Conclusions: TIGRE is obviously able to detect stellar rotation periods in the CaII H+K emission cores when the time series contains a sufficient number of data points. However, this is frequently not achievable during the wet summer season in Guanajuato. Hence, future estimates of rotation periods will concentrate on stars that are observable during the winter season from October until April. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg) Controlled radical polymerization: an efficient tool for adjusting the solution behavior of thermoresponsive polymers and the morphology of interconnected macroporous matricesDebuigne, Antoine Scientific conference (2016, February 01)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg) The MiMeS survey of magnetism in massive stars: introduction and overviewWade, G. A.; Neiner, C.; Alecian, E. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2016), 456The MiMeS (Magnetism in Massive Stars) project is a large-scale, high-resolution, sensitive spectropolarimetric investigation of the magnetic properties of O- and early B-type stars. Initiated in 2008 and ... [more ▼]The MiMeS (Magnetism in Massive Stars) project is a large-scale, high-resolution, sensitive spectropolarimetric investigation of the magnetic properties of O- and early B-type stars. Initiated in 2008 and completed in 2013, the project was supported by three Large Program allocations, as well as various programmes initiated by independent principal investigators, and archival resources. Ultimately, over 4800 circularly polarized spectra of 560 O and B stars were collected with the instruments ESPaDOnS (Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars) at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, Narval at the Télescope Bernard Lyot and HARPSpol at the European Southern Observatory La Silla 3.6 m telescope, making MiMeS by far the largest systematic investigation of massive star magnetism ever undertaken. In this paper, the first in a series reporting the general results of the survey, we introduce the scientific motivation and goals, describe the sample of targets, review the instrumentation and observational techniques used, explain the exposure time calculation designed to provide sensitivity to surface dipole fields above approximately 100 G, discuss the polarimetric performance, stability and uncertainty of the instrumentation, and summarize the previous and forthcoming publications. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULg) The α CrB binary system: A new radial velocity curve, apsidal motion, and the alignment of rotation and orbit axesSchmitt, J. H. M. M.; Schröder, K.-P.; Rauw, Gregor et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 586We present a new radial velocity curve for the two components of the eclipsing spectroscopic binary α CrB. This binary consists of two main-sequence stars of types A and G in a 17.3599-day orbit ... [more ▼]We present a new radial velocity curve for the two components of the eclipsing spectroscopic binary α CrB. This binary consists of two main-sequence stars of types A and G in a 17.3599-day orbit, according to the data from our robotic TIGRE facility that is located in Guanajuato, Mexico. We used a high-resolution solar spectrum to determine the radial velocities of the weak secondary component by cross-correlation and wavelength referencing with telluric lines for the strongly rotationally broadened primary lines (v sin(i) = 138 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) to obtain radial velocities with an accuracy of a few hundred m/s. We combined our new RV data with older measurements, dating back to 1908 in the case of the primary, to search for evidence of apsidal motion. We find an apsidal motion period between 6600 and 10 600 yr. This value is consistent with the available data for both the primary and secondary and is also consistent with the assumption that the system has aligned orbit and rotation axes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (5 ULg) Médecine de famille et prévention quaternaire. Conférence à l’Université Ouverte du Hainaut. Charleroi 1 février 2016Jamoulle, Marc Conference (2016, February 01)L’exposé est destiné aux seniors fréquentant l’Université du Temps disponible, soutenue par la Province du Hainaut, Belgique La médecin de famille ou médecine générale (MG/MF) est un métier complexe et ... [more ▼]L’exposé est destiné aux seniors fréquentant l’Université du Temps disponible, soutenue par la Province du Hainaut, Belgique La médecin de famille ou médecine générale (MG/MF) est un métier complexe et méconnu qui demande de solides connaissances fondamentales en sciences de la vie mais aussi en sociologie et en anthropologie autant qu’en épidémiologie. La formation internationale européenne des MG/MF est rythmée dans l’exposé par la définition européenne qu’en donne l’association européenne des Médecins de famille (Wonca Europe) L’exposé, qui débute par une prise de position éthique et politique, est aussi émaillé de diapositives de l’auteur ou d’emprunt à la littérature internationale de médecine de famille et orné de détails de photographies prises par l’auteur. Humanisme et complexité sont les deux thèmes majeurs abordés. La deuxième partie de l’exposé est consacré à la Prévention quaternaire, concept inventé par l’auteur et qui incite les médecins et les patients à chercher une relation constructrice et à se garder des effets pervers de la médecine, tant symbolique que soi-disant scientifique, contrôlée par le profit et génératrice de surmédicalisation de la société. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 73 (2 ULg) Experimental and Numerical Characterization of Damage and Application to Incremental FormingGuzmán Inostroza, Carlos Felipe Doctoral thesis (2016)Nowadays, product manufacturing can be divided into two groups: relatively simple products produced in a large production chain and complex (specialized) components produced in reduced batches. Within the ... [more ▼]Nowadays, product manufacturing can be divided into two groups: relatively simple products produced in a large production chain and complex (specialized) components produced in reduced batches. Within the second group, prototyping through incremental sheet forming (ISF) has been subject of several studies. ISF refers to processes where the plastic deformation occurs by repeated contact with a relatively small tool. A crucial aspect in the ISF processes is that the final shape is determined only by the tool movement. The focus of this research is the single point incremental forming (SPIF) process variant, where a clamped sheet metal is deformed by using a relatively small spherical tool. SPIF has several advantages over traditional forming, such as the high formability attainable by the material. Different hypothesis haven been proposed to explain this behavior, but there is still not a clear and definitive understanding of the relation between the particular stress and strain state induced in the material during SPIF and the material degradation leading to localization or fracture. In this thesis, a fundamental research is proposed using the finite element (FE) code LAGAMINE, developed within the University of Liège. Numerical implementation and validation of the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) damage model into this FE code is performed. An experimental test campaign is developed to characterize plastic and damage behavior and to validate the damage model for the DC01 steel grade. Finally, this damage model is applied to simulate the SPIF process in order to verify if it is capable to predict failure. The thesis discusses the material parameter identification for classical plasticity models, describing the anisotropy and hardening behavior of the sheet metal. The derivation of the equations of the numerical damage model and the efficiency of the implementation is presented in great detail. A methodology for the numerical parameter identification of the damage model is proposed, including microscopic measurements by optical microscopy and strain and displacement field measurements by digital image correlation (DIC). The identified Gurson model is applied to simulate standard SPIF geometries, like the line, cone and pyramid tests. The simulations are performed using the solid-shell element formulation and validated in terms of shape and force prediction. Literature reviews of the Gurson model and the SPIF process are also included. The experimental results show that the selected material (DC01 steel sheet) exhibits a slight anisotropic behavior and work-hardening stagnation on cyclic tests. The performed microscopic measurements are not representative of the actual damage, but they give a qualitative estimation of the physical mechanism of fracture. The initial porosity of the material was determined using optical microscopy measurements in the base material. The numerical implementation of the model is developed with all variables integrated in an implicit way, based on the backward Euler scheme. Nucleation, coalescence and shear extensions implementations are validated by results obtained from the literature. The macroscopic campaign allowed to identify the parameters for nucleation, coalescence and shear. An unique set of results matching all experiments was not possible to obtain, so different sets of parameters are retrieved following an approach that includes inverse modeling and sensitivity analysis. A numerical-experimental comparison of strain values in the loading direction shows that the model is able to correctly predict the strain distribution except during localization of the strain. Globally, the obtained set of material parameters is in good agreement with the experimental results. For SPIF FE simulations, the results of the shape prediction are in good agreement with the experimental results, both for the line and pyramid test. Nevertheless, the force prediction is too high compared to reference values. On the other hand, the GTN model is capable to detect failure in a pyramid and a cone, but the prediction is too premature compared to the experimental failure angle for the same material and geometry. An accurate prediction of failure for the SPIF process was not possible to achieve. The GTN model extended to shear presents inherent flaws that prevent an accurate prediction of the failure angle for the SPIF process. Hence, an extensive research on the damage mechanisms leading to fracture for SPIF cannot rely (only) on the GTN model. The classical coalescence model of the GTN model is insufficient to correctly predict failure. Hence, it is recommended that further analysis concentrates on the description of this particular stage of damage evolution. During the development of this thesis, a robust implementation of the GTN model into the FE code LAGAMINE was done, including an extensive experimental database of microscopic and macroscopic measurements for the DC01 steel sheet. Other phenomena can be explored thanks to this model. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 82 (11 ULg) Hot Jupiters with relatives: discovery of additional planets in orbit around WASP-41 and WASP-47Neveu-VanMalle, M.; Queloz, D.; Anderson, D. R. et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 586We report the discovery of two additional planetary companions to WASP-41 and WASP-47. WASP-41 c is a planet of minimum mass 3.18 $\pm$ 0.20 M$_{\rm Jup}$ and eccentricity 0.29 $\pm$ 0.02, and it orbits ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of two additional planetary companions to WASP-41 and WASP-47. WASP-41 c is a planet of minimum mass 3.18 $\pm$ 0.20 M$_{\rm Jup}$ and eccentricity 0.29 $\pm$ 0.02, and it orbits in 421 $\pm$ 2 days. WASP-47 c is a planet of minimum mass 1.24 $\pm$ 0.22 M$_{\rm Jup}$ and eccentricity 0.13 $\pm$ 0.10, and it orbits in 572 $\pm$ 7 days. Unlike most of the planetary systems that include a hot Jupiter, these two systems with a hot Jupiter have a long-period planet located at only $\sim$1 au from their host star. WASP-41 is a rather young star known to be chromospherically active. To differentiate its magnetic cycle from the radial velocity effect induced by the second planet, we used the emission in the H$\alpha$ line and find this indicator well suited to detecting the stellar activity pattern and the magnetic cycle. The analysis of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect induced by WASP-41 b suggests that the planet could be misaligned, though an aligned orbit cannot be excluded. WASP-47 has recently been found to host two additional transiting super Earths. With such an unprecedented architecture, the WASP-47 system will be very important for understanding planetary migration. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (4 ULg)