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See detailAssociations of Plasma Concentrations of Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls with Prostate Cancer: A Case–Control Study in Guadeloupe (French West Indies)
Emeville, Elise; Giusti, Arnaud ULg; Coumoul, Xavier et al

in Environmental Health Perspectives (2015), 123(4), 317-323

Background: Long-term exposure to persistent pollutants with hormonal properties (endocrine-disrupting chemicals, EDCs) may contribute to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). However, epidemiological ... [more ▼]

Background: Long-term exposure to persistent pollutants with hormonal properties (endocrine-disrupting chemicals, EDCs) may contribute to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). However, epidemiological evidence remains limited. Objectives: We investigated the relationship between PCa and plasma concentrations of universally widespread pollutants, in particular p,p’- dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene (DDE) and the non-dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyl congener 153 (PCB153). Methods and Findings: We evaluated before treatment 576 men with newly diagnosed PCa and 655 controls in Guadeloupe (French West Indies). Exposure was analyzed according to case-control status. Associations were assessed by unconditional logistic regression analysis, controlling for confounding factors. Missing data were handled by multiple imputation. We estimated a significant positive association between DDE and PCa (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.53; 95% CI 1.02, 2.30 for the highest versus lowest quintile of exposure; PTrend= 0.01). PCB153 was inversely associated with PCa (OR 0.30; 95% CI 0.19, 0.47 for the highest versus lowest quintile of exposure values; PTrend<0.001). Also, PCB153 was more strongly associated to low-grade than high grade PCa. Conclusions: Associations of PCa with DDE and PCB153 were in opposite directions. This may reflect differences in the mechanisms of action of these EDCs, and although our findings need to be replicated in other populations, they are consistent with complex effects of EDCs on human health. [less ▲]

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See detailAccess to human tissues for research and product development
Pirnay, Jean‐Paul; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULg; Cornu, Olivier et al

in EMBO Reports (2015)

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See detailFremdpräfix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Dürscheid, Christa; Schierholz, Stefan (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2015)

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See detailPlant Image Analysis tools. Current trends and limitations
Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Draye, Xavier; Périlleux, Claire ULg

Scientific conference (2015, April)

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See detailTranshumanisme : un imaginaire de l’exploitation ?
Absil, Gaëtan ULg; Govers, Patrick ULg

in Salut & Fraternité (2015), 89

Vaincre la mort semble un horizon plausible du transhumanisme : l’utilisation des sciences et des technologies pour améliorer la condition humaine et en exclure le handicap, la maladie, le vieillissement ... [more ▼]

Vaincre la mort semble un horizon plausible du transhumanisme : l’utilisation des sciences et des technologies pour améliorer la condition humaine et en exclure le handicap, la maladie, le vieillissement et la mort. L’immortalité relève des instances imaginaires, matérielles et des relations sociales. Elle relève d’une anthropologie du corps et d’une analyse de la technique comme « recherche du moyen le plus efficace dans tous les domaines. » [less ▲]

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See detailGAIMS: a tool specifically developed for the clinical gait analysis of patients with multiple sclerosis
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Phan-Ba, Rémy; Giet, Amaury et al

Poster (2015, April)

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See detailPhylogenetic analysis of cultivation-resistant terrestrial cyanobacteria with massive sheaths (Stigonema spp. and Petalonema alatum, Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) using single-cell and filament sequencing of environmental samples
Mares, Jan; Lara, Yannick ULg; Dadakova, Ina et al

in Journal of Phycology (2015), 51(2), 288297

Molecular assessment of a large portion of traditional cyanobacterial taxa has been hindered by the failure to isolate and grow them in culture. In this study, we developed an optimized protocol for ... [more ▼]

Molecular assessment of a large portion of traditional cyanobacterial taxa has been hindered by the failure to isolate and grow them in culture. In this study, we developed an optimized protocol for single cell/filament isolation and 16S rRNA gene sequencing of terrestrial cyanobacteria with large mucilaginous sheaths, and applied it to determine the phylogenetic position of typical members of the genera Petalonema and Stigonema. A methodology based on a glass-capillary isolation technique and a semi-nested PCR protocol enabled reliable sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene from all samples analyzed. Ten samples covering seven species of Stigonema from Europe, North and Central America, and Hawaii, and the type species of Petalonema from Slovakia were sequenced. Contrary to some previous studies, which proposed a relationship with heteropolar nostocalean cyanobacteria, Petalonema appeared to belong to the family Scytonemataceae. Analysis of Stigonema specimens recovered a unique coherent phylogenetic cluster, substantially broadening our knowledge of the molecular diversity within this genus. Neither the uni- to biseriate species nor the multiseriate species formed monophyletic subclusters within the genus. Typical multiseriate species of Stigonema clustered in a phylogenetic branch derived from uni- to biseriate S. ocellatum Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault in our analysis, suggesting that species with more complex thalli may have evolved from the more simple ones. We propose the technique tested in this study as a promising tool for a future revision of the molecular taxonomy in cyanobacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailPaul Mertens (1925-2011)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario (Ed.) Hermae. Scholars and Scholarship in Papyrology, IV (2015)

Life and works of Paul Mertens (1925-2011), Belgian philologist and papyrologist and founder of the Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL) at the University of Liège

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See detailDiurnal and seasonal variability of CO2 fluxes over a degraded Woodland under a Sudanian climate in Northern Benin (West Africa)
Ago, Expédit Evariste; Serça, Dominique; Agbossou, Euloge Kossi et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2015, April), 17

Turbulent CO2 exchanges over a degraded woodland were measured during 17 months (from November 2005 to March 2007) by an eddy-covariance system at Nangatchori in the northern part of Benin, West Africa ... [more ▼]

Turbulent CO2 exchanges over a degraded woodland were measured during 17 months (from November 2005 to March 2007) by an eddy-covariance system at Nangatchori in the northern part of Benin, West Africa. The site (Lat 9.65°N, Long 1.74°E, Alt: 432 m), under a Sudanian climate, is one of the sites that were equipped in the framework of the international AMMA-CATH program. The site was highly disturbed during preceding years by illegal tree logging, agricultural activities, cattle pasture, and bushfire. The footprint area is mainly formed by herbs and crops with some sparse shrubs and trees. Fluxes data were completed during the same period by meteorological measurements made at the Nalohou site located approximately 20 km from Nangatchori, and by an inventory of dominating species on 1km2 area around the tower during the wet season. Fluxes response to climatic variables was analyzed. The annual drought and moisture cycle was found to be the main controlling factor of the ecosystem dynamics. A very clear response of CO2 fluxes to PPFD appears, but is different according to seasons. During wet season, CO2 uptake increases with increasing PPFD following a typical curvilinear function and saturates for high PPFD (PPFD > 1000 µmol m-2 s-1), while during dry season, a very weak linear response of CO2 fluxes was observed. No clear dependency of the total ecosystem respiration on temperature was observed. At an annual scale (from November 1st 2005 to October 31st 2006), net carbon sequestered by the ecosystem was 18 +- 5 g C m-2. Finally, with respect to the water use the ecosystem appeared to be more efficient during morning and wet season than during afternoon and dry period. [less ▲]

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See detailFavorinos d'Arles et ses contemporains : bilinguisme et biculturalisme au IIe siècle apr. J.-C.
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Marganne, Marie-Hélène; Amato, Eugenio (Eds.) Le traité sur l'exilde Favorinos d'Arles. Papyrologie, Philologie et littérature (2015, April)

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See detailChoix de la première contraception
BELIARD, Aude ULg

in Réalités en Gynécologie-Obstétrique (2015), vol 176

Proposer une contraception adéquate chez les adolescentes est primordial afin d’éviter toute grossesse non désirée. Il est indispensable de conseiller les jeunes filles de façon appropriée pour améliorer ... [more ▼]

Proposer une contraception adéquate chez les adolescentes est primordial afin d’éviter toute grossesse non désirée. Il est indispensable de conseiller les jeunes filles de façon appropriée pour améliorer l’observance et leur expliquer les effets secondaires éventuels pour éviter les échecs de contraception. Le risque d’infection sexuellement transmissible n’est pas négligeable et il faut insister sur l’intérêt de l’usage du préservatif. La contraception combinée œstroprogestative orale présente aussi des avantages non contraceptifs comme l’amélioration de la dysménorrhée entre autre. Le choix du contraceptif hormonal doit tenir compte des facteurs de risque personnels et familiaux et il est nécessaire de reprogrammer une consultation ultérieure afin d’adapter la contraception si nécessaire [less ▲]

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See detailLa dystopie française d’Émile Souvestre à Léon Daudet. Petite traversée générique
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in Engélibert, Jean-Paul; Guidée, Raphaëlle (Eds.) Utopie et catastrophe. Revers et renaissances de l’utopie (XVIe-XXIe siècles) (2015)

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations non synonymiques de "dystopie", "anti-utopie" et "contre-utopie". Ces ... [more ▼]

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations non synonymiques de "dystopie", "anti-utopie" et "contre-utopie". Ces appariements dénotent une indécision significative à propos de tout un pan de la tradition littéraire de l’utopie. Qu’on le considère comme le double inversé ou la face cachée de l’utopie, le récit d’anticipation négatif présente au moins un invariant structurel : il développe l’histoire fictive d’une communauté dont l’organisation et les bases sociales sont menacées, fragilisées, détruites. Le présent parcours dans une fraction de la littérature française publiée entre 1840 et 1930 propose une mise au point terminologique et quelques balises formelles pour la (re)lecture du récit d’anticipation sociale négatif, dont il s’agit de souligner la cohérence et les spécificités. [less ▲]

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See detailPhytochemical Profile and Biological Activity Evaluation of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum Leaves against Malaria
Ledoux, Allison ULg; Mareatefau, Hinerava; Jansen, Olivia ULg et al

in Planta Medica Letters (2015), 2

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum, an endemic plant from the Mascarene Islands. In vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethyl acetate and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum, an endemic plant from the Mascarene Islands. In vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethyl acetate and dichloromethane crude extracts obtained from leaf samples collected on Reunion Island was evaluated on the Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 chloroquine-sensitive strain using a colorimetric method. The major active compound was identified by chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. The best antiplasmodial activity was obtained for the ethyl acetate extract (15 µg/mL < IC50 < 50 µg/mL). The major compound was identified as a sanshool derivative, an alkylamide compound that has moderate antimalarial activity (IC50 = 11.3 µg/mL). This is the first report of the presence of a sanshool derivative in Z. heterophyllum. The moderate antiplasmodial activity of hydroxy-γ-isosanshool was demonstrated for the first time. [less ▲]

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See detailPetit voyage à travers les âges: de l'expression à la fonction
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente Hors Série (2015), (56), 12-15

Le concept de fonction est assurément fondamental en mathématiques. Il a été construit lentement, par de multiples améliorations successives. Dans cet article, nous souhaitons évoquer succinctement ... [more ▼]

Le concept de fonction est assurément fondamental en mathématiques. Il a été construit lentement, par de multiples améliorations successives. Dans cet article, nous souhaitons évoquer succinctement quelques étapes marquantes de son élaboration. [less ▲]

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See detailLe bagage TIC des étudiants en Belgique francophone. État des lieux.
Henry, Julie ULg; Joris, Noémie ULg

in Baron, Georges-Louis; Bruillard, Éric; Drot-Delange, Béatrice (Eds.) Informatique en éducation : perspectives curriculaires et didactiques (2015)

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See detailExtensions du concept de fonction
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente Hors Série (2015), (56), 41

Extensions modernes du concept de fonction Comme la plupart des concepts mathématiques, celui de fonction s’est transformé progressivement pour devenir ce qui nous en est enseigné aujourd’hui. Il évolue ... [more ▼]

Extensions modernes du concept de fonction Comme la plupart des concepts mathématiques, celui de fonction s’est transformé progressivement pour devenir ce qui nous en est enseigné aujourd’hui. Il évolue encore de nos jours : il est toujours plus général, mais également plus abstrait et sophistiqué. Nous donnons ici un petit aperçu intuitif de quelques-unes de ses généralisations modernes. [less ▲]

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See detailL’agency de la route Yucumo-Rurrenabaque entre développement, conservation et autonomie indigène: une étude de cas dans l’Amazonie Bolivienne
Marquez Guerra, José Francisco ULg

in Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente (2015), 33

Very often roads that are continuously built through Amazonia are thought to mechanically and irreversibly induce colonisation, deforestation and environmental and cultural degradation. This paper ... [more ▼]

Very often roads that are continuously built through Amazonia are thought to mechanically and irreversibly induce colonisation, deforestation and environmental and cultural degradation. This paper provides a detailed case study questioning this taken-for-granted idea. It concerns the Pilón Lajas (Bolivia) and shows that the road gets irreversible only through the interplay between development framing and conservation framing as both define road and spaces, and through the interactions these framings induce between actors that refer to them. Road agency only performs by reciprocal relations that actors develop to stabilise their own practices around roads. Indigenous people, quartered between dilution in interculturality and domination bay conservation, are trying to reconcile autonomy and development by skipping between these frameworks. [less ▲]

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See detailTillage as a tool to manage crop residue : impact on sugar beet production
Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg; Degrune, Florine ULg; Parvin, Nargish ULg et al

Poster (2015, April)

Crop residues and plant cover represent a pool of organic matter that can be used either to restore organic matter in soils, and therefore maintain soil fertility, or that can be valorized outside of the ... [more ▼]

Crop residues and plant cover represent a pool of organic matter that can be used either to restore organic matter in soils, and therefore maintain soil fertility, or that can be valorized outside of the field (e.g. energy production). However, it is crucial that the exportation of residues is not done to the detriment of the system sustainability. Three long term experiments have been settled in the loamy region in Belgium. All of them are designed to study the effect of residues management by several tillage systems (conventional plowing versus reduced tillage) on the whole soil-water-plant system. SOLRESIDUS is a field experiment where we study the impact of crop residue management while in SOLCOUVERT and SOLCOUVERT-BIS, we study the impact of cover crop management. SOLRESIDUS was started in 2008. In this field, four contrasted crop residues managements are tested in order to contrast as much as possible the responses from the soil-water plant system. Two practices characterize the four modalities: soil tillage (ploughing at 25 cm depth or reduce tillage at 10 cm max) and residue management (exportation or restitution). SOLCOUVERT and SOLCOUVERT-BIS were started in 2012 and 2013 respectively. In those fields cover crop management is also diverse: destruction of the cover crop by winter ploughing, spring ploughing, strip tillage (with a chemical destruction if needed) or shallow tillage (with a decompaction before cover crop sowing). Although although the overall project aims at studying the impact of management on the whole soil-water-plant system, here we will only present the results concerning crop production (sugar beet) in SOLCOUVERT experiments. The presented data will include germination rate, crop development (biomass quantification and BBCH stages) weeds population, disease occurrence, pest occurrences, nitrogen uptake by plants, quality and quantity of harvested products.   [less ▲]

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