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See detailA 3400 year lacustrine paleoseismic record from the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey: Implications for bimodal recurrence behavior
Avsar, Ulas; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; De Batist, Marc et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2014), 41(2), 377-384

High-resolution physical, geochemical, and geochronological analyses on the sedimentary sequence of Yeniçağa Lake, located in a fault-bounded basin along the North Anatolian Fault, reveal fingerprints of ... [more ▼]

High-resolution physical, geochemical, and geochronological analyses on the sedimentary sequence of Yeniçağa Lake, located in a fault-bounded basin along the North Anatolian Fault, reveal fingerprints of paleoearthquakes. A robust sediment chronology, spanning the last 3400 years, is constructed by radiocarbon dating and time-stratigraphical correlation with the precisely dated Sofular Cave speleothem record. Yeniçağa sedimentary sequence contains 11 seismically induced event deposits characterized by siliciclastic-enriched intervals. Some of the event deposits are also associated with implications of sudden lake deepening, which may be related to coseismic subsidence. The paleoearthquake series having an average recurrence interval of ca. 260 years are interrupted by two possible seismic gaps of ca. 420 and 540 years. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of Lactobacillus strains isolated from Algerian children faeces for their probiotic properties
Bahri, F.; Lejeune, Annick ULg; Dubois-Dauphin, R. et al

in African Journal of Microbiology Research [=AJMR] (2014), 8(3), 297-303

Lactic acid bacteria termed probiotics have preventive as well as curative effects on several types of diarrhoea of different aetiologies. The main objective of this study was to screen lactobacilli ... [more ▼]

Lactic acid bacteria termed probiotics have preventive as well as curative effects on several types of diarrhoea of different aetiologies. The main objective of this study was to screen lactobacilli strains having probiotic traits, isolated from Algerian healthy children faeces on the purpose of using them further in children diarrheal illnesses. One hundred and twenty (120) lactic acid bacteria isolates were selected from faecal samples of healthy Algerian children aged between five and ten years. Gram positive rods and catalase negative bacteria (52 isolates) were screened, in vitro, for their probiotic potential properties including ability to survive in simulated gastro-intestinal conditions, adherence to Caco-2 cells and their antimicrobial activity. The results show that only five strains resisted in simulated gastric juice at pH 1.5 and pepsin. Four of them were resistant to simulated intestinal conditions at pH 8 and pancreatin and have a good adherence. In the end, three of them were retained as they display interesting probiotic profiles characterized by a strong antimicrobial effect against some intestinal pathogenic bacteria. They were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing as Lactobacillus plantarum F12, Lactobacillus brevis G6 and Lactobacillus paracasei B13. [less ▲]

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See detailLa totalité en science et en art
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Dondero, Maria Giulia; Beyaert-Geslin, Anne (Eds.) Arts et sciences. Approches sémiotiques et philosophiques des images (2014)

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de ... [more ▼]

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de démonstration visuelle en réfléchissant sur les notions d’hypoicône et de diagramme selon la philosophie mathématique de C.S. Peirce, pour ensuite tester ces notions dans un autre champ, celui des oeuvres d’art (peinture, sculpture, art environnemental). Si dans l’art comme dans les mathématiques, chaque trait appartenant à une configuration visuelle participe d’une totalité et doit occuper la bonne place pour que la totalité puisse fonctionner en tant que telle, la différence est que la totalité est démontable et répétable en mathématiques tandis que dans l’art pictural elle est normalement considérée comme définitive, unique et sacralisée a priori. Dans cet article j'étudie également de formes de totalité plus complexes (sculpture et art environnemental) où la totalité est à construire a posteriori. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de stray-light d’un moyen d’essai de mesure de lumière parasite pour des instruments d’observation de la terre
Clermont, Lionel ULg

Conference (2014, January)

Description of the development of a facility for measuring stray light for earth observation instruments. Performance analysis by simulation (ASAP), and applications on instruments like ProbaV or Solar ... [more ▼]

Description of the development of a facility for measuring stray light for earth observation instruments. Performance analysis by simulation (ASAP), and applications on instruments like ProbaV or Solar Orbiter [less ▲]

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See detailPolitique budgétaire et décision politique: gérer un système fédéral complexe
Piron, Damien ULg

in Revue Nouvelle (2014), 69(1), 61-71

En Belgique, la décision politique repose depuis la fin du XIXème siècle sur le modèle consociatif: des compromis sont conclus entre les "piliers" issus des clivages philosophique et économique. L ... [more ▼]

En Belgique, la décision politique repose depuis la fin du XIXème siècle sur le modèle consociatif: des compromis sont conclus entre les "piliers" issus des clivages philosophique et économique. L'intégration européenne et la fédéralisation redessinent néanmoins cette méthode de gouvernement, ainsi que le montre la comparaison des politiques d'assainissement des finances publiques conduites par les gouvernements Dehaene Ier et Di Rupo. Le modèle fédéral engendre en effet une multiplication du nombre d'acteurs impliqués dans la prise de décision, ce qui complique l'élaboration de compromis. Il appartient donc aux acteurs politiques de maintenir le système belge gouvernable en imaginant des procédures adaptées à cette nouvelle réalité. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of an amylolytic chrysophyte, Poterioochromonas sp. from the digestive tract of the termite R. santonensis
Tarayre, Cédric ULg; Bauwens, Julien ULg; Brasseur, Catherine ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2014), 18(1),

The aim of this work was the isolation and cultivation of amylolytic protists living in the digestive tract of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis (Feytaud). A chrysophyte identified as ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was the isolation and cultivation of amylolytic protists living in the digestive tract of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis (Feytaud). A chrysophyte identified as Poterioochromonas sp. was isolated in a special medium containing rice grains as a source of carbon and nitrogen. Then, the protist was grown in a medium containing starch as a carbon source, tryptone, and a phosphate buffer at different pH values (5, 6 and 7). Yeast extract was added or not. Ciprofloxacin was used to avoid the bacterial development. Other antibiotics were also tested but showed an inhibitive effect on the growth of Poterioochromonas sp. Yeast extract allowed reaching 1.9 (pH 5), 2.3 (pH 6) and 2.2 (pH 7) times higher final cell concentrations, and 2.8 (pH 5), 2.8 (pH 6) and 2.2 (pH 7) times higher biomass yields. The starch concentration did not decrease in the medium until 3 and 4 days of culture, with and without yeast extract, respectively. Eight days of culture were necessary for hydrolyzing the starch completely, with and without yeast extract. Maltose and maltotriose were detected in the culture media and were hydrolyzed progressively. Maximal maltose concentrations were 0.68, 0.66 and 0.51 g.l-1 in the medium containing yeast extract. Maltotriose concentrations were only 0.17, 0.14 and 0.12 g.l-1. Other glucose oligomers were also detected but in lower quantities. It was determined that the protist developed a weak amylase activity, particularly at a weakly acidic pH (5-6). Such a pH also allowed a better growth of the protist. A maximal amylase activity of 112 nkat.l-1 was measured with yeast extract at pH 5. No other enzymatic activity (protease, cellulase or xylanase) was detected except amylase. The degradation products of starch which were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis allow the identification of α-amylase, amyloglucosidase and possibly β-amylase activities. [less ▲]

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See detailImprove the characterization of tropical forests to improve management: policy brief
Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Aleman, Julie; Bayol, Nicolas et al

Report (2014)

CoForChange has shown that management plans based on timber stock recovery are not enough to ensure the sustainability of these production forests. The variability of forest characteristics and their ... [more ▼]

CoForChange has shown that management plans based on timber stock recovery are not enough to ensure the sustainability of these production forests. The variability of forest characteristics and their different responses to disturbance should be considered in management decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailPrécis de droit pénal social
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

Book published by Anthémis - 2è éd. (2014)

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See detailLombostat au long cours versus école du dos périodique
Tomasella, Marco ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Vanderthommen, Marc ULg et al

in Revue Belge du dommage corporel et de médecine légale (2014), 41ème année(2014/1), 3-12

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See detailLa voix n'est pas infatigable
Tréger, Isabelle; Remacle, Angélique ULg

in L'Orthophoniste (2014), 335

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See detailCréation et évaluation d’une fiche de traitement pour favoriser la continuité entre les lignes de soins (Medic Hop 3)
Belche, Jean-Luc ULg; Ketterer, Frédéric ULg; Lenoir, Anne-Laure ULg et al

Report (2014)

Ce travail a consisté en la création d'une fiche de traitement pour améliorer la continuité du traitement médicamenteux entre l'hôpital et le domicile pour les patients polymédiqués. La création de la ... [more ▼]

Ce travail a consisté en la création d'une fiche de traitement pour améliorer la continuité du traitement médicamenteux entre l'hôpital et le domicile pour les patients polymédiqués. La création de la fiche a été réalisée grâce à un travail collaboratif de médecins généralistes, de médecins spécialistes, de pharmaciens extra-hospitaliers et de pharmaciens cliniciens. Cette fiche a ensuite été testée dans la pratique lors d'hospitalisation de patients ayant un traitement chronique composé d'au minimum 5 médicaments per os journaliers. Une évaluation de l'intérêt et de la pertinence de la fiche de traitement a ensuite été opérée auprès des différents professionnels de santé ayant eu la fiche entre les mains. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated analysis of background EEG and reactivity during therapeutic hypothermia in comatose patients after cardiac arrest
Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Lehembre, Rémy; Lugo, Zulay et al

in Clinical EEG and Neuroscience : Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS) (2014)

Visual analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) background and reactivity during therapeutic hypothermia provides important outcome information, but is time-consuming and not always consistent between ... [more ▼]

Visual analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) background and reactivity during therapeutic hypothermia provides important outcome information, but is time-consuming and not always consistent between reviewers. Automated EEG analysis may help quantify the brain damage. Forty-six comatose patients in therapeutic hypothermia, after cardiac arrest, were included in the study. EEG background was quantified with burst-suppression ratio (BSR) and approximate entropy, both used to monitor anesthesia. Reactivity was detected through change in the power spectrum of signal before and after stimulation. Automatic results obtained almost perfect agreement (discontinuity) to substantial agreement (background reactivity) with a visual score from EEG-certified neurologists. Burst-suppression ratio was more suited to distinguish continuous EEG background from burst-suppression than approximate entropy in this specific population. Automatic EEG background and reactivity measures were significantly related to good and poor outcome. We conclude that quantitative EEG measurements can provide promising information regarding current state of the patient and clinical outcome, but further work is needed before routine application in a clinical setting. [less ▲]

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See detailPrix de transfert des biens incorporels : état des lieux
Schleck, Daniel ULg

in Comptabilité et Fiscalité Pratiques (2014), 1

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See detailQu'apportent les nouvelles recommandations américaines à propos de la prise en charge des dyslipidémies en prévention cardiovasculaire ? Comparaison avec les recommandations européennes et belges
Descamps, O; Rietzschel, E; Langlois, M et al

in Louvain Medical (2014), 133(1), 26-35

Les dernières recommandations américaines concernant la prise en charge des dyslipidémies en prévention cardiovasculaire ont soulevé de nombreuses questions par leurs différences avec nos approches ... [more ▼]

Les dernières recommandations américaines concernant la prise en charge des dyslipidémies en prévention cardiovasculaire ont soulevé de nombreuses questions par leurs différences avec nos approches habituelles. Entre autres, elles ont éradiqué la nécessité de « cible » de LDL-C à atteindre en fonction du niveau de risque cardiovasculaire et ont proposé plutôt une stratégie basée sur l’intensité de la réduction relative du LDL-C. L’examen critique et la comparaison des recommandations font apparaitre, toutefois, plus de similitudes que de différences, tout en encourageant à repenser certains aspects de notre pratique et à raviver notre motivation pour le plus grand bien des patients. [less ▲]

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