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See detailTesting the discrimination hypothesis for female self employment migrants in the UK
Constantinidis, Christina ULiege; Fletcher, Denise; Joxhe, Majlinda

in IAFFE (Ed.) Books of Abstracts (2017, July 01)

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British ... [more ▼]

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British Household Panel Survey (1991-2008), we estimate wage equations for employed and self-employed migrants and find that, contrary to our expectations, the average earnings gap in self-employment is almost double compared to the employment sector. This finding reveals that self-employment leads migrant women to an even more precarious and vulnerable position in terms of financial means and economic power. In addition, we explore the determinants of these gaps using the econometric procedure of the decomposition (the Blinder-Oaxaca) model. We find that the variables that explain the gender gap in the employment sector are mostly observable individual characteristics like education or migration duration, confirming the human capital theory, whereas in the self-employment sector, this gap is more due to unobservable individual characteristics. Through our work, we show that including the gender perspective into migration analysis has implications for policy makers enabling them to evaluate these processes from a more social (rather than individualistic) dimension. [less ▲]

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See detailMUSE-inspired view of the quasar Q2059-360, its Lyman α blob, and its neighborhood
North, P. L.; Marino, R. A.; Gorgoni, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2017), 604

The radio-quiet quasar Q2059-360 at redshift z = 3.08 is known to be close to a small Lyman α blob (LAB) and to be absorbed by a proximate damped Lyα (PDLA) system. Here, we present the Multi Unit ... [more ▼]

The radio-quiet quasar Q2059-360 at redshift z = 3.08 is known to be close to a small Lyman α blob (LAB) and to be absorbed by a proximate damped Lyα (PDLA) system. Here, we present the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) integral field spectroscopy follow-up of this quasi-stellar object (QSO). Our primary goal is to characterize this LAB in detail by mapping it both spatially and spectrally using the Lyα line, and by looking for high-ionization lines to constrain the emission mechanism. Combining the high sensitivity of the MUSE integral field spectrograph mounted on the Yepun telescope at ESO-VLT with the natural coronagraph provided by the PDLA, we map the LAB down to the QSO position, after robust subtraction of QSO light in the spectral domain. In addition to confirming earlier results for the small bright component of the LAB, we unveil a faint filamentary emission protruding to the south over about 80 pkpc (physical kpc); this results in a total size of about 120 pkpc. We derive the velocity field of the LAB (assuming no transfer effects) and map the Lyα line width. Upper limits are set to the flux of the N v λ1238 - 1242, C iv λ1548 - 1551, He ii λ1640, and C iii] λ1548 - 1551 lines. We have discovered two probable Lyα emitters at the same redshift as the LAB and at projected distances of 265 kpc and 207 kpc from the QSO; their Lyα luminosities might well be enhanced by the QSO radiation. We also find an emission line galaxy at z = 0.33 near the line of sight to the QSO. This LAB shares the same general characteristics as the 17 others surrounding radio-quiet QSOs presented previously. However, there are indications that it may be centered on the PDLA galaxy rather than on the QSO. Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere under ESO programme 60.A-9331(A). [less ▲]

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See detailLa Legal Origins Theory : droit, économie, idéologie
Vandenbulke, Antoine ULiege

in Revue Internationale de Droit Economique (2017), 1

The Legal Origins Theory argues that the legal origins of a state have a significant influence on its economic growth. This theory originated mainly and prospered in the field of company law. A group of ... [more ▼]

The Legal Origins Theory argues that the legal origins of a state have a significant influence on its economic growth. This theory originated mainly and prospered in the field of company law. A group of researchers has enquired about the degree of protection granted to minority shareholders in various states throughout the world. They concluded that states belonging to the legal family of common law granted the best protection, sourcing an efficient market and easing their economic growth. The Legal Origins Theory spread out widely and expanded to several other legal domains, while continuing to emphasize and highlight the efficiency of the common law. It was furthermore at the heart of the “Doing Business” reports of the World Bank. This theory has led to many critiques, which the present paper aims to show. Beyond this analysis and the review of criticisms, our study finally attempts to identify the philosophical assumptions that support the Theory of Legal Origins, through the review of the developments authored by Friedrich von Hayek and Bruno Leoni. [less ▲]

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See detailRéalisation du attelle de Thomas modifiée chez le bovin
Maquet, Celine ULiege; Casalta, Hélène ULiege; Sartelet, Arnaud ULiege et al

in Point Vétérinaire (2017), 377

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See detailRéalisation du attelle de Thomas modifiée pour un membre antérieur
Maquet, Celine ULiege; Casalta, Hélène ULiege; Touati, Kamal ULiege et al

in Point Vétérinaire (2017), 377

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See detailRéalisation du attelle de Thomas modifiée pour un membre postérieur
Maquet, Celine ULiege; Casalta, Hélène ULiege; Touati, Kamal ULiege et al

in Point Vétérinaire (2017), 377

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See detailNet neutrality: Paid prioritization vs Zero-rating
Gautier, Axel ULiege

Conference (2017, July)

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See detailLight Induced Super-Hydrophilicity in Niobium and Tantalum Oxides Thin Films
Henry, Théo ULiege; Bonsague, Fabio; Dubreuil, Olivier ULiege et al

Poster (2017, July)

Since its discovery at the end of the nineties by Wang et al.,[1] the interest for light-induced superhydrophilicity is ever growing. The application fields for materials displaying such a property are ... [more ▼]

Since its discovery at the end of the nineties by Wang et al.,[1] the interest for light-induced superhydrophilicity is ever growing. The application fields for materials displaying such a property are wide and numerous:[2] self-cleaning surfaces, anti-fogging, anti-bacterial, water and air purification, microfluidics…Nowadays, a research emphasis is on relatively low energy bandgap semiconductors, targeting a higher efficiency under solar irradiation or more precisely in the near UV and low-end of the visible spectral range. Here, however, we report UV-induced superhydrophilicity in metal oxides thin films showing a relatively high transparency in the UV. Reactive ion beam sputtering (IBS) was used to deposit niobium, tantalum and titanium oxides thin films with thickness ranging from 10 nm to 120 nm on fused silica substrates at room temperature. Contact angle measurements were performed for progressively increasing UV doses and also as function of elapsed time after the termination of the exposure in order to investigate the UV-induced hydrophilicity and recovery behavior of tantalum and niobium oxide thin films in comparison to that of titanium oxide deposited in analogous conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU-Latin American Strategic Partnership: state of play and ways forward
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Müller, Gustavo; Defraigne, Jean-Christophe et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

By looking at the current social, economic and political trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and at recent developments in the EU’s relation with the region, this study explores windows of ... [more ▼]

By looking at the current social, economic and political trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and at recent developments in the EU’s relation with the region, this study explores windows of opportunity for advancing the EU-Latin American strategic partnership. It is argued that, although asymmetries between Europe and Latin America might impact and diminish the bi-regional relationship, the EU is wellpositioned to play a more active role in Latin America by strengthening existing institutional links, such as the strategic bi-regional partnership between the EU and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Euro-Latin America Parliamentary Assembly (EuroLat). The study concludes with tailor-made recommendations in order to advance the EU’s engagement and cooperation with individual Latin American countries and with the region as a whole, both through traditional cooperative channels and through closer parliamentary links within the framework of EuroLat. [less ▲]

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See detailCANINE GANGRENOUS MASTITIS : A CASE REPORT
Egyptien, Sophie ULiege; Lefebvre, Michaël ULiege; Guieu, Liz-Valéry ULiege et al

Poster (2017, July)

This report describes the treatments and discusses the cost effectiveness of a Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) device on a gangrenous mastitis case. Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland ... [more ▼]

This report describes the treatments and discusses the cost effectiveness of a Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) device on a gangrenous mastitis case. Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland found mainly in lactating females. Coliforms (Escherichia coli), Staphylococcus spp (Staphylococcus aureus) and, to a lesser extent, Streptococcus spp are the most commonly isolated organisms in bitches. The bitch can be presented because of local signs of inflammation, puppies failing to thrive or even severe septic shock. While more common in ruminants, gangrenous mastitis is rare in the bitch. It is mostly due to Staphylococcus aureus, a gram positive and catalase positive bacteria producing alpha hemolysin. This toxin binds to ADAM10, a transmembrane protein, forming pores in the cell membrane, causing an acute inflammation via intracellular calcium flow, leading to severe oedema, necrosis and gangrene. Loss of skin integrity also comes from the cleavage of E-cadherin by ADAM10 after its toxin-mediated activation. A 8.7kg, 3-year-old neutered female Sheltie farm dog was referred to the Veterinary Clinic of the University of Liège for suspicion of septic peritonitis after an ovariohysterectomy on 4 dead puppies 36 hours earlier. They died during long lasting dystocia. Amoxicillin-acid clavulanic and enrofloxacin antibiotherapy had been initiated during surgery. The dog was in decompensated septic shock. The surgical wound was not reactive and no sign of peritonitis was seen by abdominal ultrasonography. The right inguinal and the two most caudal left mammary glands were swollen, crackling with a patchy blue discoloration. An acute fulminant mastitis with gangrenous involvement and sepsis was diagnosed. Fluids and continuous rate infusion of norepinephrine and dobutamine were administered to control severe hypotension. Metronidazole was added since Clostridium spp could not be excluded. Debridement was started as soon as the arterial pressure was stabilised and the wound was disinfected with hydrogen peroxyde for the 3 first days. While hydrogen peroxyde is indicated for catalase negative infections, the already started antibiotherapy prevented bacterial identification and sensitivity determination. Alginate-honey patches replaced wet to dry bandages after 4 days. After 7 days of progressive debridement, the wound was 15cm long, 13cm wide and 1.2cm deep. A NPWT device was placed under anaesthesia after extensive debridement. It was kept in place for one week with one renewal after 2 days under slight sedation. The wound was then surgically closed. Cutaneous sutures were removed 10 days later as cicatrization was satisfactory. NPWT is indicated in open wound management, for infection control and for stimulating granulation tissue production prior to reconstruction. It increases contraction in deep, three dimensional wounds. Closure rate is significantly shorter with NPWT than with standard wet to dry bandages. Cost of NPWT is comparable to standard bandages but more comfortable for the patient. Standards bandages require daily changes, sometimes for several weeks and under repeated anaesthesias, which may be debilitating for the patient and expensive for the owner. Conversely, NPWT is changed only once and allows earlier surgical closure of the wound. The main complication is vacuum loss, which is surgeon’s experience dependant. [less ▲]

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See detailLanguage abilities in preterm-born children : Specific difficulties in phonological skills
Desmottes, Lise ULiege; Maillart, Christelle ULiege; VIELLEVOYE, Renaud ULiege et al

Poster (2017, July)

Children who were born prematurely (before 37 weeks’ gestation) are at greater risk for a range of impairments in cognitive, motor, social-emotional, and academic functioning (e.g., Bos et al., 2013 ... [more ▼]

Children who were born prematurely (before 37 weeks’ gestation) are at greater risk for a range of impairments in cognitive, motor, social-emotional, and academic functioning (e.g., Bos et al., 2013). Other developmental disorders, such as language delays and deficits, are also more common in preterm children (Van Noort et al., 2012). Because language function is essential in all kinds of social and academic life (Young et al., 2002), it is crucial to better identify and characterize language impairment in preterm-born children. Despite the large amount of research conducted on language abilities in preterm children, little is known about their phonological development (Barre et al., 2011). In the present study, we investigated differences in several phonological tasks between French-speaking premature children and in term-born control children. 30 children born at <35 weeks’ gestation (4 to 5 years old) and with low-birth weight (1215 g on mean) were recruited. These preterm children were matched to 30 children born at term on gender, chronological age and socio-economic level. All participants were administered five language tasks (phonemic discrimination, phonological judgment, pictures naming, pseudo-words repetition and phonological awareness) in order to precisely assess their phonological skills. Results indicated that preterm children presented poorer performance than control term-born children when they had to discriminate between different phonemes (phonemic discrimination abilities), to detect phonemic modifications (phonological judgment) and to recognize and identify syllabic segments (phonological awareness). Differences between both groups have also been observed in the quality of phonological representations (pictures naming task). However, both groups of children performed equally well in the pseudo-words repetition task. These findings revealed that preterm children score significantly lower compared with term-born children on several phonological tests, a language subdomain which is particularly important in the initial stages of language development and for reading. [less ▲]

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See detail10 years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the phase 3 randomised FREEDOM trial and open-label extension
Bone, H.G.; Wagman, R.B.; Brandi, M.L. et al

in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology (2017), 5

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See detailFranz Brentano vol 1. Sources and Legacy
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege; Antonelli, Mauro

Book published by Routledge (2017)

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See detailBrentano and the Primacy of Mental Act
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege

in Boccaccini, Federico; Antonelli, Mauro (Eds.) Franz Brentano vol. 2. Intentionality and Philosophy of Mind (2017)

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See detailFranz Brentano. Vol. 2. Intentionality and Philosophy of Mind
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege; Antonelli, Mauro

Book published by Routledge (2017)

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See detailFranz Brentano. Vol. 3. Metaphysics, Logic, Epistemology
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege; Antonelli, Mauro

Book published by Routledge (2017)

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See detailFranz Brentano vol 4. Ethics, Aesthetics, Religion
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege; Antonelli, Mauro

Book published by Routledge (2017)

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See detailN2O production and cycling within Antarctic sea ice
Kotovitch, Marie ULiege; Tison, J.-L.; Fripiat, François ULiege et al

Poster (2017, July)

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas that has a lifetime of 114 years in the atmosphere and a global warming potential 300 time higher than that of CO2. However there are still large ... [more ▼]

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas that has a lifetime of 114 years in the atmosphere and a global warming potential 300 time higher than that of CO2. However there are still large uncertainties and gaps in the understanding of the N2O cycle in polar oceans and particularly associated to sea ice. Sources and sinks of N2O are therefore poorly quantified. To date, only one study by Randall et al. 2012 present N2O measurements in sea ice. They pointed out that sea ice formation and melt has the potential to generate sea-air or air-sea fluxes of N2O, respectively. The main processes (except the transport processes) involved in the N2O cycle within the aquatic environment are nitrification and denitrification. Recent observations of significant nitrification in Antarctic sea ice shed a new light on nitrogen cycle within sea ice. It has been suggested that nitrification supplies up to 70% of nitrate assimilated within Antarctic spring sea ice. Corollary, production of N2O, a by-product of nitrification, can potentially be significant. Our recent studies in Antarctic land fast ice in McMurdo Sound, confirmed this suggestion, where N2O release to the atmosphere was estimated to reach 4µmol.m-2.yr-1. But this assessment is probably an underestimation since it only accounts for dissolved N2O while a significant amount of N2O is likely to occur in the gaseous form like N2, O2 and Ar. We will then address the new tools to measure the bulk concentration of N2O (dissolved and gaseous) in sea ice, and the production of N2O by sympagic microorganisms - what process is dominant and how much N2O is produced - based on the first time series of N2O measurement in sea ice. The determination of the isotopic composition of N2O using cavity enhanced laser absorption spectroscopy technique (Off-axis ICOS) will allow us to determine the origin of these processes. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere does the methane entrapped in Antarctic sea ice come from?
Jacques, C.; Sapart, Célia Julia ULiege; Carnat, G. et al

Poster (2017, July)

Methane (CH4) atmospheric concentrations have increased by a factor of 2.5 since the beginning of the Industrial Era, mainly because of anthropogenic activities. However, between 1999 and 2006, CH4 growth ... [more ▼]

Methane (CH4) atmospheric concentrations have increased by a factor of 2.5 since the beginning of the Industrial Era, mainly because of anthropogenic activities. However, between 1999 and 2006, CH4 growth rate declined to a near-zero level, suggesting that an equilibrium had been reached. But, from 2007 on, atmospheric concentrations underwent a renewed growth, implying major ongoing changes in the CH4 global budget (Nisbet et al., 2016). These changes challenge our understanding on the contribution of existing sources, and in particular natural sources. Sea ice can strongly affect emissions of CH4 from the ocean, but the precise mechanisms are not well understood. Sea ice has long been considered as an inert and impermeable barrier, but recent studies have highlighted the existence of gas fluxes at the atmosphere-sea ice and sea ice-seawater interfaces (Kort et al., 2012; He et al., 2013; Zhou et al., 2014; Sapart et al., 2016). However, these fluxes are to date poorly understood and quantified. To improve future climate projections, we aim to investigate the control exerted by sea ice on the CH4 atmospheric budget. To unravel the impacts of the Antarctic sea ice physical environment on biogeochemical cycles, the AWECS (Antarctic Winter Ecosystem Climate Study) expedition was conducted between the 8th of June and the 12th of August 2013 in the Weddell Sea. Such an expedition provides a rare opportunity to obtain insights on the behaviour of sea ice during winter. Ice cores specifically dedicated to the investigation of gas dynamics were collected at ten different stations. In order to determine CH4 formation and removal pathways in sea ice, we used concentration and stable isotope analysis, which can help to distinguish different processes. Here, we present and discuss our first results of the isotopic composition of CH4 (δ13C and δ D) on sea ice cores from the Weddell Sea and the Ross Ice Shelf. This new dataset will help to determine the origin of the CH4 entrapped in Antarctic sea ice and its potential impact on the current and future atmospheric CH4 budget. [less ▲]

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See detailA Receding Horizon Approach to Incorporate Frequency Support into the AC/DC Converters of a Multi-Terminal DC Grid
Papangelis, Lampros ULiege; Panciatici, Patrick; Debry, Marie-Sophie et al

in Electric Power Systems Research (2017)

This paper proposes a novel control scheme for provision of frequency support among asynchronous AC areas through HVDC grids. It is based on local controllers, each acting on a voltage source converter ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel control scheme for provision of frequency support among asynchronous AC areas through HVDC grids. It is based on local controllers, each acting on a voltage source converter, using local measurements only, and supporting frequency of the adjacent AC area after a significant disturbance. The new discrete control is combined with the existing DC voltage droop technique. The formulation, inspired of Receding Horizon Control, enables providing to the AC area the desired frequency support, while at the same time taking into account various constraints, such as maintaining the DC voltage between secure operating limits. Examples obtained from a test system with a five-terminal DC network connecting two asynchronous areas demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control scheme in various scenarios, with emphasis on component failures. [less ▲]

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