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See detailImplications of Juno energetic particle observations over Jupiter’s polar regions for understanding magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at strongly magnetized planets
Mauk, Barry; Haggerty, Dennis; Paranicas, Christopher et al

Conference (2017, April)

Juno obtained low altitude space environment measurements over Jupiter’s poles on 27 August 2016 and then again on 11 December 2016. Particle distributions were observed over the poles within the downward ... [more ▼]

Juno obtained low altitude space environment measurements over Jupiter’s poles on 27 August 2016 and then again on 11 December 2016. Particle distributions were observed over the poles within the downward loss cones sufficient to power nominally observed auroral emissions and with the characteristic energies anticipated from remote spectroscopic ultra-violet auroral imaging. However, the character of the particle distributions apparently causing the most intense auroral emissions were very different from those that cause the most intense aurora at Earth and from those anticipated from prevailing models of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at Jupiter. The observations are highly suggestive of a predominance of a magnetic field-aligned stochastic acceleration of energetic auroral electrons rather than the more coherent acceleration processes anticipated. The Juno observations have similarities to observations observed at higher altitudes at Saturn by the Cassini mission suggesting that there may be some commonality between the magnetosphere-ionosphere couplings at these two giant planets. Here we present the Juno energetic particle observations, discuss their similarities and differences with published observations from Earth and Saturn, and deliberate on the implications of these finding for general understanding of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes. [less ▲]

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See detailBaelo Claudia dans l'Antiquité tardive. L'occupation du secteur sud-est du forum entre les IIIe et VIe siècles
Brassous, Laurent; Deru, Xavier ULg; Rodríguez Gutiérrez, Oliva et al

in Melanges de la Casa de Velazquez (2017), 47(1), 167-200

Les recherches archéologiques conduites au sud-est du forum de la ville romaine de Baelo claudia ont permis de mettre au jour au-dessus du secteur monumental, plusieurs phases de transformation, d’abandon ... [more ▼]

Les recherches archéologiques conduites au sud-est du forum de la ville romaine de Baelo claudia ont permis de mettre au jour au-dessus du secteur monumental, plusieurs phases de transformation, d’abandon et de réoccupation entre les IIIe et VIe s. Les structures découvertes ainsi que le nombreux mobilier qui leur était associé (monnaies, céramique, verre, métal, faune, etc.) fournissent un éclairage nouveau sur l’histoire et la nature de l’agglomération dans l’antiquité tardive, qui entre la fin du IVe s. et son abandon définitif au VIe s. ressemble moins à une ville qu’à un gros village. [less ▲]

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See detailUne mata-analyse des degrés de certitude exprimés en mots
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg

in Evaluer : Journal International de Recherche en Education et Formation (2017), 2(3), 69-105

Asking to students to add a confidence degree to each of their responses to a test is rather rare, and the large majority of those who practice that use verbal scales such as “weakly sure”, “sure” ... [more ▼]

Asking to students to add a confidence degree to each of their responses to a test is rather rare, and the large majority of those who practice that use verbal scales such as “weakly sure”, “sure”, “strongly sure”, etc. instead of probabilities or percentages of chances. My hypothesis is that consists in introducing, from the beginning, an enormous random error of measurement since there exist large differences in the interpretation (the translation) into percentages of the word used in verbal scales. I demonstrated this in two experiences (Leclercq, 2016), one in context and one context free. A strong convergence appear in the results of the two experiences in terms of communicational fog produced by words in place of percentages (from 0% to 100%). Variation Ranges (VR) of translations of words into percentages have a modal value of 40% and standard deviations (SD) from 10% to 15%. Therefore my hypothesis is confirmed by these two experiences, but what does the specialized literature say? In a first part of the present article I have browsed many reviews and books with the purpose to find data that contribute to fight (and kill ?) this habit of using words instead of percentages to express confidence degrees. Therefore I have named my method a “mata” analysis (matar meaning “to kill” in Spanish), that is distinct from meta-analysis, as will be shown. In the second part of the article, I underline data that help approach what could be the optimal number of numerical degrees (and their exact values) not only in terms of students’ preferences, but mainly in terms of the reliability (measured but the repeatability criterion, i.e; stability in a short period of time) of the declared confidence. [less ▲]

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See detailSafety behaviors: the moderating role of trust and support
Laurent, Julie ULg; Chmiel, Nik; Hansez, Isabelle ULg

Poster (2017, April)

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See detailHet Belgische interneringsbeleid als een voorbeeld van hybride bestuur
Pans, Maurice; Darcis, Coralie ULg; Leys, Mark et al

in Tijdschrift voor Bestuurswetenschappen en Publiekrecht (2017), 4

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich ... [more ▼]

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich nieuwe visies en zorgperspectieven op de kwaliteit van leven en de re-integratie in de maatschappij van zowel personen met psychische kwetsbaarheid als geïnterneerde personen. Tot zeer recent werden geïnterneerde personen bijna exclusief benaderd als personen die misdaden of misdrijven hebben gepleegd waar ze door hun psychische stoornis niet voor verantwoordelijk konden worden gesteld. De onderliggende logica van de aanpak was sterk geënt op een model waarbij opsluiting en isolatie van de maatschappij centraal stonden omwille van misdaad. Geïnterneerde personen werden om die reden opgesloten in een gevangenissysteem volgens een justitiële benadering. Het behandelings- en zorgperspectief raakte hierbij ondergesneeuwd. De “criminalisering” van personen met psychische stoornissen heeft in België historisch geleid tot inadequate aanpak en begeleiding van deze groep patiënten. Meerdere veroordelingen van de Belgische Staat door het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens (EHRM), overvolle gevangenissen, het gebrek aan somatische en psychiatrische gezondheidszorg binnen gevangenissen en psychiatrische annexen en aanbevelingen van het Europees Comité voor de Preventie van Foltering en Onmenselijke of Vernederende Behandeling of Bestraffing (CPT) zijn directe aanleidingen voor het Masterplan Internering (juni 2016) en de wet van 5 mei 2014 betreffende de internering van personen . In deze bijdrage staan we stil bij het Masterplan Internering van 2016 en de nieuwe Interneringswet van 5 mei 2014. We proberen te duiden op welke manier in beide bronnen randvoorwaarden worden gecreëerd voor een hybride bestuursvorm in de sector. We staan kort stil bij beleidsmatige en juridische ontwikkelingen die vooraf gingen. [less ▲]

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See detailPlantations et bornage : prérogatives d'un emphytéote
Popa, Ruxandra ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederecters (2017), 3-4(2017),

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See detailDeposition of ZnO based thin films by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposition for application in solar cells
Nguyen, Viet; Avelas Resende, João ULg; Jimenez et al

in Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy (2017)

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See detailEarly Earth, Life and Astrobiology
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Scientific conference (2017, April)

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See detailSuccessional Dynamics of Cyanobacterial Communities Following the Retreat of Two Glaciers in Petunia Bay (Svalbard)
Stelmach Pessi, Igor ULg; Pushkareva, Ekaterina; Lara, Yannick ULg et al

Conference (2017, April)

Most glaciers in Svalbard (High Arctic) have been retreating and thinning since the end of the Little Ice Age in the late 19th century. As a glacier retreats, it exposes new terrestrial habitats for the ... [more ▼]

Most glaciers in Svalbard (High Arctic) have been retreating and thinning since the end of the Little Ice Age in the late 19th century. As a glacier retreats, it exposes new terrestrial habitats for the colonization by pioneering (micro)organisms. Here we report on the successional trajectories of cyanobacterial communities along a 100-year deglaciation gradient in the Ebba- and Hørbyebreen glacier forefields (Petunia Bay, central Svalbard). Cyanobacterial biomass and community composition were evaluated by epifluorescence microscopy and pyrosequencing of partial 16S rRNA gene sequences. Pseudanabaenales was the most abundant order in both forefields, followed by Chroococcales, Oscillatoriales, Synechococcales, Nostocales and Gloeobacterales. Succession was characterized by a decrease in phylotype richness and a marked turnover in community structure, resulting in a separation between initial (10–20 years since deglaciation), intermediate (30–50 years), and advanced (80–100 years) communities. Community turnover was explained by a combination of temporal and environmental factors, which accounted together for 46.9% of the variation in community structure. Interestingly, phylotypes associated with initial communities were related to potentially novel taxa (i.e. <97.5% similar to sequences currently available on GenBank) and sequences predominantly restricted to polar biotopes, suggesting that the initial colonization is performed by cyanobacteria from glacial and periglacial habitats. Advanced communities, on the other hand, included genotypes with a wider geographic distribution, which are likely able to establish only after the microenvironment has been modified by pioneering taxa. [less ▲]

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See detailThe matter of personal identity
Recchia, Fabio ULg

Conference (2017, April)

This talk discuss the concept of facticity in "Being and Nothingness" Questionning this notion through the issue of personnal identity, I study the concepts' meaning of matter and materiality, in Sartre's ... [more ▼]

This talk discuss the concept of facticity in "Being and Nothingness" Questionning this notion through the issue of personnal identity, I study the concepts' meaning of matter and materiality, in Sartre's philosophy. By doing so, I also try to identify in which sense the facticity of consciousness inflects the constitution of its selfhood. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the evolution of the osteoarthritis pathology and the mechanical properties of cartilage in a spontaneous osteoarthritis model in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs.
Legrand, Catherine ULg; Centonze, Prescilia ULg; Comblain, Fanny ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April), 25

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes ... [more ▼]

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes. In parallel to these histological analyzes, we studied the mechanical properties of cartilage at different stages of disease progression in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. We also correlated the severity of histo- logical lesions with the mechanical properties of cartilage. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian Internment Policy as an Example of Hybrid Governance
Pans, Maurice; Darcis, Coralie ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Bestuurswetenschappen en Publiekrecht (2017, April), 4(4),

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich ... [more ▼]

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich nieuwe visies en zorgperspectieven op de kwaliteit van leven en de re-integratie in de maatschappij van zowel personen met psychische kwetsbaarheid als geïnterneerde personen.1 Tot zeer recent werden geïnterneerde personen bijna exclusief benaderd als personen die misdaden of misdrijven hebben gepleegd waar ze door hun psychische stoornis niet voor verantwoordelijk konden worden gesteld. De onderliggende logica van de aanpak was sterk geënt op een model waarbij opsluiting en isolatie van de maatschappij centraal stonden omwille van misdaad. Geïnterneerde personen werden om die reden opgesloten in een gevangenissysteem volgens een justitiële benadering. Het behandelings- en zorgperspectief raakte hierbij ondergesneeuwd. De “criminalisering” van personen met psychische stoornissen heeft in België historisch geleid tot inadequate aanpak en begeleiding van deze groep patiënten. Meerdere veroordelingen van de Belgische Staat door het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens (EHRM), overvolle gevangenissen, het gebrek aan somatische en psychiatrische gezondheidszorg binnen gevangenissen en psychiatrische annexen en aanbevelingen van het Europees Comité voor de Preventie van Foltering en Onmenselijke of Vernederende Behandeling of Bestraffing (CPT) zijn directe aanleidingen voor het Masterplan Internering (juni 2016)2 en de wet van 5 mei 2014 betreffende de internering van personen3. In deze bijdrage staan we stil bij het Masterplan Internering van 2016 en de nieuwe Interneringswet van 5 mei 2014. We proberen te duiden op welke manier in beide bronnen randvoorwaarden worden gecreëerd voor een hybride bestuursvorm in de sector. We staan kort stil bij beleidsmatige en juridische ontwikkelingen die vooraf gingen. [less ▲]

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See detailSilica or Coal ? Design and Implementation of Dust Prevention in the Collieries in Western Economies, ca. 1930-1980
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Rosental, Paul-André (Ed.) Silicosis. A World History (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (10 ULg)
See detailLe Good Lives Model : un modèle alternatif au modèle de prévention de la récidive
Corneille, Serge ULg; Henrard, Noémie ULg

in Dieu, Erwan (Ed.) Les innovations criminologiques (2017)

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See detailL’ABSP: 20 ans de science politique en Belgique francophone
Reuchamps, Min; Van Haute, Emilie; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg et al

Book published by Academia-L’Harmattan (2017)

Depuis 1996, l'Association belge francophone de science politique fédère les chercheur·e·s en science politique dans les différents champs qui l'animent en Belgique francophone et au-delà. Cet ouvrage ... [more ▼]

Depuis 1996, l'Association belge francophone de science politique fédère les chercheur·e·s en science politique dans les différents champs qui l'animent en Belgique francophone et au-delà. Cet ouvrage, 20e volume de la collection « Science politique », marque le 20e anniversaire de l'ABSP. Ces deux décennies ont vu de véritables métamorphoses au niveau politique et de la science politique. Ce livre collectif, mobilisant de nombreuses personnalités de l'enseignement, de la recherche et du service à la société, offre un regard rétrospectif et prospectif sur l'état de la science politique en Belgique francophone. [less ▲]

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See detailDecrease in climatic conditions favouring floods in the south-east of Belgium over 1959-2010 using the regional climate model MAR
Wyard, Coraline ULg; Scholzen, Chloé ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg et al

in International Journal of Climatology (2017), 37(5), 27822796

The Ourthe River, in the south-east of Belgium, has a catchment area of 3,500 km2 and is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River. In the Ourthe, most of the flood events occur during winter and ... [more ▼]

The Ourthe River, in the south-east of Belgium, has a catchment area of 3,500 km2 and is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River. In the Ourthe, most of the flood events occur during winter and about 50% of them are due to heavy rainfall events combined to an abrupt melting of the snowpack covering the Ardennes massif during winter. This study aims to determine whether trends in extreme hydroclimatic events generating floods can be detected over the last century in Belgium, where a global warming signal can be observed. Hydroclimatic conditions favourable to floods were reconstructed over 1959- 2010 using the regional climate model MAR (“Modèle Atmosphérique Régional”) forced by the ERA-Interim/ERA-40, the ERA-20C and the NCEP/NCAR-v1 reanalyses. Extreme run-off events, which could potentially generate floods, were detected using run-off caused by precipitation events and snowpack melting from the MAR model. In the validation process, the MAR-driven temperature, precipitation and snow depth were successfully compared to daily weather data over the period 2008-2014 for 20 stations in Belgium. MAR also showed its ability to detect up to 90% of the hydroclimatic conditions which effectively generated observed floods in the Ourthe River over the period 1974- 2010. Conditions favourable to floods in the Ourthe River catchment present a negative trend over the period 1959-2010 as a result of a decrease in snow accumulation and a shortening of the snow season. This trend is expected to accelerate in a warmer climate. However, regarding the impact of the extreme precipitation events evolution on conditions favouring floods, the signal is less clear since the trends depend on the reanalysis used to force the MAR model. [less ▲]

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See detailKranzhugeln et seconde révolution urbaine en Haute Mésopotamie au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C.
Mas, Juliette ULg

Scientific conference (2017, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)