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See detailL'implantation de la vaccination contre le papillomavirus en PSE
Miermans, Marie-Christine ULg; Swennen, Béatrice; Vermeeren, Axelle

in Education Santé (2013), (289), 8-13

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See detailTowards Participatory Integrated Valuation and Modelling of Ecosystem Services under Land-use Change
Fontaine, C.; Dendoncker, N.; De Vreese, R. et al

in Journal of Land Use Science (2013)

The lack of consideration for Ecosystem Services (ES) values in current decision-making is recognised as one of the main reasons leading to an intense competition and arguably unsustainable use of well ... [more ▼]

The lack of consideration for Ecosystem Services (ES) values in current decision-making is recognised as one of the main reasons leading to an intense competition and arguably unsustainable use of well-located available land. In this paper, we present a framework for the Valuation Of Terrestrial Ecosystem Services (VOTES), aiming at structuring a methodology that is applicable for valuing ES in a given area through a set of indicators that are both meaningful for local actors and scientifically constructed. Examples from a case study area in central Belgium are used to illustrate the methodology: a stepwise procedure starting with the valuation of ES at present. The valuation of the social, biophysical and economic dimensions of ES are based on current land-use patterns. Subsequently, scenarios of land-use change are used to explore potential losses (and/or gains) of ES in the future of the study area. With the VOTES framework, we aim at [1] incorporating stakeholders inputs to widen the valuation process and increase trust in policy-oriented approach; [2] integrating valuation of ES with a sustainable development stance accounting for land-use change; and [3] developing suggestions to policy-makers for integrating ES monitoring in policy developments. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ALCOOLISME, UN MODÈLE D’ADDICTION AUX COMPLICATIONS SOMATIQUES MULTIPLES
PAQUOT, Nicolas ULg; DE FLINES, Jenny ULg; SCHEEN, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(5-6), 272-280

Alcoholism is, after smoking, the most common addiction in our society. It is associated with multiple familial, social and professional negative consequences. In addition, alcohol disturbs cellular ... [more ▼]

Alcoholism is, after smoking, the most common addiction in our society. It is associated with multiple familial, social and professional negative consequences. In addition, alcohol disturbs cellular metabolism and its excessive chronic consumption may lead to multiple dysfunctions that can provoke somatic complications targeting numerous tissues or organs. The present article describes the most important ones involving the liver, the digestive tract, the heart, both the central and peripheral nervous system, and bone marrow. We also discuss the metabolic disturbances associated with chronic alcohol consumption, among which those affecting glucose regulation, lipid profile, uric acid and various vitamins. Finally, we describe the nutritional deficiencies that may be observed in alcoholic people and may contribute to aggravate somatic complications. [less ▲]

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See detailStratification du risque cardiovasculaire selon la fonction rénale
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal de Cardiologie [= JDC] = Tijdschrift voor Cardiologie [= TVC] (2013), 3

Le risque cardiovasculaire est particulièrement important chez le patient qui a une insuffisance rénale (GFR abaissée et/ou albuminurie présente). Il est souvent sous-estimé en utilisant la table SCORE ... [more ▼]

Le risque cardiovasculaire est particulièrement important chez le patient qui a une insuffisance rénale (GFR abaissée et/ou albuminurie présente). Il est souvent sous-estimé en utilisant la table SCORE par l'agrégation de facteurs de risque traditionnels et non traditionnels quand i y a une IR, à identifier correctement et précocement. La prise en charge de ces facteurs agit sur la prévention à la fois rénale et cardiovasculaire. [less ▲]

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See detailGestion et prévention des hypomagnésémies
Gaillot, Claire ULg; Guyot, Hugues ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2013), (Numéro spécial rural), 142-148

Magnesium plays an important role at different levels in the body. It is absorbed essentially in the rumen. Numerous factors, such as an increase in the ruminal concentration of potassium, interfere with ... [more ▼]

Magnesium plays an important role at different levels in the body. It is absorbed essentially in the rumen. Numerous factors, such as an increase in the ruminal concentration of potassium, interfere with the bioavailability of magnesium in the body. There is no hormonal control of magnesium, so prevention of hypomagnesaemia is by intake of magnesium supplementation in the ration and management of risk factors. The different forms of tetany are treated in the same manner, that is, by perfusion of the animal and corrective supplementation for the at-risk animals on the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailL'héroïne
Demaret, Isabelle ULg; Lemaître, André ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(5-6), 287

Summary : Heroin (or diacetylmorphine), a depressant of the nervous central system, is a semi-synthetic opiate. Its main adverse effect, respiratory depression, can lead to death, especially after an ... [more ▼]

Summary : Heroin (or diacetylmorphine), a depressant of the nervous central system, is a semi-synthetic opiate. Its main adverse effect, respiratory depression, can lead to death, especially after an intravenous injection. By loss of tolerance, an overdose can be lethal following heroin use after a period of abstinence (voluntary or not). Mortality rate among heroin users is between 1 and 3%. Addiction, following a regular and continuous use, occurs in less than a quarter of persons who ever tried heroine. Heroin addicts often present with different problems (for instance, a criminal behaviour), without any obvious link with addiction. For a fraction of the addicts, addiction becomes a chronic relapsing disease, requiring a long term maintenance substitution therapy. However, relapses and sometimes continuous heroin use are frequent. For treatment resistant and severe heroin addicts, heroinassisted treatment can be a solution. Despite the numerous available therapies, heroin is considered to be the drug with the most negative effects on the user. [less ▲]

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See detailRôle des oligo-éléments dans la santé du veau
Guyot, Hugues ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2013), N° spécial(Mai), 24-30

Trace elements (TE) are essential for ruminant health. Numerous deficiencies are seen in Europe that cause diseases mainly in young animals. The main clinically important TE in ruminants are selenium (Se ... [more ▼]

Trace elements (TE) are essential for ruminant health. Numerous deficiencies are seen in Europe that cause diseases mainly in young animals. The main clinically important TE in ruminants are selenium (Se), iodine (I), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu). They play a role in organogenesis and have most effect on immunity and growth. Placental passage of TE from the dam to the calf occurs, and after calving, Se and I pass via the colostrum/milk. Trace element supplements are essential during gestation for the development of the calf in utero, as well as for the animal’s health and growth after birth. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of eccentric versus concentric training on mouse muscle phenotype
Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

in Abstract Book of 10th Meeting of Belgian Society for Neuroscience (2013, May)

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See detailHOMOPHOBIE AU PAYS DE L'ONCLE TOM
Sacré, Robert ULg

in ABS Magazine (2013), (38),

Considerations personnelles et developpements consecutifs à la publicaton du dernier livre de Tony HEILBUT : "The Fan who knew too much" ; homosexualité, bisexualite et lesbianisme au sein des églises ... [more ▼]

Considerations personnelles et developpements consecutifs à la publicaton du dernier livre de Tony HEILBUT : "The Fan who knew too much" ; homosexualité, bisexualite et lesbianisme au sein des églises noires et blanches en Amerique, des groupes et solistes de black gospel [less ▲]

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See detailDerivation of flow and transport parameters from outcropping sediments of the Neogene aquifer, Belgium
Rogiers, Bart; Beerten, K.; Smeekens, T. et al

in Geologica Belgica (2013), 16(3), 129-147

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are ... [more ▼]

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are of Miocene to Quaternary age and have a marine to continental origin. Grain size analyses for the same outcrops and corresponding K predictions using previously developed models are also presented. We discuss outcrop hydrogeological properties and quantify the heterogeneity within the outcrops in detail using geostatistical variography. Moreover, outcrop-scale K values, their anisotropy and dispersivities are numerically calculated as a means to upscale such small-scale measurements to a larger scale commensurate with the scale of flow and transport modelling. By studying the small-scale variability as observed in outcrops, we gain crucial understanding of the larger-scale behaviour of the corresponding hydrogeological units within the Neogene aquifer, the most important groundwater reservoir of Flanders. The results of this study will equally improve conceptual hydrogeological model building and parameterization. [less ▲]

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See detailHepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection in Belgium: similarities and differences in epidemic and initial management
De Vroey, B; Moreno, C; Laleman, W et al

in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (2013), 25(5), 613-619

Introduction Nationwide studies comparing patients with hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infections are mandatory for assessing changes in epidemiology. Aim The aim of this study was to compare ... [more ▼]

Introduction Nationwide studies comparing patients with hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infections are mandatory for assessing changes in epidemiology. Aim The aim of this study was to compare epidemiological data and initial management of newly diagnosed patients with persistent HBV (HBsAg positive) or HCV (detectable HCV RNA) infection in Belgium. Patients and methods Data were extracted from two Belgian observational databases. Results A total of 655 patients (387 HBV and 268 HCV) were included. Compared with HCV patients, HBV patients were younger, more frequently men, more often of Asian or African origin (43 vs. 10%, P < 0.0001), and less frequently contaminated by transfusion or intravenous drug use (9 and 6% vs. 34 and 44%, P< 0.0001). Viral replication was assessed in 89% of HBV patients. Compared with HCV patients, HBV patients more frequently had normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (65 vs. 29%, P < 0.0001), less frequently underwent liver biopsy (29 vs. 67%, P < 0.0001), and were less often considered for antiviral therapy (25 vs. 54%, P < 0.0001). When taking only HBV patients with detectable viral replication into consideration, results remained unchanged. During the multivariate analysis, ALT was a major factor for performing liver biopsy or considering antiviral therapy in both groups. Conclusion HBV and HCV screening policies should be targeted toward immigrants and intravenous drug users, respectively. Guidelines recommending systematic search for viral replication should be reinforced in HBV patients. HBV patients less frequently underwent liver biopsy and were less often considered for antiviral therapy compared with HCV patients. Despite the lack of sensitivity and specificity, ALT remains a pivotal decision-making tool for liver biopsy and antiviral therapy in both infections. [less ▲]

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See detailMDRD versus CKD-EPI equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate in kidney transplant recipients
Masson, Ingrid; Flamant, Martin; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in Transplantation (2013), 95(10), 1211-1217

Background. The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine-based equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by ... [more ▼]

Background. The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine-based equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation in patients with a relatively well-preserved kidney function. The performance of the new equation for kidney transplant recipients is discussed. Methods. We analyzed the performances of the CKD-EPI equation in comparison with the MDRD Study equation in 825 stable kidney transplant recipients. Bias, precision, and accuracy within 30% of true GFR were determined. GFR was measured by urinary clearance of inulin (n=488) and plasma clearance of 51Cr-EDTA (n=337). Results. Mean measured GFR (mGFR) was 50T19 mL/min/1.73 m2. On the whole cohort, bias was significantly lower for MDRD Study equation compared with CKD-EPI creatinine. This superiority translates into a better accuracy (80% and 74% for the MDRD and CKD-EPI creatinine, respectively). The best performance of the MDRD Study equation is confirmed both in the subgroups of patients with mGFR G60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and between 60 and 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. For mGFR 990 mL/min/1.73 m2, there were no significant differences between the two equations in terms of performance. Conclusions. The CKD-EPI creatinine equation does not offer a better GFR prediction in renal transplant patients compared with the MDRD Study equation, even in the earlier CKD stages. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical surface inhomogeneities in late B-type stars with Hg and Mn peculiarity: I. Spot evolution in HD 11753 on short and long time scales
Korhonen, Heidi; Gonzalez, J.F.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 553

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See detailUpdate on bone metabolism in premature infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 5th International Clinical & Community Nutrition Conference (2013, May)

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See detailFeeding the premature gut
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 5th International Clinical & Community Nutrition Conference (2013, May)

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