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See detailLearning Grasp Affordance Densities
Detry, Renaud ULg; Kraft, D.; Kroemer, O. et al

in Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics (2011), 2(1), 1--17

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See detailLearning Tactile Characterizations Of Object- And Pose-specific Grasps
Bekiroglu, Yasemin; Detry, Renaud ULg; Kragic, Danica

in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2011)

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See detailJoint Observation of Object Pose and Tactile Imprints for Online Grasp Stability Assessment
Bekiroglu, Yasemin; Detry, Renaud ULg; Kragic, Danica

Conference (2011)

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See detailComa et état végétatif
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Conference (2011)

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See detailActions possessoires
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in de Leval, Georges; Moreau, Pierre (Eds.) La jurisprudence du Code judiciaire commentée, Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille (2011)

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See detailConstruction and validation of a new perceptual priming task: The contrasted word task
Geurten, Marie ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2011)

In clinical neuropsychology, different rehabilitation techniques – e.g., vanishing cues, spaced retrieval, errorless learning – developed for patients with memory impairments are considered to make use of ... [more ▼]

In clinical neuropsychology, different rehabilitation techniques – e.g., vanishing cues, spaced retrieval, errorless learning – developed for patients with memory impairments are considered to make use of the preserved implicit memory abilities shown by these patients, and notably the perceptual priming effects (Harrison et al., 2007). It might be therefore important for clinician neuropsychologists to determine whether these abilities are preserved or not in their patients. However, and quite surprisingly, assessment tools aimed at assessing implicit memory abilities in brain damaged patients are lacking. The aim of this study was to build and validate a new perceptual priming task – the contrasted word task – which could be used by neuropsychologists in their clinical practice. Seventy-two young healthy participants were included in this study, and were administered the contrasted word task in which 60 words counterbalanced in 2 orders and 3 types of priming (Visual; Auditory; New) emerged gradually from a white background on a computer screen. Subjects were asked to press the response key when they thought they had recognized the word. Results show a perceptual priming effect which is specific to the exposure modality (i.e., no inter-modality transfer), proving the efficacy of the contrasted word task to highlight a facilitated identification for words that were shown previously, and confirming the perceptual specificity of the priming effect (Schacter, 1992). [less ▲]

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See detailConscience et inconscient
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailWhole-cell based hybrid materials for green energy production, environmental remediation and smart cell-therapy
Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Dandoy, Philippe; Danloy, Emeric et al

in Chemical Society Reviews (2011), 40(2), 860-885

This critical review highlights the advances that have been made over recent years in the domain of whole-cell immobilisation and encapsulation for applications relating to the environment and human ... [more ▼]

This critical review highlights the advances that have been made over recent years in the domain of whole-cell immobilisation and encapsulation for applications relating to the environment and human health, particularly focusing on examples of photosynthetic plant cells, bacteria and algae as well as animal cells. Evidence that encapsulated photosynthetic cells remain active in terms of CO 2 sequestration and biotransformation (solar driven conversion of CO2 into biofuels, drugs, fine chemicals etc.), coupled with the most recent advances made in the field of cell therapy, reveals the need to develop novel devices based on the preservation of living cells within abiotic porous frameworks. This review shall corroborate this statement by selecting precise examples that unambiguously demonstrate the necessity and the benefits of such smart materials. As will be described, the handling and exploitation of photosynthetic cells are enhanced by entrapment or encapsulation since the cells are physically separated from the liquid medium, thereby facilitating the recovery of the metabolites produced. In the case of animal cells, their encapsulation within a matrix is essential in order to create a physical barrier that can protect the cells auto-immune defenders upon implantation into a living body. For these two research axes, the key parameters that have to be kept in mind when designing hybrid materials will be identified, concentrating on essential aspects such as biocompatibility, mechanical strength and controlled porosity (264 references). © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical and paraclinical diagnosis in altered states of consciousness
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailNovel photosynthetic CO2 bioconvertor based on green algae entrapped in low-sodium silica gels
Rooke, J. C.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Sarmento, H. et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2011), 21(4), 951-959

A photosynthetic bioreactor for CO2 assimilation has been designed using silica sol-gel immobilisation technologies with the chlorophyta Botryococcus braunii (Kützing) and Chlorella vulgaris (Beijerinck ... [more ▼]

A photosynthetic bioreactor for CO2 assimilation has been designed using silica sol-gel immobilisation technologies with the chlorophyta Botryococcus braunii (Kützing) and Chlorella vulgaris (Beijerinck). The living hybrid gels formed revealed a mesoporosity that enabled diffusion of nutrients and gases, promoting the light and dark photosynthetic reactions from within the bulk of the material. To determine the efficiency of the photosynthetic bioreactor in terms of CO 2 remediation, the activity and viability of the encapsulated cells have been monitored through oximetry, 14C assimilation, pulse amplitude modulation fluorimetry and confocal microscopy, revealing a long term productivity of living hybrid materials capable of photosynthetic processes for at least 80 days. Structural and textural properties of the gels were established through 29Si MAS-NMR and N2 physisorption respectively. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailParasitisme du jeune bétail laitier au pâturage
De Cruyenaere; Doppagne, Marie-Laure ULg; Lempereur, Laetitia ULg et al

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailSelf-formation phenomenon to hierarchically structured porous materials: Design, synthesis, formation mechanism and applications
Yang, X.-Y.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Lemaire, A. et al

in Chemical Communications (2011), 47(10), 2763-2786

In this paper, we will thoroughly review a novel and versatile self-formation phenomenon that can be exploited to target porous hierarchies of materials without need of any external templates only on the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we will thoroughly review a novel and versatile self-formation phenomenon that can be exploited to target porous hierarchies of materials without need of any external templates only on the basis of the chemistry of metal alkoxides and alkylmetals. These hierarchically porous materials have unique structures, which are made of either parallel funnel-like/straight macrochannels or 3D continuous interconnected macroporous foams with micro/mesoporous walls. The self-generated porogen mechanism has been proposed, leading to a series of techniques to tailor porous hierarchy, i.e. the use of different chemical precursors (single metal alkoxides, mixed metal alkoxides, single molecular precursors with two different alkoxide functionalities, alkylmetals, etc.,...), the control of their hydrolysis and condensation rates (pH, chelating agents,...) and the addition of alkoxysilanes as co-reactant. Various chemical compositions from single or binary metal oxides, to aluminosilicates, aluminophosphates, silicoaluminophosphates, metallophosphates,... can be prepared, offering a panel of potential applications. Some perspectives have been proposed to transform the synthesized materials with a hierarchy of pore sizes to micro-meso-macroporous crystalline materials with zeolite architectures. The advantages of this self-formation preparation method have been discussed compared to traditional templating methods. The possibility to combine with other strategies, for example soft or hard templating, to target even more sophisticated hierarchically meso-macroporous materials with specific structure and function for various applications has been presented. The "hierarchical catalysis" concept has been re-visited. © The Royal Society of Chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailPronostic des patients récupérant du coma
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Ledoux, Didier; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg et al

in Schnakers, Caroline; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Coma et états de conscience altérée (2011)

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See detailImagerie fonctionnelle et états de conscience altérée
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg et al

in Schnakers, Caroline; LAUREYS, Steven (Eds.) Coma et états de conscience altérée (2011)

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See detailGenesis of active and inactive species during the preparation of MoO3/SiO2-Al2O3 metathesis catalysts via wet impregnation
Debecker, D. P.; Stoyanova, M.; Rodemerck, U. et al

in Catalysis Today (2011), 169(1), 60-68

The wet impregnation of ammonium heptamolybdate onto silica-alumina is used to prepare MoO3/SiO2-Al2O3 heterogeneous metathesis catalysts. The preparation is inspected in details in conjunction with ... [more ▼]

The wet impregnation of ammonium heptamolybdate onto silica-alumina is used to prepare MoO3/SiO2-Al2O3 heterogeneous metathesis catalysts. The preparation is inspected in details in conjunction with physico-chemical characterization tools with the aim to identify the parameters that dictate the genesis of active and inactive metathesis species. The effects of the MoO3 loading and of the calcination temperature are systematically explored. The samples are characterized by N2-physisorption, ICP-AES, XRD, Raman, 27Al MAS-NMR and XPS and evaluated in the metathesis of propene to butene and ethene. Particular attention is brought to the interaction of the mesoporous silica-alumina support with the active component, to the decomposition of the precursor salt and to the location of the molybdenum oxide phase with respect to the pores of the support. It is shown that the temperature of calcination influences markedly the performances of the catalyst. High temperature treatments are necessary to decompose efficiently the Mo salt precursor. In the metathesis of propylene, the performances are levelling off when the MoO 3 loading is increased above ∼8 wt.%. This effect is correlated to the build up of MoO 3 crystals and of Al2(MoO4)3 at relatively high loading. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular phylogeography of the common dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius
Mouton, Alice ULg; Grill, Andrea; Sarà, Maurizio et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailTicks and associated pathogens collected from dogs and cats in Belgium.
Claerebout, Edwin; Lempereur, Laetitia ULg; Cochez et al

Conference (2011)

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