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See detailLa responsabilité du supérieur hiérarchique devant la Cour pénale internationale : une première synthèse à la lumière du jugement prononcé dans l’affaire Bemba
Wery, Marine ULg; Deprez, Christophe ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2016), 2

Le 21 mars 2016, au terme d’une procédure longue de huit années, la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) prononça un verdict de culpabilité à l’encontre de Jean-Pierre Bemba. L’une des innovations majeures ... [more ▼]

Le 21 mars 2016, au terme d’une procédure longue de huit années, la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) prononça un verdict de culpabilité à l’encontre de Jean-Pierre Bemba. L’une des innovations majeures liées à cette affaire concerne le vecteur d’imputabilité mobilisé par les juges. Pour la première fois dans l’histoire de la CPI, une chambre de première instance s’est dégagée des modes traditionnels de responsabilité prévus à l’article 25 du Statut de Rome pour sceller le sort d’un accusé sur la base de l’article 28 du même instrument, en application duquel la responsabilité pénale d’un supérieur hiérarchique peut être mise en cause en lien avec les actes commis par ses subordonnés. Par cette contribution, nous proposons d’examiner le verdict du 21 mars 2016, mais aussi les quelques pistes jurisprudentielles préexistantes, afin d’ébaucher une première synthèse du mécanisme de responsabilité du supérieur hiérarchique devant la CPI. [less ▲]

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See detailFire Performance of Columns made of Normal and High Strength Concrete: A Comparative Analysis
Gernay, Thomas ULg

in Key Engineering Materials (2016), 711

The use of high strength concrete (HSC) in multi-story buildings has become increasingly popular. Selection of HSC over normal strength concrete (NSC) allows for reducing the dimensions of the columns ... [more ▼]

The use of high strength concrete (HSC) in multi-story buildings has become increasingly popular. Selection of HSC over normal strength concrete (NSC) allows for reducing the dimensions of the columns sections. However, this reduction has consequences on the structural performance in case of fire, as smaller cross sections lead to faster temperature increase in the section core. Besides, HSC experiences higher rates of strength loss with temperature and a higher susceptibility to spalling than NSC. The fire performance of a column can thus be affected by selecting HSC over NSC. This research performs a comparison of the fire performance of HSC and NSC columns, based on numerical simulations by finite element method. The thermal and structural analyses of the columns are conducted with the software SAFIR®. The variation of concrete strength with temperature for the different concrete classes is adopted from Eurocode. Different configurations are compared, including columns with the same load bearing capacity and columns with the same cross section. The relative loss of load bearing capacity during the fire is found to be more pronounced for HSC columns than for NSC columns. The impact on fire resistance rating is discussed. These results suggest that consideration of fire loading limits the opportunities for use of HSC, especially when the objective is to reduce the dimensions of the columns sections. [less ▲]

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See detailSociologie, institution, fiction. Textes rassemblés par Jean-Pierre Bertrand et Anthony Glinoer
Dubois, Jacques ULg; Bertrand, Jean-Pierre ULg; Glinoer, Anthony

Book published by Socius (2016)

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See detailOxytocin in survivors of childhood-onset craniopharyngioma
Daubenbüchel, Anna; Hoffmann, Anika; Eveslage, Maria et al

in Endocrine (2016)

Quality of survival of childhood-onset cranio- pharyngioma patients is frequently impaired by hypotha- lamic involvement or surgical lesions sequelae such as obesity and neuropsychological deficits ... [more ▼]

Quality of survival of childhood-onset cranio- pharyngioma patients is frequently impaired by hypotha- lamic involvement or surgical lesions sequelae such as obesity and neuropsychological deficits. Oxytocin, a pep- tide hormone produced in the hypothalamus and secreted by posterior pituitary gland, plays a major role in regula- tion of behavior and body composition. In a cross- sectional study, oxytocin saliva concentrations were ana- lyzed in 34 long-term craniopharyngioma survivors with and without hypothalamic involvement or treatment- related damage, recruited in the German Childhood Cra- niopharyngioma Registry, and in 73 healthy controls, attending the Craniopharyngioma Support Group Meeting 2014. Oxytocin was measured in saliva of craniophar- yngioma patients and controls before and after standar- dized breakfast and associations with gender, body mass index, hypothalamic involvement, diabetes insipidus, and irradiation were analyzed. Patients with preoperative hypothalamic involvement showed similar oxytocin levels compared to patients without hypothalamic involvement and controls. However, patients with surgical hypotha- lamic lesions grade 1 (anterior hypothalamic area) pre- sented with lower levels (p = 0.017) of oxytocin under fasting condition compared to patients with surgical lesion of posterior hypothalamic areas (grade 2) and patients without hypothalamic lesions (grade 0). Craniophar- yngioma patients’ changes in oxytocin levels before and after breakfast correlated (p = 0.02) with their body mass index. Craniopharyngioma patients continue to secrete oxytocin, especially when anterior hypothalamic areas are not involved or damaged, but oxytocin shows less varia- tion due to nutrition. Oxytocin supplementation should be explored as a therapeutic option in craniopharyngioma patients with hypothalamic obesity and/or behavioral pathologies due to lesions of specific anterior hypotha- lamic areas. Clinical trial number: KRANIOPHAR- YNGEOM 2000/2007(NCT00258453; NCT01272622). [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction au droit public - Dossier de documentation (2016-17)
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

Learning material (2016)

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See detailIntroduction au droit public - Sommaire et plan détaillé du cours (2016-17)
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

Learning material (2016)

Ce document contient le sommaire et le plan détaillé du cours d'Introduction au droit public (DROI1101-3). Il vise à offrir aux étudiants un outil pour mieux suivre les séances de cours et structurer leur ... [more ▼]

Ce document contient le sommaire et le plan détaillé du cours d'Introduction au droit public (DROI1101-3). Il vise à offrir aux étudiants un outil pour mieux suivre les séances de cours et structurer leur prise de notes. [less ▲]

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See detailZola et l'invention du roman naturaliste
Bertrand, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Saint-Amand, Denis (Ed.) La Préface. Formes et enjeux d'un discours d'escorte (2016)

Le concept d'invention escorte l'émergence de la littérature au XIXe siècle parallèlement à ce qui l'a transformé dans les sciences et les techniques. Cela signifie que la littérature peut aussi être ... [more ▼]

Le concept d'invention escorte l'émergence de la littérature au XIXe siècle parallèlement à ce qui l'a transformé dans les sciences et les techniques. Cela signifie que la littérature peut aussi être saisie comme un champ de production du nouveau, et qu'elle a à voir avec les notions de découverte, de crise, de progrès, de technique. La préface sert de laboratoire réflexif aux expérimentations romanesques, que l'auteur des Rougon-Macquart est appelé à justifier, expliquer, négocier, voire vulgariser. [less ▲]

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See detailL'âge de début de l'obligation scolaire
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel (2016), 2016

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See detailLa Paméla de Voltaire des Lumières au XXIe siècle - changements de statut et réception générique du texte
Daubercies, Laurence ULg

in Loxias : Littératures Française et Comparées (2016)

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See detailCpG-DNA expand immunosuppressive interstitial macrophages from Ly6c+ local precursors
Sabatel, Catherine ULg; Radermecker, Coraline ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg et al

in Proceeding of Cell Symposia: 100 years of phagocytes (2016, September)

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See detailA combined transmission spectrum of the Earth-sized exoplanets TRAPPIST-1 b and c
de Wit, Julien; Wakeford, Hannah R.; Gillon, Michaël ULg et al

in Nature (2016), 537

Three Earth-sized exoplanets were recently discovered close to the habitable zone of the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 (ref. 3). The nature of these planets has yet to be determined, as their ... [more ▼]

Three Earth-sized exoplanets were recently discovered close to the habitable zone of the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 (ref. 3). The nature of these planets has yet to be determined, as their masses remain unmeasured and no observational constraint is available for the planetary population surrounding ultracool dwarfs, of which the TRAPPIST-1 planets are the first transiting example. Theoretical predictions span the entire atmospheric range, from depleted to extended hydrogen-dominated atmospheres. Here we report observations of the combined transmission spectrum of the two inner planets during their simultaneous transits on 4 May 2016. The lack of features in the combined spectrum rules out cloud-free hydrogen-dominated atmospheres for each planet at ≥10σ levels; TRAPPIST-1 b and c are therefore unlikely to have an extended gas envelope as they occupy a region of parameter space in which high-altitude cloud/haze formation is not expected to be significant for hydrogen-dominated atmospheres. Many denser atmospheres remain consistent with the featureless transmission spectrum—from a cloud-free water-vapour atmosphere to a Venus-like one. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of England on the first English gardens in the Southern Low Countries and the Principality of Liege
De Harlez De Deulin, Nathalie ULg

in Garden History (2016), 44(Automn), 87-100

The English Garden appearead in the Low Countries quite late in the 18th century since the geometric model – mainly influenced by the French style diffused by the treatise of Dezallier d’Argenville – is ... [more ▼]

The English Garden appearead in the Low Countries quite late in the 18th century since the geometric model – mainly influenced by the French style diffused by the treatise of Dezallier d’Argenville – is still in fashion in the years 1760. Amongst the famous realizations of the time figure the Garden of Leeuwergem Castle (1762), the upper Garden of Freÿr Castle (c. 1775) or the Royal Park of Brussels (1786). The two following decades (1760-1780) correspond to the major development of the new irregular style in the Low Countries merely influenced by Picturesque Garden but also by Naturalistic style Garden discovered by members of the aristocracy travelling in Great Britain as well as some gardeners sent to England to be trained and to learn how to grow new exotic plants. This paper deals with the major designers and the most famous sleeping partners engaged in the program of creation of the first English gardens in the country, notably Prince Charles-Joseph de Ligne (Beloeil and Baudour), Duke Emmanuel de Croÿ (Hermitage), Count of Seneffe Joseph Depestre (Seneffe), Duke Emmanuel d’Hane Steenhuyse (Leeuwergem) and, first of all, Duke Albert de Saxe-Teschen and the Archduchess Marie Christine who asked Lancelot Brown a plan for the site near Brussels called the Fine Mountain (Schoonenberg). Brown has sent his project from Britain in July 1782. We have also taken interest in the many unknown owners who gathered important plants collection that are only described in travel diaries or mentioned in archives (inventories and other lists of purchase or supply) that have no longer survived. This article present some facets of the global research accomplished in the thesis (2015) focusing on the direct influence of the English design on the first irregular gardens in the Southern Low Countries. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Fries Texture Measurement
Blecker, Christophe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailVisual and auditory cortical evoked potentials in interictal episodic migraine: An audit on 624 patients from three centres.
Ambrosini, Anna; Kisialou, A; Coppola, Gianluca et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)