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See detailStructure and variability of the Martian upper atmosphere: Ultraviolet dayglow observations by MAVEN/IUVS
Deighan; Jain; Lo et al

Conference (2015, November)

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See detailGéosphère et biosphère : une histoire intriquée
De Wever, Patrick; Lecointre, Guillaume; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Gargaud, Muriel; Lecointre, Guillaume (Eds.) l’Evolution : de l’univers aux sociétés, objets et concepts. (2015)

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See detailLire entre les actes. Le théâtre mis en pièces par le récit d’anticipation
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in Tropics (2015), 2

Si les histoires de la littérature française font généralement peu de cas du roman d’anticipation, rendu invisible aux sélections de la postérité par la variété de ses désignations génériques, l’hybridité ... [more ▼]

Si les histoires de la littérature française font généralement peu de cas du roman d’anticipation, rendu invisible aux sélections de la postérité par la variété de ses désignations génériques, l’hybridité de ses formes et les discontinuités de son, ce dernier, en revanche, semble avoir des choses à dire au sujet de la littérature. Encore faut-il préciser de quel théâtre il est question dans ces anticipations, et dans quelle mesure il est possible de lire l’inscription d’un genre à travers la poétique d’un autre. Les thématisations du théâtre sont passibles d’une caractérisation multiforme impliquant des données d’ordre poétique, contextuel et historique. Plus qu’une définition de cette référence, la lecture transversale et diachronique de 1860 à 1930 qui suit entend formuler une interrogation sur les modalités de son traitement. Le théâtre participe-t-il, comme la poésie et le roman, et au même titre qu’eux, de la décadence anticipée des Lettres, signe d’un déclin général dont il prendrait acte à sa mesure ? Un genre ou un registre (drame, comédie, tragédie, boulevard, music-hall, vaudeville, opérette, etc.) est-il mis en évidence, ou ceux-ci sont-ils plutôt indifférenciés, voire présentés comme équivalents ? Ces considérations révèlent-elles une hybridation ou une remise en question des classements micro- et macro-génériques ? [less ▲]

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See detailThe pragmatics of correlation or how models reshape the government of technical objects
Thoreau, François ULg; Laurent, Brice

Conference (2015, November)

In this paper we focus on how models carry out correlations and how correlations are used as techniques of government. Correlations are fragile exercises which put together two phenomenon, e.g. one ... [more ▼]

In this paper we focus on how models carry out correlations and how correlations are used as techniques of government. Correlations are fragile exercises which put together two phenomenon, e.g. one nanoparticle and one toxic effect, without linking them with a straight causality. We examine correlations in the situated case of QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationship) models applied to the toxicity of nanoparticles. Using scientific and regulatory documentation related to QSAR, and the preliminary results of an empirical study of a QSAR project conducted in France, we analyze the initial expectations, i.e. providing knowledge on nanoparticles useful for regulatory purposes, and how this ambition was confronted to the refusal of nanoparticles to feed the QSAR models in a satisfying way. We argue that this led to "thinking on the edge" the wonders and worries of correlation. This calls for a pragmatics of correlation: what does it do? Which are the effects and consequences of a "co-relating" approach? Exploring these questions leads us to examine the type of knowledge produced through models applied to large sets of data, and how it contributes to certain types of regulatory objectivity, particularly in the European legal context. Thus, we discuss the ways in which a pragmatics of correlation offers analytical entry points for the study of the contemporary transformation of the public administration of technical objects.   [less ▲]

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See detailSymptômes neurologiques du bord latéral du pied et de la cheville
WANG, François-Charles ULg

in Médecine et Chirurgie du Pied = Foot Medicine and Surgery (2015), 31

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See detailDe quelques idées reçues à propôs du Règlement successions
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Van Crombrugghe, Nicole (Ed.) Le dip au quotidien - droit des affaires et de la famille (2015)

La contribution a comme objectif de s'attarder sur certaines idées reçues qui ont pu naître à propos du Règlement. Ces idées, parfois entendues au détour d'une conversation lors d'une réception clôturant ... [more ▼]

La contribution a comme objectif de s'attarder sur certaines idées reçues qui ont pu naître à propos du Règlement. Ces idées, parfois entendues au détour d'une conversation lors d'une réception clôturant un colloque ou aperçues dans une lettre d'information publiée à l'intention d'un public non averti, sont autant de généralisations qui peuvent reposer sur un fond de vérité, tout en laissant subsister des imprécisions, voire des erreurs. L'aperçu qui suit doit dès lors se lire comme une exploration subjective de certaines idées reçues, avec l'espoir d'apporter plus de clarté à propos de cet important instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailSI: Binominal Syntagms
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; De Clerck, Bernard; Verveckken, Katrien

in Language Sciences (2015)

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See detailLe tourisme à la ferme : une expérience authentique ou un simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Decroly, J.-M. (Ed.) Le tourisme comme expérience - Regards interdisciplinaires sur le vécu touristique (2015)

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in ... [more ▼]

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in different ways. Consequently definitions, practices and perceptions of agritourism or farm tourism differ as well. Using Gunn’s image typology the paper analyses induced, organic and modified by experience images of argitourism. The study combines data issued from a survey amongst tourists (n = 230), 26 tourism farm holders’ life stories and 31 interviews with experts conducted both in Wallonia and Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It scrutinizes the promotional discourses, the life experience and the strategy of farm tourism holders, the expectations of tourists who have experimented farm tourism or not, who claim living in the countryside or not. The level of expectations regarding reception, authenticity, convenience, and active participation in farm works differ noticeably and are now and then inconsistent with the supply and the farm activity. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire
Postula, Jean-Louis ULg; Lensen, Jean-Pierre

in Depaifve, Franck; Ruhomaully, Axel (Eds.) Ceci n'est pas que du patrimoine : Première escale : Cheratte (2015)

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See detailL'image du mois : Le processus thrombotique sous la loupe (microscopie intravitale)
Oury, Cécile ULg; Hego, Alexandre ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(11), 537-539

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See detailL’art du goût et l’esthétique de la cuisine au XVIIIe siècle
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Article for general public (2015)

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See detailTerritoire - La diversité comme argument politique dans la gestion des territoires
Tieleman, David ULg; Dawans, Stéphane ULg

in Brahy, Rachel; Dumont, Elisabeth (Eds.) Dialogues sur la diversité (2015)

La notion de territoire implique nécessairement une « lutte des places ». C’est dans cette perspective fondamentalement conflictuelle, inspirée de Marx et de Bourdieu notamment, qu’il nous paraît ... [more ▼]

La notion de territoire implique nécessairement une « lutte des places ». C’est dans cette perspective fondamentalement conflictuelle, inspirée de Marx et de Bourdieu notamment, qu’il nous paraît intéressant de relier la question du territoire à celle de la diversité. Partant d'une réflexion orientée sur le territoire, il faut reconnaître que, dans ce domaine, la notion de diversité peut revêtir des acceptions différentes, et parfois contradictoires. Dans le discours des acteurs du territoire, on distinguera à ce titre la diversité territoriale, impliquant la spécificité d'un territoire dans la création de son identité, de la diversité sociale, se référant à l'idée de mixité comme condition d'existence de la ville et fondement du lien social. Dans les deux cas, l'utilisation du concept de la diversité, ainsi vidé de son sens, constitue un argument de poids dans la justification de politiques conduisant, in fine, à la construction de la ville contemporaine néo-libérale faite de relégation, d'exclusion, et de fermetures. L'idée serait donc de montrer comment le concept de diversité peut être mobilisé comme argument politique, qu'il soit de gauche ou de droite, afin de justifier et de participer à la création de la ville néo-libérale morcelée, telle qu’elle se développe depuis les années 1980. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfusion needs during liver transplantation at the chu of liege (belgium): characteristics and preoperative predictive factors
PAGE, Isaline ULg; HANS, Grégory ULg; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in Transplant International (2015, November), 28(S4), 461272

Introduction: Liver transplantation (LT) can result in significant bleeding requiring transfusion of allogenic blood products, which potentially leads to postoperative morbidity and mortality (1). This ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Liver transplantation (LT) can result in significant bleeding requiring transfusion of allogenic blood products, which potentially leads to postoperative morbidity and mortality (1). This study aimed to determine transfusion needs during LT in our institution and its preoperative predictive factors. Material and Methods: Two hundred LT performed at the CHU Liege between 2006 and 2012 were respectively reviewed (age = 55 ` 11 yo, BMI = 25.5 ` 4.4 kg/m2, F/M = 45/155, MELD score = 19 ` 10). Transfu- sion needs of the different blood products during POD 0, and POD 0–7 were recorded. Parameters associated with the transfusion of more than 2 units of RBC (p ≤ 0.1) were identified using the Kruskal Wallis and chi square tests (table 1). These parameters were then placed into a backward stepwise logistic regression model for the transfusion of more than two units of RBC at POD 0. A p value threshold ≥0.1 was used for leaving the model. Results: Transfusion needs were: RBC = 2[0–4], FFP = 4[2–7], PLT = 1[0– 1] during POD 0; and RBC = 3[0–6], FFP = 6[3–10], PLT = 1[0–2] during POD 0–7. Preoperative factors independently associated with the transfusion of more than two units of RBC were preop Hb (0.6 [0.46–0.79], p < 0.001) and MELD score (1.13 [1.06–1.20], p < 0.001). Discussion: These results suggest that preop Hb and MELD score are associated with blood requirements during LT. [less ▲]

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See detailOrgan donation after euthanasia on specific patients' request in Belgium
Ysebaert, D; DETRY, Olivier ULg; Verfaillie, G et al

in Transplant International (2015, November), 28(S4), 114313

Euthanasia is since 2002 legalized in Belgium for adults under strict conditions. The patient must be in a medically futile condition, of constant and unbearable physical or mental suffering that cannot ... [more ▼]

Euthanasia is since 2002 legalized in Belgium for adults under strict conditions. The patient must be in a medically futile condition, of constant and unbearable physical or mental suffering that cannot be alleviated, resulting from a serious and incurable disorder caused by illness. This implies that also non-terminal not-cancer patients can request for euthanasia for instance in case of debilitating neurological disorder. From 2005 till 2015 more than 25 patients, suffering from diverse neuropsychiatric diseases, got their request for euthanasia granted, and subsequently asked spontaneously for the possibility of organ donation. The involved physicians, the transplant teams and the Institutional Ethics Commit- tees, had the well-discussed opinion that this strong request for organ donation after euthanasia could not be denied. A clear separation between the euthanasia request, the euthanasia procedure and the organ procurement procedure was judged necessary. After extensive preparation, finally, in Belgium, 17 patients got their wish for organ donation after euthanasia fulfilled, in several academic or non-academic hospitals and in different regions. Several requests and preparations were started for other patients but ultimately did not lead to organ donation due to patients’ personal choices or logistically reasons. The euthanasia procedure was carried out by three physicians involved in the euthanasia granting. After clinical diagnosis of cardiac death, the procurement team came in and performed the organ procurement similar as in a DCD type III procedure. Almost always, liver, two kidneys and sometimes lungs and pancreatic islets were successfully recovered and transplanted, after allocation by Eurotransplant. The possibility of organ donation after their euthanasia provides a very much improved self-image of these patients, and adds something really positive to the unfortunate end-of-life of these patients. [less ▲]

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See detailA consecutive series of 100 controlled DCD liver transplantation
DETRY, Olivier ULg; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; Ledinh, H et al

in Transplant International (2015, November), 28(S4), 109296

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) have been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of graft loss and ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) have been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of graft loss and retransplantation. The authors retrospectively reviewed a single centre experience with controlled DCD-LT in a 12-year period. Patients and Methods: 100 DCD-LT were consecutively performed between 2003 and 2014. All donation and procurement procedures were performed as controlled DCD in operative rooms. Data are presented as median (ranges). Median donor age was 57 years (16–83). Median DRI was 2.16 (1.4–3.4). Most grafts were flushed with HTK solution. Allocation was centre-based. Median recipient MELD score at LT was 15 (7–40). Mean follow-up was 35 months. No patient was lost to follow-up. Results: Median total DCD warm ischemia was 19 min (10–39). Median cold ischemia was 235 min (113–576). Median peak AST was 1132 U/l (282– 21 928). Median peak bilirubin was 28 mg/dL. Patient survivals were 90.7%, 75.5% and 70.7% at 1.3 and 5 years, respectively. Graft survivals were 88.7%, 72.1% and 67.1% at 1.3 and 5 years, respectively. Biliary complications included mainly anastomotic strictures and extrahepatic main bile duct ischemic obstruction, that were managed either by endoscopy or hepatico- jejunostomy. No PNF or graft loss due to ischemic cholangiopathy was observed in this series. Discussion: In this series, DCD LT appears to provide results similar to classical LT. Short cold ischemia and recipient selection with low MELD score may be the keys to good results in DCD LT, in terms of graft survival and avoidance of ischemic cholangiopathy. If symptomatic ischemic cholangiopa- thy is diagnosed, adequate management with endoscopy and surgical hepaticojejunostomy may avoid graft loss and retransplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased risk of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy in controlled donation after circulatory death kidney transplantation
WEEKERS, Laurent ULg; Ledinh, H; BONVOISIN, Catherine ULg et al

in Transplant International (2015, November), 28(S4), 49118

Introduction: Comparable transplant outcomes between controlled donation after circulatory death (cDCD) and donation after brain death (DBD) kidney transplantation (KT) have been confirmed. However, few ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Comparable transplant outcomes between controlled donation after circulatory death (cDCD) and donation after brain death (DBD) kidney transplantation (KT) have been confirmed. However, few data describes the histology of cDCD-KT which is subjected to prolonged procurement warm ischemia. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of interstitial fibrosis (IF) and tubular atrophy (TA) on the surveillance biopsy performed in our unit between the 2 and 6 months post KT. Acute rejection was considered as secondary endpoint. Patients and Methods: 330 KT (226 DBD and 104 DCD) have been performed between 2008 and 2014. Surveillance or per-cause biopsy was performed in 272 recipients. Among them, the rate of adequate (≥8 glomeruli and ≥1 large-sized artery) was 76.8%. Results: IFTA was found in 11.5% and 25.7% of DBD and cDCD-KT, respectively (p = 0.004). Considering IF and TA separately, the corresponding rates were 20.4% vs 32% (p = 0.04) and 23% vs 36% (p = 0.03), respectively. If acute rejection before routine biopsy was excluded, either IF or TA rate was significantly higher in cDCD- than DBD-KT (12.6% vs 27.1%, p = 0.006; 17.6% vs 31.4%, p = 0.016; and 20.9% vs 35.7%, p = 0.015 in case of IF-TA, IF, and TA, respectively). A cDCD-KT compared to a DBD-KT was 3.11 (95%CI 1.51– 6.43, p = 0.002), 2.34 (95%CI 1.21–4.53, p = 0.011) and 2.29 (95%CI 1.23– 4.27, p = 0.009) times more likely to have IFTA, IF, and TA, respectively. Extended criteria donor (ECD) vs standard criteria donor (SCD) was also an independent risk factor for IFTA (OR = 3.11, 95%CI 1.51–6.43, p = 0.002), IF (OR = 4.86, 95%CI 1.96–12.05, p = 0.001), and TA (OR = 4.09, 95%CI 1.68– 9.93, p = 0.002). The rate of acute rejection diagnosed by SB was 7.1% and 8.9% in DBD and cDCD kidney grafts (p = ns), respectively.Conclusion: KT from cDCD increased the risk of IF-TA between 3 and 6 months post-transplant. Further studies are warranted to investigate the evolution of this phenomenon over time and its effect on graft function. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of timing administration of mesenchymal stromal cells on serum creatinine following renal ischemia/ reperfusion in rats
ERPICUM, Pauline ULg; Rowart, Pascal ULg; POMA, Laurence ULg et al

in Transplant International (2015, November), 28(S4), 1129

Experimental models of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) have suggested protective effects of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) therapy. Still, param- eters of MSC injection, including volume, route and ... [more ▼]

Experimental models of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) have suggested protective effects of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) therapy. Still, param- eters of MSC injection, including volume, route and timing of cell administration, remain largely debated. Particularly, MSC infusion in mouse has been shown to be beneficial “a priori” but deleterious “a posteriori” of renal I/R injury. In order to further investigate the influence of the timing of MSC administration, we used 10-week-old Lewis rats categorized in 4 groups. Groups 1 (MSC D-7, n = 10) and 2 (MSC D + 1, n = 7) received caudal i.v. injection of MSC (1.5 9 106 in 1 ml of saline) 7 days before or 1 day after renal I/R, respectively. Control groups 3 (saline D-7, n = 6) and 4 (saline D + 1, n = 6) received equal volume of saline at similar time points. Left renal ischemia (by clamping of the renal pedicle) lasted 45 min. Right nephrectomy was simultaneously performed. Blood sample was collected from inferior vena cava at 48 h post reperfusion. MSC phenotype was confirmed by FACS analysis. In groups 1 and 3, serum creatinine (SCr) reached 1.4 ` 0.7 versus 2.4 ` 0.8 mg/dl, respectively (p < 0.05). In groups 2 and 4, SCr was 4.9 ` 0.7 versus 3.3 ` 0.9 mg/dl, respectively (p < 0.001). Furthermore, SCr levels were statistically worse when MSC were administered after renal I/R in comparison to a priori infusion (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, MSC administration 7 days prior to renal I/R attenuates kidney injury in comparison to (i) saline infusion or (ii) MSC infusion 1 day after renal I/R. Conversely, on the basis of SCr levels, MSC therapy performed after renal I/R worsens kidney injury in rats. [less ▲]

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