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See detailLes grands discours de l'histoire. 3. Les Européens
Lanneau, Catherine ULg; Petermann, Simon ULg

Book published by Renaissance du Livre (2016)

Discours commentés de Briand, Stresemann, Benes, Churchill, Schuman, Monnet, Thatcher, Delors, Mitterrand

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See detailLes grands discours de l'histoire. 5. Les figures mythiques
Lanneau, Catherine ULg; Petermann, Simon ULg

Book published by Renaissance du Livre (2016)

Discours commentés de Wilson, Coubertin, Briand, Hailé Sélassié, Jean XXIII, Cassin, Allende, Sadate, Mandela, Rabin

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See detailUrban megaprojects-based approach in urban planning: from isolated objects to shaping the city:The case of Dubai
Aoun, Oula ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Urban megaprojects are at the core of cities’ re-imaging and marketing. As large-scale development projects, they are considered as a globalization product, marked by a search for spectacle and visibility ... [more ▼]

Urban megaprojects are at the core of cities’ re-imaging and marketing. As large-scale development projects, they are considered as a globalization product, marked by a search for spectacle and visibility. In Dubai, UMPs have constituted in recent years the main tool in drawing a city image that aims to compete with the world global cities. Through UMPs, an economy based on spectacle and fascination is being deployed, within a complex system of governance that encompasses family ties, business logic and individualist visions. UMPS are not exceptions or isolated developments, they are in Dubai, a mean through which the city is expanding and being managed. UMPs are here the backbone public planning instrument to what we can call a UMPs-based approach to planning and development. Paradoxically, it is these very large projects, usually associated to urban fragmentation that allow, through their form and processes, the emergence of forms of regulation that articulate actors, institutions, interests, resources, spaces and scales. These adaptations and negotiations are orchestrated in a strategic pilotage manner, through informal, often unveiled ad hoc regulatory spaces. The ultimate goal is to ensure a certain synchronization between temporalities and project through a continuous logic of complementarity and competitiveness. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrodynamic instabilities in shallow reservoirs: implications for sediment management
Peltier, Yann; de Cuyper, Anaïs; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

Conference (2016)

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See detailEtude d’impact et appui à la mise en œuvre de la nouvelle reforme de la PAC au niveau wallon : rapport final
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Report (2016)

La PAC, définie dans le traité de Rome et mise en oeuvre depuis 1962, est soumise, depuis le début des années 90, à un processus de réforme afin de répondre aux nouveaux défis de l’agriculture européenne ... [more ▼]

La PAC, définie dans le traité de Rome et mise en oeuvre depuis 1962, est soumise, depuis le début des années 90, à un processus de réforme afin de répondre aux nouveaux défis de l’agriculture européenne mais également afin d’honorer les engagements pris par l'Union européenne (UE) dans le cadre de ses relations commerciales internationales. Le 18 novembre 2010, la Commission européenne a publié une communication sur la PAC de l’après 2013, suivie le 12 octobre 2011 de propositions législatives, lançant de longues négociations entre le Conseil européen des Ministres de l’Agriculture et, pour la première fois de l’histoire de la PAC, le Parlement européen, nouveau co-législateur pour cette matière. En parallèle aux négociations sur la PAC se déroulaient celles relatives au cadre financier pluriannuel 2014-2020 (CFP). Ce dernier fixe non seulement les montants des ressources financières pour chaque catégorie de dépenses de l’UE mais également inclut des décisions sur des éléments importants des politiques elles-mêmes dont celles relatives à la PAC. Après plus de 18 mois de négociations budgétaires, les chefs d’Etat de chaque Etat membre (EM) sont parvenus à un accord concernant le CFP 2014-2020 lors du conseil européen des 7 et 8 février 2013. Peu de temps après cet accord budgétaire, le Conseil Agriculture, le Parlement européen et la Commission européenne ont abouti à un accord sur les Règlements relatifs à la PAC le 26 juin 2013, complété le 24 septembre 2013. Un des résultats du nouveau Règlement « Paiements directs », négocié entre les 28 EM et le Parlement européen, est une nouvelle architecture des paiements directs ainsi qu’un nombre très important de choix stratégiques à prendre par les EM, et dans le cas de la Belgique, les Régions, qui doivent choisir parmi différentes options qui restent ouvertes par la réglementation européenne. La plupart des choix politiques des EM et régions ont dû être notifiées à la Commission européenne pour le 1er août 2014, certains choix un peu plus tardivement (les dernières décisions, plus techniques, devaient être notifiées pour le 31 janvier 2015). [less ▲]

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See detailMining Customer Behavior for Churn Management
Ittoo, Ashwin ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailIl modello musical delle chiese nazionali a Rome in epoca barocca: panoramica e nuove prospettive di ricerca
Corswarem, Emilie ULg; Berti, Michela ULg

in Koller, Alexander; Kubersky-Piredda, Susanne (Eds.) Identità e rappresentazione. Le chiese nazionali a Roma, 1450-1650 (2016)

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See detailAssessment of the entering stock, migration dynamics and fish pass fidelity of european eel in the belgian meuse river
Nzau Matondo, Billy ULg; Benitez, Jean-Philippe ULg; Dierckx, Arnaud ULg et al

in River Research & Applications (2016)

Migration dynamics of incoming eels in Belgium via Lixhe in the Meuse River were investigated using two fish passes with different configurations— net traps and automatic detection stations—as tools to ... [more ▼]

Migration dynamics of incoming eels in Belgium via Lixhe in the Meuse River were investigated using two fish passes with different configurations— net traps and automatic detection stations—as tools to distinguish resident and migrating eels. From April to September 2013, 435 eels (P50 length, 403 mm; range, 196–836 mm) were caught (daily maxima catch, 90 eels per day), 90% between 13 June and 1 August (50 days) and P50 on 19 July. Eels migrated mostly at 19–26 °C (P50, 24.4 °C), river discharge 65–314m3 s 1 (P50, 84m3 s 1), during the dark at 00:00–05:00 h and during both the waxing and waning phases of moonlight. From 396 eels tagged and released 0.3 km downstream of the Lixhe dam, 6.8% of them were recaptured, and 37.4% were detected. Migration flux was estimated at 7184 eels (0.863 t) using the markrecapture method and decreased to 1156 eels (0.139 t) using automatic transponder detection. Most eels probably migrated through a sluice located downstream of Lixhe to reach the upper Meuse via the Albert Canal. Eels moved almost independently to the configuration of the fish passes and their location, but most eels displayed fidelity to the fish pass where they were captured. Migrant eels showed a wide range of size and life stages, with a higher proportion of eels (80%) belonging to the yellow eel stage. A lower proportion of eels (6%) had a larger size and presented an advanced continental silvering process corresponding to the migrating stage before their transatlantic migration. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailFunction-based Analyses of Bacterial Symbionts Associated with the Brown Alga Ascophyllum nodosum and Identification of Novel Bacterial Hydrolytic Enzyme Genes
Martin, Marjolaine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

Marine macroalgae are highly colonized by microorganisms, with which they maintain a close relationship characterized by both beneficial and detrimental interactions. Alga-associated bacteria have notably ... [more ▼]

Marine macroalgae are highly colonized by microorganisms, with which they maintain a close relationship characterized by both beneficial and detrimental interactions. Alga-associated bacteria have notably developed a range of enzymes enabling them to colonize the host surface and to use algal biomass as a carbon source. The hydrolytic potential of these bacteria, however, has been investigated almost solely at individual scale. Studies have shown the ability of some seaweed-associated bacterial strains to hydrolyze lipids, algal-cell-wall polysaccharides, and other sugars. In this work we aimed to investigate the hydrolytic potential of the bacterial microbiota associated with the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. For this we employed two complementary function-based approaches: functional metagenomics applied to this microbiota and functional analysis of the cultivable fraction thereof. By functional metagenomics, we identified numerous esterase genes, a beta-glucosidase gene, and an endocellulase gene. The cellulase was purified and biochemically characterized, showing interesting biotechnological features such as halotolerance and activity at low temperature. Furthermore, we assigned tentative origins to the identified genes, thus getting a glimpse of the bacterial taxa associated with the studied alga. Secondly, we investigated the cultivable surface microbiota associated with three A. nodosum samples. More than 300 bacteria were isolated, assigned to a bacterial taxon and screened for algal-polysaccharide-degrading enzymes (agarase, iota-carrageenase, kappa-carrageenase, and alginate lyases). This allowed the identification of several polysaccharolytic isolates, some of them likely to be new strains or novel species, belonging to two classes: the Flavobacteriia and the Gammaproteobacteria. Subsequently, we constructed and screened two plurigenomic libraries, each produced with the genomes of five representative isolates of each class, and identified several functional genes. With this work we highlight the presence of A. nodosum-associated bacterial taxa likely to entertain a privileged relation with seaweeds and having developed a range of hydrolytic activities assumed to enable them to associate with algae. We also provide information (taxa, abundances, genomic potential) on macroalgal-polysaccharide-degrading bacteria, in which interest has grown over the last ten years. [less ▲]

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See detailla famille à l'épreuve des mutations contemporaines
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Garcet, Marc; Dalla Piazza, Serge (Eds.) Entre physis et nomos (2016)

ce livre fait le point sur les transformations contemporaines de la famille et détricote les fausses croyances à propos de la "famille traditionnelle".

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See detailEnglish translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the SARQOL Questionnaire
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Edwards, M.; Dennisson, E. et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 58

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See detailPhysical and muscle performances among elderly nursing home residents. Results fo the senior cohort
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; CROISIER, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 69

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See detailPrevalence of frailty among nursing home, according to different operational definitions
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; GILLAIN, Sophie ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 69

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See detailLes paysans sans terre et REDD+ – les logiques locales face aux interventions internationales
Reyniers, Camille; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Karsenty, Alain

Conference (2016)

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See detailRégulation interactive et résolution de tâches complexes en mathématiques.
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Dupont, Virginie ULg; Demonty, Isabelle ULg

in Mottier Lopez, Lucie; Tessaro, Walther (Eds.) Le jugement professionnel, au coeur de l'évaluation et de la régulation des apprentissages. (2016)

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See detailImpacts of wheel traffic on the physical properties of a Luvisol under reduced and conventional tillage
Saur, Marie-Laure ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg; Roisin, Christian et al

Poster (2016)

Soil compaction is a complex mechanism which results in a decrease of soil porosity and an increase of soil strength. Such effects may reduce crop yield since they are harmful for root growth, germination ... [more ▼]

Soil compaction is a complex mechanism which results in a decrease of soil porosity and an increase of soil strength. Such effects may reduce crop yield since they are harmful for root growth, germination, mesofauna and bacterial life. Soil compaction may also reduce hydraulic conductivity which increases the risk of runoff, contamination of surface water, erosion and emission of greenhouse gases due to anaerobic processes. In the context of sustainable agriculture, it is crucial to characterise the impact of the agricultural techniques on the compaction state in the arable layer due to machine traffic. For this purpose, Soil samples were taken in a Luvisol at different depths, on plots under longterm reduced tillage (RT) and conventional tillage (CT). The impact of wheel traffic on the physical properties of the soils was also studied. The experimental approach consists in measuring traditional macroscopic soil properties such as bulk density and precompression stress, and combining them with pore size distribution obtained by mercury intrusion porosimetry. Automatic cone index measurements were initially performed to map the soil resistance and easily identify the sampling depths. The measurements revealed a plough pan at 30-cm depth under both CT and RT. Nevertheless, the subsoil under RT showed pieces of evidence of a natural regeneration process of the microporosity. The impact of wheel traffic was studied in RT and CT plots. It was shown that the passage of heavy machine such as beet harvester coupled to water content close to the optimum proctor is clearly unfavourable in terms of compaction. The measurements revealed large modifications of soil structure in the topsoil of CT, whereas the soil structure slightly changes through depth. However, the latter remains the more problematic case since the soil will not be loosened by tillage anymore, resulting in strongly compacted soil years after years. In addition to the experimental approach, numerical modelling was used in order to predict the soil compaction. A finite element method was used and the soil behaviour was modelled by an elastoplastic law (modified Cam-Clay model). The model parameters were calibrated from the experimental measurements. The simulations allowed to compare the porosity and the surface deformation after wheel traffic with the experiments. The variations of machine weight and tyre pressure were numerically studied and it was showed that the machine weight has an influence in the topsoil and the subsoil, whereas the tyre pressure affects only the topsoil. [less ▲]

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See detailIndoor Joinery and Furniture Made for Eighteenth-Century Houses in Liège (Belgium)
Gilles, Isabelle ULg

in Sosnowska, Philippe; Charruadas, Paulo; Fraiture, Pascale (Eds.) et al From Carpentry to joinery : floors and ceilings, shutters and frames, doors and panelling in medieval and modern architecture (2016)

Though few eighteenth-century houses in Liège have conserved their original wooden furniture or fittings, archival research reveals that these elements constituted a key aspect of the domestic interior ... [more ▼]

Though few eighteenth-century houses in Liège have conserved their original wooden furniture or fittings, archival research reveals that these elements constituted a key aspect of the domestic interior. The present work draws largely on a series of public announcements known as Rendages proclamatoires which concerned property belonging to orphans sold by public auction, that exist. From 1697 to 1765, these sources provided descriptions of 257 houses situated within the city walls. The wooden furniture and fittings of eighteenth-century Liegerian houses can clearly be seen to be pertain to far more than the sole history of joinery: they also tell the story of Liege’s domestic living spaces in terms of social structure and cultural change. As such they eloquently illustrate the fact that it is only by taking into account the Old Regime’s conception of architecture as a total entity that we can today work towards establishing an increasingly just, coherent and complete understanding of ancient edifices. [less ▲]

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See detailBrain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in normal healthy and hemodialyzed populations
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; Carlisi, A.S.; WATAR, Florence ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2016), 5(Supplement 1), 116

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (6 ULg)