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See detailPreparing physically educated citizens in physical education. Expectations and practices
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Retos (2017), 31

Since physical education (PE) became a compulsory school subject, its objectives have often been related to the expectations of society. Since the turn of the new millennium, this has resulted in PE being ... [more ▼]

Since physical education (PE) became a compulsory school subject, its objectives have often been related to the expectations of society. Since the turn of the new millennium, this has resulted in PE being increasingly linked to the promotion of physically active lifestyles. In this paper, we try to determine whether practitioners have the capacity to reach recent objectives for the subject or should reconsider their work on this issue. Moreover, we propose to extend the current focus on physical literacy to encompass the concept of societal transfer, underlining the need for an authentic pedagogy of PE. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Indium Tin Oxide and Indium Tungsten Oxide as Transparent Conductive Substrates for WO3-Based Electrochromic Devices
Maho, Anthony ULg; Nicolay, Sylvain; Manceriu, Laura ULg et al

in Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2017), 164(2), 1-7

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See detailFrançois Ier, 'second César' et l'appartement des bains du château de Fontainebleau
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Petey-Girard, Bruno; Polizzi, Gilles; Tran, Trung (Eds.) François Ier imaginé (2017)

En 1527, alors que François Ier entame la rénovation architecturale et décorative du château de Fontainebleau, l’assimilation du prince avec Jules César est devenu un topos du discours royal ... [more ▼]

En 1527, alors que François Ier entame la rénovation architecturale et décorative du château de Fontainebleau, l’assimilation du prince avec Jules César est devenu un topos du discours royal. Inévitablement, un tel imaginaire imprègne l’aménagement du château de Fontainebleau. On le retrouve dans la galerie François Ier mais aussi dans l'appartement des bains, un ensemble que le roi et le cercle de lettrés et d’érudits qui l’entoure imaginèrent sur le modèle des thermes de la Rome impériale. Cette contribution propose une confrontation entre la suite bellifontaine et les infrastructures antiques, mais aussi quelques installations contemporaines, et ce dans le but de préciser l’originalité des bains de François Ier. [less ▲]

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See detailImpaired familiarity in individuals at risk for Alzheimer's disease: Commentary on Schoemaker et al. (2016)
Bastin, Christine ULg; Besson, Gabriel ULg

in Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring (2017), 6

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See detailFrançois Ier et les arts du Nord (1515-1547)
Fagnart, Laure ULg; Lecocq, Isabelle

Book published by Picard (2017)

Whereas the exchanges between Francis I and Italy have attracted much attention, the King’s relations with the old Southern Netherlands, as rich and complex, have not been carefully studied. The book ... [more ▼]

Whereas the exchanges between Francis I and Italy have attracted much attention, the King’s relations with the old Southern Netherlands, as rich and complex, have not been carefully studied. The book "Francis I and Artists of the North (1515-1547)" aims to fill this gap by considering the interest of the King of France - in artists and musicians from the old Southern Netherlands and their works. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersections on the "Map of Art": Metaphor in Ben Okri's Dangerous Love and Wilson Harris's The Mask of the Beggar
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Collier, Gordon; Davis, Geoffrey V.; Delrez, Marc (Eds.) et al The Cross-Cultural Legacy: Critical and Creative Writings in Memory of Hena Maes-Jelinek (2017)

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See detailPest and mould infestation of smoked shrimp and preventive measures for storage in cottage industry
Kpoclou; Anihouvi; Azokpota et al

in Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (2017), 16

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See detailShip collision analysis on Offshore Wind Turbine monopile foundations
Bela, Andreea ULg; Le Sourne, Hervé; Buldgen, Loïc ULg et al

in Marine Structures (2017), 51

An offshore wind farm covers a large maritime area and the site can be located close to traffic lanes of commercial and passenger ships, which may lead to possible collision events. The work presented in ... [more ▼]

An offshore wind farm covers a large maritime area and the site can be located close to traffic lanes of commercial and passenger ships, which may lead to possible collision events. The work presented in this paper aimed to understand both the crushing behavior and the nacelle dynamics of a predefined monopile offshore wind turbine when impacted by a ship. Another objective was to deeply investigate the influence of various parameters like ship impact velocity and location, wind direction, soil stiffness and deformability of the striking ship. First, nonlinear numerical simulations of ship - Offshore Wind Turbine (OWT) collisions have been carried out with a rigid striking ship for a better understanding of the OWT’s structural behaviour during collision. Different configurations for the wind turbine’s structure have been used in order to highlight the modifications in behaviour induced by changing the soil conditions or the loading scenario. The resulting resistant force and internal energies have been compared as well as the tower top (nacelle) displacements and accelerations. Then, another series of simulations have been performed with a deformable ship in order to investigate the influence of the deformability of the striking ship on the OWT’s behaviour. It is worth noting that all these numerical results will further serve to fix the hypotheses for the development of a simplified tool based on analytical formulations. [less ▲]

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See detailComprehension of an organosolv process for lignin extraction on Festuca arundinacea and monitoring of the cellulose degradation
Schmetz, Quentin ULg; Maniet, Guillaume ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg et al

in Industrial Crops and Products (2016), 94

It is commonly accepted that the current society needs to partially substitute fossil resources by renewable ones. Among many solutions, one approach consists in the development of biorefinery involving ... [more ▼]

It is commonly accepted that the current society needs to partially substitute fossil resources by renewable ones. Among many solutions, one approach consists in the development of biorefinery involving lignocellulosic biomass to produce bio-based materials and fuels. This study focuses on the comprehension of an organosolv treatment designed to break the complex lignocellulosic structure for high purity lignin extraction from tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). This grass benefits from an increasing interest in Western Europe and has been suggested as feedstock for biorefinery. However, its use as material for high purity lignin production has not been determined yet. Ethanol/water, 92/8% [v/v] with H2SO4 0.32 M was investigated at pilot scale under conventional heating (5 °C min−1 during 30 min and stabilized at 148 °C for 5 min). Precipitated lignin were analyzed as well as the composition of side-stream products (recovered cellulosic pulp and the aqueous hydrolysate). Lignin has been recovered at a purity level of 90% with a yield of 60%. The main contaminants were nitrogen containing compounds and degraded hemicelluloses. 2D-HSQC NMR (Two Dimension-Heteronuclear Single Quantum Correlation Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) revealed a co-extraction of ferulates and coumarates function as well as arabinoxylan. Cellulose was recovered at 53% purity with 60% yield. The conditions appear to be too harsh for tall fescue and led to significant amount of cellulose degradation. A process using a lower alcohol concentration will be developed to provide better yields of both cellulose and lignin. [less ▲]

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See detailFormation syndicale à la communication
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg; Hambye, Philippe; Gobin, Corinne

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailPsychopathologie, postmodernité et psychothérapie : borderline et nouveaux territoires
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December 16)

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See detail"'Unreadable' Texts: From the Metaphysical Detective Story to the Metacognitive Mystery Tale"
Dechene, Antoine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

This dissertation aims at establishing the genealogy of a literary genre called the metacognitive mystery tale. Its main goal is to delineate a corpus of texts presenting "unreadable" mysteries which ... [more ▼]

This dissertation aims at establishing the genealogy of a literary genre called the metacognitive mystery tale. Its main goal is to delineate a corpus of texts presenting "unreadable" mysteries which, under the deceptively monolithic appearance of subverting "traditional" detective story conventions, offer a multiplicity of motifs – the overwhelming presence of chance, the unfulfilled quest for knowledge, the urban stroller lost in a labyrinthine text – that generate a vast array of epistemological and ontological uncertainties explored by the genre. The selected corpus, composed of some of the genre's most emblematic avatars as well as of less usual suspects, accounts for the specificity and heterogeneity of authors who, in different but related ways, have addressed a certain number of issues underlying the acquisition of knowledge. Following three major intertextual matrices based on the concepts of the "unreadable" city, the "dark" grotesque and the sublime, respectively, this project brings together texts by writers as diverse as Percy Bysshe Shelley, Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry James, Horacio Quiroga, Jorge Luis Borges, Franz Kafka, Samuel Beckett, Paul Auster, Iain Sinclair and Roberto Bolaño under the banner of the metacognitive mystery tale. This approach represents an opportunity to gather canonical and barely academically studied works and provide new perspectives on stories dealing with the darker, more anxious aspects of investigations led by defective sleuths. [less ▲]

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See detailAging of monolithic zirconia dental prostheses: Protocol for a 5-year prospective clinical study using ex vivo analyses
KOENIG, Vinciane ULg; Wulfman, Claudine; DERBANNE, Mathieu et al

in Contemporary Clinical Trials Communication (2016), 4

Background: Recent introduction of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) monolithic zirconia dental prostheses raises the issue of material low thermal degradation (LTD), a ... [more ▼]

Background: Recent introduction of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) monolithic zirconia dental prostheses raises the issue of material low thermal degradation (LTD), a wellknown problem with zirconia hip prostheses. This phenomenon could be accentuated by masticatory mechanical stress. Until now zirconia LTD process has only been studied in vitro. This work introduces an original protocol to evaluate LTD process of monolithic zirconia prostheses in the oral environment and to study their general clinical behavior, notably in terms of wear. Methods/design: 101 posterior monolithic zirconia tooth elements (molars and premolars) are included in a 5-year prospective clinical trial. On each element, several areas between 1 and 2 mm2 (6 on molars, 4 on premolars) are determined on restoration surface: areas submitted or non-submitted to mastication mechanical stress, glazed or non-glazed. Before prosthesis placement, ex vivo analyses regarding LTD and wear are performed using Raman spectroscopy, SEM imagery and 3D laser profilometry. After placement, restorations are clinically evaluated following criteria of the World Dental Federation (FDI), complemented by the analysis of fracture clinical risk factors. Two independent examiners perform the evaluations. Clinical evaluation and ex vivo analyses are carried out after 6 months and then each year for up to 5 years. Discussion: For clinicians and patients, the results of this trial will justify the use of monolithic zirconia restorations in dental practice. For researchers, the originality of a clinical study including ex vivo analyses of material aging will provide important data regarding zirconia properties. [less ▲]

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See detailEupen-Malmedy und die deutsch-belgischen Beziehungen seit 1945
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December 15)

Eigentlich liegt der Fall klar: nach der Befreiung im Herbst 1944 wurde das kleine Grenzgebiet von Eupen-Malmedy, das im Mai 1940 vom „Großdeutschen Reich“ annektiert worden war, wieder belgisch. Der ... [more ▼]

Eigentlich liegt der Fall klar: nach der Befreiung im Herbst 1944 wurde das kleine Grenzgebiet von Eupen-Malmedy, das im Mai 1940 vom „Großdeutschen Reich“ annektiert worden war, wieder belgisch. Der deutsch-belgische Ausgleichsvertrag vom September 1956 bekräftigte dies nochmals. Doch wurde diese offizielle Position zwar im Bonner Auswärtigen Amt vertreten, jedoch nicht von allen Ministerien geteilt. Vor allem durch das Bundesministerium für Gesamtdeutsche Fragen erfolgte nach 1949 eine „Betreuung“ für die Minderheit, die Fragen nach den Kontinuitäten zur Vorkriegszeit aufwirft. Wenn auch die belgische Souveränität in den „Ostkantonen“ nicht mehr offen infrage gestellt wurde, fand dort in kleinem Umfang eine geheim gehaltene „Förderung“ kulturpolitischer Tätigkeiten statt – auch weil der belgische Staat nur wenige finanzielle Mittel bereitstellte. Erst mit der sich anbahnenden Schaffung einer „deutschen Kulturgemeinschaft“ im Zuge der ersten Verfassungsrevision in Belgien und nach dem Eintritt der SPD in die Bundesregierung wurde diese finanzielle Hilfe Ende der 1960er Jahre eingestellt. An ihre Stelle traten nunmehr deutsche Stiftungen, was Ende der 1980er Jahre zu einem politischen Skandal in der heutigen Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft führte. Der Vortrag fragt nach der Bedeutung von „Eupen-Malmedy“ für das deutsch-belgische Verhältnis seit 1945 und zeigt die Schwierigkeiten für die westdeutschen Akteure, eine auswärtige Kulturpolitik zu konzipieren und dabei die Fallen der Vergangenheit zu vermeiden. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction à la perspective en première personne : le cas de l’anorexie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2016, December 15)

La distinction des perspectives en première et troisième personnes est un apport récent et décisif de la phénoménologie à la psychopathologie (Parnas, Sass & Zahavi, 2012). La perspective en troisième ... [more ▼]

La distinction des perspectives en première et troisième personnes est un apport récent et décisif de la phénoménologie à la psychopathologie (Parnas, Sass & Zahavi, 2012). La perspective en troisième personne, campée par les dernières versions du DSM ou par l’evidence based medicine, consiste en l’attribution depuis une position externe de signes cliniques repérés indépendamment du ressenti exprimé par le patient. L’exemple typique de ces signes est le délire et l’hallucination du schizophrène. Ces symptômes cristallisent les difficultés qu’éprouve le sujet à se reconnaitre affecté du trouble (l’anosognosie), et ce point est considéré par les modèles dominants comme une cible thérapeutique prioritaire. La visée de ces techniques, orthopédiques et psycho-éducatives, est que le patient parvienne à « reconnaitre » sa maladie. Selon cette perspective en troisième personne, il est attendu qu’il adopte, intègre la position propre à son évaluateur, et externe à sa subjectivité intrinsèque. La démarche opposée, celle de la prise en considération d’une perspective en première personne, interroge, considère et concentre son attention sur l’expérience subjective exprimée par le patient. Si l’on reprend l’exemple princeps de la schizophrénie, ce sont la « perte de l’évidence naturelle » des choses, un « trouble du sens commun » ou un « sentiment de diminution du soi » que verbalisent les patients. Ces signes cliniques, révélant l’expérience du soi, deviennent l’élément psychopathologique structurant et mettent en évidence une manière d’être-au-monde, ici schizophrénique. Le pari de cette journée d’étude consacrée à l’anorexie est de chercher à appliquer ce passage vers une perspective compréhensive en première personne pour les sujets affectés de ce trouble. Des travaux pionniers en la matière, bien que ne se réclamant pas de la phénoménologie, sont certainement ceux du psychiatre éthologue liégeois Albert Demaret (1979). Celui-ci, suggère, de façon quelque peu déconcertante, de ne plus focaliser l’attention prioritairement sur l’aspect purement médical relatif à la perte de poids et au refus alimentaire. Le comportement qui retient particulièrement son attention est l’altruisme (souvent alimentaire), qu’il considère comme « la composante la plus fondamentale du syndrome » (p. 152). Outre le fait de révéler les composantes adaptatives du trouble, son étonnant modèle permet d’entrer en consonance avec le discours des patients anorexiques qui, bien souvent, ne perçoivent pas leur minceur (mécanisme de déni) ou expriment que leur problématique ne se situe pas, selon eux, dans leur sous-alimentation. L’anosognosie anorexique et cet effroyable tendance à se priver d’alimentation au risque de mettre sa vie en danger, si l’on ouvre la porte à la perspective en première personne – si on laisse la parole au sujet –, laissent la place à un besoin (dont l’excessivité peut être reconnue) de s’occuper des autres, de les nourrir, mais aussi une hyper-attention au regard qu’on leur porte. L’investissement émotionnel et corporel des relations est souvent présenté comme étant insatisfaisant, voire comme étant l’élément moteur de leur mal-être. Ce pas de côté de la vision omnisciente du médical, assumant une remise en cause du pouvoir de domination qu’entraine la perspective en troisième personne, se révèle être un outil psychothérapeutique tout à fait pertinent. Il désacralise le problème de l’anosognosie, remet en cause le déni (ce mécanisme devient également celui de l’entourage de l’anorexique qui ne peut percevoir le surinvestissement altruiste), et ouvre la voie à une perspective intersubjective, co-construite. Cette journée d’étude a pour ambition de mettre en lumière cette préoccupation pour l’éprouvé anorexique, évoquer les modes de communication de ces patients et laisser place au discours qu’ils ont souvent du mal à livrer. Il se révèle que les apports de disciplines comme la philosophie ou l’anthropologie, ainsi que ceux de la pratique clinique sont des détours essentiels à ce programme d’étude. Nous discuterons également du symptôme anorexique lorsqu’il est secondaire à un psychotraumatisme (quelle place cette tendance à la restriction vient combler dans l’expérience de vie du sujet traumatisé). Cette journée est ouverte tant aux praticiens de terrain et personnes intéressées par les matières cliniques qu’aux chercheurs universitaires en sciences humaines. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie clinique et suicide
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December 14)

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See detailHistory and Sociology of French Video Game Magazines
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Conference (2016, December 13)

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See detailNanoparticles-nanosubstrates hybrids through one pot synthesis by plasma treatment: towards optimization of Pt/carbon catalysts for PEM fuel cells
Busby, Yan; Gulas, Michal; Laurent-Brocq, Mathilde et al

Conference (2016, December 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)