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See detailAura
Durand, Pascal ULg

E-print/Working paper (in press)

Entrée du Lexique Socius sur le concept d'Aura chez Walter Benjamin

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See detailSe faire « manger par l’autre ». Stratégie féminines d’affirmation de soi en contexte public.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Etrangers au Maghreb. Maghrébins à l’étranger : politiques publiques à l’épreuve de la société civile : XIXe-XXIe siècles. Actes du colloque. (in press)

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En ... [more ▼]

Cette communication vise à étudier la participation des femmes migrantes marocaines à la vie sociale du « pays d’accueil » ; participation qui se réalise grâce aux activités de la vie quotidienne. En particulier, la performance publique des pratiques culinaires, observée dans une ville de la province de Milan, permet aux femmes considérées d’exercer une agency à l’intérieur des espaces institutionnellement concédés à l’expression des migrants. D’un côté, la consommation des « recettes de l’Autre » de la part de la population majoritaire détermine une incorporation de la diversité afin de la contrôler. De l’autre côté, la préparation de ces recettes consent aux migrantes d’exprimer leur subjectivité (individuelle et collective) de façon active et en présentant des aspects qui vont au-delà de la culture alimentaire. Une participation sociale fondée sur le partage de nourriture donne la possibilité aux femmes d’assumer un rôle actif dans la communauté locale, tout en affirmant ses propres spécificités. Des sujets tels que la liberté religieuse sont abordés, et certains droits peuvent être réclamés par des individus qui ont ainsi acquis une position politiquement importante au sein de la société locale. [less ▲]

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See detailA probabilistic model for predicting the uncertainties of the humid stiction phenomenon on hard materials
Hoang Truong, Vinh ULg; Wu, Ling ULg; Paquay, Stéphane et al

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (in press)

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the ... [more ▼]

Stiction is a major failure in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices in which two contacting surfaces can remain stuck together because of the adhesive forces. Due to the difference between the surfaces roughness and the adhesive force range, the real contact areas are usually smaller than the apparent one, resulting in a scatter in the adhesive forces. Consequently, the stiction is an uncertain phenomenon. In this work, we develop a probabilistic model to predict the uncertainties of stiction due to the capillary forces acting on stiff materials. This model contains two levels: at the deterministic level, the model can predict the pull-out adhesive contact forces for a given surface topology; at the probabilistic level, the model generates independent identically distributed surfaces on which the deterministic solution can be applied to evaluate the uncertainties related to the stiction phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioural Diagnosis of Disorders of Consciousness
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Di Perri, Carol ULg; Bodart, Olivier ULg et al

in Rossetti, Andrea; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness (in press)

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See detailLe Portrait d'homme en armure de Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, un portrait présumé de Gaston de Foix
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Barreto, Joana (Ed.) Actes de la journée d'études Voir Gaston de Foix. La construction paradoxale d'un mythe national (in press)

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See detailLouise de Savoie (1476-1531)
Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure ULg; Michon, Cédric

Book published by Presses universitaires François-Rabelais de Tours / Presses universitaires de Rennes (in press)

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus ... [more ▼]

Blâmée par Jules Michelet, en raison d'un goût que l'historien du XIXe siècle estime trop prononcé pour les intrigues, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531) est sans conteste l'une des personnalités les plus fascinantes de la première Modernité européenne. Comtesse puis duchesse d'Angoulême, Louise n'est pas seulement la mère de deux illustres enfants, Marguerite et François, futur François Ier. Elle se charge de leur éducation ; une fois son fils devenu le roi de France, elle devient un conseiller des plus influents, avant d'assurer, à deux reprises, la régence du royaume. Amatrice d'art et bibliophile avertie, son action concerne encore la musique, la littérature et l'architecture. Les textes rassemblés dans cet ouvrage - issu d'un colloque tenu, en décembre 2010, à Romorantin-Lanthenay, où Louise possédait le château et des terres sur lesquelles Léonard de Vinci avait projeté d'édifier une ville nouvelle pour la cour - ambitionnent de passer en revue tant les aspects biographiques du personnage, que son action dans le champ politique, religieux et culturel. [less ▲]

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See detail« Observation relative au poème Un Coup de Dés jamais n’abolira le Hasard par Stéphane Mallarmé » : une préface d’un nouveau genre ?
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Björn-Olav, Dozo; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Jeux et enjeux de la préface (in press)

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See detailWelcome to papers from the Second International Meeting of Agora Paleobotanica
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Diez, José B.

in Historical Biology (in press)

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See detailNew palaeobotanical data from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain)
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Rial, Gonzalo; Xue, Jinzhuang et al

in Historical Biology (in press)

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant ... [more ▼]

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant remains have been interpreted as belonging to a basal euphyllophyte, Taeniocrada-like stems, Hostinella genus and paired sporangia. Fourteen spore taxa were recovered, including Ambitisporites, Aneurospora, Brochotriletes, Chelinospora, Emphanisporites, Gneudnaspora and Retusotriletres, among others. New evidence confirms a Lochkovian age for this outcrop and suggests that the plant diversity was more complex than originally documented. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the major depletions of conodont diversity during the Triassic
Martínez-Pérez, Carlos; Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Plasencia, Pablo et al

in Historical Biology (in press)

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the Julian (Carnian, Late Triassic). By exploring this context, our results highlighted that they respond to different origination-extinction dynamics. Thus, while the Smithian diversity depletion can be interpreted as a consequence of elevated extinction, the Julian diversity depletion was triggered by fluctuations in origination regime. This evidence suggests that, despite the role of extinction on diversity losses, conodonts suffered crucial changes on the origination regimes during the Late Triassic which triggered these events. Notwithstanding, our results indicate that the end-Triassic diversity depletion of conodonts was produced by background extinction levels in a context of lower origination. This suggests that several biological factors, rather than a unique, environmental and/or cyclic cause, could have influenced the evolutionary history of conodonts during the Triassic. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailTransnational Ageing and the ‘Zero Generation’: The Role of Moroccan Migrants’ Parents in Care Circulation
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (in press)

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the ... [more ▼]

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the parents of first-generation migrants (Nedelcu 2009), both as non-migrant counterparts to their children abroad and as ageing migrants themselves. Transnational caregiving research has demonstrated that for many migrants and their families care arrangements must be negotiated across national borders, yet the agency of transnational older adults has been largely neglected. Based on qualitative fieldwork conducted from 2011 to 2013 in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, the present article examines the circulation of care between Moroccan adult migrants and their ageing ascendants. This article exposes the duality of migrants’ ascendants as care givers and recipients, asserting firstly, that receiving care is not synonymous with passivity, and that, secondly, migrants’ ascendants are also the initiators of transnational practices. In both roles, this article underlines mobility as a strategy used by migrants’ parents to maintain family solidarity across national borders, but that this care mobility is limited by macro-level migration policies, here exemplified by the Belgian migration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Implications of Socio-Economic Background for Moroccan Transnational Family Practices
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Rial, Carmen; Vailati, Alex (Eds.) Rich Immigrants:Gender, Age, and Ethnicity (in press)

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See detail« Left Behind »? Le rôle des non-migrants dans les dynamiques de soins transnationales
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Bousetta, Hassan; Jacquemain, Marc; Martiniello, Marco (Eds.) et al Transnationalisme, dynamique des identités et diversification culturelle dans les villes post-migratoires (in press)

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See detailBiomarkers and physiolpathology in the cardiorenal syndrome
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULg; KRZESINSKI, Jean-Marie ULg; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinica Chimica Acta (in press)

Acute cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) corresponds to an association of acute heart failure and a worsening of renal function. The detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) unfortunately occurs at a late stage of ... [more ▼]

Acute cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) corresponds to an association of acute heart failure and a worsening of renal function. The detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) unfortunately occurs at a late stage of CRS, leading to an increased mortality of the patients. In this review, we described the pathophysiology of CRS and discussed the potential interest of biochemical biomarkers (namely creatinine, cystatin C, NGAL, KIM-1, fatty acid binding protein, Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase and IL-18) that could potentially help to detect AKI earlier and thus reduce the morbi-mortality of the patients suffering from CRS. [less ▲]

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See detailVitamin D status after a high dose of cholecalciferol in healthy and burn subjects
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; DAMAS, Pierre ULg; LEDOUX, Didier ULg et al

in Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries (in press)

Background: Burn patients are at risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency and may benefit from its pleiotropic effects as soon as acute phase. Aim of this observational study was to assess effects of a ... [more ▼]

Background: Burn patients are at risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency and may benefit from its pleiotropic effects as soon as acute phase. Aim of this observational study was to assess effects of a cholecalciferol (VD3) bolus on VD status in adult burn patients (Group B, GB) after admission, compared to healthy subjects (Group H, GH). Methods: Both groups received an oral dose of 100,000 IU VD3. Blood samples were collected before (D0) and 7 days (D7) after bolus to measure 250H-D, 1,25(OH)2-D, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). Albumin (ALB) and VD binding protein (DBP) were measured and used to calculate free 25OH-D level. Data were expressed as median (min–max) or proportions. Results: A total of 49 subjects were included: 29 in GH and 20 in GB. At D0, prevalence of VD deficiency was higher in GB: 25OH-D was 21.5 (10.1–46.3) ng/ml in GH vs 11 (1.8–31.4) ng/ml in GB. DBP and ALB were lower in GB. At D7, DBP was stable in both groups while ALB decreased in GB. 25OH-D increased by 66.6 (13.5–260.3)% in GH. In GB, changes in 25OH-D extended from 36.7% to 333.3% with a median increase of 33.1%. Similar changes were observed in each group for free 25OH-D. High FGF23 levels were observed in GB. Conclusions: This study highlighted the differences in VD status and in response to a high dose VD3 in burn patients when compared to healthy patients. Pitfalls in VD status assessment are numerous during acute burn care: 25OH-D measurement needs cautious interpretation and interest of free 25OH-D is still questionable. They should not prevent burn patients to receive VD supplements during acute care. Higher doses than general recommendations should probably be considered. [less ▲]

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See detailLaboratory challenges in primary aldosteronism screening and diagnosis
Rehan, Muhammad; Raizman, Joshua; CAVALIER, Etienne ULg et al

in Clinical Biochemistry (in press)

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See detailA fresh look on the limit on ultralight axion-like particles from SN1987A
Payez, Alexandre ULg

in 10th Patras Workshop on Axions, WIMPs and WISPs (in press)

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the ... [more ▼]

We revisit the limit on very light axion-like particles (ALPs) from the absence of gamma rays coincidental with the neutrino burst from SN1987A. We use updated supernova simulations, modern models for the magnetic field inside the Galaxy, and a Primakoff cross section which takes into account proton-degeneracy and mass-reduction effects. We finally give an updated exclusion plot for the electromagnetic coupling of sub-eV ALPs, comparing our new bound with other limits as well as with future ALP searches. [less ▲]

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See detailAnorexie et intersubjectivité : Étude phénoménologique et éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of ... [more ▼]

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of feeding alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure will result in a better understanding of Jeanne’s clinical situation and will help to formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. Method: A phenomenological and ethological approach allows us to see past the strictly medical symptoms (eating disorder). The evolutionary perspective highlights the adaptive dimension of this disorder (e.g., in extreme situations such as famine). Specifically, Demaret’s ethological hypothesis identifies altruism (feeding altruism and generalized altruism) as the core feature of anorexic conduct. Phenomenological reflection (phenomenological psychopathology and phenomenological philosophy) appears to complement the ethological approach. Phenomenology distinguishes two kinds of bodies: the Leib (emotional, subjective and experienced in the first person) and the Körper (devitalized, objective and experienced in the second person). Merleau-Ponty’s works highlight the difference between the touching body and the touched body. These proposals show the problematic of the other in body configuration. It is in precisely this connection that anorexic existence is specific. Sartre’s phenomenology and the lived-body-for-others is the final step of our reasoning to arrive at a configuration of intersubjectivity. Results: The analysis of Jeanne’s case, combined with ethological and phenomenological perspectives, demonstrates that the real psychopathological structure of anorexic subjectivity rests on specific interaction modes. The notions of altruism, lived-body-for-others, and intersubjectivity highlight an emotional existence including shame in the eyes of others, and especially an imbalance between self-preservation and care for others. Conclusions: All our thinking suggests that so-called “denial” is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered. Denial is not a mechanism of anorexic subjects alone, but is also a process encountered both in the patient’s family and in the therapeutic environment. Anorexic denial is based on anosognosia and the refusal to see one’s own thinness, while other people’s denial constitutes a widespread inability to perceive the altruism and intersubjective problematic on which the existence of an anorexic subject fundamentally depends. [less ▲]

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