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See detailEnergie et alimentation: vers une réappropriation citoyenne?
Bauwens, Thomas ULg; Marcq, Pascal

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailModes de rémunération des médecins généralistes : quelles conséquences ?
Saint-Lary, Olivier; Franc, Carine; Raginel, Thibaud et al

in Exercer (2015), 119

Introduction. The health reform law crystallizes the tensions between the different health system players. Besides the specific issue of third-party payment, which will be addressed in an upcoming article ... [more ▼]

Introduction. The health reform law crystallizes the tensions between the different health system players. Besides the specific issue of third-party payment, which will be addressed in an upcoming article, some professional organizations wish to strengthen fee for servicies while others call for more mixed forms of remuneration. Many economic analyses were conducted to study the benefits and limits of each mode of physician compensation. This article offers a synthesis of the literature about these modes: fee for service, capitation, payment performance and wage labor. Method. Collaborative literature analysis between doctors and health economist. The databases searched were MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and CAIRN. Results. Each mode has specific benefits and limits for the financer, the physicians and the patients. Fee for services increases physician productivity but may increases health spending. Capitation and salary decrease care supply but might help to control health spending and to develop preventive activities. The effectiveness of pay for performance is now being questioned. The current trend is to promote mixed forms of remuneration, hoping to combine the advantages and limit the share of defects of each modality. The complexity of such systems makes it difficult to compare from one country to another. Discussion. The choice of a mode by the financer must take into account both the possible combinations of different payment methods and the developments or societal aspirations to meet population health needs. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mort du militantisme wallon ? Quand le coq rentre au poulailler (1958-1963). Etude d'après les sources
Genin, Vincent ULg

Book published by Province de Liège/Musée de la Vie Wallonne (2015)

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See detailLa fraude en droit patrimonial international : le cas des successions internationales
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in De Page, Philippe; Culot, André; De Stefani, Isabelle (Eds.) Apaprences, simulations, abus et fraude - Aspects civils et fiscaux (2015)

Cette contribution s'interroge sur la possibilité d'utiliser la technique de la fraude à la loi dans les relations privées internationales, en visant spécialement le droit patrimonial familial. Après un ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution s'interroge sur la possibilité d'utiliser la technique de la fraude à la loi dans les relations privées internationales, en visant spécialement le droit patrimonial familial. Après un examen général des principes qui structurent la fraude à la loi en droit international privé contemporain, la contribution analyse l'usage potentiel de cette technique sous l'empire du Règlement 650/2012 consacré aux successions internationales. [less ▲]

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See detailLa nationalité belge en 2015 - qui sont les belges?
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Learning material (2015)

Cette présentation a servi de support à un exposé (3 h) consacré aux principes fondamentaux de la nationalité belge. L'accent a été mis sur les principes généraux permettant l'accès à la nationalité belge ... [more ▼]

Cette présentation a servi de support à un exposé (3 h) consacré aux principes fondamentaux de la nationalité belge. L'accent a été mis sur les principes généraux permettant l'accès à la nationalité belge aux personnes en situation migratoire. Cette intervention a eu lieu dans le cadre d'un certificat interuniversitaire en Migrations, Diversité ethnique et Relations interculturelles [less ▲]

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See detailVitamine D et lithiases rénales : la pierre d'achoppement
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; GADISSEUR, Romy ULg; Castiglione, Vincent ULg

in Benhamou, Claude-Laurent; Souberbielle, Jean-Claude (Eds.) La vitamine D chez l'adulte (2015)

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See detailSynthèse des données gétechniques nécessaires à l'étude de la stabilité de six terrils à risque en région liégeoise
Delvoie, Simon ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

Report (2015)

Dans le cadre d’un recensement des terrils situés en Région wallonne et pouvant présenter des risques de stabilité sur le court et le long terme, l’ISSeP a chargé le Laboratoire de Géotechnologies de ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre d’un recensement des terrils situés en Région wallonne et pouvant présenter des risques de stabilité sur le court et le long terme, l’ISSeP a chargé le Laboratoire de Géotechnologies de l’Université de Liège, représenté par Ir. F. COLLIN et S. DELVOIE, de réaliser une étude géotechnique préliminaire. Les objectifs de ce travail sont tout d’abord de recenser les informations disponibles sur le sous-sol aux environs immédiats des terrils. Les données recueillies sont ensuite exploitées par des outils informatiques SIG et seront par la suite utilisées dans l’évaluation du risque d’instabilité, réalisée par l’ISSeP. Ce travail documentaire est également complété par une inspection sur le terrain de chaque terril étudié. Les terrils faisant partie de l’étude géotechnique sont repris dans la liste ci-dessous : - L60 – Petite Bacnure - L53 – Gosson 2 - L39 – Bonne Espérance et Bonne Fortune - L46 – Xhorre - L41 – Espérance 3 - L55 – Horloz [less ▲]

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See detailFast Chromatographic Method for Explosive Profiling
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg; Perrault, Katelynn A.; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Chromatography (2015), 2

Security control is becoming a major global issue in strategic locations, such as airports, official buildings, and transit stations. The agencies responsible for public security need powerful and ... [more ▼]

Security control is becoming a major global issue in strategic locations, such as airports, official buildings, and transit stations. The agencies responsible for public security need powerful and sensitive tools to detect warfare agents and explosives. Volatile signature detection is one of the fastest and easiest ways to achieve this task. However, explosive chemicals have low volatility making their detection challenging. In this research, we developed and evaluated fast chromatographic methods to improve the characterization of volatile signatures from explosives samples. The headspace of explosives was sampled with solid phase micro-extraction fiber (SPME). Following this step, classical gas chromatography (GC) and comprehensive two-dimensional GC (GC×GC) were used for analysis. A fast GC approach allows the elution temperature of each analyte to be decreased, resulting in decreased thermal degradation of sensitive compounds (e.g., nitro explosives). Using fast GC×GC, the limit of detection is further decreased based on the cryo-focusing effect of the modulator. Sampling of explosives and chromatographic separation were optimized, and the methods then applied to commercial explosives samples. Implementation of fast GC methods will be valuable in the future for defense and security forensics applications. [less ▲]

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See detailCorporate board attributes and conditional accounting conservatism: Evidence from French firms
Boussaid, Nabila ULg; Sougné, Danielle ULg; Hamza, Taher

in Journal of Applied Business Research (2015), Vol 31, No 3 (2015)

We investigate the relationship between corporate board of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model over the period 2009-2012 ... [more ▼]

We investigate the relationship between corporate board of directors’ attributes and conditional accounting conservatism in the French context. Using a pooled regression model over the period 2009-2012, our empirical results can be summarized as follows. First, greater board activity encourages more conservative reporting in financial statements. Second, larger board size diminishes conditional accounting conservatism. Lastly, there is a positive association between gender diversity and accounting conservatism. As a robustness test, we use alternative measures of accounting conservatism, namely time series and accrual-based measures in addition to asymmetric timeliness of earnings. Our findings suggest that boards of directors’ attributes are an important factor in determining the financial reporting quality of French firms. [less ▲]

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See detailThe genetic causes of pituitary gigantism
Rostomyan, Liliya ULg; Daly, Adrian ULg; PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg et al

in Endocrine Abstracts (2015, May)

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See detailIn vitro evaluation of fermentation characteristics of two types of insects, as potential novel protein feeds for pigs
POELAERT, Christine ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg; Despret, Xavier et al

in 13th International Symposium on Digestive Physiology of Pigs (2015, May)

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See detailUse of 454 pyrosequencing protocol for the assessment of cyanobacterial diversity
Stelmach Pessi, Igor ULg; De Carvalho, Pedro; Laughinghouse, Haywood Dail et al

Poster (2015, May)

A pilot run was carried out on Antarctic microbial mat samples in order to test different protocols for 454 pyrosequencing and bioinformatic analyses. An artificial community was assembled using22 ... [more ▼]

A pilot run was carried out on Antarctic microbial mat samples in order to test different protocols for 454 pyrosequencing and bioinformatic analyses. An artificial community was assembled using22 cyanobacterial strains in two different abundance distributions. Bioinformatic analyses were carried out on the artificial communities using variations of the mothur and UPARSE pipelines. Moreover, different DNA extraction methods, technical replicates and biases arising from direct barcoded primer amplification were assessed using five microbial mat and soil crust samples. A great variation in richness estimates was observed using different bioinformatic pipelines, with UPARSE generating the most consistent results. On the other hand, community structures observed using different DNA extraction protocols were statistically similar. The same was observed for the technical replicates. Moreover, the use of barcoded primers did not influence the observed community structure. [less ▲]

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See detailFiches techniques de mesure de la biomasse
Bauwens, Sébastien ULg; Fayolle, Adeline ULg; Dubiez, Emilien et al

Report (2015)

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See detailIn silico screening to predict chondrocyte hypertrophy using a semiquantitative gene network model
Kerkhofs, Johan ULg; Leijten, Jeroen; Luyten, Frank et al

Poster (2015, April 30)

PURPOSE: In development, chondrocyte hypertrophy is a crucial and well-studied step in endochondral ossification. Hypertrophy may also play a role in pathophysiological processes, including osteoarthritis ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: In development, chondrocyte hypertrophy is a crucial and well-studied step in endochondral ossification. Hypertrophy may also play a role in pathophysiological processes, including osteoarthritis. We employ a computational approach to estimate the effect of individual factors in this complex process. METHODS: We have combined information gleaned from a high number of publications on chondrocyte differentiation into a gene regulatory network of 46 factors and over 150 interactions. This network can estimate the stability of proliferative chondrocytes/permanent cartilage (stable state with SOX9 activity) and hypertrophic chondrocytes (stable state with RUNX2 activity) by employing 2 measures. A first measure is a Monte Carlo analysis that assesses stability in the face of random initial conditions, the second modifies stable states to estimate the sensitivity to perturbation. RESULTS: For each factor, these qualitative measures are calculated in silico under knockout and overexpression conditions and compared to the wild type situation. This enables screening of the effects of all incorporated factors on cartilage homeostasis, differentiation and pathogenesis via the initiation of hypertrophy. Indeed, our gene network analysis indicated multiple candidate genes for the development of osteoarthritis. Factors that amplify the SOX9 attractor basin include TGFβ, PPR, IGF-I, and PKA. The presence of RAS, IHH, GLI2 and FGF is required for the Runx2 stable state. Using a literature study, we corroborated several of the proposed factors. CONCLUSIONS: In silico screening of overexpression and knockout presents a novel strategy to improve bone and cartilage tissue engineering approaches, and can be used to propose a list of putative therapeutic targets for e.g. osteoarthritis. [less ▲]

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See detailLes réseaux scientifiques du Roi en Belgique
Pirot, Pascal ULg

Conference (2015, April 30)

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See detailRepresenting a Minority Group in Multinational Federal Systems: Career Patterns in Catalonia, Scotland and Wallonia
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Dans nos démocraties représentatives, comprendre « qui » gouverne et plus précisément « comment » et « pourquoi » certains accèdent aux positions de pouvoir a toujours été un enjeu démocratique majeur ... [more ▼]

Dans nos démocraties représentatives, comprendre « qui » gouverne et plus précisément « comment » et « pourquoi » certains accèdent aux positions de pouvoir a toujours été un enjeu démocratique majeur. Avec les processus de régionalisation et de fédéralisation observés à travers le monde, cette question s’est complexifiée en raison de la multiplication des lieux de décision politique. Dans de nombreux pays, les représentants politiques évoluent désormais dans des systèmes multi-niveaux. L’une des conséquences directes de ces réformes institutionnelles est la transformation des carrières parlementaires, particulièrement dans les régions minoritaires des états plurinationaux comme la Belgique, l’Espagne et le Royaume-Uni. L’objectif de cette recherche doctorale est double. D’une part, elle cherche à définir l’orientation régionale et/ou nationale qui caractérise la carrière des élus depuis l’instauration des assemblées régionales. D’autre part, elle vise à identifier les facteurs qui expliquent l’émergence de ces différents types de carrières. À cette fin, la thèse développe une étude comparée de la Catalogne, de l’Écosse et de la Wallonie qui combine analyses quantitatives et qualitatives. Une des conclusions majeures de cette recherche est que le niveau de pouvoir régional est devenu une arène politique de plus en plus attractive – voire prédominante pour certains acteurs. Toutefois, contrairement à ce qui fut suggéré par des études antérieures, les parlements nationaux espagnol, britannique et belge continuent d’être des arènes politiques attractives pour les élus catalans, écossais et wallons. [less ▲]

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