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See detailRamesside Registers of Égyptien de Tradition: the Medinet Habu Inscriptions
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane (Eds.) New Directions in Egyptian Syntax (2014)

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See detailLe corps du Prince. La perception de l'Egypte ancienne
Winand, Jean ULg

in Marchandisse, Alain (Ed.) Le corps du Prince (2014)

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See detailDisease management patterns for postmenopausal women in Europe with hormone-receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative advanced breast cancer.
Andre, Fabrice; Neven, Patrick; Marinsek, Nina et al

in Current medical research and opinion (2014)

Abstract Background: International guidelines for hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (BC) recommend sequential lines of ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background: International guidelines for hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (BC) recommend sequential lines of hormonal therapy (HT), and only recommend chemotherapy for patients with extensive visceral involvement or rapidly progressive disease. This study evaluated actual physician-reported treatments for advanced BC in Europe. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 355 postmenopausal women with HR+, HER2- advanced BC who progressed on >/=1 line of HT (adjuvant or advanced) and completed >/=1 line of chemotherapy (advanced). Treatment choice was evaluated for each line of therapy. Results: Of 355 patients, 111 (31%) received first-line chemotherapy, whereas 218 (61%) and 26 (7%) switched from HT to chemotherapy in second and third line, respectively. More patients receiving first-line HT had bone metastases (73% vs 27% chemotherapy). Patients treated with first-line chemotherapy had more brain (12% vs 3% HT) or extensive liver (13% vs 6% HT) metastases. Subgroup analysis of 188 patients who received first-line HT and had de novo advanced BC or relapsed/recurrent disease more than 1 year after adjuvant therapy found that the majority (89%; n = 167) of these patients switched to chemotherapy in second line. However, among these 167 patients, 27% had no significant changes in metastases between first and second line. Among the 73% of patients who had significant changes in metastases, 20% had no brain metastases or extensive visceral disease. Conclusions: Our study suggests that the guideline-recommended use of multiple HT lines is open to interpretation and that optimal treatment for European postmenopausal women with HR+, HER2- advanced BC who responded to HT may not be achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailL'économie rhétorique du Résumé
Provenzano, François ULg

in Janus. Quaderni del circolo glossematico (2014), 13

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See detailIntroduction. Guerre et jeu : vers les cultures d'un paradoxe à l'ère moderne
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Eds.) Guerre et jeu. Cultures d'un paradoxe à l'ère moderne (2014)

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See detailAncient Readings of Plato's "Phaedo"
Delcomminette, Sylvain; d'Hoine, Pieter; Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

Book published by Brill Academic Publishers (2014)

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See detailThe role of the youth in community forestry in Gabon
Boldrini, Sylvie; Meunier, Quentin; Gillet, Pauline et al

in Nature et Faune (2014), 28(1), 56-59

In the wake of the creation of the first community forests in Gabon, the village associations in charge of these forests are handicapped by their own working capacity. Affected by rural exodus ... [more ▼]

In the wake of the creation of the first community forests in Gabon, the village associations in charge of these forests are handicapped by their own working capacity. Affected by rural exodus, communities however rarely integrate the youth (between the ages of 16 to 24) who reside permanently in the village in village associations. The youth are generally excluded from the decision making process of elders. In fact, the youth that reside permanently in the village do not generally hold any diploma and have no professional qualification. Consequently, they are hardly respected by the people around them and their opinions are not taken into account. They are left out of any activity conducted by the associations unless these activities are remunerated. However, the involvement of the youth in village associations is necessary, not only to increase the work capacity, but also to ensure the perpetuation of interventions since the youth will be the first and future beneficiaries of the community forest. [less ▲]

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See detailPenser l'espace d'après le "Parménide"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Dialogue : Canadian Philosophical Review = Dialogue : Revue Canadienne de Philosophie (2014)

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See detailSpatial patterns and morphology of termite ( Macrotermes falciger ) mounds in the Upper Katanga, D.R. Congo
Mujinjya, Baile Baziraké; Adam, Marielle; Mees, Florias et al

in Catena (2014), 114

This study examines the spatial distribution patterns and morphological characteristics of Macrotermes falciger mounds in the peri-urban zone of Lubumbashi, D.R. Congo. Spatial patterns of mounds were ... [more ▼]

This study examines the spatial distribution patterns and morphological characteristics of Macrotermes falciger mounds in the peri-urban zone of Lubumbashi, D.R. Congo. Spatial patterns of mounds were assessed using high-resolution satellite images for 24 plots of variable size (3 to 27 ha). Soil morphological features were described for five termite-mound profiles of 5 to 9 m depth/height. A mean areal number density of 2.9 ± 0.4 mounds ha−1 is estimated for the degraded miombo woodland of the study area. Spatial statistical analyses document that termite mounds are regularly distributed in all studied plots. The overall mean nearest-neighbour distance between termite mounds is 44.6 ± 0.6 m. The high relative number of inactive mounds in the region, with regular distribution patterns, suggests that current termite mound occurrences are largely relict features.There are no clear indications for an impact of the nature of the parent material on the spatial distribution of the mounds. One aspect of differences in morphology between the studied mounds is that the stone layer occurs at greater depth in topographic low areas than at crest and slope positions. This is interpreted as being mainlyconditionedbyerosion.Mn–Fe oxideconcentrationsoccurringinallstudiedtermite moundprofiles reflect a seasonally high perched water table beneath the mound, which is more pronounced at lower landscape positions. In summary, mound positions in the habitat are consistent with intraspecific competition rather than soil and substrate characteristics as controlling factor, whereas variation in morphological characteristics between termite-mound profiles appears to be a function of the parent material [less ▲]

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See detailTemporalité, dégradation et conversion. Les Néoplatoniciens d'Athènes face à l'Histoire
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Engels, David (Ed.) Biologisme et Cyclicité dans la philosophie de l'histoire (2014)

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See detailMigration, mémoire, patrimonialisation. Étude empirique de la mémoire collective de l'exil et de l'immigration espagnols en Belgique
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Dans le prolongement de premiers travaux de recherche, la thèse de doctorat a été consacrée à l’exploration du croisement, présenté comme heuristiquement enrichissant, entre mémoire et migration, en ... [more ▼]

Dans le prolongement de premiers travaux de recherche, la thèse de doctorat a été consacrée à l’exploration du croisement, présenté comme heuristiquement enrichissant, entre mémoire et migration, en partant de l’étude empirique de la présence espagnole en Belgique. Se proposant de comparer la mémoire collective de la vague migratoire de l’exil (centré autour de l’expérience des Niños de la Guerra qui en ont composé les effectifs principaux en Belgique) et de l’immigration dite « économique » (soit d’après-guerre), la recherche s’est basée sur des terrains réalisés à Bruxelles et Liège, en tant que deux plus importants points de concentration de la population espagnole en Belgique ayant vu se sédimenter sur leur territoire les trois premières vagues migratoires. En dehors de l’évidence de logiques migratoires différentes, l’intuition d’une reconnaissance sociale inégale – au profit de l’exil –, malgré certains référents symboliques communs – dont la guerre d’Espagne –, a motivé le choix d’une approche comparative. Au niveau théorique, après avoir mêlé les apports de la sociologie de la mémoire à la perspective historienne sur ce phénomène, il s’agissait de s’émanciper du cadre des groupes politiques, se prêtant particulièrement bien à une analyse en terme de mémoire collective dans une perspective halbwachsienne et de compléter cette dernière d’une vision anthropologique davantage attentive et sensible au caractère volatile des phénomènes mémoriels et à leur imprégnation au sein de certaines pratiques quotidiennes – ce que Joël Candau a conceptualisé sous la notion de « protomémoire » . Construite autour de trois grandes parties dont l’intersection constituerait le lieu de déploiement d’une mémoire collective, la thèse envisage tour à tour la « mémoire sur les migrants » (soit le contexte des états d’origine et d’accueil et les initiatives publiques de différents ordres), « par les migrants » (à savoir les actions des associations et des entrepreneurs de mémoire) et « des migrants » (la mémoire vive). D’emblée il s’est agi d’inscrire pleinement dans l’analyse l’invention du terrain et d’une perspective théorique, la recherche se basant sur un mouvement de déconstruction/reconstruction dès la définition de ses « objets ». Par ailleurs, la réflexion méthodologique a constitué l’occasion de revenir sur les spécificités de la place et du rôle du chercheur dans la situation d’une « ethnographie indigène ». Si l’analyse a permis de conclure à l’existence d’une mémoire collective de l’exil des Niños en Belgique, elle a ouvert la question non seulement du contenu mais de l’existence, et plus particulièrement des conditions de possibilité d’une mémoire collective de l’immigration. L’analyse des discours publics, des initiatives communautaires et des entretiens individuels a conduit à poser l’hypothèse de sa localisation au croisement des mémoires militantes, ouvrières et ethniques. Le cas espagnol a bien constitué dans ce cadre un terrain d’élection, de par l’ambiguïté structurelle entre « exil politique » et « immigration économique » qui a d’emblée été posée et qui ne s’est pas avéré sans répercussions en termes mémoriels – notamment en termes d’établissement d’un « espace du dicible ». Mais si tant les dimensions ethnique et militante de l’expérience migratoire et de sa mémoire peuvent être qualifiées de « collectives », il reste que situer à leur intersection une mémoire collective de l’immigration constituerait une opération de réduction, évacuant toute une part de cette mémoire, celle la plus difficilement appréhendable, notamment portée par les femmes et se jouant dans la labilité des gestes quotidiens et des espaces de vie. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance de Coula edulis Baill. pour les populations du Sud-Est du Gabon: niveaux de prélèvement et potentiel économique de l’espèce
Moupela, Christian; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Tropicultura (2014), 32(1), 37-45

Coula edulis is a non-timber forest tree species that provides edible fruits for local people. However, its economical importance has never been quantified. The present study aimed to identify the fate of ... [more ▼]

Coula edulis is a non-timber forest tree species that provides edible fruits for local people. However, its economical importance has never been quantified. The present study aimed to identify the fate of stocks of harvested C. edulis fruits in Gabonese villages, emphasizing the social impact and economic income generated by this activity. Our investigations revealed that C. edulis fruits are predominantly utilized for own subsistence, since trading proportion concerned less than 20% of collected fruits. The average income from trade during the harvest period (two months) varied from € 1.7 to € 3.3 per household, depending on the proximity of the market (local or urban). The economical potential of C. edulis fruits could be improved if a sustainable production strategy through domestication processes and agroforestry practices was developed. Such a strategy may also contribute to the increase of the local demand of C. edulis fruits, assuming that a better diffusion was also carried out. [less ▲]

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See detailSpread of hatch and delayed feed access affect post hatch performance of female broiler chicks up to day 5.
Wang, Y.; Li, Yongzhen ULg; Willems, E. et al

in Animal (2014)

It is not rare that newly hatched chicks remain without feed for about 24 to 48 h before they are placed on farms due to a series of logistic operations. Furthermore, the spread in hatching time can also ... [more ▼]

It is not rare that newly hatched chicks remain without feed for about 24 to 48 h before they are placed on farms due to a series of logistic operations. Furthermore, the spread in hatching time can also mount up to 30 to 48 h for late v. early hatchers. In other words, the practice is a complex combination of spread of hatch and delayed feed access. The present study was aimed to investigate the combined effects of hatching time with a delay in feed access of 48 h, starting from their hatch-time (biological age). When chicks had access to feed immediately after hatch, late hatchers had a higher feed intake and relative growth rate up to day 5 compared with their early hatched counterparts. Feed deprivation during the first 48 h resulted in retarded early growth rate, which was further aggravated by an impaired feed intake after refeeding. In addition, the differential effects of hatching time on relative growth rate and feed intake observed in immediately fed chicks were eliminated by the 48 h feed delay. The yolk utilization after hatch was faster for the late hatchers up to biological day 2 regardless of the feeding treatments. Hatching muscle glycogen content was higher in the late hatchers compared with that of their early counterparts at hatch and at biological day 2 independent of feeding treatment. Moreover, the liver glycogen content of the late hatchers was also higher at hatch. For the immediately fed chicks, the proportional breast muscle weight of the late hatchers was higher at biological day 2 and 5. For the starved chicks, on the other hand, this effect was only observed after they had access to feed (biological day 5). The different plasma T3 levels at hatch may have contributed to the different post hatch performance. It is concluded that the spread of hatch influenced post hatch performance, especially appetite and growth at least until day 5. Moreover, the delay in feed access interacted with the hatching time and caused adverse effects on the post hatch performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDe l'Anonyme à Jamblique: ou de l'usage politique de la richesse
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Helmer, Étienne (Ed.) Richesse et Pauvreté chez les philosophes grecs (2014)

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See detailReconciling Plato's and Aristotle's Cosmologies. Attempts at harmonization in Simplicius
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Strobel, Benedikt (Ed.) Die Kunst der philosophischen Exegese bei den Antiken Platon- und Aristoteles-Kommentatoren (2014)

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See detailHeuristique des frontières
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in Gotovitch, José; Schreiber, Jean-Philippe (Eds.) Anne Morelli, la passion d'agir. Engagement, liberté, fidélité. (2014)

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