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See detailDroit européen de la concurrence - European competition law
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Learning material (2016)

This document contains the course plan and readings for an intensive course on European Competition Law taught at the Université Paris-Dauphine in December 2016.

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See detailExplain Your Thesis in Three Minutes
Kreusch, Marie ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailPrévenir la délinquance par la danse : le krump.
Collin, Jonathan ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December)

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See detailTrace metals in soil and plant : from natural to contaminated ecosystems
Colinet, Gilles ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December)

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See detailThe Dual Role of Neutrophils in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Wéra, Odile ULg; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Oury, Cécile ULg

in Journal of clinical medicine (2016), 5(12),

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are characterised by aberrant immunological responses leading to chronic inflammation without tissue regeneration ... [more ▼]

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are characterised by aberrant immunological responses leading to chronic inflammation without tissue regeneration. These two diseases are considered distinct entities, and there is some evidence that neutrophil behaviour, above all other aspects of immunity, clearly separate them. Neutrophils are the first immune cells recruited to the site of inflammation, and their action is crucial to limit invasion by microorganisms. Furthermore, they play an essential role in proper resolution of inflammation. When these processes are not tightly regulated, they can trigger positive feedback amplification loops that promote neutrophil activation, leading to significant tissue damage and evolution toward chronic disease. Defective chemotaxis, as observed in Crohn's disease, can also contribute to the disease through impaired microbe elimination. In addition, through NET production, neutrophils may be involved in thrombo-embolic events frequently observed in IBD patients. While the role of neutrophils has been studied in different animal models of IBD for many years, their contribution to the pathogenesis of IBD remains poorly understood, and no molecules targeting neutrophils are used and validated for the treatment of these pathologies. Therefore, it is crucial to improve our understanding of their mode of action in these particular conditions in order to provide new therapeutic avenues for IBD. [less ▲]

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See detailSpeckle Metrology
Mendoza Santoyo, Fernando; Georges, Marc ULg; Lehmann, Peter et al

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2016), 55(12), 121701

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See detailL’impact des connaissances sémantiques préexistantes en mémoire associative dans le vieillissement normal
Folville, Adrien ULg; Delhaye, Emma ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (2016), 8(4), 253-260

The formation of a global and complex episodic memory requires memory for single units of information of the target event but also binding these elements together. This binding capacity diminishes in ... [more ▼]

The formation of a global and complex episodic memory requires memory for single units of information of the target event but also binding these elements together. This binding capacity diminishes in healthy aging leading to a so-called associative memory deficit. Interestingly, when support is provided during encoding thanks to semantic prior-knowledge (e.g., semantically related word pairs), this associative deficit can be alleviated. The aim of the present review is to summarize the current literature about the influence of prior-knowledge on associative memory performance in healthy aging. Through an analysis of the procedures that have been used in associative memory studies, we suggest two factors that appear to modulate the impact of prior knowledge on older adults’ associative memory. First, the way word pairs are recombined from the encoding to the retrieval phase is the main factor that has to be taken into account. Conditions that promote recall-to-reject discrimination processes lead to similar performance in older compared to younger adults, whereas conditions that require recollection discrimination lead to an age-related decline. Second, the nature of the semantic relations involved in the prior-knowledge support may influence older adults’ performance by modulating the contribution of recollection and familiarity to recognition. Indeed, categorical semantic relations engage both recollection and familiarity-based discrimination, whereas thematic relations allow participants to rely on familiarity-based discrimination only. This latest observation is crucial when one considers recollection as a declining process, in contrast to familiarity, which remains spared in healthy aging. Therefore, future studies should explore the propensity of other semantic relations to alleviate the age-related associative memory decline. [less ▲]

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See detailTrophic specializations of damselfishes are tightly associated with reef habitats and social behaviours
Gajdzik, Laura ULg; Parmentier, Eric ULg; Sturaro, Nicolas ULg et al

in Marine Biology (2016), 163

Despite the increasing need to understand factors shaping community assembly, few studies have simultaneously explored the influence of niche-based and phylogenetic processes. Here, we investigate the ... [more ▼]

Despite the increasing need to understand factors shaping community assembly, few studies have simultaneously explored the influence of niche-based and phylogenetic processes. Here, we investigate the relationships between diet, habitat and social behaviour in damselfishes (Pomacentridae) collected in 2014 at Moorea Island (17°30′S, 149°50′W), French Polynesia. Isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen, in association with stomach contents, delineate three trophic groups: pelagic feeders consuming zooplankton, benthic feeders mainly grazing on algae and an intermediate group feeding on prey from the whole bentho-pelagic compartment. Sulphur isotope ratios indicate segregation between species of the outer reef mostly depending on oceanic input of zooplankton and the lagoonal species relying on locally produced resources or even on terrestrial supply. We demonstrate a tight association between dietary specializations, habitat characteristics and social behaviours, and these correlations are further confirmed by integrating the phylogeny of Pomacentridae. We also provide evidence of phylogenetic conservatism for the stomach content and the habitat–behaviour characters. However, the isotopic trait is evolutionarily more labile probably because it thoroughly depicts the ecological niche of species. To summarize, pelagic feeders (mainly from the Chrominae) usually form shoals in areas close to the open ocean at a maximum depth of 20 m. Benthic feeders (well represented in the Stegastinae) are ubiquitous, solitary and mostly territorial species found at various depths. The intermediate group includes gregarious species from three subfamilies that forage in the lagoon usually above 12 m depth. Overall, we give insight into processes that have structured the damselfish community in Moorea. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital holographic interferometry in the long-wave infrared and temporal phase unwrapping for measuring large deformations and rigid body motions of segmented space detector in cryogenic test (invited paper)
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Martin, Laurent et al

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2016), 55(12), 121723

We present digital holographic interferometry in the long-wave infrared for monitoring the deformation under cryogenic conditions of a segmented focal plane array (FPA) to be used in a space mission. The ... [more ▼]

We present digital holographic interferometry in the long-wave infrared for monitoring the deformation under cryogenic conditions of a segmented focal plane array (FPA) to be used in a space mission. The long wavelength was chosen for its ability to allow measurement of displacements 20 times larger than DHI in the visible and which were foreseen with the test object under large temperature variations. The latter is a mosaic of 4×4 detectors assembled on a frame. DHI was required to assess the global deformation of the assembly, the deformation of each detector, and piston movements of each of them with respect to their neighbors. For that reason we incorporated the temporal phase unwrapping by capturing a sufficiently high number of holograms between which the phase does not undergo large variations. At last, since the specimen exhibits specular reflectivity at that wavelength, it is illuminated by means of a reflective diffuser. [less ▲]

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See detailNouveaux textes littéraires du scribe Amennakhte (et autres ostraca relatifs au scribe de la Tombe)
Dorn, Andreas ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (2016), 116

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être ... [more ▼]

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être, plus ou moins directement, liés au fameux scribe de la Tombe Amennakhte, fils d’Ipouy. L’objectif est de fournir les matériaux de base qui seront nécessaires à la réalisation de projets de plus grande ampleur, telles une étude micro-historique autour de l’individu en question et une analyse globale de la production textuelle d’un scribe de Deir el-Médineh à la 20e dynastie. Les six ostraca publiés ici appartiennent au fonds des ostraca dits « littéraires » de l’IFAO. Les deux premiers documents sont assurément les plus remarquables dans la mesure où ils viennent enrichir le nombre des textes littéraires ‘signés’ par le scribe Amennakhte. [less ▲]

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See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Razanajao, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2), 24-41

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailSaint-Jacques et la Cité de Liège + L'église Saint-Jacques à Liège (+ table of contents and bibliography)
Dumont, Jonathan ULg

in Allart, Dominique; Piavaux, Mathieu; Van den Bossche, Benoît (Eds.) et al L’église Saint-Jacques à Liège. Templum pulcherrimum. Une histoire, un patrimoine (2016)

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See detailPolyphosphoesters: new trends in synthesis and drug delivery applications
Ergül, Zeynep ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

in Macromolecular Bioscience (2016), 16(12), 1745-1761

Polymers with repeating phosphoester linkages in the backbone are biodegradable materials that emerge as a promising class of novel biomaterials, especially in the field of drug delivery systems. In ... [more ▼]

Polymers with repeating phosphoester linkages in the backbone are biodegradable materials that emerge as a promising class of novel biomaterials, especially in the field of drug delivery systems. In contrast to aliphatic polyesters, the pentavalency of the phosphorus atom offers a large diversity of structures and as a consequence a wide range of properties for these mate- rials. In this paper, it is focused on the synthesis of well-defined polyphosphoesters (PPEs) by organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization, improving the functionalities by combination with click reactions, degrada- tion of functional PPEs and their cytotoxicity, and inputs for applications in drug delivery. [less ▲]

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See detailBroadening of acoustic repertoire in Pomacentridae: tonal sounds in the Ambon damselfish Pomacentrus amboinensis
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Frederich, Bruno ULg

in Journal of Zoology (2016), 300(4), 241-246

Damselfish are prolific callers, identified as being able to produce different kinds of sounds (pops and chirps) associated with various behaviors. During courtship and chase behaviors, the coral reef ... [more ▼]

Damselfish are prolific callers, identified as being able to produce different kinds of sounds (pops and chirps) associated with various behaviors. During courtship and chase behaviors, the coral reef damselfish Pomacentrus amboinensis produces a previously unknown additional kind of call that we have named the wiping sound. These calls have two to three long (54 ± 13 ms) units that do not show the usual percussive aspect of the pomacentrid sounds. Calls consist of a high-pitched (from 550 to 775 Hz) tonal sound in which the cycle repetition rate corresponds to the peak frequency. The high frequency of this tonal sound can be excluded as coming from the contraction of sound producing muscles. These sounds could be the result of a mechanism that drives the merging of successive pops. In the noisy environment of coral reefs and the resulting competition for acoustic space, the wiping sounds appear to be a good way to increase signal distinctiveness and opportunities for correct signal discrimination. This new kind of sound supports that acoustic communication is highly important in the biology of damselfishes and their diversification. [less ▲]

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See detailNotes sur les puces (Siphonaptera) dans la région de Py et Mantet (Pyrénées-Orientales): présence d'Amphipsylla sibirica sepifera et Callopsylla saxatilis
Libois, Roland ULg; Feliu, Carlos

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Entomologie = Bulletin van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie (2016), 152(2), 128-132

327 fleas were collected in the fur of small mammals from Py and Mantet (Pyrénées- Orientales). Fiftheen species were identified with Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina as the most common (42% of catches ... [more ▼]

327 fleas were collected in the fur of small mammals from Py and Mantet (Pyrénées- Orientales). Fiftheen species were identified with Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina as the most common (42% of catches) and Ctenophthalmus spp. were slightly less common (25%) (C. baeticus arvernus and C. nobilis dobyi). These fleas were found in all stations from the bridge of the Rotja valley (900 m) to the pass of Mantet (1780 m). Three rare species were identified: Amphipsylla sibirica sepifera (2 ex.) on the pass of Mantet (1780 m), first time on the north side of the Pyrenees, Callopsylla saxatilis at Collada Verde (2320m) and Amalareus penicilliger pyrenaicus at the pass of Mantet, the screes of Mantet (1615 m) and Collada Verde. [less ▲]

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See detailVorzeitigkeit als Herausforderung beim Übersetzen narrativer Texte
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailAssociation entre taux circulants de matrix-gla protéine et rigidité artérielle en transplantation rénale.
Dinic, Miriana; Maillard, Nicolas; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2016, December)

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See detailEssere uomini di “lettere”: segretari e politica culturale nel Cinquecento
Geremicca, Antonio ULg; Miesse, Hélène ULg

Book published by Franco Cesati - 1re éd. (2016)

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See detailFacilitators and barriers for the adoption, implementation and monitoring of child safety interventions: a multinational qualitative analysis.
Scholtes, Béatrice ULg; Schroder-Back, Peter; MacKay, J. Morag et al

in Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention (2016)

The efficiency and effectiveness of child safety interventions are determined by the quality of the implementation process. This multinational European study aimed to identify facilitators and barriers ... [more ▼]

The efficiency and effectiveness of child safety interventions are determined by the quality of the implementation process. This multinational European study aimed to identify facilitators and barriers for the three phases of implementation: adoption, implementation and monitoring (AIM process). Twenty-seven participants from across the WHO European Region were invited to provide case studies of child safety interventions from their country. Cases were selected by the authors to ensure broad coverage of injury issues, age groups and governance level of implementation (eg, national, regional or local). Each participant presented their case and provided a written account according to a standardised template. Presentations and question and answer sessions were recorded. The presentation slides, written accounts and the notes taken during the workshops were analysed using thematic content analysis to elicit facilitators and barriers. Twenty-six cases (from 26 different countries) were presented and analysed. Facilitators and barriers were identified within eight general themes, applicable across the AIM process: management and collaboration; resources; leadership; nature of the intervention; political, social and cultural environment; visibility; nature of the injury problem and analysis and interpretation. The importance of the quality of the implementation process for intervention effectiveness, coupled with limited resources for child safety makes it more difficult to achieve successful actions. The findings of this study, divided by phase of the AIM process, provide practitioners with practical suggestions, where proactive planning might help increase the likelihood of effective implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Dinantian (Mississippian) succession of southern Belgium and surrounding areas: stratigraphy improvement and inferred climate reconstruction
Poty, Edouard ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2016), 19(1-2), 177-200

The interactions between sea-level changes, local and global tectonics, and palaeoclimates have influenced the sedimentary deposition and the stratigraphy of the Belgian Dinantian. This paper emends the ... [more ▼]

The interactions between sea-level changes, local and global tectonics, and palaeoclimates have influenced the sedimentary deposition and the stratigraphy of the Belgian Dinantian. This paper emends the Belgian Dinantian sequence stratigraphy pattern and the third-order sequence 4 is divided into two sequences (4A, 4B). We also confirm that the sudden sea-level drop corresponding to the Hangenberg Sandstone at the Devonian – Carboniferous transition does not correspond to a third-order sequence boundary, but to an out-of-sequence event. The stratigraphy of the Tournaisian in the Namur, South Avesnois and Vesdre – Aachen sedimentation areas is clarified and leads to restrict the latter area to the Aachen vicinity only. The shape of the Namur – Dinant basin is revised and shows a migration of the depocenter northward during Dinantian times. During the Tournaisian, precession cycles are well developed and correspond to alternations of monsoon and dryer climates, without marked changes in the sea level. However, superimposed on these alternations, the Tournaisian third-order sequences recorded higher sea-level variations, which are considered to be due to glacio- eustatism, indicating long-duration period of ice formation. The very strong fall in the sea-level at the Tournaisian – Viséan boundary is considered to record the development of an ice-cap and to a heralding change to the Carboniferous climate with glaciations. From that time (sequence 5), marked eccentricity parasequences developed during the Viséan, recording alternating shorter interglacial-glacial periods. Thus, the onset of the Carboniferous glaciations is as early as the Early Viséan and not in the Late Viséan as usually considered. [less ▲]

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