Erasmus: la compétence plurilingue entre normes et pratiques
Meunier, Deborah ULiege

in Perspectives plurilingues en éducation et formation (in press)

Les programmes de mobilité étudiante Erasmus constituent un terrain privilégié pour la mise en place d’une éducation plurilingue et pluriculturelle. En effet, l’immersion linguistique et culturelle liée à ... [more ▼]

Les programmes de mobilité étudiante Erasmus constituent un terrain privilégié pour la mise en place d’une éducation plurilingue et pluriculturelle. En effet, l’immersion linguistique et culturelle liée à la mobilité serait l’occasion de développer chez l’étudiant Erasmus des attitudes plus tolérantes vis-à-vis des langues et des locuteurs dans leur diversité. Nous proposons dans ce chapitre d’interroger ce postulat à la lumière d’un corpus d’entretiens menés entre septembre 2010 et juin 2012 avec des étudiants en séjour Erasmus à l’Université de Liège (Belgique francophone). Nous interrogerons le rapport aux langues de ces étudiants, prétendument plus souple vis-à-vis des normes, moins contraignant pour les échanges, en accord avec une vision plurilingue qui se veut plus laxiste vis-à-vis de la maitrise linguistique, en rupture avec le modèle du bilingue parfait qui a longtemps été la norme dominante dans l’enseignement-apprentissage des langues. On peut supposer cependant que le discours normatif, fondé sur des principes de correction et de perfection qui rendent légitime la pratique d’un certain standard linguistique, véhicule des principes susceptibles d’entrer en conflit avec certaines caractéristiques de la compétence plurilingue, telles que le caractère partiel et imparfait des compétences, ou le principe de déséquilibre ordinaire de ces compétences. Dans un premier temps, nous rappellerons les grands principes du plurilinguisme tel qu’il est conceptualisé dans les textes diffusés par le Conseil de l’Europe ; nous verrons ensuite dans quelle mesure les étudiants Erasmus que nous avons interrogés développent une conscience de leur(s) compétence(s) en phase avec ces principes. Pour ce faire, nous utiliserons les notions de sociotype, posture et identification. [less ▲]

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See detailLa posture : un outil conceptuel pour la didactique des langues
Meunier, Deborah ULiege

in Pierozak, Isabelle; Huver, Emmanuelle; Feussi, Valentin (Eds.) et al Diversité linguistique et culturelle, appropriations, réceptions. Francophonies, formations à distance, migrances. Réflexions épistémologiques et interventions (in press)

La notion de posture peut-elle devenir un outil conceptuel pour la didactique des langues ? Et si l’on défend cette hypothèse, quelle serait sa fonction heuristique ? Notre réflexion se veut d’abord ... [more ▼]

La notion de posture peut-elle devenir un outil conceptuel pour la didactique des langues ? Et si l’on défend cette hypothèse, quelle serait sa fonction heuristique ? Notre réflexion se veut d’abord épistémologique, autour d’une notion que l’on peut qualifier de « carrefour » ou « nomade » de par son caractère transdisciplinaire. Nous reviendrons d’abord sur les travaux en sociologie de la littérature, en analyse du discours et en didactique des langues (du français en particulier) qui ont sollicité la notion. Dans un second temps, nous définirons ce que nous entendons par « posture » et ses éléments constitutifs, partant de l’exemple du discours métalinguistique ordinaire et du rapport à la langue. À partir de l’analyse d’une entrevue menée avec une étudiante à propos de son expérience d’études en Belgique francophone et de ses représentations sur la langue française, nous montrerons : sur quels indices (linguistiques et énonciatifs notamment) le chercheur peut s’appuyer pour analyser les postures ; ce qu’elles nous disent du rapport à la langue des sujets parlants ; et comment l’étude des postures peut servir la didactique des langues, en particulier du français langue étrangère. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of multi-element stable isotope ratios to investigate ontogenetic movements of Micropogonias furnieri in a tropical Brazilian estuary
Pizzochero, Ana Carolina; Michel, Loïc ULiege; Chenery, Simon et al

in Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences (in press)

The whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri, is a long-lived fish of high commercial importance in the Western Atlantic Ocean. Here, we used stable isotope ratios of carbon, sulfur and nitrogen and ... [more ▼]

The whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri, is a long-lived fish of high commercial importance in the Western Atlantic Ocean. Here, we used stable isotope ratios of carbon, sulfur and nitrogen and isotopic niche metrics (SIBER) to study feeding habits and track habitat use by whitemouth croakers in Guanabara Bay, an estuary in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Our results highlighted size-related habitat segregation, with small juvenile (< 30 cm) fishes residing mostly inside estuaries, while large adult (> 60 cm) fishes feed mainly in Continental Shelf (CS) waters. Medium adult fishes (30-60 cm) appear to feed in multiple coastal and CS habitats. Moreover, their feeding ecology showed strong temporal differences, linked with seasonal and, to a lesser extent, inter-annual variation in oceanographic features of the ecosystem in which they live. Overall, these differences in ecological features suggest that (1) adult and juvenile whitemouth croakers should be treated as different components of the food web and (2) the conservation of these habitats should be prioritized to better manage and sustain the coastal fisheries in Guanabara Bay. [less ▲]

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See detailCarte géologique de Wallonie à l'échelle 1:25 000. Notice explicative. Hamoir-Ferrières n°49/1-2
Marion, Jean-Marc ULiege; Barchy, Laurent

Book published by SPW/DGARNE - Révision (in press)

New geological map of Wallonia published at the scale of 1/25 000, based on a new field work and using previous scientific data produced since the previous editions of Lohest and Fourmarier (1900)

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See detailNeeds-Supplies Fit and Behavioral Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification
Travaglianti, Fabrice ULiege; Babic, Audrey ULiege; Pepermans, Roland et al

in Journal of Management & Organization (in press)

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See detailHow can new players establish themselves in highly institutionalized labour markets? A Belgian case study in the area of project-based work
Xhauflair, Virginie ULiege; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

in British Journal of Industrial Relations (in press)

How can new players seeking to serve nonstandard worker categories (such as project-based workers) establish themselves into labour markets that are highly institutionalized? This paper explores the case ... [more ▼]

How can new players seeking to serve nonstandard worker categories (such as project-based workers) establish themselves into labour markets that are highly institutionalized? This paper explores the case of SMart, a Belgian community-based labour market intermediary that successfully developed solutions to better represent the interests of project-based workers and secure their discontinuous careers. Using an organizational legitimacy approach, we find that labour market entry and growth involve different types of boundary-crossing when addressing the needs of workers that do not fit into established categories. However, to justify boundary-crossing, the new player must complement its pragmatic work on delivering new services and tools with conceptual (cognitive) and structural (moral) legitimation work. [less ▲]

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See detailWe’ Narration in Chang-Rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea and Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic: ‘Unnaturally’ Asian American?
Munos, Delphine ULiege

in Frontiers of Narrative Studies (in press)

My article looks at two recent Asian American texts written in the first-person plural – namely Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic (2011) and Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea (2014). My main goal is ... [more ▼]

My article looks at two recent Asian American texts written in the first-person plural – namely Julie Otsuka’s The Buddha in the Attic (2011) and Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea (2014). My main goal is to show that the ambiguities and tensions generated by we narration in these two Asian American novels prove particularly apt when it comes to calling into questions essentialist views concerning the anatomy of community-building. But these two we texts are particularly interesting at a theoretical level, in that they help us challenge the orthodoxies of traditional narrative theory– among which Gérard Genette’s all-too-rigid distinction between the homo- and heterodiegetic levels in a text, or the generalized assumption, which has been notably challenged by Mieke Bal, that every act of story-telling is necessarily indebted to ‘a’ narrator, and a narrator of anthropomorphic standards at that. [less ▲]

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See detailL’activité éditoriale comme démarche de représentation de la connaissance: l’exemple de la ponctuation médiévale
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULiege

in Diachroniques: Revue de linguistique française diachronique (in press)

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