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See detailThe Egyptianness of the Coptic basic vocabulary: A typological view
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, February 18)

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and ... [more ▼]

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and comparative linguistics, are based on Swadesh’s intuitions rather than on empirical research. More recently, however, the Leipzig Loanword Typology Project conducted a cross-linguistic survey of loanwords (Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009). One of the results is a 100-item list of basic vocabulary entries — the ‘Leipzig-Jakarta list of basic vocabulary.’ This list is the product of four factors, computed for a database of 1440 meanings in 41 languages: borrowability, representation in the database, analyzability / simplicity, and age. As Tadmor (2009) points out, this is the first list of basic vocabulary items based on extensive cross-linguistic comparison, and it constitutes a ‘full-fledged basic vocabulary’ that ‘comprises the notions normally associated with this concept: stability (our age score), universality (our representation score) and simplicity (our analyzability score), as well as resistance to borrowing (our unborrowed score)’ (2009: 68). In this talk, we examine this list of 100 meanings in order to evaluate the influence of Greek on the Coptic basic vocabulary, or — to put it the other way around — the ‘Egyptian¬ness’ of the Coptic lexicon, which seems to reflect an intense language contact situation. As a first step, Coptic data were collected from Crum (1939), the most extensive Coptic dictionary, for four dialects: Sahidic, Bohairic, Fayyumic, and Akhmimic. All Coptic lexemes associated with a meaning on the list were collected, even if poorly attested. Additionally, a questionnaire was been submitted to Copticists in order to detect Greek loanwords that would also be used for expressing these 100 meanings. Furthermore, we used etymological tools (Černý 1976; Westendorf 1977; Vycichl 1983) in order to attribute an age score (from 0 = Greek loanword to 4 = Old Egyptian) to the lexemes at two levels: the formal level (when is the word first attested in Ancient Egyptian) and the semantic level (when is the Coptic meaning first associated with this word). The vast majority of meanings (ca. 85%) have at least one pre-Coptic Egyptian cognate, most of which are already attested in Old Kingdom texts. As a result of this study, we are able (1) to evaluate the influence of Greek on the basic vocabulary of the main Coptic dialects, (2) to describe the basic vocabulary of Coptic dialects independently and to observe how they differ from one another, (3) to produce a first estimate of the rate of change in basic vocabularies over the course of Egyptian as a whole. [less ▲]

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See detailRéception du jeu vidéo
Delbouille, Julie ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 18)

Jeune, masculin, asocial : de nombreuses étiquettes sont associées par la presse et par le grand public aux amateurs de jeu vidéo. En se penchant non seulement sur les « publics du jeu vidéo », mais ... [more ▼]

Jeune, masculin, asocial : de nombreuses étiquettes sont associées par la presse et par le grand public aux amateurs de jeu vidéo. En se penchant non seulement sur les « publics du jeu vidéo », mais également sur les discours véhiculés sur le médium, cette séance de cours vise à déconstruire les clichés habituellement associés au jeu vidéo et à restituer la place réelle que cette pratique culturelle occupe dans le monde francophone. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of inorganic and organic contaminants in the intertidal surface sediments along the Hugli River Estuary, eastern part of India
Das, Krishna ULg; Sarkar, Santosh; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2016, February 17)

Hooghly estuary and coastal environment in north east coast of India has been strongly affected by the rapid human settlements, intensive boating and tourist activities, deforestation and ongoing ... [more ▼]

Hooghly estuary and coastal environment in north east coast of India has been strongly affected by the rapid human settlements, intensive boating and tourist activities, deforestation and ongoing agricultural and aquacultural practices. The present work investigated trace elements (TEs, T-Hg, Al, V, Cr, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Co, Ni, Ca, Sr, Li, Be, P, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Ba, Pb, Bi, U, As, Se) and organohalogen compounds in surface sediment (top 0-10cm) considering 8 sampling sites along the Hugli River Estuary (HRE), India. The studied organic compounds include polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and metabolites (DDTs) and polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Textural analyses of the sediment reveal an overall dominance of mud. All trace elements could be detected at variable concentrations in the following descending order: Al>Fe>Ca> P>Mn> Cu> Zn> Ba >V >Cr>Sr>Ni> Li >Co >Pb>As >Se >U >Be >Sn>Bi >Ag >Mo >Cd >Sb. A synchronous enrichment of majority of the elements were observed at the site Gangasagar (~100 km south megacity Calcutta), situated at the confluence of Hugli River and Bay of Bengal, which might be attributed to cumulative impact of the physicochemical processes and multiple anthropogenic sources. It is revealed that PCBs and DDTs were the dominant compounds among the organic pollutants accounting concentrations up to 23.5 ng.g-1 and 4.4 ng.g-1 respectively at the site Babughat, adjacent to the megacity Calcutta. The results have implications for pollution in complex estuarine environment in a meso-macrotidal setup where there is significant influx of sediments carrying huge load of inorganic and organic pollutants mainly due to rapid urbanization and industrialization. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie de la ballade : Entrer en liberté
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
See detailL'Université de Liège et l'Allemagne durant l'entre-deux-guerres
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 17)

The European scientific world was deeply affected by the Great War. Most links between academics were disrupted, and scholars gathered in two opposing groups. “Cultural demobilization” was a difficult ... [more ▼]

The European scientific world was deeply affected by the Great War. Most links between academics were disrupted, and scholars gathered in two opposing groups. “Cultural demobilization” was a difficult process. Until the middle of the 1920s, institutions would impose a “boycott” on the adversary camp, and few dared to transgress or ignore this. Taking the example of the historians, the conference will evoke the controversies caused by the renewal of scientific relations in Germany, in France and in Belgium. The efforts for the rebuilding of a common intellectual horizon were again frustrated by the rise of the Nazis in 1933. [less ▲]

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See detailDesiccation cracks formation in clay-barrier for nuclear waste disposal
Hubert, Julien ULg; Prime, Noémie; Plougonven, Erwan ULg et al

Conference (2016, February 16)

In geotechnical engineering, the desiccation cracking of soil is commonly observed. This phenomenon is detrimental to the behavior of earth material and earth structure. Desiccation cracks can lead to the ... [more ▼]

In geotechnical engineering, the desiccation cracking of soil is commonly observed. This phenomenon is detrimental to the behavior of earth material and earth structure. Desiccation cracks can lead to the overall failure of many geotechnical structures: • They can affect the slope stability of earth dams or embankments; • They can initiate internal erosion of embankments due to water flow through the cracks; • They can compromise the efficiency of soil barriers such as landfill liners and top covers. Nowadays, the storage of nuclear waste in deep impermeable geological layers is considered. These storages are based on the multi-barrier principle, the last of which being the host rock, typically a clayey material. In this context, maintaining the very low hydraulic conductivity of the host rock is crucial. Unfortunately, the ventilation of excavated galleries causes convective drying of the host material and can lead to crack formation. This work aims to understand in which conditions exactly, during convective drying, does cracking occur in clayey materials. An experimental campaign has been carried out to characterize the drying behavior of Boom clay which is the host rock at the underground research facility in Mol (Belgium). X-Ray micro-tomography has been used to analyze crack development as well as shrinkage. The experiments are used to calibrate the transfer parameters of a convective drying law based on the limit layer model. This calibration is based on agreement of the drying kinetics. A numerical study is then performed and aims at reproducing the behavior observed during the experiments. A thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled model is used to determine the stress distribution during the drying and a tensile failure criterion is suggested to predict crack genesis. Simulations are performed using the in-house built FEM code LAGAMINE. [less ▲]

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See detailAdoption homoparentale: défis psychosociaux, coparentalité et développement de l’enfant
Messina, Roberta ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 16)

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See detailRecyclable shape-memory materials based on photo- or thermo-reversible reactions
Defize, Thomas ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

Poster (2016, February 16)

Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) are remarkable materials able to switch from a stressed deformed state (temporary shape) to their initial relaxed state (permanent shape) by the application of a stimulus ... [more ▼]

Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) are remarkable materials able to switch from a stressed deformed state (temporary shape) to their initial relaxed state (permanent shape) by the application of a stimulus, such as heat or light. Typically, the shape-memory property is generally observed for chemically or physically cross-linked polymers that exhibit an elastomeric behavior above a phase transition, e.g. glass or melting transition. As an example, cross-linked semi-crystalline poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) is widely studied for the development of SMPs. As most of SMPs are irreversibly cross-linked material, their reprocessing is impossible preventing any recycling. Thereby, reversible reactions, allowing the formation/cleavage of the network, raise tremendous interest for the development of new SMPs. Recently, we reported the preparation reversibly cross-linked PCL-based SMP using the Diels-Alder (DA) reaction between furan and maleimide end-groups of 4-arm star-shaped PCL, well-known to create reversible bonds. After implementation, this shape-memory material was demonstrated to be recyclable, and was characterized by excellent fixity and recovery before and after recycling experiments. However, the relatively low retro DA temperature of the furan-maleimide adducts led to an inelastic deformation during shape-memory tensile cycles. In order to get rid of this drawback, an alternative approach was investigated. The substitution of the DA reaction by a photo-reversible reaction, typically the photo-induced (2+2) cycloaddition of coumarins, was proposed to prepare cross-linked PCL matrix presenting one-way and two-way memory properties, since photolabile adducts are supposed to be stable during shape-memory tensile cycles. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailThermal and quantum depletion of superconductivity in narrow junctions created by controlled electromigration
Baumans, Xavier ULg; Cerbu, Dorin; Adami, Obaïd-Allah ULg et al

in Nature Communications (2016), 7

Superconducting nanowires currently attract great interest due to their application in single-photon detectors and quantum-computing circuits. In this context, it is of fundamental importance to ... [more ▼]

Superconducting nanowires currently attract great interest due to their application in single-photon detectors and quantum-computing circuits. In this context, it is of fundamental importance to understand the detrimental fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter as the wire width shrinks. In this paper, we use controlled electromigration to narrow down aluminium nanoconstrictions. We demonstrate that a transition from thermally assisted phase slips to quantum phase slips takes place when the cross section becomes less than 150 nm2 . In the regime dominated by quantum phase slips the nanowire loses its capacity to carry current without dissipation, even at the lowest possible temperature. We also show that the constrictions exhibit a negative magnetoresistance at low-magnetic fields, which can be attributed to the suppression of superconductivity in the contact leads. These findings reveal perspectives of the proposed fabrication method for exploring various fascinating superconducting phenomena in atomic-size contacts. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic characterization of the indigenous chickens (Gallus gallus) in the northwest of Algeria
Dalhoum, L.; Moula, Nassim ULg; Halbouche, M. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2016), 59

This study was conducted to characterize local chickens in the northwest of Algeria based on some phenotypic traits and to look at prediction of body weight from morphometric measurements (linear body ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to characterize local chickens in the northwest of Algeria based on some phenotypic traits and to look at prediction of body weight from morphometric measurements (linear body). The results indicated that the predominant comb colour was dark red (77.8%), followed by light red (22.2%). Tarsus colour was either white (40.9%), grey (31%), yellow (15.39%), dark (8.05%), or green (4.51%). Most chickens (81.7%) had orange eyes, while 10.37 and 7.92% had yellow and dark-brown eyes, respectively. The dominant earlobe colour was white (73.96%), followed by red (16.81%). The remaining proportion included yellow and red-mottled yellow and black earlobes. Proportions of the adaptive genes were low. Incidences of Na, F, Pti, Cr, R, and P genes were 8.82, 0.45, 1.22, 5.54, 3.35, and 4.7%, respectively. The calculated gene frequencies ranged from 0.002 to 0.045. Variations were also found in quantitative morphological traits. Sex-associated differences (P<0.001) were observed in almost all the parameters evaluated with higher values recorded for males. Phenotypic correlations of body weight and biometric traits ranged from −0.13 to 0.88 and −0.15 to 0.97 for males and females, respectively. From the factor analysis with varimax rotation of the intercorrelated traits, three principal components which accounted for 71.6 and 73.2% of the total variance were extracted in males and females, respectively. Orthogonal body shape characters derived from the factor analysis accounted for 84.3 and 94.2% of the variation in body weight of males and females, respectively. Information obtained from this study could be useful in an appropriate management, breeding programmes for selection and utilization of Algerian chicken genetic resources. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce qu'un cycle arthurien en prose ?
Morato, Nicola ULg

Scientific conference (2016, February 16)

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See detailMise en recueil et cyclisation des textes de théâtre
Henrard, Nadine ULg

Conference (2016, February 16)

Sur la base de l'examen d'une variété de cas, cette étude s'intéresse à la manière dont se regroupent les textes de théâtre dans la tradition : rassemblement au sein des manuscrits, collections de textes ... [more ▼]

Sur la base de l'examen d'une variété de cas, cette étude s'intéresse à la manière dont se regroupent les textes de théâtre dans la tradition : rassemblement au sein des manuscrits, collections de textes, cyclisation. Les exemples s'étalent de la fin XIe au XVIe s.; ils sont puisés à des corpus variés (latin, langue d'oc ou d'oïl; théâtre religieux et théâtre profane). [less ▲]

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See detailCycle, cercle, compilation. Introduction
Henrard, Nadine ULg

Conference (2016, February 16)

Introduction à la journée "Cycle, cercle, compilation", s'intéressant à la constitution d'ensembles d'hommes (cercles littéraires) ou de textes (compilations, cycles) au Moyen Âge. Les questionnements ... [more ▼]

Introduction à la journée "Cycle, cercle, compilation", s'intéressant à la constitution d'ensembles d'hommes (cercles littéraires) ou de textes (compilations, cycles) au Moyen Âge. Les questionnements soulevés par cette journée touchent ainsi à tous les stades de la chaîne du texte, de l’écriture à la réception et nécessitent de conjuguer axes synchronique et diachronique, données codicologiques et littéraires, historiques et aussi sociologiques. Ils invitent à interroger la part du hasard et de l’intention qui joue dans le rassemblement des œuvres et montrent, si besoin en était encore, qu’il est indispensable d’inscrire le fait littéraire dans une dynamique globale, en rappelant que les œuvres ne sont que des pièces imbriquées dans divers systèmes avec lesquels elles entrent en dialogue. [less ▲]

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See detailQualité d’accueil dès l’entrée en maternelle
Pirard, Florence ULg; Morgante, Aurélie; Ajouaou, Samira

Diverse speeche and writing (2016)

Partant de la voix des parents et de résultats de recherches, il s'agit de débattre de questions clés : comment accueillir au mieux chacun des enfants et leurs familles quels que soient le parcours et la ... [more ▼]

Partant de la voix des parents et de résultats de recherches, il s'agit de débattre de questions clés : comment accueillir au mieux chacun des enfants et leurs familles quels que soient le parcours et la situation familiale ? Quelles vigilances particulières ?Quelle attention est portée au moment charnière de transition que représente l'entrée à l'école maternelle ? Comment communiquer au mieux à propos des faits et événements quotidiens qui concernent la vie de l'enfant à l'école ? Quelle place pour la documentation ? [less ▲]

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See detailBilan des 10 ans de l’Arrêté Royal sur la Planification d’urgence: Le cycle tourne-t-il rond ?
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Thiry, Aline ULg; Zwetkoff, Catherine ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

L’objectif du projet PULL mené par le Centre de recherche SPIRAL est de préévaluer l’opportunité et la faisabilité de l’application de l’approche « living lab (LL) » à la gestion du cycle du risque en ... [more ▼]

L’objectif du projet PULL mené par le Centre de recherche SPIRAL est de préévaluer l’opportunité et la faisabilité de l’application de l’approche « living lab (LL) » à la gestion du cycle du risque en Wallonie. Des interviews non directives menées dans le cadre de ce projet et la littérature scientifique relative aux Living lab dans différents domaines d’application, suggèrent en effet que la méthodologie LL pourrait s’avérer utile dans le contexte de la réforme en matière de la gestion publique des risques et des crises (crisis management and emergency planning) Nous avons organisé une enquête en ligne (de type Delphi – 24 experts associés) avec deux tours : le premier est consacré au « diagnostic » par les experts des problèmes rencontrés dans leur pratique professionnelle de l’analyse du risque et de la planification d’urgence. Le deuxième tour met en discussion les forces, faiblesses d’une démarche « Living Lab » pour améliorer les pratiques de planification d’urgence. [less ▲]

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See detailInvasive occipital nerve stimulation for refractory chronic cluster headache: what evolution at long-term? Strengths and weaknesses of the method.
MAGIS, Delphine ULg; Gerard, Pascale; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Journal of Headache & Pain (2016)

BACKGROUND: Invasive Occipital Nerve Stimulation (iONS) is a costly technique which appears effective in drug-refractory chronic cluster headache (drCCH) management. Available data on long-term ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Invasive Occipital Nerve Stimulation (iONS) is a costly technique which appears effective in drug-refractory chronic cluster headache (drCCH) management. Available data on long-term effectiveness and safety of iONS in this indication are scarce, though they could be useful to neurologists and patients in daily practice. The purpose of this short report is to discuss the very long-term outcome of a drCCH cohort, including adverse events. FINDINGS: Previously, favourable results were obtained with iONS in 15 drCCH patients: 80 % were significantly improved and 60 % were pain free. We report here the very long-term follow-up (up to nine years) of 10 patients belonging to this cohort. Meanwhile 5 patients had to be definitively explanted because of device infection (3) or paresthesia intolerance (2). Four patients (40 %) evolved to an episodic form of CH. Six remained chronic but their attack frequency was decreased by 70 % on average. Intake of preventive drugs is still necessary in 80 % of patients. All patients needed at least one battery replacement. CONCLUSIONS: Up to nine years after implantation, iONS is still effective in most patients with drCCH. Concomitant preventive drugs remain often necessary. Forty percent of patients reverse to episodic CH, possibly by natural history. iONS is not a benign procedure but device-related complications appear similar to those reported with other invasive neurostimulators. [less ▲]

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See detailDouble thermoresponsive di- and triblock copolumers based on N-vinylcaprolactam and N-vinylpyrrolidone: synthesis, micellisation ang gelation
Mathieu, Kevin ULg; Kermagoret, Anthony; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

Poster (2016, February 15)

The development of stimuli-responsive polymers, especially thermo-responsive ones, has been a tremendous field of research in the last years. The solubility of such macromolecules can be reversibly ... [more ▼]

The development of stimuli-responsive polymers, especially thermo-responsive ones, has been a tremendous field of research in the last years. The solubility of such macromolecules can be reversibly triggered by small changes of temperature without additives. Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL), which exhibits a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) around 36°C and a low toxicity, is of particular interest especially for biomedical applications. For these reasons, the insertion of well-defined PNVCL segments in more complex architectures is highly desirable but it requires efficient synthetic tools. In this context, we have developed a cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) for synthesizing novel well-defined NVCL-based copolymers. First, the LCST of PNVCL was tuned over a wide range of temperature by incorporation of specific amounts of N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) in the backbone. Then, CMRP of NVCL followed by statistical NVCL/NVP copolymerization led to diblocks having two discrete LCSTs. Finally, double. The thermal response and multistep assembly behavior of these NVCL-containing di-and triblock copolymers were studied by turbidimetry and dynamic light scattering in dilute aqueous solution (~ 1 wt%). Rheological measurements performed on more concentrated copolymer solutions (~ 15 wt%) also emphasized their ability to form thermo-reversible gels. Gelation occurred at lower concentration and stronger gels were obtained with the triblocks because a real tridimensional network formed in this case. thermoresponsive triblocks were obtained by cobalt-mediated radical coupling (CMRC) of the parent diblocks upon treatment with isoprene. [less ▲]

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