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See detailDevenir art-thérapeute
Vandeninden, Elise ULg

in SociologieS (2014)

In the field of mental health workers, a new profession is emerging: animators of art workshops in psychiatry, also called ‘art therapists’. Our paper reveals the results of a survey conducted in Belgium ... [more ▼]

In the field of mental health workers, a new profession is emerging: animators of art workshops in psychiatry, also called ‘art therapists’. Our paper reveals the results of a survey conducted in Belgium among these new professionals. In portraying this new group of ‘distributed’ workers, we will discuss the reasons for their difficult process of professionalization [less ▲]

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See detailHCVerso2: a phase III study of faldaprevir plus deleobuvir and ribavirin for chronic HCV genotype 1b infection in treatment naïve patients including those ineligible for pegylated interferon
Nelson, D; Andreone, P; Colombo, M et al

in Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (2014, October), 60(S1),

In treatment-naïve, non-cirrhotic patients with HCV GT1b infection, faldaprevir + deleobuvir + ribavirin for 16 or 24 w resulted in comparable SVR 12 rates (76% vs 82%) with similar tolerability profiles ... [more ▼]

In treatment-naïve, non-cirrhotic patients with HCV GT1b infection, faldaprevir + deleobuvir + ribavirin for 16 or 24 w resulted in comparable SVR 12 rates (76% vs 82%) with similar tolerability profiles. Patients with cirrhosis achieved SVR 12 of 74% (24w). The adjusted SVR rates for 16 or 24w in patients with or without cirrhosis were significantly higher than historical control. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of intensive enteral nutrition in association with corticosteroïds in the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis: a multicenter randomized controlled trial
Moreno, C; Trepo, E; Louvet, A et al

in Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (2014, October), 60(S1),

Intensive enteral nutrition by feeding tube does not improve 6-month survival in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. However, adequate nutritional support is associated with a better short-term ... [more ▼]

Intensive enteral nutrition by feeding tube does not improve 6-month survival in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. However, adequate nutritional support is associated with a better short-term prognosis. Adequate nutritional intake should be targeted in alcoholic hepatitis patients treated with corticosteroids. [less ▲]

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See detailAprès Fukushima. La vie préfabriquée
Gemenne, François ULg

in Agier, Michel (Ed.) Un Monde de Camps (2014)

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See detailAdherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Therapy
Deflandre, Eric ULg; Degey, Stéphanie; BONHOMME, Vincent ULg et al

Poster (2014, October)

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See detailAdherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Therapy
Deflandre, Eric ULg; Degey, Stéphanie; BONHOMME, Vincent ULg et al

Poster (2014, October)

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See detailVtriusque sermonis cognatio : la lexicographie bilingue à la fin de l'Antiquité
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Martorelli, Luca (Ed.) Greco antico nell'Occidente carolingo. Frammenti di testi attici nell'Ars di Prisciano (2014)

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See detailProspection géophysique de la zone faillée de Hockai dans la région de Malmedy: Rapport des tomographies de résistivité électrique
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

Report (2014)

Ce rapport consiste en la présentation des résultats des prospections géophysiques par tomographie de résistivité électrique (ERT) menées sur la zone faillée de Hockai dans la région de Malmedy. Le but ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport consiste en la présentation des résultats des prospections géophysiques par tomographie de résistivité électrique (ERT) menées sur la zone faillée de Hockai dans la région de Malmedy. Le but principal de ces investigations est de juger de la fracturation de la roche dans et en dehors de la Zone de Faille de Hockai (ZFH) et de mettre en évidence les structures liées à cette zone de failles. [less ▲]

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See detailNegative polarity as a trigger for the development of modal meaning
Davidse, Kristin; Van linden, An; Brems, Lieselotte ULg

Conference (2014, October)

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See detailLarval development sites of the main Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in northern Europe and distribution of coprophilic species larvae in Belgian pastures
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2014), 205(3-4), 676-686

Some Culicoides species of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological virus vectors worldwide and have indeed been associated with outbreaks of important epizoonoses in recent years, such as ... [more ▼]

Some Culicoides species of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological virus vectors worldwide and have indeed been associated with outbreaks of important epizoonoses in recent years, such as bluetongue and Schmallenberg disease in northern Europe. These diseases, which affect domestic and wild ruminants, have caused considerable economic losses. Knowledge of substrates suitable for Culicoides larval development is important, particularly for the main vector temperate species. This study, realized during two years, aimed to highlight the larval development sites of these biting midge species in the immediate surroundings of ten Belgian cattle farms. Moreover, spatial distribution of the coprophilic Culicoides larvae (C. chiopterus and C. dewulfi) within pastures was studied with increasing distance from farms along linear transects (farm–pasture–woodland). A total of 4347 adult specimens belonging to 13 Culicoides species were obtained by incubation of 2131 soil samples belonging to 102 different substrates; 18 of these substrates were suitable for larval development. The Obsoletus complex (formed by two species) was observed in a wide range of substrates, including silage residues, components of a chicken coop, dung adhering to walls inside stables, leftover feed along the feed bunk, a compost pile of sugar beet residues, soil of a livestock trampling area, and decaying wood, while the following served as substrates for the other specimens: C. chiopterus, mainly cow dung; C. dewulfi, cow dung and molehill soil; C. circumscriptus, algae; C. festivipennis, algae and soil in stagnant water; C. nubeculosus, algae and silt specifically from the edge of a pond; C. punctatus, mainly wet soil between silage reserves; C. salinarius, algae; and C. stigma, algae and wet soil between silage reserves. We also recorded significantly higher densities of coprophilic larvae within pastures in cow dung located near forests, which is likely due to the localization of potential hosts; the presence of these larvae within cow dung is, however, uninfluenced by relative distance from farms. A better knowledge of the microhabitats of Culicoides biting midges and their spatial distribution may allow the development of targeted species-specific vector control strategies, and may help to prevent the creation of new larval development sites. [less ▲]

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See detailKepler detection of a new extreme planetary system orbiting the subdwarf-B pulsator KIC 10001893
Silvotti, R.; Charpinet, S.; Green, E.M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2014), 570

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See detailMultiscale modelling framework for the fracture of thin brittle polycrystalline films - Application to polysilicon
Mulay, Shantanu; Becker, Gauthier ULg; Vayrette, Renaud et al

in Computational Mechanics (2014)

Micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) made of polycrystalline silicon are widely used in several engineering fields. The fracture properties of polycrystalline silicon directly affect their reliability ... [more ▼]

Micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) made of polycrystalline silicon are widely used in several engineering fields. The fracture properties of polycrystalline silicon directly affect their reliability. The effect of the orientation of grains on the fracture behaviour of polycrystalline silicon is investigated out of the several factors. This is achieved, firstly, by identifying the statistical variation of the fracture strength and critical strain energy release rate, at the nanoscopic scale, over a thin freestanding polycrystalline silicon film, having mesoscopic scale dimensions. The fracture stress and strain at the mesoscopic level are found to be closely matching with uniaxial tension experimental results. Secondly, the polycrystalline silicon film is considered at the continuum MEMS scale, and its fracture behaviour is studied by incorporating the nanoscopic scale effect of grain orientation. The entire modelling and simulation of the thin film is achieved by combining the discontinuous Galerkin method and extrinsic cohesive law describing the fracture process. [less ▲]

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See detailHighly dispersed iron xerogel catalysts for p-nitrophenol degradation by photo-Fenton effects
Mahy, Julien ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Zubiaur, Anthony ULg et al

in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2014), 197

Several iron xerogel catalysts were synthesized by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS) which is able to form a chelate with iron ... [more ▼]

Several iron xerogel catalysts were synthesized by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS) which is able to form a chelate with iron ions. The EDAS/TEOS ratio strongly influences the texture of xerogel catalysts. The specific surface area and the micro- and mesoporous volume increase with this ratio. It seems that EDAS plays a nucleating agent role for silica particles and allows to anchor Fe-based moieties inside the silica network. Iron oxide nanoparticles of diameter 1-1.5 nm and Fe3+ ions result, encapsulated in silica particles with sizes of about 10-30 nm in diameter. The iron species was determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry measurements and only Fe3+ species were observed in xerogel catalysts. The Fenton and photo-Fenton effect of these catalysts were evaluated on the degradation of p-nitrophenol in aqueous media under different conditions. Results show that in the presence of H2O2, iron xerogel catalysts present a photo-Fenton effect, reaching 99 % of degradation after 24 h. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Corn Substitution by Sorghum Grain with Low Tannin Content on Broilers Production: Animal Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Carcass Characteristics
Mamadou Tandiang, Diaw; Thiam Diop, Mamadou; Dieng, Abdoulaye et al

in International Journal of Poultry Science (2014), 13(10), 568-574

The effect of substituting corn with sorghum grains with low tannin content (LTC) on broilers performances was investigated in a 6-week feeding trial. Seven hundred fifty 1-day old chicks and not sexed ... [more ▼]

The effect of substituting corn with sorghum grains with low tannin content (LTC) on broilers performances was investigated in a 6-week feeding trial. Seven hundred fifty 1-day old chicks and not sexed Coob 500 were used in this test. These animals were separated into five groups with three replicates of 50 birds for each one. A control diet with 50% of corn was used in the control group. Three other diets where corn was substituted by conventional sorghum in 1/3, 2/3 and 3/3 were given respectively to the G1/3, G2/3 and G3/3 groups. The GLTC groups received diets with total substitution of maize by sorghum with LTC. No significant difference was shown for the body weight between the control and the GLTC groups (respectively 1303 and 1418 g). But the use of conventional sorghum decreases significantly the broilers weight live (p>0.05) with the lower weight performances (1128 to 1225 g). Mortalities were similar for the different groups. It’s always results to climatic environment which was identical for the different group. No difference has been observed for the carcass dressing percentage (68 to 76%). For the nutrients digestibility, except the fat matter which was difference and higher (more than 92%), dry matter, ash and then metabolizable energy were similar (p>0.05) in the starting and growing diets. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction de l'habitat et enjeux territoriaux
Dethier, Perrine ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Report (2014)

Le projet de recherche est basé sur le concept de système de production de l'habitat. Un système de production de l'habitat vise à accroître et à améliorer l'offre en logements. Il se structure par les ... [more ▼]

Le projet de recherche est basé sur le concept de système de production de l'habitat. Un système de production de l'habitat vise à accroître et à améliorer l'offre en logements. Il se structure par les interactions entre les modes d'habiter (la demande), les modes de production (l'offre) et les modes de gestion (l'intervention de la puissance publique). Pour le contexte wallon, le système de production actuel est lié à un usage peu parcimonieux de la ressource foncière et à des problèmes importants d’étalement de la périurbanisation. Néanmoins, des signaux avant-coureurs de la mise en place d'un système de production plus vertueux vis-à-vis des principes stratégiques de l'aménagement du territoire semblent se manifester. La recherche I.5. intitulée « Production de l’habitat et enjeux territoriaux » ambitionne d'étudier l'ampleur de ces changements et de comprendre quels sont les processus socioéconomiques qui les instituent. Au final, son objectif est de préciser comment l’intervention de la puissance publique peut s’appuyer sur ces pratiques émergentes en vue de soutenir la transition vers un nouveau système pour la production de l’habitat wallon. Notre ambition est donc d’identifier les conditions qui conduisent à des pratiques plus vertueuses vis-à-vis des principes stratégiques de l’aménagement durable, afin de les renforcer et de les généraliser dès que possible. [less ▲]

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See detailPCR-RFLP identification of the endangered Pyrenean desman, Galemys pyrenaicus (Soricomorpha, Talpidae), based on faecal DNA
Gillet, François ULg; Cabria Garrido, Maria Teresa; Némoz, Mélanie et al

in Mammalia (2014)

The Pyrenean desman is a vulnerable mammal species endemic to Pyrenees and the northern Iberian Peninsula. The presence of this elusive species can be most easily detected by sampling its faeces. However ... [more ▼]

The Pyrenean desman is a vulnerable mammal species endemic to Pyrenees and the northern Iberian Peninsula. The presence of this elusive species can be most easily detected by sampling its faeces. However, these faecal samples can be confused with those of other vertebrate species living in the same habitats. This study provides two easy and reliable methods for the identification of the Pyrenean desman faeces based on genetic analyses. The first one consists of a nested PCR and sequencing of a mitochondrial cytochrome b fragment, and the second one is an enzymatic digestion with endonucleases Alu I and Sau 3AI. The restriction patterns given by the two enzymes were found suitable for the successful discrimination of the Pyrenean desman from the other species based on species-specific sequence variations. [less ▲]

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See detailFiabilité et confiance
de Saint Georges, Marie-Christine; Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg

Conference (2014, October)

Comment restaurer de la fiabilité dans les liens vitaux, en particulier le lien enfant-parent, lorsque la confiance relationnelle a été atteinte?

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