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See detailLutter contre les stéréotypes associés au vieillissement et à la maladie d’Alzheimer
Clesse, Audrey ULg; Schroyen, Sarah ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailPAESAGGI INCISI: Recupero, riuso, rigenerazione
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
See detailDiscovery of ultraviolet aurora on Mars’ Northern hemisphere
Stiepen, Arnaud ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 24)

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See detailEvaluation of pitch accuracy in solfeggio examinations: What about non-musical variables?
Larrouy, Pauline ULg

Poster (2015, March 24)

Background and aims In experimental settings, 81% of the variance of judges’ rating of pitch accuracy is explained by musical variables (precision of pitch intervals and respect of tonality) (Larrouy ... [more ▼]

Background and aims In experimental settings, 81% of the variance of judges’ rating of pitch accuracy is explained by musical variables (precision of pitch intervals and respect of tonality) (Larrouy-Maestri, Lévêque, Schön, Giovanni, & Morsonne, 2013). In ecological settings, non-musical variables influence judgments of music performances (i.e., McPherson & Thompson, 1998; Platz & Kopiez, 2012). This study aims to better understand the evaluation of pitch accuracy in the context of formative and summative solfeggio examinations at tertiary music level, for which live performances are evaluated. Method Twenty-one participants of conservatory were asked to learn simple melodies during solfeggio classes. They were evaluated two times (formative and summative examinations) by 3 judges. Each performance was also objectively analyzed regarding pitch accuracy (number of contour errors, precision of pitch intervals and respect of the tonal centre) with a computer-assisted method (Larrouy-Maestri & Morsomme, 2014). Results The 3 judges provided strongly and significantly correlated ratings. The musical criteria objectively analyzed explained 56% of the variance of the jury’s rating when the examination purpose was formative (p < .001) and 31% of the variance when the purpose was summative (p = .009). Interestingly, the predictive musical criteria differed depending on the examination’s purpose. In addition, the variance explained by our statistical model increased (from 56% to 67% and from 31% to 46%) when taking into account non-musical variables such as the gender of the music students. Conclusions Besides the educational perspectives, the proposed method appears interesting for examining the influence of non-musical variables on the pitch accuracy assessment in ecological contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailAge-dependent expression of osteochondrosis-related genes in equine leukocytes
Mendoza García, Luis ULg; Piquemal, David; Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2015), 2

Introduction: Osteochondrosis (OC) is a developmental disease in horses which has a significant impact on the horse’s welfare and performance. The early disturbance in the process of endochondral ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Osteochondrosis (OC) is a developmental disease in horses which has a significant impact on the horse’s welfare and performance. The early disturbance in the process of endochondral ossification progresses to inflammatory and repair processes in older horses. Previously, differentially expressed genes in leukocytes of OC-affected horses have been identified. The aim of the present study is to detect age-related changes in these differentially expressed genes. Materials and Methods: The expression of OC-related genes was analysed by real-time PCR and subsequent statistical analysis (ΔΔCT) in the leukocytes of 135 Belgian Warmblood horses divided into three different age groups: 30 months (n=38). Results: Relative expression of genes of horses less than 12 months of age showed significant induction of the genes MGAT4A, PRKCG, MHCI, ApoB, ApoB3G, B4GALT6 and a significantly lower expression of the genes OAS3. Horses of 18–24 months of age, showed a significantly higher expression of the genes TBC1D9, MGAT4A, IFIH1, MHCIIa and MMP1. Horses of more than 30 months of age showed a significantly higher expression of the genes MGAT4A, HP, SECTM1 compared with their age-matched control groups. Conclusions: The study demonstrates that OC-related genes are differentially expressed in horses of different ages compared with their age-matched controls. Some of the genes may be implicated in cell signalling and differentiation as well as carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and inflammation. However, the causal relationship between the differentially expressed genes and the development and progression of the OC lesions needs to be determined. [less ▲]

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See detailEnfants, témoins de violences conjugales : plus que des dommages collatéraux !
Garcet, Serge ULg

Article for general public (2015)

L'article aborde différentes considérations autour des conséquences pour l'enfant d'un environnement parental violent.

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See detailPast changes in the vertical distribution of ozone – Part 3: Analysis and interpretation of trends
Harris, N. R. P.; Hassler, B.; Tummon, F. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions (2015), 15(6), 8565--8608

Trends in the vertical distribution of ozone are reported and compared for a number of new and recently revised datasets. The amount of ozone-depleting compounds in the stratosphere (as measured by ... [more ▼]

Trends in the vertical distribution of ozone are reported and compared for a number of new and recently revised datasets. The amount of ozone-depleting compounds in the stratosphere (as measured by Equivalent Effective Stratospheric Chlorine – EESC) maximised in the second half of the 1990s. We therefore examine the trends in the periods before and after that peak to see if any change in trend is discernible in the ozone record. Prior to 1998, trends in the upper stratosphere (~ 45 km, 4 hPa) are found to be −5 to −10% per decade at mid-latitudes and closer to −5% per decade in the tropics. No trends are found in the mid-stratosphere (28 km, 30 hPa). Negative trends are seen in the lower stratosphere at mid-latitudes in both hemispheres and in the deep tropics. However it is hard to be categorical about the trends in the lower stratosphere for three reasons: (i) there are fewer measurements, (ii) the data quality is poorer, and (iii) the measurements in the 1990s are perturbed by aerosols from the Mt. Pinatubo eruption in 1991. These findings are similar to those reported previously even though the measurements for the two main satellite instruments (SBUV and SAGE II) and the ground-based Umkehr and ozonesonde stations have been revised. There is no sign of a continued negative trend in the upper stratosphere since 1998: instead there is a hint of an average positive trend of ~ 2% per decade in mid-latitudes and ~ 3% per decade in the tropics. The significance of these upward trends is investigated using different assumptions of the independence of the trend estimates found from different datasets. The averaged upward trends are significant if the trends derived from various datasets are assumed to be independent, but are generally not significant if the trends are not independent. This arises because many of the underlying measurement records are used in more than one merged dataset. At this point it is not possible to say which assumption is best. Including an estimate of the drift of the overall ozone observing system decreases the significance of the trends. The significance will become clearer as (i) more years are added to the observational record, (ii) further improvements are made to the historic ozone record (e.g. through algorithm development), and (iii) the data merging techniques are refined, particularly through a more rigorous treatment of uncertainties. [less ▲]

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See detailLe programme gouvernemental (2014-2019) en questions
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailThe effect of deforestation on land tenure in Central Africa
Gillet, Pauline ULg; Feintrenie, Laurène; Codina Llavinia, Elisabet et al

Conference (2015, March 23)

The CoForTips project aims at the promotion of better management of the forest of the Congo Basin by presenting to the policy makers plausible scenarios of social and ecological systems evolution. In this ... [more ▼]

The CoForTips project aims at the promotion of better management of the forest of the Congo Basin by presenting to the policy makers plausible scenarios of social and ecological systems evolution. In this paper, we focused on the impact of deforestation on land tenure mutation in Central Africa. Land tenure defines the level of ownership and management experienced by the local population on defined areas (Le Roy et al., 1996). We assume that the rules acting on objects of land tenure evolve from loose land control to privatization and the ability to dispose of resources when we progress on the forest transition curve designed by Mather (1992). We demonstrate that individual land tenure increases along with the deforestation process, and continue along with the reforestation process where this one is a consequence of agricultural plantations on deforested lands. We then draw a theoretical land tenure evolution with variation of population density in relation to forest cover that could be used as an indicator of SES shifting more sensitive than the evolution of forest cover to appreciate forest transition at the SES level and predict the presence and intensity of tipping points. [less ▲]

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See detailEsquisse d’un modèle clinique à trois dimensions : Identité et schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 23)

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See detailModelling of large-scale in situ ventilation test in clayey rock
Pardoen, Benoît ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Talandier, Jean

Poster (2015, March 23)

see attached file

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See detailMettre la biomédecine en politique: le nouvel eugénisme est-il arrivé avec la génétique?
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 23)

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See detailComment optimiser l’efficience de l’aide internationale, dans le domaine de la santé, en République Démocratique du Congo
Manzambi Kuwekita, Joseph ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Guillaume, Michèle ULg et al

in Santé Publique : Revue Multidisciplinaire pour la Recherche et l'Action (2015), 27(Janvier-Févier), 129-134

Analysis of national health insurance accounts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) clearly shows the importance of international sanitary aid, particularly for the funding of general referral ... [more ▼]

Analysis of national health insurance accounts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) clearly shows the importance of international sanitary aid, particularly for the funding of general referral hospitals, the management of inpatients with AIDS, administration of health zones and funding of preventive care providers. It The targeted changes described in this article could possibly optimize the efficiency of international aid for the DRC population, mainly for disorders considered to be a health care priority (i.e. malaria, AIDS, tuberculosis) as well as in the fight against malnutrition. Recommendations target the implementation of procedures for control of food chain security, changes in lifestyle and dietary habits of the population but also comprise extensive restructuring of the health care administration. A dramatic change of the structure in charge of drug distribution as well as eradication of the transfer of part of public health structure income to public health administrative personnel could result in the allocation of significant funds to the fight against the most important diseases. Better collaboration between the various departments in charge of health care professional training, together with enhanced responsibility of health care personnel is essential. Independent and respected non-governmental organizations should be involved in an audit process, targeting all aspects of the current DRC health system. Eventually, in an equal opportunity perspective, taking into consideration the very high degree of poverty of DRC inhabitants, implementation of health insurance programmes, use of generic drugs and generalization of micro-credit initiatives should also be implemented. [less ▲]

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See detailCentury-scale simulations of the response of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet to a warming climate
Cornford, S.L.; Martin, D.F.; Payne, A.J. et al

in Cryosphere Discussions (The) (2015), 9

We use the BISICLES adaptive mesh ice sheet model to carry out one, two, and three century simulations of the fast-flowing ice streams of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Each of the simulations begins with ... [more ▼]

We use the BISICLES adaptive mesh ice sheet model to carry out one, two, and three century simulations of the fast-flowing ice streams of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Each of the simulations begins with a geometry and velocity close to present day observations, and evolves according to variation in meteoric ice accumulation, ice shelf melting, and mesh resolution. Future changes in accumulation and melt rates range from no change, through anomalies computed by atmosphere and ocean models driven by the E1 and A1B emissions scenarios, to spatially uniform melt rates anomalies that remove most of the ice shelves over a few centuries. We find that variation in the resulting ice dynamics is dominated by the choice of initial conditions, ice shelf melt rate and mesh resolution, although ice accumulation affects the net change in volume above flotation to a similar degree. Given sufficient melt rates, we compute grounding line retreat over hundreds of kilometers in every major ice stream, but the ocean models do not predict such melt rates outside of the Amundsen Sea Embayment until after 2100. Sensitivity to mesh resolution is spurious, and we find that sub-kilometer resolution is needed along most regions of the grounding line to avoid systematic under-estimates of the retreat rate, although resolution requirements are more stringent in some regions – for example the Amundsen Sea Embayment – than others – such as the Möller and Institute ice streams. [less ▲]

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See detailDispreferred structures through language change: the diachrony of affix ordering in Ancient Egyptian - Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2015, March 23)

Given a worldwide preference for suffixes over prefixes, why do some languages nonetheless have a macro-preference for prefixes? In this talk, we show that Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (Afroasiatic) shows a ... [more ▼]

Given a worldwide preference for suffixes over prefixes, why do some languages nonetheless have a macro-preference for prefixes? In this talk, we show that Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (Afroasiatic) shows a long-term diachronic macro-change from mixed suffixing-prefixing to an overwhel¬ming preference for prefixing. We argue that each of the micro-changes implicated in this macro-change are better understood in terms of regular changes at the level of individual constructions, via, e.g., grammaticalization, rather than in terms of a broad Sapirian ‘drift.’ Crucially, it is the particular constellation of structural features of the language at a particular moment in time, together with regular mechanisms of language change, that give rise to the cross-linguistically unusual ‘macro-preference’ of the language. [less ▲]

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See detailEntorse de cheville aigüe - Le traitement fonctionnel
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2015, March 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (6 ULg)