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See detailScience at the fringe of the French colonial world: the circulation of Jean-André Peyssonnel’s treatises on medicine and the natural history of Guadeloupe
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Conference (2014, December 05)

Jean-André Peyssonnel, born in Marseille in 1694, was a physician who in 1720-1721 earned his spurs in the fight against the plague that ravaged his hometown. Fascinated by the sea and the work of ... [more ▼]

Jean-André Peyssonnel, born in Marseille in 1694, was a physician who in 1720-1721 earned his spurs in the fight against the plague that ravaged his hometown. Fascinated by the sea and the work of fishermen, he turned in following years to the study of marine life. While conducting observational research along the coasts of the Provence and North Africa, he found evidence of the animal nature of coral. This controversial claim caused a heated debate with Réaumur, who blocked his career plans in France. Out of necessity Peyssonnel was forced to accept the post of “Médecin du Roi” in Guadeloupe. In this remote outpost of the French colonial empire, Peyssonnel continued his scientific activities. He received orders to fight a local outburst of leprosy, which resulted in a comprehensive study on the disease. In addition, he produced dozens of treatises on the natural history of the French Antilles, including volcanic, oceanographic, botanical and zoological studies. This contribution tells the story of these remarkable documents which, on their way to the learned world in Europe, passed through many hands. Spread over several intellectual centres – London, Paris, Marseille, Rouen, Bordeaux, Angers – these manuscripts shed a unique light on the circulation of knowledge in a Republic of Sciences turning global. [less ▲]

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See detailMujeres, circuitos y fronteras en el sur del Ecuador.
Ramos Ordonez, Maria ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

La recherche doctorale de Patricia Ramos porte sur la thématique des femmes et circuits migratoires dans le Sud de l’Equateur. Plus précisément, elle va s’intéresser à l’agence (agency) et aux dynamiques ... [more ▼]

La recherche doctorale de Patricia Ramos porte sur la thématique des femmes et circuits migratoires dans le Sud de l’Equateur. Plus précisément, elle va s’intéresser à l’agence (agency) et aux dynamiques de pouvoir auxquelles sont confrontées les femmes étrangères et équatoriennes au niveau local dans une partie de l’Equateur caractérisée par une très forte mobilité des populations. [less ▲]

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See detailCan Electrical Resistivity Tomography offer us a dynamic view on what happens in the soil-plant continuum?
Garré, Sarah ULg

Conference (2014, December 05)

Root water and nutrient uptake and its relation to environmental factors is one of the least understood components in the terrestrial water balance and is of high importance for water resources management ... [more ▼]

Root water and nutrient uptake and its relation to environmental factors is one of the least understood components in the terrestrial water balance and is of high importance for water resources management, ecology and agriculture. As the processes in the soil-plant continuum are complex and inextricably intertwined, alternative, non-invasive measurement methods are necessary to unravel spatial and temporal dynamics of the system. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has been proposed as a promising technique, since bulk resistivity maps and their temporal evolution may serve as a proxy for changes in soil moisture and pore water salinity, amongst others. However, the variables affecting the measured bulk electrical resistivity often change simultaneously in natural environments and not all influencing factors are yet well understood (e.g. influence of root biomass). Therefore, the method needs field-specific calibration. In addition to limitations due to signal-to-noise ratio and data inversion strategies, this implies that ERT still needs further development and research efforts for its use to characterize the soil-plant continuum. [less ▲]

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See detailHypogonadisme génétique masculin: diagnostic et prise en charge
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 05)

The neuroendocrine control of reproduction in mammals is governed by a hypothalamic neural network of nearly 1500 gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secreting neurons that modulate the activity of the ... [more ▼]

The neuroendocrine control of reproduction in mammals is governed by a hypothalamic neural network of nearly 1500 gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secreting neurons that modulate the activity of the reproductive axis across life. Congenital Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) is a clinical syndrome that is characterized by partial or complete pubertal failure. HH may result from inadequate hypothalamic GnRH axis activation, or a failure of pituitary gonadotropin secretion/effects. In man, several genes that participate in olfactory and GnRH neuronal migration are thought to interact during the embryonic life. A growing list of mutations of these genes is responsible for congenital HH. Based on the presence or the absence of olfaction dysfunction, HH is divided in two syndromes: HH with olfactory alterations (Kallmann syndrome) and Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) with normal smell (normosmic IHH). Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a heterogeneous disorder affecting 1 in 5000 to 8000 males, with a 3-5 fold male excess over female. KS is associated with mutations in KAL1, FGFR1/FGF8, FGF17, IL17RD, PROK2/PROKR2, NELF, CHD7, HS6ST1 and WDR11 genes that are related to defects in neuronal migration. These reproductive and olfactory deficits include a variable non reproductive phenotype, including sensorineural deafness, coloboma, bimanual synkinesis, craniofacial abnormalities and/or renal agenesis. Interestingly, defects in PROKR2, FGFR1, FGF8, CHD7 and WDR11 genes are also associated with normosmic IHH, whereas mutations in KISS1/KISSR, TAC3/TACR3, GNRH1/GNRHR, βFSH and βLH are only present in patients with normosmic IHH. βLH mutations are responsible for Pasqualini 's Syndrome (fertile eunuch) first described in 1950 in males with eunuchoidism, hypoandrogenism and spermatogenesis in testis biopsies. Congenital primary hypogonadism include several genetic syndromes such as Klinefelter syndrome (XXY), Del Castillo syndrome (only sertoli syndrome).In this lecture, we summarize the reproductive, neurodevelopmental and genetic aspects of IHH and primary hypogonadism in human pathology. [less ▲]

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See detailarchiDART: Plant Root System Architecture Analysis Using DART Output Files
Delory, Benjamin ULg; Baudson, Caroline ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg et al

Computer development (2014)

archiDART is an R package allowing the analysis of complex plant root system architectures using the output files created by Data Analysis of Root Tracings (DART), an open-access software dedicated to the ... [more ▼]

archiDART is an R package allowing the analysis of complex plant root system architectures using the output files created by Data Analysis of Root Tracings (DART), an open-access software dedicated to the study of plant root architecture and development across time series (Le Bot et al (2010) DART: a software to analyse root system architecture and development from captured images, Plant and Soil, 326, 261--273). [less ▲]

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See detailRegistres de la langue en néo-égyptien: le cas des Tomb Robberies
Winand, Jean ULg

Conference (2014, December 05)

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See detailAnd If It Was No ALS ?
WANG, François-Charles ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 05)

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See detailNanocomposites based on MWCNT and polystyrene, styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, or polymethylmethacrylate, obtained by miniemulsion polymerization
Donescu, Dan; Corobea, Mihai Cosmin; Petcu, Cristian et al

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (2014), 131(23), 411481-10

Free radical miniemulsion polymerization of styrene (St), St/acrylonitrile 3 : 1 mixture or methylmethacrylate in the presence of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) was proven as a convenient way to ... [more ▼]

Free radical miniemulsion polymerization of styrene (St), St/acrylonitrile 3 : 1 mixture or methylmethacrylate in the presence of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) was proven as a convenient way to obtain homogenous hybrids with perspectives in associated applications like foams specialties materials. Miniemulsion polymerization was viable up to 2% wt. MWCNT to monomer, without agglomerations. The grafting on MWCNT during the polymerization occurs without the need for supplementary functionalization and the polymer grafted nanotubes showed stable dispersions in the polymer solvent. Monomer polarity affected the grafting ability during the polymerization process. The nanocomposites obtained after purification and drying were used in foaming process. MWCNT presence in the related nanocomposites decreased the pore sizes in foam-like materials (for all three different matrices). At 1 wt % MWCNT content, low density (< 0.3 g/cm3), low pore size (< 10 μm) and high cell density (>109 cell/cm3) were achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailL’impact de la réserve cognitive sur le fonctionnement exécutif au cours du vieillissement normal
Simon, Jessica ULg; Gilsoul, Jessica ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2014, December 05)

Le vieillissement normal s’accompagne d’un dysfonctionnement exécutif important. Or, on sait aujourd’hui qu’il existe une forte variabilité interindividuelle quant aux effets du vieillissement sur la ... [more ▼]

Le vieillissement normal s’accompagne d’un dysfonctionnement exécutif important. Or, on sait aujourd’hui qu’il existe une forte variabilité interindividuelle quant aux effets du vieillissement sur la cognition. Selon l’hypothèse de la réserve cognitive (Stern, 2009), les individus qui auraient développé un haut niveau de réserve résisteraient mieux aux effets du vieillissement que des individus de plus faible réserve cognitive. Dans cette étude, nous avons voulu mesurer l’impact des facteurs de réserve cognitive sur le fonctionnement exécutif au cours du vieillissement normal. Nous avons recruté 59 participants âgés de 60 à 80 ans, sans trouble cognitif ni neurologique. Nous leur avons proposé 8 tâches cognitives évaluant le fonctionnement exécutif : des épreuves d’inhibition (test de Stroop, test de Hayling, subtest Incompatibilité de la TAP), de flexibilité (subtest Flexibilité de la TAP, épreuve d’alternance arithmétique « plus-moins ») et de mise à jour (subtest Lettre-Chiffre de la MEM III, mise à jour de consonnes et tâche de 2-back). De plus, nous leur avons demandé de compléter différents questionnaires évaluant quatre facteurs de réserve cognitive (niveau d’études, parcours professionnel, activité physique et activités de loisir). Nous avons réparti nos participants en deux groupes en fonction de leur niveau de réserve cognitive (faible et haute). Des analyses de t de student (p<0.05) montrent que les participants avec une haute réserve cognitive ont de meilleures performances au subtest de mise à jour des consonnes (p=0,05) ainsi que des résultats quasi significatif pour le score composite de mise à jour (p=0,06) et le subtest de mise de consonnes (p=0,06). Nous avons aussi évalué l’impact spécifique de chaque facteur de réserve cognitive sur les performances au moyen de régressions simples (p<0.05). Les données montrent que le niveau d’étude explique une part significative de la variance du score composite de mise à jour et aux subtests Flexibilité et Lettre-Chiffre ainsi qu’une part quasi significative de la variance au score de mise à jour de consonnes. L’activité professionnelle au cours de la vie explique une part quasi-significative de la variance pour le score de mise à jour (p=0,07) et pour le test de mise à jour de consonnes (p=0,07). Enfin, les activités de loisir, quant à elles, expliquent une part significative de la variance des performances à la tâche du 2-back et une part quasi-significative de la variance des performances au test de Hayling (p=0.06). En conclusion, il apparait que les sujets âgés avec un haut niveau de réserve cognitive montrent de meilleures capacités à certains tests exécutifs uniquement. De plus, nos données suggèrent que tous les aspects du fonctionnement exécutif ne sont pas impactés de façon similaire par les différents facteurs de réserve cognitive. [less ▲]

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See detailDirect route to well-defined poly(ionic liquid)s by controlled radical polymerization in water
Cordella, Daniela ULg; Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in ACS Macro Letters (2014), 3

The precision synthesis of poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) in water is achieved for the first time by the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of N-vinyl-3-alkylimidazolium-type monomers following two ... [more ▼]

The precision synthesis of poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) in water is achieved for the first time by the cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of N-vinyl-3-alkylimidazolium-type monomers following two distinct protocols. The first involves the CMRP of various 1-vinyl-3-alkylimidazolium bromides conducted in water in the presence of an alkyl–cobalt(III) complex acting as a monocomponent initiator and mediating agent. Excellent control over molar mass and dispersity is achieved at 30 °C. Polymerizations are complete in a few hours, and PIL chain-end fidelity is demonstrated up to high monomer conversions. The second route uses the commercially available bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) (Co(acac)2) in conjunction with a simple hydroperoxide initiator (tert-butyl hydroperoxide) at 30, 40, and 50 °C in water, facilitating the scaling-up of the technology. Both routes prove robust and straightforward, opening new perspectives onto the tailored synthesis of PILs under mild experimental conditions in water. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la flore spontanée de la carrière de Loën pour de futures restaurations - Résultats
Pitz, Carline ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Monty, Arnaud ULg et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Ce projet a pour objectif de caractériser la flore recolonisant spontanément les zones xériques non exploitées récemment de la carrière de Loën, du point de vue de la diversité spécifique et de la ... [more ▼]

Ce projet a pour objectif de caractériser la flore recolonisant spontanément les zones xériques non exploitées récemment de la carrière de Loën, du point de vue de la diversité spécifique et de la fonctionnalité écologique. Les communautés végétales ont été caractérisées au sein du site de Loën (diversité alpha) et d’un ensemble d’autres carrières représentatives de la diversité des contextes géographiques des carrières calcaires en Région Wallonne (diversité béta). L’étude a montré que, sur des laps de temps de plusieurs décennies, un processus de succession écologique s’est mis en place au sein du site de Loën, mais que cette succession ne tend pas vers une formation typique de pelouse sèche. Les explications peuvent être d’une part, que la disponibilité et l’apport de graines de pelouses sèches avoisinantes est insuffisant, et d’autre part, que le contexte abiotique pourrait être plus favorable à d’autres types de végétations herbacées. Cette étude illustre que des expériences de semis seraient souhaitable afin de définir les objectifs de restauration de la carrière de Loën et des carrières qui se trouvent dans des situations comparables. [less ▲]

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See detailUne nouvelle menace pour la couche d'ozone ?
Franco, Bruno ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 04)

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See detailAvril 1917. Oncle Sam sur le pied de guerre
Genin, Vincent ULg

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailjob day ulg
Bruyère, Eric ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2014)

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See detailAdvances in proteomics for the FP7 Venomics project
Degueldre, Michel ULg; Quinton, Loïc ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

Conference (2014, December 03)

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