Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailApprentissage à l'examen clinique articulaire: le genou
Dumont, Virginie ULg; Montrieux, Christian ULg; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg

Learning material (2017)

Cette vidéo, à destination de tous les étudiants en médecine, reprend un bref rappel anatomique de l'articulation du genou . Elle se poursuit par une démonstration de l'examen clinique du genou que tout ... [more ▼]

Cette vidéo, à destination de tous les étudiants en médecine, reprend un bref rappel anatomique de l'articulation du genou . Elle se poursuit par une démonstration de l'examen clinique du genou que tout médecin devrait pouvoir pratiquer au minimum. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailApprentissage à l'examen clinique articulaire: l'épaule
Montrieux, Christian ULg; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Dumont, Virginie ULg

Learning material (2017)

Cette vidéo, à destination de tous les étudiants en médecine, reprend un bref rappel anatomique de l'articulation de l'éapule . Elle se poursuit par une démonstration de l'examen clinique de l'épaule que ... [more ▼]

Cette vidéo, à destination de tous les étudiants en médecine, reprend un bref rappel anatomique de l'articulation de l'éapule . Elle se poursuit par une démonstration de l'examen clinique de l'épaule que tout médecin devrait pouvoir pratiquer, au minimum [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailApprentissage à l'examen clinique articulaire: la colonne vertébrale ( 2ème partie: colonne lombo-sacrée)
Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Montrieux, Christian ULg; Dumont, Virginie ULg

Learning material (2017)

Cette vidéo, à destination de tous les étudiants en médecine, reprend la démonstration de l'examen clinique la colonne lombo sacrée que tout médecin devrait pouvoir pratiquer au minimum

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReduced specificity and enhanced subjective experience of future thinking in ageing: The influence of avoidance and emotion-regulation strategies
Jumentier, Sabrina; Barsics, Catherine ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Memory (2017)

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this ... [more ▼]

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this lack of specificity stemmed partly from the avoidance of a somewhat disturbing future and then examined the extent to which certain types of emotion-regulation strategies, namely positive reappraisal and positive refocusing, contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking. Middle-aged and older adults completed an adapted version of the AMT, in which temporal distance and cue word valence were manipulated, thus resulting in future conditions assumed to represent varying degrees of discomfort. Results indicate that distant future and negative cues restricted both the specificity and the subjective experience of future thinking. In addition, the use of avoidance strategies predicted the nature of future thoughts in the context of a supposed uncomfortable future (i.e., a distant future induced by negative cues), although it followed quite different age-related patterns. Together with the findings that positive reappraisal and positive refocusing (to a lesser extent) contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking, this study indicates that how individuals imagine their personal future also relies on affect- and emotion-regulation strategies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerinatal programming of depressive-like behavior by inflammation in adult offspring mice whose mothers were fed polluted eels: Gender selective effects
Soualed, Nidhal; Dridi, Imen; Eppe, Gauthier ULg et al

in Brain, Behavior & Immunity (2017), 63

Several lines of evidence indicate that early-life inflammation may predispose to mental illness, including depression, in later-life. We investigated the impact of perinatal exposure to polluted eels on ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence indicate that early-life inflammation may predispose to mental illness, including depression, in later-life. We investigated the impact of perinatal exposure to polluted eels on neonatal, postnatal, and adult brain inflammation, and on the resignation behavior of male and female adult offspring mice. The effects of maternal standard diet (laboratory food) were compared to the same diet enriched with low, intermediate, or highly polluted eels. Brain inflammatory markers including cytokines were assessed in offspring mice on the day of birth (i.e., on the postnatal day–PND 1), upon weaning (PND 21) and at adulthood (PND 100). Plasma myeloperoxidase and corticosterone levels were evaluated at PND 100. Immobility behavior of offspring was assessed in adulthood (i.e., at PNDs 95–100), using the tail suspension and forced swimming tests. Chronic brain inflammation was found in male and female offspring mice compared to controls, as assessed at PNDs 1, 21, and 100. The level of myeloperoxidase was found to be significantly higher in both adult males and females vs. control offspring. However, high corticosterone levels were only found in male offspring mice that were perinatally exposed to eels, suggesting a gender-selective dysregulation of the adult hypothalamicpituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis. Gender-specific differences were also detected in adulthood in regard to offspring resignation behavior. Thus, compared to controls, males, but not females, whose mothers were fed eels during pregnancy and lactation exhibited a depressive-like behavior in adult age in both behavioral models of depression. Depressive symptoms were more pronounced in male mice perinatally exposed to either intermediate or highly polluted eels than those exposed to only lowly polluted eels. Our results indicate that early-life inflammatory insult is a plausible causative factor that induce the depressive phenotype exhibited by male adult offspring mice, most likely through a gender-specific HPA axis enhanced activation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnxiety modulates the relation between attention- deficit / hyperactivity disorder severity and working memory-related brain activity
Meer, Dennis Van Der; Hoekstra, Pieter J.; Rooij, Daan Van et al

in World Journal of Biological Psychiatry (2017), 0(0), --000

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailJoint analysis of area and thickness as a replacement for the analysis of cortical volume
Winkler, Anderson ULg; Greve, Douglas N.; Bjuland, Knut J. et al

in bioRxiv (2017)

Cortical surface area is an increasingly popular brain morphology metric that is ontogenetically and phylogenetically distinct from cortical thickness and offers a separate index of neurodevelopment and ... [more ▼]

Cortical surface area is an increasingly popular brain morphology metric that is ontogenetically and phylogenetically distinct from cortical thickness and offers a separate index of neurodevelopment and disease. However, the various existing methods for assessment of cortical surface area from magnetic resonance images have never been systematically compared. We show that the surface area method implemented in FreeSurfer corresponds closely to the exact, but computationally more demanding, mass-conservative (pycnophylactic) method, provided images are smoothed. Thus, the data produced by this method can be interpreted as estimates of cortical surface area, as opposed to areal expansion. In addition, focusing on the joint analysis of thickness and area, we compare an improved, analytic method for measuring cortical volume to a permutation based non-parametric combination (NPC) method. We analyze area, thickness and volume in young adults born preterm with very low birth weight, using both methods and show that NPC analysis is a more sensitive option for studying joint effects on area and thickness, giving equal weight to variation in both of these two morphological features. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessing cultivar resistance to Sitodiplosis mosellana (Géhin) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) using a phenotyping method under semi-field conditions
Chavalle, Sandrine ULg; Jacquemin, Guillaume; De Proft, Michel

in Journal of Applied Entomology (2017)

The orange wheat blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Géhin), can significantly reduce wheat yield. Growing resistant wheat cultivars is an effective way of managing this pest. The assessment of ... [more ▼]

The orange wheat blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Géhin), can significantly reduce wheat yield. Growing resistant wheat cultivars is an effective way of managing this pest. The assessment of cultivar resistance in field trials is difficult because of unequal pressure of S. mosellana caused by differences in cultivar heading dates relative to the flight period of S. mosellana adult females and huge variations of egg laying conditions from 1 day to another. To overcome these hurdles and to expose all cultivars homogeneously to the pest, an assessment method of cultivar resistance was developed under semi-field conditions. In 2015, the resistance of 64 winter wheat cultivars to S. mosellana was assessed. Few or no larvae developed in the ears of resistant cultivars, but in susceptible cultivars, large numbers of larvae developed. Seventeen cultivars proved to be resistant, whereas 47 were susceptible. The identification of new resistant cultivars offers more opportunities to manage S. mosellana. The phenotyping method is easy, cheap, efficient and reliable. It can be used to guide the breeding of new resistant wheat cultivars. Using specific midge populations, this method could also be used in research on new resistance mechanisms in winter wheat or in other cereal species. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRigid catheters reduced duration of less invasive surfactant therapy procedures in manikins.
RIGO, Vincent ULg; Debauche, Christian; Maton, Pierre et al

in Acta Paediatrica (2017)

Aim: Different catheters can be used for less invasive surfactant therapy (LIST): feeding tubes inserted with or without Magill forceps, different angiocatheters and centre specific devices, such as ... [more ▼]

Aim: Different catheters can be used for less invasive surfactant therapy (LIST): feeding tubes inserted with or without Magill forceps, different angiocatheters and centre specific devices, such as umbilical catheters affixed to a stylet. This study compared the effectiveness of LIST devices and endotracheal tubes (ETT). Methods: Video recordings of 20 neonatologists simulating different LIST techniques on two manikin heads were analysed. Procedural effectiveness was evaluated by the duration of procedures and failure rates. Ease of use was scored. Results: The median procedure time for the Neonatal Intubation Trainer was significantly longer with feeding tubes without Maggil forceps. For the more difficult ALS Baby Trainer, successful procedures lasted a median of 24 (17-32) seconds with ETT, 24 (15-36) seconds with stylet-guided catheters and 34 (27-46) seconds and 37 (29-42) seconds with 13cm and 30cm angiocatheters, respectively. Both methods using feeding tubes were statistically slower than ETT intubation, lasting 32 (25-44) seconds and 39 (27-95) seconds with or without Maggil forceps. Failure rates (7-20%) were no different between the LIST methods. Techniques using feeding tubes were rated as more difficult. Conclusion: Only rigid or stylet-guided catheters required tracheal catheterisation times similar to those of endotracheal intubation and neonatologists found them easier.  KEY NOTES • This manikin study used video recordings of 20 neonatologists to compare the effectiveness of devices for less invasive surfactant therapy (LIST) and endotracheal tubes. • The durations of tracheal catheterisation for LIST using rigid or stylet-guided catheters were no different from those obtained with endotracheal tubes, but feeding tubes with or without Maggil forceps required longer procedures. • Neonatologists found rigid or stylet-guided catheters easier to use. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEUFOREA Rhinology Research Forum 2016: report of the brainstorming sessions on needs and priorities in rhinitis and rhinosinusitis.
Hellings, P. W.; Akdis, C. A.; Bachert, C. et al

in Rhinology (2017)

The first European Rhinology Research Forum organized by the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA) was held in the Royal Academy of Medicine in Brussels on ... [more ▼]

The first European Rhinology Research Forum organized by the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA) was held in the Royal Academy of Medicine in Brussels on 17th and 18th November 2016, in collaboration with the European Rhinologic Society (ERS) and the Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN). One hundred and thirty participants (medical doctors from different specialties, researchers, as well as patients and industry representatives) from 27 countries took part in the multiple perspective discussions including brainstorming sessions on care pathways and research needs in rhinitis and rhinosinusitis. The debates started with an overview of the current state of the art, including weaknesses and strengths of the current practices, followed by the identification of essential research needs, thoroughly integrated in the context of Precision Medicine (PM), with personalized care, prediction of success of treatment, participation of the patient and prevention of disease as key principles for improving current clinical practices. This report provides a concise summary of the outcomes of the brainstorming sessions of the European Rhinology Research Forum 2016. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailGestion des données et de la connaissance au sein du renseignement
Leroy, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom "The Stranger" to "The Outsider": The different English translations of "L'Etranger", the Postcolonial, and the Memorialization of Camus in Post-Imperial France
Munos, Delphine ULg

in Misrahi-Barak, Judith; Devi, Srilata (Eds.) Translating the Postcolonial (2017)

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the ... [more ▼]

A French writer born on North African soil and a pied-noir who opposed both the O.A.S. and the F.L.N., Albert Camus has always enjoyed a problematic status in post-imperial France, a country where the taboos surrounding the Algerian War have been kept alive by left- and right-wingers alike. While on the one hand right-wing French politicians have recurrently appealed to Pied-Noir ‘nostalgéria’ to justify their stubborn stance of non-repentance as regards the 130 years of colonization in Algeria, on the other, influential left-wing figures, such as Pierre Nora, have participated in a climate of intellectual atrophy by joining what British historian Perry Anderson has recently called “union sucrée,” that is, sugar-coated, and self-indulgent, versions of France and its colonial past. The difficult, even impossible, memorialization of Camus and his work in today’s France was evidenced again on the eve of the writer’s centenary. In 2012, the project of a major Camus exhibition in Aix-en-Provence for Marseille-Provence European Capital of Culture 2013 was stalled, following on the brutal eviction of its curator, French Algeria historian Benjamin Stora, by arch-conservative Aix-en-Provence mayor Maryse Joissains-Masini. Certainly, the subsequent absence of official celebrations in France surrounding Camus’ 100th birthday implied that the specificity of Camus’ liberal pied-noir voice would still remain silenced there for quite some time. But it also gave new momentum to U.S. historian Todd Shepard’s suggestion that the all-too-easy conflation of ‘pied-noir’ and ‘right-wing extremist’ (which has been dominant in France since the start of the Fifth Republic, at times correctly so) has helped naturalize the construction of some post-imperial ‘all-good-again’ Frenchness, in particular maintain the comforting belief that the “‘Algerian experience’ had been an unfortunate colonial detour, from which the French Republic had now escaped” (The Invention of Decolonization, 11). Can it be that Camus’s heritage is a “burning” one (cf. Stora’s Camus brûlant (2013)) because the irreconcilability of his work and commitments with the utilitarian image of the pied noir extrémiste would reveal the extent to which today’s France is dependent on this same image to keep the memory of its own involvement in colonialism at bay? This question constitutes the starting point of my discussion of Sandra Smith’s new translation of L’Etranger (2013), which appeared in the same year as two other books also inviting us to reconsider the actuality of Camus’ Algerian legacy from a non-French perspective – namely Kamel Daoud’s Meursault, contre-enquête, a retelling of Camus’ classic which was published in Algeria, and Arthur Goldhammer’s translation, for the first time in English, of Camus’s Algerian Chronicles, which offers the writer’s final word on the Algerian question. Taking my cue from Mona Baker, who argues that “translators […] play a crucial role in both disseminating and contesting public narratives with and across national boundaries” (Translation and Conflict, 4-5), I intend to contextualize Smith’s new translation of Camus’s classic within a broader frame of contemporary attempts at problematizing the strategic pigeonholing of Camus as colonialist, decades after Edward Said’s pronouncement that The Stranger was informed by an “incapacitated colonial sensibility” (Culture and Imperialism, 176). Lawrence Venutti has argued that “the intertextual and interdiscursive relations that a translation establishes are not merely interpretative, but also potentially interrogative” (Translation Changes Everything 182). My hypothesis is that Smith’s translation strategy, which includes the re-humanization of Meursault, creates a web of new meanings that participate in opening a space through which Camus’ anti-hero can be seen both as an outsider and an insider to French Algeria – a space that might reach backward and forward, with a potential for complicating the pieties of post-imperial France. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow do we understand smart cities? An evolutionary perspective
Kummitha, Rama; Crutzen, Nathalie ULg

in Cities : The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning (2017), 67

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbondance et diversité des communautés lombriciennes dans la Réserve et Domaine de Chasse de Bombo-Lumene (Kinshasa)
Milau Empwal, Fils; Lemtiri, Aboulkacem ULg; KIFUKIETO MANZANZA, Carmel et al

in Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci (2017)

Les vers de terre sont des espèces importantes des écosystèmes édaphiques dotées des capacités de transformer leur biotope et même parfois de créer de nouveaux habitats pour d’autres organismes. En effet ... [more ▼]

Les vers de terre sont des espèces importantes des écosystèmes édaphiques dotées des capacités de transformer leur biotope et même parfois de créer de nouveaux habitats pour d’autres organismes. En effet, ils modifient la morphologie, la structure et la composition du sol par leur action à la fois physique, chimique et biologique. Ils ont ainsi une implication intéressante dans la fertilité et le cycle des nutriments du sol. Cette étude a été effectuée dans la Réserve et Domaine de Chasse de Bombo-Lumene (RDCBL) à Kinshasa. Elle avait pour objectif d’évaluer l’effet de l’occupation du sol sur la composition et la structure des communautés lombriciennes. Dix-huit parcelles regroupées en 6 biotopes ont été échantillonnées: les forêts denses semi décidues, les galeries forestières, les recrûs forestiers, les savanes arborescentes, les savanes herbeuses, et les sols sous culture. Au total, 10 espèces de vers de terre ont été identifiées. Elles appartiennent aux deux grandes familles tropicales : celle des Acanthodrilidae et celle des Eudrilidae. Les biotopes naturels sont les plus riches en termes de richesse d’espèces comparés aux biotopes les plus anthropisés. Dans cette étude, le type d’occupation du sol affecte considérablement la diversité des vers de terre. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessment of corrosion resistance, material properties, and weldability of alloyed steel for ballast tanks
De Baere, Kris; Verstraelen, Helen; Willemen, Remke et al

in Journal of Marine Science & Technology (2017), 22(1), 176-199

Ballast tanks are of great importance in the lifetime of modern merchant ships. Making a ballast tank less susceptible to corrosion can, therefore, prolong the useful life of a ship and, thereby, lower ... [more ▼]

Ballast tanks are of great importance in the lifetime of modern merchant ships. Making a ballast tank less susceptible to corrosion can, therefore, prolong the useful life of a ship and, thereby, lower its operational cost. An option to reinforce a ballast tank is to construct it out of a corrosion-resistant steel type. Such steel was recently produced by POSCO Ltd., South Korea. After 6 months of permanent immersion, the average corrosion rate of A and AH steel (31 samples) was 535 g m−2 year−1, while the Korean CRS was corroding with 378 g m−2 year−1. This entails a gain of 29 %. Follow-up measurements after 10, 20, and 24 months confirmed this. The results after 6 months exposure to alternating wet/dry conditions are even more explicit. Furthermore, the physical and metallurgical properties of this steel show a density of 7.646 t/m3, the elasticity modulus 209.3 GPa, the tensile strength 572 MPa, and the hardness 169HV10. Microscopically, the metal consists of equiaxed and recrystallized grains (ferrite and pearlite), with an average size of between 20 and 30 µm (ASTM E 112—12 grain size number between 7 and 8) with a few elongated pearlitic grains. The structure is banded ferrite/pearlite. On the basis of a series of energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer measurements the lower corrosion rate of the steel can be attributed to the interplay of Al, Cr, their oxides, and the corroding steel. In addition, the role of each element in the formation of oxide layers and the mechanisms contributing to the corrosion resistance are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVitamin K plasma levels determination in human health
Fusaro, M; Gallieni, M; Rizzo, MA et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2017), 55(6), 789-799

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSéminaire de recherches ULaval Québec
Contor, Justine ULg

Scientific conference (2017)

Il s'agit d'une présentation réalisée dans le cadre d'un séminaire de recherche à l'Université Laval

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiálogo entre un poeta medieval y una obra aurisecular: Antón de Montoro a partir de La Lozana andaluza de Francisco Delicado
Francois, Jeromine ULg

in González, Aurelio (Ed.) Perspectivas y proyecciones de la literatura medieval (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa Célestine versus Lazarillo: un cas de crossover littéraire
Francois, Jeromine ULg

Conference (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)