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See detailDeriving a global antioxidant score for commercial juices by multivariate graphical and scoring techniques: applications to blackcurrant juice
Tabart, Jessica; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Preedy (Ed.) Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages (2014)

Blackcurrants constitute an important source of potential health promoting phytochemicals (e.g. phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid) due to their antioxidant properties. Only small portions of berries are ... [more ▼]

Blackcurrants constitute an important source of potential health promoting phytochemicals (e.g. phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid) due to their antioxidant properties. Only small portions of berries are consumed fresh, most of their intake coming from processed foods, such as juices. Seven techniques were used to measure antioxidant capacity and antioxidant compounds of 10 juices. This yielded a large disparity of results. No single test, even the most popular ORAC assay, is able to compare the antioxidant capacity of similar food matrix such as blackcurrant juices. By combining tests from a large battery of « antioxidant » assays, it is possible to improve the discrimination of a food matrix by establishing a Global Antioxidant Score (GAS) which correlates well with graphical representations like Chernoff faces or stars. The latter approaches may help food industry managers and authorities to compare their « antioxidant » products with those existing on the market. [less ▲]

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See detailAntioxidant capacity of small dark fruits. Influence of cultivars and harvest time
Kevers, Claire ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg et al

in Journal of Berry Research (2014)

BACKGROUND: Small dark fruits represent one of the most important sources of bioactive compounds with antioxidant capacity in the human diet. The content of health-promoting antioxidants in these fruits ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Small dark fruits represent one of the most important sources of bioactive compounds with antioxidant capacity in the human diet. The content of health-promoting antioxidants in these fruits may be important information to take into account when a fruit producer has to choose which cultivar to grow. OBJECTIVE: It is important to know how antioxidant capacity and antioxidant compounds as total phenolics and ascorbic acid vary between 9 small dark fruit species and for each species among cultivars (2 to 10 per species). METHODS: The antioxidant capacity (ORAC assay), total phenolic (Folin-Ciocalteu) and ascorbic acid content were measured in 9 fruits (plums, blackcurrants, blackberries, blueberries, cherries, redcurrants, raspberries, white currants and gooseberries) / 42 cultivars harvested at maturity during their high production period. RESULTS: The comparison of the average of the various cultivars of each small fruits showed that blackcurrants had the best antioxidant capacity (with plums), the highest ascorbic acid content and the highest total phenolic content (with blackberries). The present study shows that total phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and antioxidant capacity strongly differed between genotypes of each small dark fruits. Other parameters as harvest time, culture conditions and maturity degree at the harvest may also influence the antioxidant capacity of small fruits. CONCLUSION: Among small dark fruits, blackcurrants have high qualities. Choices of variety, harvest time and maturity degree are important for all fruits. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluating SGLT2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes: pharmacokinetic and toxicological considerations.
Scheen, André ULg

in Expert opinion on drug metabolism & toxicology (2014)

Introduction: Inhibitors of sodium-glucose cotransporters type 2 (SGLT2), which increase urinary glucose excretion independently of insulin, are proposed as a novel approach for the management of type 2 ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Inhibitors of sodium-glucose cotransporters type 2 (SGLT2), which increase urinary glucose excretion independently of insulin, are proposed as a novel approach for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Areas covered: An extensive literature search was performed to analyze the pharmacokinetic characteristics, toxicological issues and safety concerns of SGLT2 inhibitors in humans. This review focuses on three compounds (dapagliflozin, canagliflozin, empagliflozin) with results obtained in healthy volunteers (including drug-drug interactions), patients with T2DM (single dose and multiple doses) and special populations (those with renal or hepatic impairment). Expert opinion: The three pharmacological agents share an excellent oral bioavailability, long half-life allowing once-daily administration, low accumulation index and renal clearance, the absence of active metabolites and a limited propensity to drug-drug interactions. No clinically relevant changes in pharmacokinetic parameters were observed in T2DM patients or in patients with mild/moderate renal or hepatic impairment. Adverse events are a slightly increased incidence of mycotic genital and rare benign urinary infections. SGLT2 inhibitors have the potential to reduce several cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiovascular outcome trials are currently ongoing. The best positioning of SGLT2 inhibitors in the armamentarium for treating T2DM is still a matter of debate. [less ▲]

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See detailEndothelial LGALS9 splice variant expression in endothelial cell biology and angiogenesis
Heusschen, Roy ULg; Schulkens, Iris; van Beijnum, Judy et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease (2014)

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See detailAge-related decline in cognitive control: the role of fluid intelligence and processing speed
Manard, Marine ULg; Carabin, Delphine; Jaspar, Mathieu ULg et al

in BMC Neuroscience (2014), 15(7),

Background Research on cognitive control suggests an age-related decline in proactive control abilities whereas reactive control seems to remain intact. However, the reason of the differential age effect ... [more ▼]

Background Research on cognitive control suggests an age-related decline in proactive control abilities whereas reactive control seems to remain intact. However, the reason of the differential age effect on cognitive control efficiency is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influence of fluid intelligence and processing speed on the selective age-related decline in proactive control. Eighty young and 80 healthy older adults were included in this study. The participants were submitted to a working memory recognition paradigm, assessing proactive and reactive cognitive control by manipulating the interference level across items. Results Repeated measures ANOVAs and hierarchical linear regressions indicated that the ability to appropriately use cognitive control processes during aging seems to be at least partially affected by the amount of available cognitive resources (assessed by fluid intelligence and processing speed abilities). Conclusions This study highlights the potential role of cognitive resources on the selective age-related decline in proactive control, suggesting the importance of a more exhaustive approach considering the confounding variables during cognitive control assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobial heterogeneity affects bioprocess robustness: Dynamic single cell analysis contribute to understanding microbial populations
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Goffin, Philippe

in Biotechnology Journal (2014), 9(1), 61-72

Heterogeneity or segregation of microbial populations has been the subject of much research, but the real impact of this phenomenon on bioprocesses remains not well understood. The main reason behind this ... [more ▼]

Heterogeneity or segregation of microbial populations has been the subject of much research, but the real impact of this phenomenon on bioprocesses remains not well understood. The main reason behind this lack of knowledge is the difficulty for monitoring microbial population heterogeneity in dynamic process conditions. The main concepts leading to microbial population heterogeneity in the context of bioprocesses have been summarized by two distinct hypotheses. The first one involves the individual history of microbial cells or “path” followed during their residence time inside process equipment. The second one involves a coordinated response of the microbial population as a bet-hedging strategy in order to cope with process-related stresses. The respective contribution of each hypothesis to microbial heterogeneity in bioprocesses is still unclear. This statement illustrates the fact that, although microbial phenotypic heterogeneity has been thoroughly investigated at the fundamental level, the implications of this phenomenon in the context of microbial bioprocesses are still subjected to debate. At this time, automated flow cytometry is the best technique for the investigation of microbial heterogeneity in process conditions. However, dedicated software and relevant biomarkers are needed for its proper integration as a bioprocess control tool. [less ▲]

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See detailIsocinétisme et douleurs musculaires d’apparition retardée
Hody, Stéphanie ULg; ROGISTER, Bernard ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

in Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricité (2014)

The curative and preventive efficiency of the isokinetic exercise, especially of the eccentric contraction, has been well demonstrated. However, intense or unusual eccentric exercise is known to induce ... [more ▼]

The curative and preventive efficiency of the isokinetic exercise, especially of the eccentric contraction, has been well demonstrated. However, intense or unusual eccentric exercise is known to induce muscle damage associated with delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged functional deficits. These negative consequences can frequently disturb the progress of re-education or training programmes. Since they can affect athletic performance and increase the risk of musculo-skeletal injuries, the structuro-functional alterations associated with DOMS may also be problematic in athletes. Therefore, to optimize the benefits of the eccentric work while avoiding muscle damage and occurrence of DOMS should represent a major objective for the practitioners. To date, the only systematic intervention that brings muscle protection against DOMS consists of performing repeated eccentric sessions at submaximal intensity. Besides its clinical use, isokinetic constitutes an interesting model to generate and investigate the DOMS phenomenon. The original association of eccentric injuring protocols with new emerging techniques of molecular biology appears to be a promising strategy to better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying exercise-induced muscle damage. Such data would provide better guidelines for prevention or treatment practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA Novel Strategy to Translate the Biomechanical Rupture Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms to their Equivalent Diameter Risk: Method and Retrospective Validation.
Gasser, T. C.; Nchimi, A.; Swedenborg, J. et al

in European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (2014)

OBJECTIVE: To translate the individual abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patient's biomechanical rupture risk profile to risk-equivalent diameters, and to retrospectively test their predictability in ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To translate the individual abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patient's biomechanical rupture risk profile to risk-equivalent diameters, and to retrospectively test their predictability in ruptured and non-ruptured aneurysms. METHODS: Biomechanical parameters of ruptured and non-ruptured AAAs were retrospectively evaluated in a multicenter study. General patient data and high resolution computer tomography angiography (CTA) images from 203 non-ruptured and 40 ruptured aneurysmal infrarenal aortas. Three-dimensional AAA geometries were semi-automatically derived from CTA images. Finite element (FE) models were used to predict peak wall stress (PWS) and peak wall rupture index (PWRI) according to the individual anatomy, gender, blood pressure, intra-luminal thrombus (ILT) morphology, and relative aneurysm expansion. Average PWS diameter and PWRI diameter responses were evaluated, which allowed for the PWS equivalent and PWRI equivalent diameters for any individual aneurysm to be defined. RESULTS: PWS increased linearly and PWRI exponentially with respect to maximum AAA diameter. A size-adjusted analysis showed that PWS equivalent and PWRI equivalent diameters were increased by 7.5 mm (p = .013) and 14.0 mm (p < .001) in ruptured cases when compared to non-ruptured controls, respectively. In non-ruptured cases the PWRI equivalent diameters were increased by 13.2 mm (p < .001) in females when compared with males. CONCLUSIONS: Biomechanical parameters like PWS and PWRI allow for a highly individualized analysis by integrating factors that influence the risk of AAA rupture like geometry (degree of asymmetry, ILT morphology, etc.) and patient characteristics (gender, family history, blood pressure, etc.). PWRI and the reported annual risk of rupture increase similarly with the diameter. PWRI equivalent diameter expresses the PWRI through the diameter of the average AAA that has the same PWRI, i.e. is at the same biomechanical risk of rupture. Consequently, PWRI equivalent diameter facilitates a straightforward interpretation of biomechanical analysis and connects to diameter-based guidelines for AAA repair indication. PWRI equivalent diameter reflects an additional diagnostic parameter that may provide more accurate clinical data for AAA repair indication. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Three-vessel Coronary Artery Disease.
Durieux, R.; VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; Labropoulos, N. et al

in European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (2014)

OBJECTIVES: Currently, the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and the correlation between CAD severity and AAA prevalence are not clearly known ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Currently, the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and the correlation between CAD severity and AAA prevalence are not clearly known. We conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence of AAA in patients undergoing coronary angiography and to determine the risk factors and a coronary profile associated with AAA. METHODS: Over an 18-month period, abdominal aortic ultrasound was performed on 1,000 patients undergoing coronary angiography for suspected or known CAD, or prior to valve surgery. Clinical characteristics and coronary profile were collected from the patients. RESULTS: The overall number of previously repaired, already diagnosed, and new cases of AAA in the study population was 42, yielding a prevalence of 4.2%. Among the patients with newly detected AAAs, only two had an AAA diameter of >54 mm and were therefore treated surgically. In men aged >/=65 years, the prevalence reached 8.6%, while in men with three-vessel CAD it was 14.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that age >/=65 years (p = .003), male gender (p = .003), family history of AAA (p = .01), current smoking (p = .002), and three-vessel CAD (p < .001) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of AAA. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of AAA was high in men aged >/=65 years and in those with three-vessel CAD regardless of age. While our findings do not prove the cost-effectiveness of screening for AAA in these high risk patients, they do support the usefulness of a quick ultrasound examination of the abdominal aorta during routine transthoracic echocardiography in such patients. [less ▲]

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See detail*/es-'βɔl‐a‐/ v.intr. « quitter un lieu en s'élevant dans l'air ; se mouvoir dans l'air »
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Buchi, Eva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (Eds.) Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) (2014)

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See detail*/'βɔl‐a‐/ v.intr. « exécuter un (des) mouvement(s) dans l'air ; être projeté dans l'air »
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Buchi, Eva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (Eds.) Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) (2014)

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See detailGene expression pattern of synovial cells from inflammatory and normal areas of osteoarthritis synovial membrane.
Lambert, Cécile ULg; Dubuc, Jean-Emile; Montell, Eulalia et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2014), sous presse

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the gene expression pattern of synovial cells from inflammatory (I) or normal/reactive (N/R) areas of a synovial membrane harvested from the same ... [more ▼]

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the gene expression pattern of synovial cells from inflammatory (I) or normal/reactive (N/R) areas of a synovial membrane harvested from the same osteoarthritis (OA) patient. Methods: Synovial tissues were obtained from 12 knee OA patients at the time of total knee replacement. The inflammatory status of the synovial membrane was characterized according to macroscopic criteria and sorted as N/R and I. Biopsies were cultured separately for 7 days. Microarray gene expression profiling between N/R and I areas was performed. Western blot and immunohistochemistry confirmed the identified genes that were differentially expressed. Results: 896 differentially expressed genes between N/R and I zones were identified. The key pathways were related to inflammation, cartilage metabolism, Wnt signaling and angiogenesis. In the inflammatory network, TREM1 and S100A9 were strongly up-regulated. MMP-3 and -9, cathepsin H and S were significantly up-regulated in the cartilage catabolism pathway, whereas the most up-regulated anabolism enzyme was HAS1. Wnt-5A and LRP5 were up-regulated whereas FZD2 and DKK3 were down-regulated in the Wnt signaling. Finally, STC1, a protein involved in angiogenesis was identified as the most up-regulated gene in I zones compared to N/R zones. Conclusion: This study is the first to identify different expression pattern between two areas of the synovial membrane in the same patient. These differences concern several key pathways involved in OA pathogenesis. This analysis also provides information regarding new genes and proteins as potential targets for the future therapeutic. (c) 2013 American College of Rheumatology. [less ▲]

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See detailNorthern Europe: Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition
Flas, Damien ULg

in Smith, Claire (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (2014)

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See detailIdentification of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins and alpha-fetoprotein in fallow deer (Dama dama) placenta
Bériot, Mathilde ULg; Tchimbou Njanjo, Aline Flora ULg; Barbato, Olimpia et al

in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (2014), 56(4), 1-11

Background: This paper describes the isolation and characterization of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) from fetal cotyledonary tissue (FCT) and maternal caruncular tissue (MCT) collected from ... [more ▼]

Background: This paper describes the isolation and characterization of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) from fetal cotyledonary tissue (FCT) and maternal caruncular tissue (MCT) collected from fallow deer (Dama dama) pregnant females. Proteins issued from FCT and MCT were submitted to affinity chromatographies by using Vicia villosa agarose (VVA) or anti-bovine PAG-2 (R#438) coupled to Sepharose 4B gel. Finally, they were characterized by SDSPAGE and N-terminal microsequencing. Results: Four distinct fallow deer PAG (fdPAG) sequences were identified and submitted to Swiss-Prot database. Comparison of fdPAG with PAG sequences identified in other ruminant species exhibited 64 to 83% identity. Additionally, alpha-fetoprotein was identified in fetal and maternal tissues. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate the efficacy of VVA and bovine PAG-2 affinity chromatographies for the isolation of PAG molecules expressed in deer placenta. This is the first report giving four specific amino acid sequences of PAG isolated from feto-maternal junction (FCT and MCT) in the Cervidae family. [less ▲]

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See detailIs Dolphin Morbillivirus Virulent for White-Beaked Dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris)?
van Elk, C. E.; van de Bildt, M. W. G.; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Veterinary pathology (2014)

The virulence of morbilliviruses for toothed whales (odontocetes) appears to differ according to host species. In 4 species of odontocetes, morbilliviruses are highly virulent, causing large-scale ... [more ▼]

The virulence of morbilliviruses for toothed whales (odontocetes) appears to differ according to host species. In 4 species of odontocetes, morbilliviruses are highly virulent, causing large-scale epizootics with high mortality. In 8 other species of odontocetes, including white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris), morbilliviruses have been found as an incidental infection. In these species, the virulence of morbilliviruses is not clear. Therefore, the admission of 2 white-beaked dolphins with morbillivirus infection into a rehabilitation center provided a unique opportunity to investigate the virulence of morbillivirus in this species. By phylogenetic analysis, the morbilliviruses in both animals were identified as a dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) most closely related to that detected in a white-beaked dolphin in Germany in 2007. Both animals were examined clinically and pathologically. Case No. 1 had a chronic neural DMV infection, characterized by polioencephalitis in the cerebrum and morbillivirus antigen expression limited to neurons and glial cells. Surprisingly, no nervous signs were observed in this animal during the 6 months before death. Case No. 2 had a subacute systemic DMV infection, characterized by interstitial pneumonia, leucopenia, lymphoid depletion, and DMV antigen expression in mononuclear cells and syncytia in the lung and in mononuclear cells in multiple lymphoid organs. Cause of death was not attributed to DMV infection in either animal. DMV was not detected in 2 contemporaneously stranded white-beaked dolphins. Stranding rate did not increase in the region. These results suggest that DMV is not highly virulent for white-beaked dolphins. [less ▲]

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See detailEight years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the first five years of the freedom extension
Papapoulos, S; Lippuner, K; Roux, C et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 46-47

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See detailPratiques unilatérales
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2014), 1

GCUE, 16.10.13, Vivendi v. Commission, case T-432/10 The General Court of the European Union states that the Commission enjoys a wide margin of discretion when taking into account decisions and documents ... [more ▼]

GCUE, 16.10.13, Vivendi v. Commission, case T-432/10 The General Court of the European Union states that the Commission enjoys a wide margin of discretion when taking into account decisions and documents established by national regulators. [less ▲]

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See detailPaul Mertens (1925-2011)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario (Ed.) Hermae. Scholars and Scholarship in Papyrology, IV (2014)

Life and works of Paul Mertens (1925-2011), Belgian philologist and papyrologist and founder of the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège

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See detailMETHis VI. Images fixes / Images en mouvement
Bert, Mathilde ULg; Falque, Ingrid ULg; Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2014)

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See detailWomen's skin throughout lifetime.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; CHARLIER, Corinne ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in BioMed Research International (2014), 2014

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