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See detailCOP21 ou quand "les pays développés montrent la voie"
Ozer, Pierre ULg

Article for general public (2016)

Le 29 novembre 2015, quelques centaines d'étudiants de l'ULg devaient se rendre à Paris pour faire entendre la voix de la société civile à la veille de la 21e Conférence des parties (pays) sur le climat ... [more ▼]

Le 29 novembre 2015, quelques centaines d'étudiants de l'ULg devaient se rendre à Paris pour faire entendre la voix de la société civile à la veille de la 21e Conférence des parties (pays) sur le climat (COP21). Les attentats du vendredi 13 novembre en auront décidé autrement. La marche pour le climat sera successivement annulée à Paris, puis à Bruxelles, puis à Ostende… En réalité, les seuls endroits où les rassemblements de personnes seront autorisés le 29 novembre sont les grands centres commerciaux du pays aux enseignes internationales, protégés par les forces de l'ordre armées jusqu'aux dents [...] [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes: a survey among general practitioners
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016), first online

Abstract Summary A total of 119 GPs participated to a survey aimed to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 ... [more ▼]

Abstract Summary A total of 119 GPs participated to a survey aimed to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 %) systematically prescribe vitamin D to their institutionalized patients and the 54 (45.4 %) others prescribe only sometimes. Introduction The aim of this study is to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Methods General practitioners (GPs) having at least one patient in a nursing home in Liège, Belgium, were asked to complete the survey. Results A total of 119 GPs participated in the survey. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 %) systematically prescribe vitamin D to their institutionalized patients and the 54 (45.4 %) others prescribe only sometimes. The main reasons for prescribing vitamin D cited by GPs who do so systematically are as follows: because they believe nursing home residents are mostly deficient in vitamin D status (92.1 %), because they believe that vitamin D supplementation prevents osteoporotic fractures (77.8 %), and because vitamin D supplementation is recommended by various scientific societies (38.1 %). GPs who only prescribe vitamin D supplementation in some patients mainly do so following a diagnosis of osteoporosis (82.4 %), on the basis the 25(OH)D level (78.4 %), in the case of history of fracture (54.9 %) or after a recent fracture (43.4 %). Surprisingly, 16 physicians (31.4 %) only prescribe vitamin D when they think of it. Interestingly, while 40.7% of GPs always prescribe the same dose of vitamin D, the remaining 59.3 % prescribe a dose that will mainly depend on the results of the 25(OH)D level (94.0 %), the patient’s bone health (49.3 %), or history of fracture (43.3 %). Conclusions More than half of GPs systematically prescribe vitamin D to their patients living in nursing homes. The other GPs usually prescribe vitamin D following the result of the vitamin D status or after a diagnosis of osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailLE CAS CLINIQUE DU MOIS Thrombose veineuse ovarienne gauche et extension à la veine rénale
JEAN, FLORENCE; CLAUDOT, A.; ISTACE, B. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016), 71(1), 17-21

Ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare, but potentially serious postpartum complication. In 80 % of the cases, it occurs on the right side and in less than 6 % on the left side; it is bilateral in 14 % of ... [more ▼]

Ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare, but potentially serious postpartum complication. In 80 % of the cases, it occurs on the right side and in less than 6 % on the left side; it is bilateral in 14 % of cases. The usual clinical features include abdominal pain, fever and leucocytosis. However, the diagnosis is often complicated by other non specific signs and symptoms. Ovarian vein thrombosis may cause sepsis, pulmonary thromboembolism, and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and the renal vein. The diagnosis can be established by CT scan or nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, which has a high sensitivity and specificity. Treatment for the ovarian vein thrombosis includes antibiotics and anticoagulation. The complications can sometimes be surgically managed. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can decrease the morbidity and the mortality. Nowadays, the fatal issue is rare as the appropriate treatment is quickly instaured. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de cas: l'attentat au Musée juif de Bruxelles
Debras, François ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2016), 93

L’attaque soudaine d’un homme qui fait irruption dans un lieu public et tue quatre individus est angoissante. Les catastrophes, les drames et les malheurs qui frappent la société sont porteurs de ... [more ▼]

L’attaque soudaine d’un homme qui fait irruption dans un lieu public et tue quatre individus est angoissante. Les catastrophes, les drames et les malheurs qui frappent la société sont porteurs de nombreuses questions : qui, comment, pourquoi, dans quel but,… ? Les théories du complot permettent de répondre à un besoin social, celui de comprendre. Le complot est d’autant plus attirant et convaincant qu’il apporte une réponse simple, globale et dépouillée de toute subtilité. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Economic Appraisal of MOOC Platforms: Business Models and Impacts on Higher Education
Jacqmin, Julien ULg; belleflamme, paul

in CESifo Economic Studies (2016), 62(1), 148-169

We use various economic and pedagogical concepts to understand the specificities of MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) platforms. We discuss how the private provision of MOOCs can be sustained. Using the ... [more ▼]

We use various economic and pedagogical concepts to understand the specificities of MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) platforms. We discuss how the private provision of MOOCs can be sustained. Using the theory of multisided platforms, we analyze five ways to monetize the MOOC business. We then claim that MOOC platforms can play a key transformative role in the higher education sector by making teaching practices evolve, rather than by replacing incumbent institutions. Finally, we derive a number of directions for public policy [less ▲]

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See detailLe cabinet de papier de Jean Jacques Boissard (1528-1602). Réception de l’Antiquité et collectionnisme
De Marco, Rosa ULg

in Bourdieu, Catherine (Ed.) Collections et collectionneurs dans les Trois-Évêchés (2016, January)

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See detailOverview of the Analytical Lifecycle of Supercritical Fluid Chromatography Methods
Andri, Bertyl ULg; Dispas, Amandine ULg; Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg et al

in American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (2016), 7

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See detailGender differences in variability and extreme scores in an international context
Baye, Ariane ULg; Monseur, Christian ULg

in Large-scale Assessments in Education (2016), 4(1),

This study examines gender differences in the variability of student performance in reading, mathematics and science. Twelve databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyze gender differences within an ... [more ▼]

This study examines gender differences in the variability of student performance in reading, mathematics and science. Twelve databases from IEA and PISA were used to analyze gender differences within an international perspective from 1995 to 2015. Effect sizes and variance ratios were computed. The main results are as follows. (1) Gender differences vary by content area, students’ educational levels, and students’ proficiency levels. The gender differences at the extreme tails of the distribution are often more substantial than the gender differences at the mean. (2) Exploring the extreme tails of the distributions shows that the situation of the weakest males in reading is a real matter of concern. In mathematics and science, males are more frequently among the highest performing students. (3) The “greater male variability hypothesis” is confirmed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Relationship between the Profile of Manager and Management Accounting Practices in Tunisian SMIs
Ghorbel, Jihene ULg

in International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences (2016), 6(1), 61-72

In today’s changing environment, SMEs must strengthen their competitiveness and credibility with all their external partners. So to survive and prosper, managers need adequate management practices in ... [more ▼]

In today’s changing environment, SMEs must strengthen their competitiveness and credibility with all their external partners. So to survive and prosper, managers need adequate management practices in order to provide relevant accounting information. This paper examines the effect of profile of manager on management accounting practices which was defined in terms of traditional management accounting, modern management accounting and management accounting practices related to export. As to the profile of manager, it is defined by age, type of training and experience. To validate the hypotheses, a multiple linear regression method is used. The data is collected by questionnaire from 221 Tunisian manufacturing SMEs. The findings indicate that the profile of manager affect in part the use of management accounting practices. [less ▲]

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See detailUreteral Surgery
Claeys, Stéphanie ULg; Hamaide, Annick ULg

in Griffon, Dominique; Hamaide, Annick (Eds.) Complications in Small Animal Surgery (2016)

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See detailSingularité et pluralité des langues, des groupes et des individus. Babel et Frankenstein
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg; Meunier, Deborah ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan (2016)

Qu’on le veuille ou non, les habitants de la planète sont désormais appelés à y côtoyer constamment et intensément des personnes qui ne parlent pas, qui ne pensent pas et qui ne vivent pas comme eux ... [more ▼]

Qu’on le veuille ou non, les habitants de la planète sont désormais appelés à y côtoyer constamment et intensément des personnes qui ne parlent pas, qui ne pensent pas et qui ne vivent pas comme eux. Entre les deux attitudes extrêmes de chercher à supprimer l’Autre, par le génocide ou l’uniformisation, ou de le redouter et de se replier sur soi, chaque citoyen et chaque communauté doivent inventer une nouvelle économie des rapports à soi comme aux autres. Il faut d’abord prendre la mesure que l’individu, manifestement en crise, est lui-même pluriel et doit gérer son identité en perpétuel devenir et (re)construction ; ensuite, que le groupe devient un espace à géométrie variable que les contacts, les échanges, les voyages ne cessent de remodeler, et dont la médiation assure le plus ou moins bon fonctionnement. Cet ouvrage interroge, à partir de points de vue linguistiques et culturels, les conditions actuelles du communiquer et du vivre avec les autres, les nouvelles modalités d’être soi, et il analyse pour ce faire aussi bien l’actualité que l’histoire, la réalité que les mythes, de Babel mais aussi de Frankenstein, dont l’époque contemporaine est en train de célébrer le retour. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de : GÉRARD E., DE RIDDER W., MULLER F., Qui a tué Julien Lahaut ? Les ombres de la Guerre Froide en Belgique, Bruxelles, La Renaissance du Livre, 2015, 352 p.
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin d'Information de l'Association Belge d'Histoire Contemporaine = Mededelingenblad van de Belgische Vereniging voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis (2016), XXXVII(2015/4), 21-24

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See detailSkin Grafting
Claeys, Stéphanie ULg

in Hamaide, Annick; Griffon, Dominique (Eds.) Complications in Small Animal Surgery (2016)

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See detailDehiscence
Claeys, Stéphanie ULg

in Griffon, Dominique; Hamaide, Annick (Eds.) Complications in Small Animal Surgery (2016)

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See detailReconstructive flaps
Claeys, Stéphanie ULg

in Griffon, Dominique; Hamaide, Annick (Eds.) Complications in Small Animal Surgery (2016)

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See detailHistoires de rayons verts : phénomène physique, critique de cinéma, spectateurs mélancoliques
Barbion, Sébastien ULg

E-print/Working paper (2016)

En s’appuyant sur la physique, un roman de Jules Verne et un film de Rohmer, ce texte déplie les différents aspects théoriques et pratiques contenus dans le concept de rayon vert : un type de perception ... [more ▼]

En s’appuyant sur la physique, un roman de Jules Verne et un film de Rohmer, ce texte déplie les différents aspects théoriques et pratiques contenus dans le concept de rayon vert : un type de perception, une manière de concevoir la critique de cinéma, une expérience de spectateur. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Methylmercury on Harbour Seal Peripheral Blood Leucocytes In Vitro Studied by Electron Microscopy
Dupont, Aurélie; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Schnitzler, Joseph ULg et al

in Archives of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology (2016), 70(1), 133-142

Methylmercury MeHg is highly immunotoxic and can alter the health status of the harbour seal, Phoca vitulina, from the North Sea. To investigate the mechanism of MeHg-induced toxicity in harbour seal ... [more ▼]

Methylmercury MeHg is highly immunotoxic and can alter the health status of the harbour seal, Phoca vitulina, from the North Sea. To investigate the mechanism of MeHg-induced toxicity in harbour seal lymphocytes, ConA-stimulated peripheral blood leucocytes were exposed in vitro to sub-lethal concentrations of MeHgCl (0.2, 1 and 2 µM) for 72h, and then analysed for their viability and ultrastructure. After 72h of incubation, cells were counted with a propidium iodide staining technique, a metabolic MTS assay was performed, and cells exposed to 1 µM MeHgCl were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Alive cell numbers decreased with increased MeHgCl concentrations. In presence of ConA and 1µM of MeHgCl, TEM images revealed a higher frequency of apoptotic cells. Exposed cells displayed condensation of the chromatin at the nuclear membrane and mitochondrial damages. The results suggest that in vitro MeHgCl induced apoptosis in harbour seal lymphocytes through a mitochondrial pathway. [less ▲]

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See detailXenobiotic and Immune-Relevant Molecular Biomarkers in Harbor Seals as Proxies for Pollutant Burden and Effects?
Lehnert, Kristina; Ronnenberg, Katrin; Weijs, Liesbeth et al

in Archives of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology (2016), 70(1), 106-120

Harbor seals are exposed to increasing pressure caused by anthropogenic activities in their marine environment. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and trace elements are hazardous contaminants which ... [more ▼]

Harbor seals are exposed to increasing pressure caused by anthropogenic activities in their marine environment. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and trace elements are hazardous contaminants which accumulate in tissues of harbor seals. POPs and trace elements can negatively affect the immune-system and have been reported e.g. to increase susceptibility to viral infections in seals. Biomarkers of the xenobiotic metabolism, cytokines and heat-shock-protein as cell mediators of the immune-system were established to evaluate the impact of environmental stressors on harbor seals. Harbor seals (n=54) were captured on sandbanks in the North Sea during 2009 to 2012. Medicals including hematology were performed, RNAlater blood samples were taken and analyzed using quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction. Normalized transcript copy numbers were correlated to hematology and POP concentration in blood, and trace metals in blood and fur. [less ▲]

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