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See detailConscience interne et connaissance de soi. Descartes et Brentano
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Pradelle, Dominique; Riquier, Camille (Eds.) Descartes et la phénoménologie (in press)

J'examine ici l’approche cartésiano-brentanienne de la conscience. Cette approche comporte une thèse psychologique ("tout ce qui est mental est conscient") et une double thèse épistémologique ("toute ... [more ▼]

J'examine ici l’approche cartésiano-brentanienne de la conscience. Cette approche comporte une thèse psychologique ("tout ce qui est mental est conscient") et une double thèse épistémologique ("toute conscience interne est évidente"/'aucune perception externe n'est évidente"). On a souvent considéré que ces thèses se heurtaient à d’imposantes difficultés et rendaient l’approche cartésiano-brentanienne de la conscience particulièrement problématique. Contre ces critiques, certains commentateurs ont récemment suggéré qu’on pouvait toutefois donner un sens acceptable à la thèse psychologique. Je voudrais suggérer, pour ma part, qu’on peut aussi donner un sens acceptable à la double thèse épistémologique. Dans la section 2, je reconstruit la position cartésiano-brentanienne en termes d'asymétrie épistémique entre perception interne et perception externe. Dans les sections 3 et 4, je discute les objections soulevées par Husserl et par Ryle, et je suggère que la théorie brentaniexnne permet de réfuter ces objections. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel effet cela fait, de mordre dans un citron?
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg; Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Article for general public (in press)

Le thème de la conscience a connu un regain d’intérêt spectaculaire, ces dernières années, chez les philosophes et les scientifiques. Des théories nouvelles ont vu le jour dans l’espoir de rendre compte ... [more ▼]

Le thème de la conscience a connu un regain d’intérêt spectaculaire, ces dernières années, chez les philosophes et les scientifiques. Des théories nouvelles ont vu le jour dans l’espoir de rendre compte de « l’effet que cela fait », par exemple, de tomber amoureux, de se faire mal ou de… mordre dans un citron. Contrairement à une conception populaire, de nombreux chercheurs ont suggéré que ressentir quelque chose équivalait en réalité à se représenter quelque chose. L’ouvrage "Conscience et représentation. Introduction aux théories représentationnelles de l’esprit" (Paris, Vrin, 2016) dresse un état des lieux des controverses liées à cette question. [less ▲]

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See detailWorking Memory Assessment: Construct Validity of the Brown-Peterson Test
Geurten, Marie ULg; VINCENT, Eric ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (in press)

The classical Brown-Peterson task is generally supposed to assess working memory capacities. To date, however, the construct validity of the task remains mostly unexamined. In this context, the aim of the ... [more ▼]

The classical Brown-Peterson task is generally supposed to assess working memory capacities. To date, however, the construct validity of the task remains mostly unexamined. In this context, the aim of the present study was to demonstrate the convergent and the divergent validity as well as the clinical and the developmental sensitivity of a computerized version of the Brown-Peterson test. A group of 726 French-speaking participants aged from 18 to 86 years and 47 patients who had sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) were administered the Brown-Peterson task and various other cognitive tasks assessing executive functioning, verbal and visual memory, or processing speed. The correlation analyses revealed the good convergent of the task, which was shown to be able to distinguish between participants with TBI and control participants. We found an effect of age and education level on the different scores recorded for the Brown-Peterson test. Normative data taking into account the influence of the latter variables were thus provided. On the whole, these findings seem to confirm the validity of the Brown-Peterson task as a tool to assess working memory abilities. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Powder for Fuel Cell Applications Using an Easy Atmospheric Plasma Approach
Merche, Delphine; Dufour, Thierry; Baneton, Joffrey et al

in Belvac News (in press)

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See detailPolitique, Profil et Parcours linguistiques face à la mondialisation universitaire
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Dezutter, Olivier; Borge, Serge (Eds.) Actes du IIIe Forum mondial des centres de langues de l’enseignement supérieur HÉRACLES, "Les Centres de langues et la mise en œuvre des politiques linguistiques" (in press)

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See detailExpériences et conditions du travail ouvrier en Belgique, c. 1840 – c. 1975
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Vanthemsche, Guy (Ed.) Les groupes sociaux en Belgique, 19e-20e siècle (in press)

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See detailCOPPER ADSORPTION FROM WASTEWATER USING BONE CHARCOAL
Ghrab, Sarah; Benzina, Mourad; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg

in American Journal of Applied Sciences (in press)

Bone charcoal (BC) is being developed as a treatment for decontaminating polluted water. In this study, bone charcoal was obtained by pyrolysis of cow bone. Further, for the wastewater depollution with ... [more ▼]

Bone charcoal (BC) is being developed as a treatment for decontaminating polluted water. In this study, bone charcoal was obtained by pyrolysis of cow bone. Further, for the wastewater depollution with these new materials, their performance in the elimination of copper from aqueous solutions has to be determined. The minimum time to reach the removal equilibrium by adsorption was 10 min with a maximum of copper removal equal to 9,615 mg/g. the kinetics models were applied to fit the our experimental data. Actually, they have show excellent correlations with the pseudo-second-order model wich has presented a linear correlation coefficient equal to 0.941. It was verified that the HCl desorption system has the highest efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailTopographie du dégoût casanovien
Tilkin, Françoise ULg

in Brin, Raphaëlle (Ed.) "Écrire à tort et à travers" : Casanova (in press)

Bien que placée dès sa préface sous le signe de la recherche du plaisir, l’Histoire de ma vie évoque très souvent le dégoût et lui assigne un rôle important dans l’intrigue, dans la caractérisation du ... [more ▼]

Bien que placée dès sa préface sous le signe de la recherche du plaisir, l’Histoire de ma vie évoque très souvent le dégoût et lui assigne un rôle important dans l’intrigue, dans la caractérisation du protagoniste, dans ses réflexions sur l’amour ou dans la création d’effets comiques. Surtout perçu dans sa dimension physique et attribué à Casanova lui-même, le dégoût tend à être provoqué par des objets sexués, donc souvent par des femmes – les boutonneuses, les prostituées, les vieilles... Mais il n’est pas question de choquer le lecteur par des évocations dégoûtantes. Des normes sont maintenues : esthétiques (il s’agit de « bien peindre »), individuelles (Casanova a avoué ses gros goûts et son attrait pour le haut goût) et morales (mais il s’adresse à des initiés). L’absence et la disparition du dégoût sont également souvent notées, qu’elles renvoient à une stratégie d’évitement, à une incompatibilité du dégoût avec l’amour ou à une insensibilité protectrice. Il faut s’interroger aussi sur la suspension du dégoût chez le lecteur, pourtant confronté à des éléments racontés qu’il pourrait juger répugnants – n’est-ce pas là le signe que Casanova parvient à nous imposer sa vision ? [less ▲]

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See detailAttentes des pouvoirs publics en matière de formation des musulmans. Réflexions sur la base du cas belge.
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Messner, Francis (Ed.) L'enseignement universitaire de la théologie musulmane : perspectives comparatives (in press)

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See detailL’intégration des Marocains en Belgique, un processus tripartite?
Gsir, Sonia ULg

in Ben Khalifa, Riadh (Ed.) Actes du colloque Etrangers au Maghreb, Maghrébins à l’étranger : XIXe-XIXe siècles (in press)

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See detailThe Childhood Executive Function Inventory (CHEXI): Confirmatory Factor Analyses and Cross-Cultural Clinical Validity in a Sample of 8- to 11-Year-Old Children
Catale, Corinne ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Thorell, Lisa B.

in Journal of Attention Disorders (in press)

The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI) is a new rating instrument for executive functioning developed by Thorell and Nyberg (2008). Through exploratory factor analyses, this inventory has ... [more ▼]

The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI) is a new rating instrument for executive functioning developed by Thorell and Nyberg (2008). Through exploratory factor analyses, this inventory has been shown to tap into working memory and inhibition-related behaviors in young children. In this study, we present the psychometric characteristics of the French adaptation of the CHEXI in 8- to 11-year-old children. In addition, we explore the cross-cultural validity of the CHEXI in discriminating between children with ADHD and normally developing children in two culturally different samples (Belgian and Swedish). Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the two-factor solution, referred to as inhibition and working memory, that was identified in the original study with Swedish children. Supplementary analyses indicated that both subscales have good psychometric properties. From a clinical point of view, the CHEXI was found to discriminate, with high sensitivity and specificity, between children with ADHD and normally developing controls in both cultural samples. Cross-cultural clinical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDisasters, Evacuations and Democracies: Lessons from the Fukushima Disaster
Gemenne, François ULg; Kanie, Norichika; Hasegawa, Reiko

Book published by Edward Elgar (in press)

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See detailHandbook of Environmental Migration
McLeman, Robert; Gemenne, François ULg

Book published by Routledge (in press)

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See detailNew features on the environmental regulation of metabolism revealed by modeling the cellular proteomic adaptations induced by light, carbon and inorganic nitrogen in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Gerin, Stéphanie ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Sluse, Francis ULg et al

in Frontiers in Plant Science (in press)

Microalgae are currently emerging to be very promising organisms for the production of biofuels and high-added value compounds. Understanding the influence of environmental alterations on their metabolism ... [more ▼]

Microalgae are currently emerging to be very promising organisms for the production of biofuels and high-added value compounds. Understanding the influence of environmental alterations on their metabolism is a crucial issue. Light, carbon and nitrogen availability have been reported to induce important metabolic adaptations. So far, the influence of these variables has essentially been studied while varying only one or two environmental factors at the same time. The goal of the present work was to model the cellular proteomic adaptations of the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii upon the simultaneous changes of light intensity, carbon concentrations (CO2 and acetate) and inorganic nitrogen concentrations (nitrate and ammonium) in the culture medium. Statistical design of experiments (DOE) enabled to define 32 culture conditions to be tested experimentally. Relative protein abundance was quantified by two dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). Additional assays for respiration, photosynthesis, and lipid and pigment concentrations were also carried out. A hierarchical clustering survey enabled to partition biological variables (proteins + assays) into eight co-regulated clusters. In most cases, the biological variables partitioned in the same cluster had already been reported to participate to common biological functions (acetate assimilation, bioenergetic processes, light harvesting, Calvin cycle and protein metabolism). The environmental regulation within each cluster was further characterized by a series of multivariate methods including principal component analysis and multiple linear regressions. This metadata analysis enabled to highlight the existence of a clear regulatory pattern for every cluster and to mathematically simulate the effects of light, carbon and nitrogen. The influence of these environmental variables on cellular metabolism is described in details and thoroughly discussed. This work provides an overview of the metabolic adaptations contributing to maintain cellular homeostasis upon extensive environmental changes. Some of the results presented here could be used as starting points for more specific fundamental or applied investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription of patients consulting the voice clinic regarding gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Petitfils, Cloé; FINCK, Camille ULg et al

in European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) (in press)

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the ... [more ▼]

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the University hospital of Liège in French-speaking Belgium. Results. Overall, seven out of 10 patients who attended the voice clinic for dysphonia were females. The patients’ ages ranged from 4 to 93 (mean=43.5). Females predominantly consulted at the age of 54 and males at the age of 9. Regarding the occupational status, workers represented more than half of our patients (53%), while 11.2% were unemployed, 15.4% were students, and 19.9% were retired. Regarding the diagnoses of the 1079 patients, nodules were the most common pathologies (n=182, 16.9% of the patients), prevailing in females (n=142, 18.8% of the females), encountered in 16.8% of the workers and 42.8% of the students consulting the voice clinic. Following nodules, laryngeal mobility disorders were diagnosed in 16.4% of the patients (n=177), mainly females (n=115), and was the most frequent diagnosis in retirees (n=75, 34.9%). Conclusions. The majority of the patients consulting the voice clinic for dysphonia were adult females, in their workforce, diagnosed with vocal nodules. The identification of the patients’ characteristics and diagnoses is important to develop treatments and prevention of dysphonia, estimate their costs, and allow comparisons across referral centers. [less ▲]

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See detailNavigating towards decoupled aquaponic systems: A system dynamics design approach
Goddek, Simon; Espinal, Carlos; Delaide, Boris et al

in Water (in press)

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See detailMéthodologie juridique. Méthodologie de la recherche documentaire juridique
Nissen, Cécile ULg; Desseilles, François ULg; Zians, Audrey ULg

Book published by Larcier - 6e éd. (in press)

This book is intended to provide law students and other beginners in legal research with hands-on help to find legislation, case law and scholarly work in Belgian and European Law.

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See detailThe Emergence of The Possessive Determiner in Ancient Egyptian
Sojic, Nathalie ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane (Eds.) Possession in Ancient Egyptian (in press)

This paper deals with adnominal possession in Ancient Egyptian, focusing on constructions involving a pronominal possessor. In early Egyptian, a single construction is attested: substantive (possessee ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with adnominal possession in Ancient Egyptian, focusing on constructions involving a pronominal possessor. In early Egyptian, a single construction is attested: substantive (possessee) + bound person marker (possessor). From the 6th Dynasty onwards, a new construction, which is built from a demonstrative determiner, appears: pAy + bound person marker (possessor) + substantive (possessee). In order to describe the gradual encroachment of the innovative possessive determiner pAy-f on the older construction with the possessive bound person marker, this study proposes a discourse-oriented analysis, using the notion of ‘subjective deixis.’ [less ▲]

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See detailRepetitive Genres — Spec. issue of Volume ! La revue des musiques populaires
Levaux, Christophe ULg; Pirenne, Christophe ULg

in Volume ! La revue des musiques populaires (in press)

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See detailChronos et la clé du temps
Désert, Jean-Benoît ULg; Charon, valérie; Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in Revue des Hôpitaux de Jour Psychiatriques et des Thérapies Institutionnelles (in press), 15(15), 79-85

L’argument de ce XLème Colloque des Hôpitaux de jour psychiatriques nous a plongés dans un abîme de questionnements théoriques et pratiques. Défiés par cette immersion dans les tréfonds du modèle, nous ... [more ▼]

L’argument de ce XLème Colloque des Hôpitaux de jour psychiatriques nous a plongés dans un abîme de questionnements théoriques et pratiques. Défiés par cette immersion dans les tréfonds du modèle, nous avons choisi de nous accrocher aux fondements de notre univers. La mythologie grecque sera donc notre source d’inspiration en mettant un dieu antique à notre disposition. Chronos sera notre guide dans un périple réflexif soumettant nos théories et notre pratique à l’épreuve du temps. Le récit de la conception d’un atelier thérapeutique, l’atelier « Art & Temps », sera notre fil d’Ariane dans notre tentative de symboliser notre pratique thérapeutique quotidienne et ses enjeux. Par la suite, l’exposé d’un cas clinique concrétisera un raisonnement théorique visant à situer notre modèle de prise en charge dans le réseau psychiatrique global. [less ▲]

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