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See detailMethodological approach of identity construction & strategies of allophones in Belgium
Dassargues, Alix ULg; Perrez, Julien ULg

Conference (2014, March 28)

In België bestaat er een nauwe band tussen talen (Nederlands-Frans) en regionale identiteiten (Vlaming-Waal). Echter, de aanwezigheid van Franstaligen in Vlaanderen en van Nederlandstaligen in Wallonië ... [more ▼]

In België bestaat er een nauwe band tussen talen (Nederlands-Frans) en regionale identiteiten (Vlaming-Waal). Echter, de aanwezigheid van Franstaligen in Vlaanderen en van Nederlandstaligen in Wallonië laat zien dat deze band niet automatisch is. Deze twee (onder)bevolkingsgroepen lijken dus een ideaal studiemateriaal om de ingewikkelde relatie tussen taal (talen) en identiteit(en) te bestuderen. Ondanks de belangstelling van verschillende disciplines (onder meer politieke wetenschappen, geschiedenis, sociologie en taalkunde) voor dit onderwerp, valt het toch op dat deze bevolkingsgroepen nog nooit onderzocht werden. In dit onderzoeksproject willen we daarom aan de hand van biografische gesprekken nagaan (i) hoe deze minoriteitsgroepen in een anderstalige context hun identiteit opbouwen, en (ii) in hoeverre ze identiteitsstrategieën gebruiken naargelang van de communicatiecontext waarin ze zich bevinden. Om deze vragen te beantwoorden, zullen biografische gesprekken verzameld worden die die vanuit het interdisciplinaire perspectief van de sociologie, de sociale psychologie, de sociolinguïstiek en de taalkunde geanalyseerd zullen worden. In deze bijdrage zullen we specifieker ingaan op de methodologie die wij zullen gebruiken om deze biografische gesprekken te analyseren. We zullen meer bepaald uitgaan van een tweeledige analyse van identiteitsmarkeerders. Ten eerste zullen we een semantische studie van de identiteitscategorieën verrichten, door de lexicale eenheden te bestuderen die door de informanten gebruikt worden om hun identiteit te omschrijven. Het is hiermee de bedoeling om de sociale categorieën die de respondenten gebruiken verder in kaart te brengen. Ten tweede zullen wij een psychosociale studie van de identiteitsstrategieën van de informanten verrichten. Vanuit dit perspectief kan een identiteit beschouwd worden als het resultaat van de interactie tussen een “identiteit voor zichzelf” en een “identiteit voor de anderen”. In dit onderdeel van onze studie willen we de persoonlijke identiteitsstrategieën van de informanten aan het licht brengen onder meer door hun identiteitskeuzes, zoals bijvoorbeeld de keuze voor een taalvariëteit in een bepaalde communicatiecontext, nauwkeurig te bestuderen. Deze tweedelige methode zal het mogelijk maken om de relatie tussen taal en identiteit in België beter te begrijpen en nauwkeuriger te kunnen omschrijven. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of thin layers into concrete with Ground Penetrating Radar
Van der Wielen, Audrey ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-destructive method used for roads and buildings inspection: it is well adapted to detect the different layers constituting the structures. The objective of this ... [more ▼]

The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-destructive method used for roads and buildings inspection: it is well adapted to detect the different layers constituting the structures. The objective of this thesis is to develop a method for a fast determination of the properties of a buried layer on the basis of surface GPR measurements. The observation of the GPR waves propagation in numerical simulations led to develop an analytical model, which could be applied to the experimental determination of laboratory layered structures. [less ▲]

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See detailIntermediaries, transport costs and interlinked transaction
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2014, March 28)

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See detailVan het klassieke China naar het moderne Amsterdam: oosterse invloeden in de poëzie van Hans Faverey
Dieu, Véronique ULg

Conference (2014, March 27)

That a modern Dutch poet should have found inspiration in Classical Chinese poetry and philosophy may seem rather unlikely. Yet, the contents of his personal library and a number of statements made in ... [more ▼]

That a modern Dutch poet should have found inspiration in Classical Chinese poetry and philosophy may seem rather unlikely. Yet, the contents of his personal library and a number of statements made in interviews reveal how Hans Faverey (1933-1990) had a great interest in oriental literature, art and thought (especially Taoism and Buddhism). Although many articles have been devoted to the use and function of intertext in Faverey’s poetry, scant attention has been paid to the possible influence of Chinese philosophers and poets on his work. I will argue that Faverey’s obsession with themes like emptiness, stillness and silence may be interpreted as an attempt to integrate some fundamental Taoist and Buddhist ideas into his writing. Taking Faverey’s oriental library as my starting point, and contextualizing it with reference to Tang dynasty poets such as Wang Wei and Li Shang-Yin, and quotations from Kung Sun Lung and the School of Names, I aim to shed a clearer light on those possible connections. The first part of my paper will focus on a number of general concepts from Chinese literature and philosophy, and discuss how Faverey assimilated these concepts into his own poems. The second part of my presentation will be devoted to a comparison between the Tao as text and a selection of Faverey’s work in order to highlight possible parallels in their use of symbols and imagery. Since Faverey, as a poet, was constantly working with and thinking about the written word, he may have been struck not only by Chinese philosophy itself but also by the way in which these thoughts had found their expression in language. The structure of the Chinese language and its penchant for paradoxical turns of phrase may have held an additional appeal for the Amsterdam poet, renowned for his pithy, hermetic writing style that abounds in paradoxes and uncommon allusions. [less ▲]

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See detailAdding Value to Agricultural Products and Agrifood Byproducts by Highlighting Functional Ingredients
Besbes, Souhail; Besbes, Souhail; Attia, Hamadi et al

in Journal of Chemistry (2014), 2014(848231), 1-2

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See detailPésentation du Professeur Eugenio Amato
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2014)

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See detailNonlinear Modal Analysis of Conservative and Nonconservative Aerospace Structures
Renson, Ludovic ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) provides a solid and rigorous theoretical framework for the analysis of the nonlinear oscillations of mechanical systems. If NNMs have been studied since more ... [more ▼]

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) provides a solid and rigorous theoretical framework for the analysis of the nonlinear oscillations of mechanical systems. If NNMs have been studied since more than fifty years, it is only very recently that contributions dealing with their numerical calculation have been reported in the literature. Although these methods pave the way for the application of NNMs to more complex systems, they have not yet reached the necessary maturity. In this context, the purpose of this research is (i) to further investigate the performance of an existing method for computing the NNMs of conservative systems and (ii) to propose two new methods for the computation of NNMs of nonconservative systems. The first contribution of this thesis is to calculate the NNMs of a real-life aerospace structure, the SmallSat spacecraft developed by EADS Astrium. An algorithm that combines an advanced shooting method with the pseudo-arclength continuation technique is utilized. We show that the NNMs provide a very useful interpretation of the strongly nonlinear dynamics of the spacecraft. One specific contribution is to numerically reproduce with great fidelity several interactions between modes with noncommensurate linear frequencies that were observed experimentally. The second original contribution of this thesis is to develop two new methods for computing the NNMs of damped systems. The first method solves the partial differential equations (PDEs) governing the geometry of the NNM. The PDEs are recognized as hyperbolic, and it is shown that they require appropriate numerical treatments including specific boundary conditions. The proposed method combines a streamline upwind Petrov-Galerkin finite-element formulation with a resolution strategy based on annular domains to grow sequentially the manifold. The algorithm is demonstrated using a wide variety of systems ranging from two-degree-of-freedom to multi-degree-of-freedom nonlinear systems with linear and nonlinear damping. The applicability of the algorithm to complex real-life structures is demonstrated using a full-scale aircraft. The second method presented in this work computes a NNM as a collection of trajectories defined with boundary value problems (BVPs). The method has the distinctive advantage that it does not rely on a parameterization of the NNM. It is demonstrated on two-degree-of-freedom examples featuring linear and nonlinear damping. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthèse et étude du composé Li4Ti5O12 comme électrode négative dans les accumulateurs Li-ion
Jamin, Claire ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Electrical energy consumption has increased dramatically and its mode of consumption has diversified over the years, with the development of mobile energy storage devices such as lithium batteries. The ... [more ▼]

Electrical energy consumption has increased dramatically and its mode of consumption has diversified over the years, with the development of mobile energy storage devices such as lithium batteries. The present thesis is dedicated to the synthesis and study of the compound Li4Ti5O12 as negative electrode in Li-ion batteries. The main objective is the development of innovative synthesis techniques based on soft chemistry in order to control and study the effect of structural and microstructural parameters on the electrochemical properties of the compound. Because of its ability to intercalate/deintercalate Li+ ions in its structure without stress-generating volume changes of the structure, Li4Ti5O12 is considered as a so-called "zero-strain" electrode, favouring excellent cycling performance. Therefore, this compound appeared to us a most interesting candidate in this study. The first part of this work investigates a method involving the freeze-drying of a gel precursor followed by self-ignition. Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose is used as an additive and the synthesis of Li4Ti5O12 takes place in four steps : Gelling – Freeze-drying – self-ignition – Calcination. Ammonium nitrate was also added to the reactants to determine the impact on the self-ignition process and the consequences on the structure, microstructure and electrochemical properties of the compound. Indeed, a major issue usually encountered in self-ignition is controlling the amount of heat released, and therefore the temperature during self-ignition. These factors greatly influence the structural and microstructural properties of the compound. The results show that addition of ammonium nitrate leads to an excessive crystal growth which is unfavorable to electrochemical properties of the compound. In the second part of the thesis, the spray-drying method has been investigated using both a lab-scale and a pilot-scale equipment, to take into account possible developments on an industrial scale. For both devices, the influence of concentration on particle morphology was observed. The lab spray-dryer allowed us to obtain a convex to mushroom morphology. For the pilot spray-dryer, the morphologies vary from cauliflower to smooth hollow spheres, and can be further modified by addition of a carbonate source which decomposes during calcination. Depending on the particle morphology and its surface for intercalation of Li+ ions, the electrochemical performances have been improved, sometimes considerably. The drying temperature also affects the performance of the compound through the agglomeration rate of the particles. In conclusion, a wide panel of microstructures has been obtained by investigating two synthesis methods with various sets of experimental conditions. Although all these powders are Li4Ti5O12, there is a significant variation of their electrochemical performance and we have attempted to correlate these with particle morphology. Some prominsing results have been obtained and suggest that performance can be further improved through future work, on both fundamental and applied aspects. [less ▲]

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See detailÂgisme et jeunisme : conséquences trop méconnues …!
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2014, March 27)

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See detailLes fins du monde peuvent-elles faire littérature ? Exemplarités du récit dystopique
Stienon, Valérie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 27)

S’il est possible d’observer de nombreuses œuvres qui, depuis le XIXe siècle et particulièrement au tournant du XXe siècle, se présentent comme des fictions de fins du monde déclinant les situations ... [more ▼]

S’il est possible d’observer de nombreuses œuvres qui, depuis le XIXe siècle et particulièrement au tournant du XXe siècle, se présentent comme des fictions de fins du monde déclinant les situations-catastrophes, il est plus difficile d’appréhender ces textes en mots et en images comme un ensemble cohérent et de les associer à un genre littéraire particulier. Entre désignations d’époque et catégorisations rétrospectives, un corpus se dessine toutefois, qui développe ses propres caractéristiques internes et connaît une histoire éditoriale complexe. La communication propose de réfléchir aux modalités d’appartenance de ces « récits dystopiques » à l’histoire littéraire et aux critères possibles de leur rassemblement pour une étude poétique transversale. [less ▲]

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See detail« Shaping the future of migration and integration research : a flash-forward »
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 27)

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See detailIssues related to protein fermentation in the intestines of pigs
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 27)

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See detailPiété et impiété dans les rapports entre Grecs et étrangers
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 27)

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See detailQuaternary rainforests of the Northern Congo Basin: contribution of charcoal analysis
Morin-Rivat, Julie ULg; Bremond, Laurent; Gillet, Jean-François ULg et al

Conference (2014, March 27)

In comparison with the wood charcoals uncovered in the soils of the temperate regions, charcoals from the tropical regions remain little studied yet, in particular those from the dense humid forests of ... [more ▼]

In comparison with the wood charcoals uncovered in the soils of the temperate regions, charcoals from the tropical regions remain little studied yet, in particular those from the dense humid forests of Central Africa. Here we aim at showing the interest of the analysis of soil charcoals so as to understand the current environments through some examples of taxonomical identifications conducted on charcoals sampled in several soil pits in Cameroon and in the Republic of the Congo. These charcoals were hand-split then observed under an incident light microscope. The anatomical features that are hold in the charcoals and described according to a standard method were compared to wood samples from the reference collection of the RMCA. Results demonstrated that the identified species are still present in the vegetal environment today and that only limited changes occurred over the past two millennia. Charcoal analysis can thus allow a better understanding of the past history of the forests in relationship with the ancient disturbances. The temporal and spatial framework of human settlements as well as the impact of the colonial period on the evolution of the forest is also discussed. [less ▲]

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