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See detailParage et Chirurgie du Pied de Bovin
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg; Frisee, Vincent ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailLa collection "Poétique" : terre d'accueil
Lorent, Fanny ULg

in A l'épreuve (2015), 2

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See detailFire Design of Steel Structures Second edition : Eurocode 1: Actions on structures. Part 1-2: Actions on structures exposed to fire: Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures: Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Vila Real, Paulo

Book published by Wiley (2015)

The first edition of Fire Design of Steel Structures was published by ECCS as paperback in 2010. Since 2012, this publication is also available in electronic format as an e-book. Nevertheless, the ... [more ▼]

The first edition of Fire Design of Steel Structures was published by ECCS as paperback in 2010. Since 2012, this publication is also available in electronic format as an e-book. Nevertheless, the interest for this publication was so high that it appeared rapidly that the paper copies would be sold out within a short time and a second edition would have to be printed. The authors took the opportunity of this second edition to review their own manuscript. The standards that are described and commented in this book, namely EN 1991-1-2 and 1993-1-2, are still in application in the same versions as those that prevailed at the time of writing the first edition. It was nevertheless considered that an added value would be given by, first, rephrasing some sentences or sections that had generated questions by some readers but, above all, adding some new material for the benefit of completeness. The new material namely comprises:  A section dealing with the thermal response of steel members under several separate simultaneous localised fires, including one worked example with multiple fire scenarios in a car park (Chapter 4);  An important section on classification of cross-sections. The case of combined bending and axial force, including one worked example comparing different methodologies to obtain the position of the neutral axis, has been added (Chapter 5);  A worked example of a beam-column with Class 4 cross-section (Chapter 5);  A new section with comparisons between the simple and the advanced calculation models in Chapter 6 (shadow factor – including one example, buckling curves and adaptation factors κ1 and κ2);  New references have been included. [less ▲]

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See detailSéance de renforcement musculaire utilisant des objets du quotidien
Dubru, Gilles ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2015), 55(1), 43-56

Les professeurs d’éducation physique proposent régulièrement des leçons portant sur le renforcement musculaire faisant partie des compétences à acquérir par les élèves (domaine de la condition physique ... [more ▼]

Les professeurs d’éducation physique proposent régulièrement des leçons portant sur le renforcement musculaire faisant partie des compétences à acquérir par les élèves (domaine de la condition physique). En revanche, il n'est pas nécessairement fréquent que ces séances visent à expliquer aux élèves comment ils peuvent exploiter ce qu'ils apprennent à l'école lorsqu'ils sont chez eux. Cet article illustre une approche susceptible de combler ce manque. [less ▲]

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See detailJoyaux cosmiques - 11/2015
Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (2015)

Éclipse double et triple - La galaxie naine du Sculpteur -M17

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde - 11/2015
Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (2015)

Jupiter chauds - L’habitabilité des planètesrocheuses - SOHO, la 3000e comète - Io - Anneaux de Saturne - Encelade - L’eau sur Mars - Comète 67P - Pluton - Charon

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See detailAdult bone marrow mesenchymal and neural crest stem cells are chemoattractive and accelerate motor recovery in a mouse model of spinal cord injury
Neirinckx, Virginie ULg; Agirman, Gulistan ULg; Coste, Cécile ULg et al

in Stem Cell Research and Therapy (2015), 6(211),

Introduction: Stem cells from adult tissues were considered for a long time as promising tools for regenerative therapy of neurological diseases, including spinal cord injuries (SCI). Indeed, mesenchymal ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Stem cells from adult tissues were considered for a long time as promising tools for regenerative therapy of neurological diseases, including spinal cord injuries (SCI). Indeed, mesenchymal (MSCs) and neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) together constitute the bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) that were used as therapeutic options in various models of experimental SCI. However, as clinical approaches remained disappointing, we thought that reducing BMSC heterogeneity should be a potential way to improve treatment efficiency and reproducibility. Methods: We investigated the impact of pure populations of MSCs and NCSCs isolated from adult bone marrow in a mouse model of spinal cord injury. We then analyzed the secretome of both MSCs and NCSCs, and its effect on macrophage migration in vitro. Results: We first observed that both cell types induced motor recovery in mice, and modified the inflammatory reaction in the lesion site. We also demonstrated that NCSCs but especially MSCs were able to secrete chemokines and attract macrophages in vitro. Finally, it appears that MSC injection in the spinal cord enhance early inflammatory events in the blood and spinal cord of SCI mice. Conclusions: Altogether, our results suggest that both cell types have beneficial effects in experimental SCI, and that further investigation should be dedicated to the regulation of the inflammatory reaction following SCI, in the context of stem cell-based therapy but also in the early-phase clinical management of SCI patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe political dimensions of the Convention on diversity of cultural expressions: discontinuities and steps forward
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailImproving the Installation of Offshore Wind Farms by the use of Discrete Event Simulation
Muhabie, Yohannes Tekle ULg; Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Petcu, Cristian ULg et al

in Improving the Installation of Offshore Wind Farms by the use of Discrete Event Simulation (2015, November)

The offshore wind energy development is highly affected by the condition of the weather at sea. Hence, it demands a well-organized planning of the overall process starting from the producers’ sites until ... [more ▼]

The offshore wind energy development is highly affected by the condition of the weather at sea. Hence, it demands a well-organized planning of the overall process starting from the producers’ sites until the offshore site where the turbines will finally be installed. The planning phase can be supported with the help of Discrete Event Simulation (DES) where weather restrictions, distance matrix, vessel characteristics and assembly scenarios are taken into account. The purpose of this paper is to simulate the overall transport, assembly and installation of the wind turbine components at sea. The analysis is carried out through DES considering both the real historical weather data (wind speed and wave height) and probabilistic approach. Results of the study, applied to the real Offshore Wind Farm (OWF) configuration, are showing a good agreement between the two proposed models. The results point out that the probabilistic approach is highly affected by the semi-random numbers used to model the stochastic behavior of the input variable so that several iterations (200 to 400) are required to reach the convergence of the simulation outputs. We suggest that seasonality of the outputs of both models are preserved, i.e. the variation of the results depending on the variation of the weather along the year. These findings provide a new framework to address risks and uncertainties in OWF installations. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-allergens detection by flow cytometric immunoassay
Otto; Planque; Lamote et al

Poster (2015, November)

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See detailCharacteristics and typology of sheep herding systems in the suburban area of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)
Tindano, Kisito ULg; Moula, Nassim ULg; Traoré, A. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2015), 58

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban ... [more ▼]

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban area of Ouagadougou is a place for the setting up of an increasing number of breeders. Due to its importance in religious traditions, spurring its consumption in whole West Africa, mutton is a major part of this suburban production. In order to characterize sheep farming in the suburban zone of Ouagadougou, in terms of motives, practices, and economic performance, and to better understand the dynamic at play in the sheep sector, a survey has been conducted among 80 sheep farmers around Ouagadougou. The results show that suburban sheep keeping is a highly dual sector. Nearly half (42.5 %) of farms may be described as traditional livestock, while 50% are evolving towards intensification. These two groups essentially differ in terms of animal genetic and feeding management, farm infrastructure, and farmer education level. Economically, the whole sample tends to indicate a lack of profitability of the activity in terms of monetary income. Several factors contributing to this situation are pinpointed, namely feed and animal health constraints, flock and production management, and the market conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Expropriation of YPF from Repsol in the Argentine Press: Analyzing Framing in Opinion Pieces through Rhetorical Criticism
Azpíroz Manero, María Luisa ULg

in Doxa Comunicación : Revista Interdisciplinar de Estudios de Comunicación y Ciencias Sociales (2015), (21), 33-53

This article examines how opinion articles in the Argentine press framed the government's expropriation of Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales (YPF) from Repsol in 2012. By understanding frames as ... [more ▼]

This article examines how opinion articles in the Argentine press framed the government's expropriation of Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales (YPF) from Repsol in 2012. By understanding frames as narratives composed by the interrelation of the functions of frame, and adopting Kuper's proposal to analyze framing from the perspective of rhetorical criticism, this study focuses on two newspapers with opposing editorial lines (La Nación and Página 12) and identifies two different narratives shaping the reporting of this story. The results also reveal two different views of the role of the market and the state in the economy and in the management of energy resources. [less ▲]

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See detailThe gigantism
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2015, November)

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See detailREGISTRE BELGE ET CENTRES DE RÉFÉRENCE POUR LES MALADIES TROPHOBLASTIQUES GESTATIONNELLES
DELCOMINETTE, Sarah ULg; TIMMERMANS, Marie ULg; DELBECQUE, Katty ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(11), 550-556

Gestational trophoblastic diseases include placental pathologies comprising fertilization abnormalities (hydatidiform moles) and malignant lesions (choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and ... [more ▼]

Gestational trophoblastic diseases include placental pathologies comprising fertilization abnormalities (hydatidiform moles) and malignant lesions (choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor). Due to their low incidence and heterogeneity, their diagnosis, management and treatment are not always optimal. Following the example of other European countries, a national registration system with two reference centers has been set up to guide physicians and patients and to propose individualized management. The centers offer their expertise through a systematic centralised pathology review by a panel of experts. HCG values are plotted in regression curves. In case of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, an imaging work-up is proposed, from which the FIGO score and stage are derived and will guide the choice of treatment. Belgian centers offer a multidisciplinary approach, in partnership with the referent physician. More information for practitioners and patients is available on a web site: www.mole-chorio-bgog.eu, which also harbours a forum of discussion. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ETUDE CLINIQUE DU MOIS EMPA-REG OUTCOME : L’empagliflozine réduit la mortalité chez le patient diabétique de type 2 à haut risque cardiovasculaire
SCHEEN, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70

Summary : EMPA-REG OUTCOME is an international, prospective, placebo-controlled clinical trial investigating the cardiovascular outcomes of empagliflozin, an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporters ... [more ▼]

Summary : EMPA-REG OUTCOME is an international, prospective, placebo-controlled clinical trial investigating the cardiovascular outcomes of empagliflozin, an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporters type 2 (SGLT2), in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and known cardiovascular disease. The trial succeeded in reaching the primary objective of non-inferiority and, in addition, showed, after a median follow up of 3.1 years, a superiority of empagliflozin (10 or 25 mg/day) versus placebo as regards the primary composite cardiovascular endpoint (hasard ratio or HR = 0.86; 95% CI 0.74-0.99; P = 0.04), hospitalisations for heart failure (- 35 %), cardiovascular mortality (- 38 %) and all-cause mortality (- 32 %, each p< 0.001). The reduction in mortality appeared early (< 6 months) and concerned all subgroups, without any obvious heterogeneity. This reduction in mortality does not seem to be fully explained by the concomitant slight reductions in HbA1c, body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure and serum uric acid levels in the empagliflozin groups versus the placebo group. Finally, the tolerance and safety profile of empagliflozin was good, with only a moderate increase in benign mycotic genital infections, a well-known adverse event with SGLT2 inhibitors. The remarkable effects of empagliflozin in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, especially on mortality, should modify the management of patients with type 2 diabetes and a high cardiovascular risk in a near future. [less ▲]

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